/ BOOKS


. . , - , .
:
ࡱ> q` bjbjqPqP. ::L`N<<<< HT]        $sh>i       w (     pOvf<H40|(       (       T]T]T]8T]T]T]8H \  C4>;LD (B09=5@. 0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>7=0=89 2KAH8E <8@>2 5@;8= - 19143. !>45@60=85. @548A;>285 : B@5BL5<C 8740=8N. @548A;>285 : ?OB><C 8740=8N. 0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>7=0=89 2KAH8E <8@>2. @5420@8B5;L=K5 CA;>28O =CB@5==89 ?>:>9 !BC?5=8 ?>A2OI5=8O >43>B>2;5=85 @>A25B;5=85 >=B@>;L <KA;59 8 GC2AB2 >A2OI5=85 @0:B8G5A:85 C:070=8O #A;>28O CG5=8G5AB20  =5:>B>@KE CA;>28OE ?>A2OI5=8O 7<5=5=8O 2 687=8 A=>2845=89 C CG5=8:0 >AB865=8O =5?@5@K2=>AB8 A>7=0=8O 0AH8@5=85 ;8G=>AB8 2> 2@5<O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 !B@06 ?>@>30 87=L 8 !<5@BL. 5;8:89 AB@06 ?>@>30. @548A;>285 : B@5BL5<C 8740=8N.  MB>9 :=835 2KE>4OB 2 A25B <>8 8AA;54>20=8O, :>B>@K5 ?5@2>=0G0;L=> 1K;8 =0?5G0B0=K >B45;L=K<8 AB0BLO<8 ?>4 703;0285<: "0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>7=0=89 2KAH8E <8@>2?" -B>B B>< A>AB02;O5B ?5@2CN G0ABL, A;54CNI89 1C45B 70:;NG0BL ?@>4>;65=85. >O2;5=8N 2 =>2>9 D>@<5 MB>3> B@C40 > @0728B88 G5;>25:0, 2>72>4OI5< 53> : ?>AB865=8N A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2, =5>1E>48<> ?@54?>A;0BL =5A:>;L:> A>?@>2>48B5;L=KE A;>2, :>B>@K5 8 1C4CB 745AL A:070=K. 0:;NG0NI85AO 2 =5< A>>1I5=8O > 4CH52=>< @0728B88 G5;>25:0 8<5NB F5;LN C4>2;5B2>@8BL =5A:>;L:8< 70?@>A0<. @5645 2A53> =5>1E>48<> GB>-=81C4L 40BL B5< ;N4O<, :>B>@K5 GC2AB2CNB 2;5G5=85 : 40==K< 4CE>2=>3> 8AA;54>20=8O, 8 :>B>@K5 4>;6=K AB028BL A515 2>?@>A: >B:C40 65 15@CB A2>5 7=0=85 B5, :>B>@K5 CB25@640NB, GB> >=8 <>3CB 4020BL >B25BK =0 2KA>:85, 70304>G=K5 2>?@>AK 687=8? CE>2=0O =0C:0 405B =0 =8E >B25BK. 5;0NI89 =01;N40BL D0:BK, ?@82>4OI85 : B0:8< >B25B0<, 4>;65= ?>4=OBLAO : A25@EGC2AB25==K< ?>7=0=8O<. = 4>;65= A>25@H8BL B>B ?CBL, >?8A0=85 :>B>@>3> ?KB05BAO 40BL MB0 :=830. > 1K;> 1K 701;C645=85< 4C<0BL, GB> A>>1I5=8O 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8 =5 8<5NB =8:0:>9 F5=K 4;O B5E, :B> =5 A:;>=5= 8;8 =5 <>65B A0< 84B8 MB8< ?CB5<. ;O B>3>, GB>1K 8AA;54>20BL D0:BK A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2, =C6=> >1;040BL A?>A>1=>ABLN 2ABC?0BL 2 MB8 <8@K. > @07 >=8 8AA;54>20=K 8 > =8E A>>1I05BAO, B> 4>AB0B>G=>5 C15645=85 2 8AB8==>AB8 MB8E A>>1I5=89 <>65B ?@8>1@5AB8 A515 8 B>B, :B> A0< 8E =5 2>A?@8=8<05B. >;LH0O G0ABL 8E <>65B 1KBL ?@>25@5=0 ?@>AB> ?CB5< 459AB28B5;L=> 15A?@8AB@0AB=>3> ?@8<5=5=8O : =8< 74>@>2>9 A?>A>1=>AB8 AC645=8O. 5 =C6=> B>;L:> 4>?CA:0BL, GB>1K 2A52>7<>6=K5 ?@54@0AAC4:8, :>B>@KE B0: <=>3> 2 G5;>25G5A:>9 687=8, =0@CH0;8 MB> 15A?@8AB@0AB85. 53:> <>65B A;CG8BLAO, =0?@8<5@, GB> :B>-=81C4L =0945B, 1C4B> B> 8;8 4@C3>5, =5 <8@8BAO A ?@87=0==K<8 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O 40==K<8 =0C:8. 0 A0<>< 45;5, =5B =8 >4=>3> =0CG=>3> 40==>3>, :>B>@>5 1K ?@>B82>@5G8;> 4CE>2=><C 8AA;54>20=8N. > 5A;8 >1@0I0BLAO A =0CG=K<8 40==K<8 =54>AB0B>G=> 2A5AB>@>==5 8 15A?@8AB@0AB=>, B> ;53:> <>65B ?>:070BLAO, 1C4B> B> 8;8 8=>5 =0CG=>5 AC645=85 =5A>3;0A=> A A>>1I5=8O<8 > 2KAH8E <8@0E.  <K =0945<, GB> G5< 15A?@8AB@0AB=55 <K A>?>AB028< 4CE>2=>5 2545=85 :0: @07 A ?>;>68B5;L=K<8 4>AB865=8O<8 =0C:, B5< ;CGH5 A:065BAO 8 8E ?>;=>5 A>3;0A85. - @C30O G0ABL 4CE>2=>-=0CG=KE A>>1I5=89, :>=5G=>, 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 CA:>;L705B >B ?@>AB>3> @0AAC4>G=>3> AC645=8O. > :B> ?>9<5B, GB> AC4L59 =04 8AB8=>9 <>65B 1KBL =5 B>;L:> @0AAC4>:, => 8 74>@>2>5 GC2AB2>, B>B 157 B@C40 A<>65B =09B8 ?@028;L=>5 >B=>H5=85 B0:65 8 : MB>9 G0AB8.  B0<, 345 MB> GC2AB2> =5 ?>72>;O5B A515 C2;5:0BLAO A8<?0B859 8;8 0=B8?0B859 : B><C 8;8 8=><C <=5=8N, => 459AB28B5;L=> =5?@5427OB> 405B 2>7459AB2>20BL =0 A51O ?>7=0=8O< A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2, B0< >=> AC<55B ?@>8725AB8 8 A>>B25BAB2CNI55 AC645=85. - > ACI5AB2CNB 5I5 8 4@C385 ?CB8 : ?@87=0=8N 8AB8=K MB8E ?>7=0=89 4;O ;8F, :>B>@K5 =5 <>3CB 8 =5 E>BOB 2ABC?8BL =0 ?CBL : A25@EGC2AB25==><C <8@C.  MB8 ;N48 <>3CB ?>GC2AB2>20BL :0:CN F5==>ABL 4;O 687=8 8<5NB MB8 ?>7=0=8O 4065 2 B>< A;CG05, :>340 >=8 ?>;CG0NB 8E B>;L:> 87 A>>1I5=89 4CE>2=KE 8AA;54>20B5;59. 5 :064K9 <>65B A@07C AB0BL OA=>284OI8<, => ?>7=0=8O OA=>284OI8E 4;O :064>3> A;C60B 459AB28B5;L=> 74>@>2K< 687=5==K< ?8B0=85<. 1> :064K9 <>65B ?@8<5=8BL 8E : 687=8.  :B> ?@8<5=8B 8E, B>B 2A:>@5 ?>9<5B, G5< <>65B AB0BL 2> 2A5E >1;0ABOE >1>30I5==0O 8<8 687=L, 8 G53> >=0 ;8H05BAO, :>340 8E 8A:;NG0NB. @028;L=> ?@8<5=5==K5 2 687=8, ?>7=0=8O A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2 >:07K20NBAO =5 15A?>G25==K<8, 2 2KAH5< A<KA;5 ?@0:B8G5A:8<8. > 5A;8 :B>-=81C4L =5 E>G5B A0< 2ABC?8BL =0 ?CBL 2KAH53> ?>7=0=8O, B> ?@8 =5:>B>@>< 2;5G5=88 : =01;N405<K< =0 MB>< ?CB8 D0:B0<, C =53> 2A5-B0:8 <>65B 2>7=8:=CBL 2>?@>A: :0: ?@8E>48B : MB8< D0:B0< OA=>284OI89? -B0 :=830 4>;6=0 40BL 8=B5@5ACNI8<AO MB8< 2>?@>A0< :0@B8=C B>3>, GB> =5>1E>48<> 1K205B ?@54?@8=OBL, 401K 459AB28B5;L=> ?>7=0:><8BLAO A A25@EGC2AB25==K< <8@><. =0 4>;6=0 >?8A0BL ?CBL 2 MB>B <8@ B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K 8 =5 84CI89 MB8< ?CB5< <>3 ?>;CG8BL 4>25@85 : A;>20< B>3>, :B> 8< H5;. 1> >7=0:><82H8AL A B5<, GB> 45;05B 4;O MB>3> 4CE>2=K9 8AA;54>20B5;L, <>6=> =09B8 ?CBL 53> ?@028;L=K< 8 A:070BL A515: >?8A0=85 ?CB8 2 2KAH85 <8@K ?@>872>48B =0 <5=O B0:>5 2?5G0B;5=85, GB> O <>3C ?>=OBL, ?>G5<C A>>1I05<K5 D0:BK :06CBAO <=5 C1548B5;L=K<8.  B0:, MB0 :=830 4>;6=0 ?>A;C68BL B5<, :B> E>G5B C:@5?8BLAO 8 CB25@48BLAO 2 A2>5< GC2AB25 8 >ICI5=88 8AB8=K A25@EGC2AB25==>3> <8@0. > >=0 E>B5;0 1K B0:65 ?@54;>68BL GB>-=81C4L 8 B5<, :>B>@K5 A0<8 8ICB ?CB8 : A25@EGC2AB25==K< ?>7=0=8O<. CGH5 2A53> 8A?KB0NB 8AB8=C 87;>65==>3> 745AL B5, :>B>@K5 >ACI5AB2OB 55 =0 A0<8E A515. B> ?@8E>48B A B0:8< =0<5@5=85<, B><C ?>;57=> 1C45B =8:>340 =5 C?CA:0BL 87 284C, GB> ?@8 >?8A0=8OE 4CH52=>3> @0728B8O =5>1E>48<> =5GB> 1>;LH55, G5< ?@>AB>5 >7=0:><;5=85 A A>45@60=85<, :0: MB> >1KG=> 45;05BAO 2 4@C38E 8AA;54>20=8OE. 5>1E>48<> 8=B8<=> 268BLAO 2 MB> >?8A0=85; =5>1E>48<> A45;0BL ?@54?>AK;:C, GB> ?>=8<0=85 :0:>9-=81C4L 25I8 =C6=> ?>G5@?0BL =5 B>;L:> 87 A:070==>3> > =59 A0<>9, => 8 87 <=>3> B0:>3>, GB> A>>1I05BAO > A>2A5< 4@C38E 25I0E. "0:8< >1@07><, G5;>25: ?>;CG05B ?@54AB02;5=85, GB> ACI5AB25==>5 70:;NG05BAO =5 2 >4=>9 8AB8=5, 0 2 A>72CG88 8E 2A5E. AO:89, :B> E>G5B 45;0BL C?@06=5=8O, 4>;65= ?>4C<0BL >1 MB>< >G5=L A5@J57=>. >6=> ?@028;L=> ?>=OBL C?@06=5=85 8 ?@028;L=> 2K?>;=OBL 53>, 8 2A5-B0:8 >=> <>65B ?>459AB2>20BL =5?@028;L=>, 5A;8 2K?>;=ONI89 =5 ?@8A>548=8B : =5<C 5I5 4@C3>3> C?@06=5=8O, @07@5H0NI53> >4=>AB>@>==>ABL ?5@2>3> 2 4CH52=CN 30@<>=8N. B> 24C<G82> ?@>GB5B MBC :=83C, B0:, GB> GB5=85 AB0=5B 4;O =53> :0: 1K 2=CB@5==8< ?5@56820=85<, B>B =5 B>;L:> >7=0:><8BAO A 55 A>45@60=85<, => 8 8A?KB05B 2 @07=KE <5AB0E 55 @07;8G=K5 GC2AB20; 8 1;03>40@O MB><C >= C7=05B, :0:>9 25A 4;O 4CH52=>3> @0728B8O 8<55B B0 8;8 8=0O ?>4@>1=>ABL. = =0945B B0:65, 2 :0:>9 D>@<5 A;54C5B 8<5==> 5<C AB0@0BLAO 45;0BL B> 8;8 8=>5 C?@06=5=85, A>>1@07=> 53> >A>1>9 8=48284C0;L=>AB8. >340 45;> 845B, :0: 745AL, >1 >?8A0=88 B0:8E ?@>F5AA>2, :>B>@K5 4>;6=K 1KBL ?5@568BK, B> 2A5340 >:07K205BAO =5>1E>48<K< 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 2>72@0I0BLAO : A>45@60=8N; 81> ;53:> <>6=> C1548BLAO, GB> <=>3>5 B>;L:> B>340 1K205B ?>=OB> C4>2;5B2>@8B5;L=>, :>340 <K 8A?KB0;8 MB> =0 45;5 8 70<5B8;8 =5:>B>@K5 B>=:>AB8, :>B>@K5 ?@5645 =587156=> CA:>;L70;8. 4=0:>, 8 B0:85 G8B0B5;8, :>B>@K5 =5 =0<5@5=K A0<8 84B8 >G5@G5==K< ?CB5<, =094CB 2 MB>9 :=835 <=>3> ?@83>4=>3> 4;O A2>59 2=CB@5==59 687=8; >=8 =094CB 687=5==K5 ?@028;0, C:070=8O, :0: @07JOA=O5BAO B> 8;8 8=>5, GB> 8< :070;>AL 70304>G=K<, 8 B.4.  <=>385, C65 7=0:><K5 A B5< 8;8 8=K< ?5@56820=85<, 1;03>40@O A2>5<C 687=5==><C >?KBC, 8 C65 ?@>H54H85 2 =5:>B>@>< >B=>H5=88 G5@57 ?>A2OI5=85 687=8, =094CB, <>65B 1KBL =5:>B>@>5 C4>2;5B2>@5=85, 2AB@5B82 2 >1I59 A2O78 >1JOA=5=85 B>3>, GB> ?@54AB020;> 8< @0=LH5 >B@K2>G=> 8 2 B0:>< 2845, GB> 8< =5 C4020;>AL, <>65B 1KBL, 4>25AB8 A2>53> 7=0=8O 4> AB5?5=8 C4>2;5B2>@8B5;L=>3> 4;O =8E A0<8E ?@54AB02;5=8O. @548A;>285 : ?OB><C 8740=8N. ;O MB>3> =>2>3> 8740=8O :=838 "0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>7=0=89 2KAH8E <8@>2" ?5@2>=0G0;L=>5 87;>65=85 55, =0?8A0==>5 1>;55 45AOB8 ;5B B><C =0704, 1K;> 2=>2L ?5@5@01>B0=> 2> 2A5E G0AB=>ABOE. >B@51=>ABL 2 ?>4>1=>9 ?5@5@01>B:5 2>7=8:05B 5AB5AB25==>, :>340 45;> 845B > B0:>3> @>40 4CH52=KE ?5@56820=8OE 8 4CH52=KE ?CBOE, :0: 87;>65==K5 2 MB>9 :=835. 1> 2 A>>1I5==>< =5 <>65B 1KBL =8 >4=>9 G0AB8, A :>B>@>9 4CH0 A>>1I02H53> =5 >AB020;0AL 1K 2 B5A=>9 A2O78, 8 :>B>@0O =5 70:;NG0;0 1K 2 A515 GB>-=81C4L B0:>3>, GB> 5I5 4> A8E ?>@ ?@>4>;605B @01>B0BL =04 MB>9 4CH>9. , :>=5G=>, B@C4=> >6840BL, GB>1K A MB>9 4CH52=>9 @01>B>9 =5 A>548=O;>AL AB@5<;5=85 : 4>AB865=8N 2A5 1>;LH59 OA=>AB8 8 >BG5B;82>AB8 2 =0?8A0==>< =5A:>;L:> ;5B B><C =0704 87;>65=88. 7 MB>3> AB@5<;5=8O 8 2>7=8:;> 2A5 B>, GB> O ?>AB0@0;AO A45;0BL 4;O MB>9 :=838 2 55 =>2>< 8740=88. %>BO 2A5 ACI5AB25==K5 >B45;K :=838, 2A5 3;02=>5 >AB0;>AL :0: 1K;>, => 2A5 65 2 =59 A45;0=K 7=0G8B5;L=K5 87<5=5=8O. > <=>38E <5AB0E <=5 C40;>AL A45;0BL :>5-GB> 4;O 1>;55 B>G=>9 E0@0:B5@8AB8:8 G0AB=>AB59.  MB> :070;>AL <=5 206=K<. A;8 :B>-=81C4L 70E>G5B ?@8<5=8BL A>>1I5==>5 2 MB>9 :=835 : A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 4CE>2=>9 687=8, B> 206=>, GB>1K >= <>3 >1>7@5BL 4CH52=K5 ?CB8, > :>B>@KE 845B @5GL, 2 2>7<>6=> 1>;55 B>G=>9 E0@0:B5@8AB8:5.  MB> :070;>AL <=5 206=K<. @8 >?8A0=88 2=CB@5==8E 4CE>2=KE ?@>F5AA>2 3>@074> ;53G5 <>3CB 2>7=8:0BL =54>@07C<5=8O, G5< ?@8 >?8A0=88 D0:B>2 D878G5A:>3> <8@0. >4286=>ABL 4CH52=>9 687=8, =5>1E>48<>ABL =8:>340 =5 B5@OBL 87 284C 2A53> >B;8G8O MB>9 687=8 >B 687=8 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 8 <=>3>5 4@C3>5, 45;05B 2>7<>6=K< 2>7=8:=>25=85 B0:8E =54>@07C<5=89.  MB>< =>2>< 8740=88 O >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 =0 B5 <5AB0 2 :=835, :>B>@K5 <>3CB ?>40BL ?>2>4 : B0:8< =54>@07C<5=8O<, 8 ?@8 87;>65=88 O ?>AB0@0;AO ?><5H0BL 8E 2>7=8:=>25=8N. >340 O ?8A0? >B45;L=K5 AB0BL8, 87 :>B>@KE A>AB028;0AL MB0 :=830, > <=>3>< ?@8E>48;>AL 3>2>@8BL 8=0G5, G5< 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O, 5I5 8 ?> MB>9 ?@8G8=5, GB> B>340 <=5 =5>1E>48<> 1K;> C:07K20BL =0 A>45@60=85 2A53>, >1=0@>4>20==>3> <=>N 70 ?>A;54=85 45AOBL ;5B 87 >1;0AB8 ?>7=0=8O 4CE>2=KE <8@>2, 8=0G5, G5< MB> <>6=> A45;0BL B5?5@L, ?>A;5 MB>3> >1=0@>4>20=8O.  <>5< ""09=>2545=88", 2 ">48B5;LAB25 G5;>25:0 8 G5;>25G5AB20", 2 "CB8 : A0<>?>7=0=8N" 8 >A>15==> 2 ">@>35 4CE>2=>3> <8@0", 0 B0:65 2 4@C38E <>8E A>G8=5=8OE, >?8A0=K 4CE>2=K5 ?@>F5AAK, =0 ACI5AB2>20=85 :>B>@KE MB0 :=830 E>BO 8 4>;6=0 1K;0 =0<5:0BL 1>;55 45AOB8 ;5B B><C =0704, >4=0:> 2 4@C38E 2K@065=8OE, G5< :0:85 :06CBAO ?@028;L=K<8 B5?5@L.  <=>3><, 5I5 =5 >?8A0==>< 2 MB>9 :=835, O 4>;65= 1K; A:070BL B>340, GB> >=> <>65B 1KBL C7=0=> B>;L:> ?CB5< "CAB=>9 ?5@540G8".  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O >1=0@>4>20=> <=>3>5 87 B>3>, GB> ?>4@07C<520;>AL B>340 ?>4 MB8<8 C:070=8O<8. , <>65B 1KBL, :0:-@07 MB8 C:070=8O 1K;8 28=>N B>3>, GB> C G8B0B5;59 =5 2?>;=5 1K;0 8A:;NG5=0 2>7<>6=>ABL >H81>G=KE <=5=89.  ;8G=KE >B=>H5=8OE 8ICI53> 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 : B><C 8;8 4@C3><C CG8B5;N <>3;8 2845BL =5GB> 3>@074> 1>;55 ACI5AB25==>5, G5< A;54>20;> 2845BL. / =045NAL, GB> <=5 C40;>AL 2 MB>< =>2>< 8740=88, 1;03>40@O 8=><C A?>A>1C 87;>65=8O =5:>B>@KE G0AB=>AB59, 1>;55 @57:> ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> 4;O 8ICI53> 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20, 2 A>2@5<5==KE CA;>28OE 687=8, 3>@074> 1>;55 206=> A>25@H5=> =5?>A@54AB25==>5 >B=>H5=85 : >1J5:B82=><C 4CE>2=><C <8@C, =565;8 : ;8G=>AB8 CG8B5;O.  2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 CG8B5;L 2A5 1>;LH5 8 1>;LH5 1C45B 70=8<0BL <5AB> B>;L:> B0:>3> 65 ?><>I=8:0, :0:>5 70=8<05B, A>>1@07=> =>259H8< 2>77@5=8O<, =0AB02=8: 2 ;N1>9 4@C3>9 >B@0A;8 7=0=8O. / 4>AB0B>G=> >B<5B8;, :0: <=5 :065BAO, GB> 2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 02B>@8B5B CG8B5;O 8 25@0 2 =53> =5 4>;6=K 83@0BL 8=>9 @>;8, G5< 2> 2AO:>9 4@C3>9 >1;0AB8 7=0=8O 8 687=8. =5 :065BAO G@572KG09=> 206=K<, GB>1K AC48;8 2A5 ?@028;L=59 8<5==> >1 MB>< >B=>H5=88 4CE>2=>3> 8AA;54>20B5;O : ;N4O<, 8=B5@5ACNI8<AO @57C;LB0B0<8 53> 8AA;54>20=8O. "0:8< >1@07><, O =045NAL, GB> 8A?@028; MBC :=83C B0<, 345 45AOBL ;5B A?CABO <=5 C40;>AL =09B8 <5AB0, =C6402H85AO 2 8A?@02;5=88.  MB>9 ?5@2>9 G0AB8 4>;6=0 1C45B ?@8<:=CBL 2B>@0O. =0 ?@8=5A5B 40;L=59H85 @07JOA=5=8O > 4CH52=>< AB@>5, :>B>@K9 ?@82>48B G5;>25:0 : ?5@56820=8N 2KAH8E <8@>2. >2>5 8740=85 :=838 1K;> C65 =0?5G0B0=>, :>340 =0G0;0AL 25;8:0O 2>9=0., :>B>@CN ?5@568205B B5?5@L G5;>25G5AB2>. =5 ?@8E>48BAO ?8A0BL MB8 ?@5420@8B5;L=K5 70<5G0=8O A 4CH>9, 3;C1>:> 272>;=>20==>9 @>:>2K< A>1KB85<. 5@;8=, 7-3> A5=BO1@O 1914 3>40. C4>;LD (B09=5@. 0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>7=0=89 2KAH8E <8@>2. @5420@8B5;L=K5 CA;>28O.  :064>< G5;>25:5 4@5<;NB A?>A>1=>AB8, ?@8 ?><>I8 :>B>@KE >= <>65B ?@8>1@5AB8 ?>7=0=8O > 2KAH8E <8@0E. 8AB8:, 3=>AB8:, B5>A>D. 3>2>@8B > <8@0E 4CH8 8 4CE0, AB>;L 65 459AB28B5;L=KE 4;O =53> :0: 8 B>B <8@, :>B>@K9 <>6=> 2845BL D878G5A:8<8 3;070<8, >AO70BL D878G5A:8<8 @C:0<8. 3> A;CH0B5;L 2 :064>5 <3=>25=85 <>65B A:070BL A515: B>, > G5< >= 3>2>@8B, O B0:65 A<>3C ?>7=0BL, 5A;8 @07>2LN 2 A515 =5:>B>@K5 A8;K, :>B>@K5 B5?5@L 2> <=5 4@5<;NB. 5GL <>65B 84B8 B>;L:> > B><, :0: =0G0BL, GB>1K @0728BL 2 A515 MB8 A?>A>1=>AB8. 0AB02;5=85 : MB><C <>3CB 40BL B>;L:> B5, :>B>@K5 C65 >1;040NB 2 A515 MB8<8 A8;0<8. ! B5E ?>@ :0: ACI5AB2C5B @>4 G5;>25G5A:89, 2A5340 ACI5AB2>20;8 8 H:>;K, 345 >1;040B5;8 2KAH8E A?>A>1=>AB59 4020;8 =0AB02;5=8O 8A:02H8< MB8E A?>A>1=>AB59. "0:85 H:>;K =07K20NBAO A>:@>25==K<8 H:>;0<8, 0 >1CG5=85, :>B>@>5 2 =8E A>>1I0NB, =07K205BAO B09=>254G5A:8< 8;8 >::C;LB=K< >1CG5=85<. "0:>5 =0720=85 5AB5AB25==> 2>71C6405B =54>@07C<5=85. !;KH0I89 53> <>65B A:;>=8BAO : <=5=8N, GB> CG0AB2CNI85 2 MB8E H:>;0E E>BOB 87>1@078BL A>1>9 :0:>9-B> >A>15==K9 ?@828;538@>20==K9 :;0AA ;N459, A0<>2>;L=> A:@K20NI89 A2>5 7=0=85 >B 1;86=8E. >60;C9, >= <>65B B0:65 ?>4C<0BL, GB> 70 MB8< 7=0=85< =5 A:@K205BAO 2>>1I5 =8G53> 7=0G8B5;L=>3>. 1> 5A;8 1K >=> 1K;> 8AB8==K< 7=0=85<, - B0: A:;>==K 1K20NB 4C<0BL, - B> 87 =53> =570G5< 1K;> 1K 45;0BL =8:0:>9 B09=K: <>6=> 1K;> 1K A>>1I0BL 53> >B:@KB> 8 A45;0BL 53> 1;030 4>ABC?=K< 4;O 2A5E ;N459. >A2OI5==K5 2 ?@8@>4C B09=>3> 2545=8O =8<0;> =5 C482;ONBAO B><C, GB> =5?>A2OI5==K5 <KA;OB B0:8< >1@07><.  G5< A>AB>8B B09=0 ?>A2OI5=8O, <>65B ?>=OBL ;8HL B>B, :B> A0< 4> 8725AB=>9 AB5?5=8 8A?KB0; MB> ?>A2OI5=85 2 2KAH85 B09=K 1KB8O. > <>6=> A?@>A8BL: :0:8< >1@07>< C =5?>A2OI5==>3> <>65B 2>>1I5 2>7=8:=CBL ?@8 ?>4>1=KE CA;>28OE :0:>9-=81C4L G5;>25G5A:89 8=B5@5A : B0: =07K205<><C B09=><C 2545=8N? 0: 8 70G5< 1C45B >= 8A:0BL G53>-B>, >= ?@8@>45 G53> 2A5 65 =5 <>65B A>AB028BL A515 =8:0:>3> ?@54AB02;5=8O? > C65 2 A0<>9 ?>AB0=>2:5 2>?@>A0 ;568B A>25@H5==> >H81>G=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 > ACI=>AB8 B09=>3> 2545=8O. 1> 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 A B09=>2545=85< 45;> >1AB>8B A>2A5< =5 8=0G5, G5< A> 2AO:8< 4@C38< G5;>25G5A:8< 7=0=85<. ;O A@54=53> G5;>25:0 MB> B09=>2545=85 O2;O5BAO B09=>9 A>2A5< 2 B>< 65 A<KA;5, 2 :0:>< C<5=85 ?8A0BL O2;O5BAO B09=>9 4;O B>3>, :B> 5<C =5 CG8;AO.  :0: =0CG8BLAO ?8A0BL <>65B 2AO:89, :B> 8715@5B 4;O MB>3> ?@028;L=K9 ?CBL, B0: 8 CG5=8:>< 8;8 4065 CG8B5;5< B09=>2545=8O <>65B A45;0BLAO 2AO:89, :B> =0945B 4;O MB>3> A>>B25BAB2CNI89 ?CBL. ">;L:> 2 >4=>< >B=>H5=88 CA;>28O 745AL 1C4CB 4@C38<8, G5< ?@8 2=5H=5< 7=0=88 8;8 C<5=88. ;03>40@O ;8 154=>AB8 8;8 2>>1I5 :C;LBC@=K< CA;>28O<, 2 :>B>@KE >= @>48;AO, G5;>25: <>65B 1KBL ;8H5= 2>7<>6=>AB8 =0CG8BLAO ?8A0BL; => 4;O 4>AB865=8O 7=0=8O 8 C<5=8O 2 2KAH8E <8@0E =5 ACI5AB2C5B =8:0:8E ?@5?OBAB289 4;O B>3>, :B> A5@L57=> 8I5B. =>385 4C<0NB, GB> =C6=> >BKA:0BL 345-=81C4L CG8B5;59 2KAH53> 2545=8O 4;O B>3>, GB>1K ?>;CG8BL >B =8E @07JOA=5=8O. > 745AL =04> 8<5BL 2 284C 425 25I8. >-?5@2KE, A5@L57=> AB@5<OI89AO : 2KAH5<C 2545=8N =5 ?>60;55B =8:0:8E B@C4>2 8 =5 ?>1>8BAO =8:0:8E ?@5?OBAB289, GB>1K =09B8 ?>A2OI5==>3>, <>3CI53> 225AB8 53> 2 2KAH85 B09=K <8@0. >, A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, :064K9 <>65B 1KBL C25@5= 8 2 B><, GB> ?>A2OI5==K9 =0945B 53> ?@8 2AO:8E CA;>28OE, 5A;8 2 =5< 5ABL A5@L57=>5 8 4>AB>9=>5 AB@5<;5=85 : ?>7=0=8N. 1> ACI5AB2C5B AB@>389 70:>= A@548 2A5E ?>A2OI5==KE, >1O7K20NI89 8E =5 70:@K20BL =8 >4=><C G5;>25:C 4>ABC?0 : ?>4>10NI5<C 5<C 7=0=8N. > ACI5AB2C5B 8 4@C3>9, AB>;L 65 AB@>389 70:>=, CB25@640NI89, GB> =8:><C =5 <>65B 1KBL 2K40=> =8G53> 87 B09=>3> 2545=8O, 5A;8 >= : =5<C =5 ?@8720=.  ?>A2OI5==K9 B5< A>25@H5==55, G5< AB@>65 >= A>1;N405B >10 MB8E 70:>=0. CE>2=K9 A>N7, >1=8<0NI89 2A5E ?>A2OI5==KE, MB> =5 2=5H=89 A>N7, => >10 C?><O=CBK5 70:>=0 >1@07CNB ?@>G=K5 A:@5?K, A2O7K20NI85 2A5E 2E>4OI8E 2 A>AB02 MB>3> A>N70. "K <>65HL 68BL 2 B5A=>9 4@C615 A :0:8<-=81C4L ?>A2OI5==K<, 8 2A5 65 BK 4> B5E ?>@ 1C45HL >B45;5= >B =53>, ?>:0 A0< =5 AB0=5HL ?>A2OI5==K<. "K <>65HL 2 A0<>< H8@>:>< A<KA;5 A;>20 ?>;L7>20BLAO @0A?>;>65=85< 8 ;N1>2LN ?>A2OI5==>3>, => A2>N B09=C >= 4>25@8B B515 B>;L:> B>340, :>340 BK 4;O =55 1C45HL 7@5;. "K <>65HL ;LAB8BL 5<C 8;8 ?>425@30BL 53> ?KB:5: =8GB> =5 70AB028B 53> 2K40BL B515 GB>-=81C4L 87 B>3>, GB>, :0: >= 7=05B, =5 4>;6=> 1KBL B515 2K40=>, 81> =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 B2>53> @0728B8O BK 5I5 =5 C<55HL ?@028;L=>3> ?@85<0 4;O MB>9 B09=K. CB8, 45;0NI85 G5;>25:0 7@5;K< 4;O ?@8=OB8O B09=K, ?@54C:070=K A>25@H5==> B>G=>. E =0?@02;5=85 =5C30A8<K<8, 25G=K<8 1C:20<8 ?@54=0G5@B0=> 2 4CE>2=KE E@0<0E, 345 ?>A2OI5==K5 E@0=OB 2KAH85 B09=K.  4@52=85 2@5<5=0, ?@>B5:02H85 4> =0H59 "8AB>@88", MB8 E@0<K 1K;8 2848<K B0:65 8 2=5H=5; B5?5@L, :>340 =0H0 687=L AB0;0 AB>;L <0;> 4CE>2=>9, 8E =5B 1>;LH5 2 <8@5, 2848<>< 4;O 2=5H=53> 3;070. > 4CE>2=> >=8 8<5NBAO 2AN4C ; 8 :064K9 8ICI89 <>65B 8E =09B8. ">;L:> 2 A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 4CH5 <>65B G5;>25: =09B8 A@54AB20, >B:@K20NI85 4;O =53> CAB0 ?>A2OI5==KE. = 4>;65= @0728BL 2 A515 4> >?@545;5==>9 2KA>BK =5:>B>@K5 :0G5AB20, 8 B>340 <>3CB 4>AB0BLAO 2 C45; 5<C 2KA>G09H85 A>:@>28I0 4CE0. 5:>B>@>5 >A=>2=>5 =0AB@>5=85 4CH8 4>;6=> ?>A;C68BL =0G0;><. "09=> 8AA;54>20B5;L =07K205B MB> >A=>2=>5 =0AB@>5=85 ?CB5< ?>G8B0=8O, 1;03>3>25=8O ?5@54 8AB8=>9 8 ?>7=0=85<. ">;L:> B>B, :B> >1;0405B MB8< >A=>2=K< =0AB@>5=85<, <>65B A45;0BLAO CG5=8:>< B09=>2545=8O. '5;>25:, >?KB=K9 2 MB>9 >1;0AB8, 7=05B :0:85 =0:;>==>AB8 70<5B=K C65 2 45BAB25 C ;N459, AB0=>2OI8EAO ?>74=55 CG5=8:0<8 B09=>2545=8O. ABL 45B8, :>B>@K5 A> A2OI5==K< B@5?5B>< 278@0NB : =5:>B>@K<, ?>G8B05<K< 8<8 ;8F0<. =8 8A?KBK20NB ?5@54 =8<8 1;03>3>25=85, =5 40NI55 2>7=8:=CBL C =8E 2 3;C1>G09H8E B09=8:0E A5@4F0 4065 :0:>9-=81C4L <KA;8 > :@8B8:5 8;8 ?@>B82>@5G88. "0:85 45B8 2K@0AB0NB 2 N=>H59 8 452CH5:, :>B>@K5 1K20NB @04K, :>340 >=8 <>3CB 278@0BL =0 GB>-=81C4L, 4>AB>9=>5 ?@5:;>=5=8O. 7 G8A;0 ?>4>1=KE G5;>25G5A:8E E0@0:B5@>2 2KE>48B <=>3> CG5=8:>2 B09=>2545=8O. A;8 BK :>340-=81C4L AB>O; ?5@54 425@LN ?>G8B05<>3> B>1>N G5;>25:0 8 8A?KBK20; ?@8 MB>< ?5@2>< ?>A5I5=88 A2OI5==K9 B@5?5B, ?@5645 G5< =060BL =0 @CG:C 425@8 8 2ABC?8BL 2 :><=0BC, :>B>@0O O2;O;0AL 4;O B51O "G8AB8;8I5<", B> MB> GC2AB2>, ?@>O282H55AO 2 B515 2 B> 2@5<O, <>65B AB0BL 75@=>< 4;O B2>53> 40;L=59H53> B09=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. !G0ABL5 4;O :064>3> G5;>25:0, 5A;8 >= 2 N=>AB8 =5A5B 2 A515 7040B:8 ?>4>1=KE GC2AB2. 5 =C6=> B>;L:> 4C<0BL, GB> MB8 7040B:8 A;C60B =0G0;>< ?>4G8=5=8O 8;8 @01AB20. 5BA:>5 ?>G8B0=85 : ;N4O< AB0=>28BAO 2?>A;54AB288 ?>G8B0=85< : 8AB8=5 8 : ?>7=0=8N. ?KB CG8B, GB> B5 ;N48 ;CGH5 2A53> C<5NB 45@60BL 3>;>2C ?@O<>, :>B>@K5 =0CG8;8AL ?>G8B0BL B0<, 345 ?>G8B0=85 C<5AB=>.  C<5AB=> >=> 25745, 345 >=> 2>7=8:05B 87 3;C18=K A5@4F0. A;8 <K =5 @07>2L5< 2 A515 3;C1>:> :>@5=OI53>AO GC2AB20, GB> ACI5AB2C5B =5GB> 2KAH55 =0A, B> <K =5 =0945< 2 A515 B0:65 8 A8;K @072820BLAO 225@E, : 2KAH5<C. >A2OI5==K9 B>;L:> B0:8< ?CB5< 702>520; A515 A8;C ?>4=OBL 3>;>2C : 2KA>B0< ?>7=0=8O, GB> =8725; A2>5 A5@4F5 2 3;C18=K 1;03>3>259=>3> ?>G8B0=8O. >4=OBLAO : 2KA>B0< 4CE0 <>6=>, B>;L:> ?@>E>4O G5@57 2@0B0 A<8@5=8O. 0AB>OI53> 7=0=8O BK <>65HL 4>AB83=CBL B>;L:> =0CG82H8AL C2060BL MB> 7=0=85. '5;>25:, =5A><=5==> 2?@025 >B:@K20BL 3;070 =02AB@5GC A25BC; => >= 4>;65= 702>520BL A515 MB> ?@02>.  4CE>2=>9 687=8 5ABL B0:65 70:>=K, :0: 8 2 <0B5@80;L=>9. 0B@8 AB5:;O==CN ?0;>G:C A>>B25BAB2CNI8< 25I5AB2><, 8 >=0 =0M;5:B@87C5BAO, B>-5ABL >=0 ?>;CG8B A8;C ?@8BO3820BL <0;K5 B5;0. -B> A>>B25BAB2C5B 70:>=C ?@8@>4K. B> E>BL A:>;L:>-=81C4L CG8;AO D878:5, 7=05B MB>.  B>G=> B0: 65 2AO:89, 7=0:><K9 A >A=>2=K<8 =0G0;0<8 B09=>2545=8O, 7=05B, GB> :064>5 @0728205<>5 2 4CH5 GC2AB2> 8AB8==>3> 1;03>3>25=8O ?@>1C6405B A8;C, :>B>@0O @0=> 8;8 ?>74=> <>65B ?>428=CBL =0A 2?5@54 2 ?>7=0=88. B> >1;0405B ?> =0:;>==>AB8 1;03>3>259=K<8 GC2AB20<8, 8;8 :B> 8<5; AG0ABL5 27@0AB8BL 8E 2 A515 1;03>40@O A>>B25BAB2CNI5<C 2>A?8B0=8N, B>B ?@8=5A5B A A>1>9 <=>3> 1;03>?@8OB=KE CA;>289, 5A;8 >= 2 40;L=59H59 687=8 1C45B 8A:0BL 4>ABC?0 : 2KAH8< ?>7=0=8O<. B> =5 ?@8=5A5B A A>1>9 ?>4>1=>9 ?>43>B>2:8, 4;O B>3> =0 ?5@2>9 65 ABC?5=8 ?CB8 ?>7=0=8O 2>7=8:=5B <=>3> 70B@C4=5=89, 5A;8 >= =5 =0G=5B ?CB5< A0<>2>A?8B0=8O =0AB>9G82> ?>@>640BL 2 A515 1;03>3>259=>5 =0AB@>5=85.  =0H5 2@5<O >A>15==> 206=> >1@0B8BL =0 MB>B <><5=B 2A5 2=8<0=85. 0H0 F828;870F8O 3>@074> 1>;LH5 A:;>==0 : :@8B8:5, : AC4C 8 AC645=8N, =565;8 : 1;03>3>25=8N 8 A0<>>B25@65==><C ?@5:;>=5=8N. # =0A 4065 45B8 3>@074> 1>;LH5 :@8B8:CNB, G5< A0<>>B25@65==> ?@5:;>=ONBAO. > 2AO:0O :@8B8:0, 2AO:>5 >AC645=85 =0AB>;L:> 65 @07@CH05B 4CH52=K5 A8;K, =0A:>;L:> A0<>>B25@65==>5 ?@5:;>=5=85 8E @0718205B. -B8< <K =5 E>B8< =8G53> A:070BL ?@>B82 =0H59 F828;870F88. 5;> 745AL 845B 2>2A5 =5 > B><, GB>1K :@8B8:>20BL, MBC =0HC F828;870F8N. <5==> :@8B8:5, A0<>A>7=0B5;L=><C AC645=8N 8 A;>20<: "2A5 8AA;54C9B5 8 ;CGH5 A>E@0=O9B5", <K >1O70=K 25;8G85< =0H59 :C;LBC@K. 8:>340 G5;>25: =5 4>AB83 1K =8 =0C:8, =8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, =8 A@54AB2 A>>1I5=8O, =8 ?@02>2KE >B=>H5=89 =0H53> 2@5<5=8, 5A;8 1K >= 2AN4C =5 ?@8<5=O; :@8B8:8, 5A;8 1K >= =5 ?@8;030; :> 2A5<C <5@:8 A2>53> AC645=8O. > 2K83@0==>5 =0<8 B0:8< >1@07>< 2> 2=5H=59 :C;LBC@5 <K 4>;6=K 1K;8 >?;0B8BL A>>B25BAB2CNI8< CI5@1>< 2 2KAH5< ?>7=0=88, 2 4CE>2=>9 687=8. !;54C5B ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> 2 2KAH5< ?>7=0=88 45;> 845B > ?@5:;>=5=88 =5 ?5@54 ;N4L<8, 0 ?5@54 8AB8=>9 8 ?>7=0=85<. > >4=> 4>;65= COA=8BL A515 :064K9: B>, GB> G5;>25:C, A>25@H5==> ?>3@C65==><C 2 ?>25@E=>AB=CN F828;870F8N =0H8E 4=59, >G5=L B@C4=> ?@>=8:=CBL : ?>7=0=8N 2KAH8E <8@>2. = <>65B 4>AB83=CBL MB>3> B>;L:> ?@8 =0AB>9G82>9 @01>B5 =04 A>1>9.  B5 2@5<5=0, :>340 CA;>28O <0B5@80;L=>9 687=8 1K;8 ?@>I5, 1K; ;53G5 4>AB868< 8 4CE>2=K9 ?>4J5<. >AB>9=>5 ?@5:;>=5=8O 8 ?>G8B05<>5 A2OI5==K< 1>;LH5 2K45;O;>AL B>340 =04 ?@>G8<8 <8@A:8<8 >B=>H5=8O<8.  :@8B8G5A:CN M?>EC 8450;K ?>=860NBAO. @C385 GC2AB20 2KABC?0NB =0 A25B 2<5AB> ?@5:;>=5=8O, ?>G8B0=8O 8 C482;5=8O. 0H0 M?>E0 2A5 1>;LH5 >BB5A=O5B =0704 MB8 GC2AB20, B0: GB> ?>2A54=52=0O 687=L ;8HL 2 >G5=L =57=0G8B5;L=>9 AB5?5=8 ?@82>48B G5;>25:0 2 A>?@8:>A=>25=85 A =8<8. A:0B5;L 2KAH53> ?>7=0=8O 4>;65= ?>@>48BL 8E 2 A515. = 4>;65= A0< 2;820BL 8E 2 4CHC. -B>3> =5;L7O 4>AB83=CBL ?CB5< 87CG5=8O. -B> <>6=> A45;0BL B>;L:> ?CB5< 687=8. 5;0NI89 AB0BL CG5=8:>< B09=>2545=8O 4>;65= ?>MB><C =0AB>9G82> 2>A?8BK20BL 2 A515 A?>A>1=>ABL : 1;03>3>259=><C =0AB@>5=8N. = 4>;65= 25745 2>:@C3 A51O, 2 A2>8E ?5@56820=8OE, =0E>48BL B>, GB> <>65B ?>=C48BL 53> : C482;5=8N, : ?>G8B0=8N. A;8 ?@8 2AB@5G5 A G5;>25:>< O >AC640N 53> A;01>AB8, O ?>E8I0N MB8< C A51O 2KAHCN A8;C ?>7=0=8O; => 5A;8 O ;N1>2=> AB0@0NAL C3;C18BLAO 2 53> 4>AB>8=AB20, O =0:0?;820N MBC A8;C. #G5=8: B09=>2545=8O 4>;65= ?>AB>O==> ?><=8BL > =5>1E>48<>AB8 A;54>20BL MB><C C:070=8N. ?KB=K5 B09=>-8AA;54>20B5;8 7=0NB, :0:>9 A8;>9 >=8 >1O70=K B><C >1AB>OB5;LAB2C, GB> >=8 ?>AB>O==> 2> 2A5< 278@0NB =0 4>1@>5 8 C45@6820NBAO >B ?>@8F0NI53> AC645=8O. > MB> =5 4>;6=> >AB020BLAO B>;L:> 2=5H=8< 687=5==K< ?@028;><. -B> 4>;6=> >2;045BL A0<>9 2=CB@5==59 3;C18=>9 =0H59 4CH8. B G5;>25:0 7028A8B A>25@H5=AB2>20BL A0<>3> A51O 8 A> 2@5<5=5< A>25@H5==> 87<5=8BL A51O. > MB> 87<5=5=85 4>;6=> ?@>87>9B8 2 A0<>9 2=CB@5==59 3;C18=5 53>, 2 687=8 53> <KA;59. 54>AB0B>G=>, GB>1K O 2=5H=5 2 <>5< ?>2545=88 ?@>O2;O; C2065=85 ?5@54 :0:8<-=81C4L ACI5AB2><. / 4>;65= 8<5BL MB> C2065=85 2 <>8E <KA;OE. #G5=8: 4>;65= =0G0BL A ?@8=OB8O 1;03>3>25=8O 2 687=L A2>8E <KA;59. = 4>;65= 2 A2>5< A>7=0=88 >AB5@530BLAO =5C2068B5;L=KE <KA;59, >AC640NI59 :@8B8:8.  >= 4>;65= ?@O<>-B0:8 AB@5<8BLAO : 2>A?8B0=8N 2 A515 1;03>3>259=KE <KA;59. 064>5 <3=>25=85, :>340 <K >AB0=02;8205<AO, GB>1K 70<5B8BL 2 A2>5< A>7=0=88, A:>;L:> 2 =0A B08BAO >B@8F0B5;L=KE, >AC640NI8E, :@8B8G5A:8E AC645=89 > <8@5 8 687=8, - :064>5 B0:>5 <3=>25=85 ?@81;8605B =0A : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N.  <K 1KAB@> ?>4=8<05<AO 225@E, 5A;8 2 MB8 <3=>25=8O <K =0?>;=O5< =0H5 A>7=0=85 B>;L:> B0:8<8 <KA;O<8, :>B>@K5 2K7K20NB 2 =0A C482;5=85, ?>G8B0=85, ?@5:;>=5=85 ?5@54 <8@>< 8 687=LN. '5@57 MB> C G5;>25:0 >B:@K20NBAO 4CE>2=K5 >G8. = =0G8=05B 2845BL 2>:@C3 A51O 25I8, :>B>@KE >= @0=LH5 =5 <>3 2845BL. = =0G8=05B ?>=8<0BL, GB> @0=LH5 >= 2845; B>;L:> G0ABL >:@C60NI53> 53> <8@0. !B>OI89 ?5@54 =8< G5;>25: O2;O5B 5<C B5?5@L A>2A5< 4@C3>9 >1@07, G5< ?@5645. ;03>40@O MB><C 687=5==><C ?@028;C >=, ?@0240 5I5 =5 1C45B 2 A>AB>O=88 C2845BL B>, GB> >?8AK205BAO, =0?@8<5@, :0: G5;>25G5A:0O 0C@0. 1> 4;O MB>3> =C6=> 5I5 1>;55 2KA>:>5 >1CG5=85. > >= <>65B ?>4=OBLAO : MB><C 2KAH5<C >1CG5=8N, 8<5==> B>;L:> ?@>94O ?@5420@8B5;L=> G5@57 =0AB>9G82>5 ?@8CG5=85 A51O : 1;03>3>25=8N. (1I89 >17>@ "?CB8 ?>7=0=8O" <>6=> =09B8 2 ?>A;54=59 3;025 <>59 :=838 ""5>A>D8O, 22545=85 2 A25@EGC2AB25==>5 ?>7=0=85 <8@0 8 G5;>25:0". 45AL 65 1C4CB C:070=K B>;L:> =5:>B>@K5 G0AB=K5 AB>@>=K, 8<5NI85 ?@0:B8G5A:>5 7=0G5=85.) 5AHC<=> 8 =570<5B=> 4;O 2=5H=53> <8@0 ?@>8AE>48B 2ABC?;5=85 CG5=8:0 =0 "?CBL ?>7=0=8O". >7<>6=>, GB> =8:B> 8 =5 70<5B8B 2 =5< ?5@5<5=K. = 8A?>;=O5B A2>8 >1O70==>AB8, :0: 8 ?@5645; >= 70=8<05BAO A2>8<8 45;0<8 :0: 8 4> B>3>. 7<5=5=85 ?@>8AE>48B B>;L:> 2> 2=CB@5==59 AB>@>=5 53> 4CH8, A:@KB>9 4;O 2=5H=53> 3;070. !?5@20 2AO 4CH52=0O 687=L G5;>25:0 >70@O5BAO >A=>2=K< =0AB@>5=85< 1;03>3>25=8O ?5@54 2A5< 459AB28B5;L=> 4>AB>9=K< ?@5:;>=5=8O.  MB>< >4=>< >A=>2=>< GC2AB25 A>A@54>B0G8205BAO 2AO 53> 4CH52=0O 687=L. 0: A>;=F5 >682;O5B A2>8<8 ;CG0<8 2A5 682CI55, B0: ?@5:;>=5=85 >682;O5B 2 CG5=8:5 2A5 >ICI5=8O 4CH8. =0G0;5 G5;>25:C =5;53:> 1K205B ?>25@8BL, GB> B0:85 GC2AB20, :0: ?@5:;>=5=85, ?>G8B0=85 8 B.4., 8<5NB :0:>5 1K B> =8 1K;> >B=>H5=85 : ?>7=0=8N. -B> ?@>8AE>48B >B B>3>, GB> <K A:;>==K ?@54AB02;OBL A515 ?>7=0=85, :0: B0:CN A?>A>1=>ABL, :>B>@0O =5 =0E>48BAO =8 2 :0:>9 A2O78 A> 2A5<, GB> ?@>8AE>48B ?><8<> =55 2 4CH5. @8 MB>< 701K20NB, GB> ?>7=05B-B> 8<5==> 4CH0.  4;O 4CH8 GC2AB20 O2;ONBAO B5< 65, G5< 4;O B5;0 - 25I5AB20, :>B>@K5 4>AB02;ONB 5<C ?8B0=85. A;8 B5;C 2<5AB> E;510 ?>40NB :0<5=L, B> 45OB5;L=>ABL 53> ?@5:@0I05BAO. >4>1=>5 65 ?@>8AE>48B 8 A 4CH>9. ;O =55 ?@5:;>=5=85, C2065=85, 1;03>3>25=85 O2;ONBAO ?8B0B5;L=K<8 25I5AB20<8, 45;0NI85 55 74>@>2>9; A8;L=>9, ?@5645 2A53> 4;O 45OB5;L=>AB8 ?>7=0=8O. @57@5=85, 0=B8?0B8O, >AC645=85 G53>-=81C4L 4>AB>9=>3> ?@87=0=8O ?@8G8=ONB >A;01;5=85 8 C<8@0=85 ?>7=020B5;L=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. ;O >::C;LB8AB0 MB>B D0:B 2848< 2 0C@5 G5;>25:0. CH0, CA2>82H0O A515 GC2AB20 ?@5:;>=5=8O 8 1;03>3>25=8O 2K7K205B 87<5=5=85 2 A2>59 0C@5. 5:>B>@K5 4CE>2=K5 A25B>2K5 >BB5=:8, :>B>@K5 <>6=> >1>7=0G8BL, :0: 65;B>20B>- 8 :>@8G=520B>-:@0A=K5 8AG570NB 8 70<5=ONBAO A8=520B>-:@0A=K<8. > 2<5AB5 A B5< @0A:@K205BAO 8 A?>A>1=>ABL ?>7=0=8O; >=0 ?>;CG05B 25ABL > D0:B0E 2>:@C3 A51O, > :>B>@KE >=0 ?@5645 8 =5 ?>4>7@520;0. @5:;>=5=85 ?@>1C6405B 2 4CH5 A8<?0B8G5A:CN A8;C, ?@8 ?><>I8 :>B>@>9 =0<8 ?@82;5:0NBAO A2>9AB20 >:@C60NI8E =0A ACI5AB2, >AB0NI8EAO 8=0G5 A:@KBK<8 (>::C;LB=K<8). I5 459AB25==55 AB0=>28BAO 4>AB8305<>5 ?CB5< 1;03>3>25=8O, :>340 : =5<C ?@8A>548=O5BAO 5H5 4@C3>3> @>40 GC2AB2>. => A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> G5;>25: =0CG05BAO 2A5 <5=LH5 >B4020BLAO 2?5G0B;5=8O< 2=5H=53> <8@0 8 270<5= B>3> @0728205B ?>4286=CN 2=CB@5==NN 687=L. '5;>25:, :>B>@K9 3>=O5BAO 70 2?5G0B;5=8O<8 2=5H=53> <8@0 8 ?>AB>O==> 8I5B @072;5G5=89, =5 =0945B ?CB8 : B09=>2545=8N. 5 ?@8BC?;OBL A51O 4;O 2=5H=53> <8@0 4>;65= 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8:; => 1>30B0O 2=CB@5==OO 687=L 4>;6=0 A0<0 A>>1I8BL 5<C =0?@02;5=85, 2 :>B>@>< 5<C A;54C5B >B4020BLAO 55 2?5G0B;5=8O<. ;C1>:> GC2AB2CNI89 8 1>30B> >40@5==K9 4CH52=> G5;>25:, ?@>E>4O ?> ?@5:@0A=>9 3>@=>9 <5AB=>AB8, ?5@568205B 8=>5, =565;8 G5;>25:, 154=K9 GC2AB2><. 8HL ?5@568205<>5 2=CB@8 405B =0< :;NG : :@0A>B0< 2=5H=53> <8@0. =>9 545B ?> <>@N, 8 ;8HL =5<=>385 2=CB@5==85 ?5@56820=8O ?@>E>4OB G5@57 53> 4CHC; 0 4@C3>9 >ICI05B ?@8 MB>< 25G=K9 O7K: <8@>2>3> 4CE0; 5<C @0A:@K20NBAO B09=K5 70304:8 B2>@5=8O. K 4>;6=K C<5BL >1@0I0BLAO A =0H8<8 GC2AB20<8 8 ?@54AB02;5=8O<8, 5A;8 E>B8< @0728BL 1>30B>5 A>45@60=85< >B=>H5=85 : 2=5H=5<C <8@C. =5H=89 <8@ 2> 2A5E A2>8E O2;5=8OE 8A?>;=5= 1>65AB25==>9 A;02K; => 1>65AB25==>5 =04> A?5@20 ?5@568BL 2 A2>59 4CH5, 5A;8 E>G5HL =09B8 53> 2 >:@C60NI5<. #G5=8:C B09=>2545=8O ?@54;0305BAO A>74020BL 2 A2>59 687=8 <3=>25=8O, :>340 2 B8H8=5 8 >48=>G5AB25 >= ?>3@C605BAO 2 A0<>3> A51O. > =5 B><C, GB> A2O70=> A 53> "O", 4>;65= >= >B4020BLAO 2 MB8 <3=>25=8O. -B> 8<5;> 1K @57C;LB0B :0: @07 ?@>B82>?>;>6=K9 B><C, GB> AB028BLAO 745AL F5;LN. 0?@>B82, 2 MB8 <3=>25=8O >= 4>;65= 2 ?>;=>9 B8H8=5 2K7K20BL 2 A515 >B72C: ?5@568B>3>, B>3>, GB> A:070; 5<C 2=5H=89 <8@. 064K9 F25B>:, :064>5 682>B=>5, :064K9 ?>ABC?>: >B:@>5B 5<C 2 MB8 <3=>25=8O B8H8=K =53040==K5 B09=K.  G5@57 MB> >= ?>43>B02;8205BAO 2AB@5G0BL =>2K5 2?5G0B;5=8O 2=5H=53> <8@0 A>2A5< 4@C38<8 3;070<8, G5< ?@5645. 5;0NI89 B>;L:> =0A;0640BLAO, A<5=>9 2?5G0B;5=89 ?@8BC?;O5B A2>N A?>A>1=>ABL ?>7=0=8O. B> ?>A;5 =0A;0645=8O 70AB02;O5B A0<> MB> =0A;0645=85 >B:@K20BL 5<C =5GB>, B>B @0728205B 8 2>A?8BK205B A2>N A?>A>1=>ABL ?>7=0=8O. > >= 4>;65= ?@8CG8BLAO =5 : B><C, GB>1K =0CG8BLAO 2K7K20BL 2 A515 >48= B>;L:> >B72C: MB>3> =0A;0645=8O, 0 GB>1K ?CB5< >B:070 >B 40;L=59H53> =0A;0645=8O ?5@5@010BK20BL 53> A2>59 2=CB@5==59 45OB5;L=>ABLN. 45AL :@>5BAO >G5=L >?0A=K9 ?>42>4=K9 :0<5=L. <5AB> B>3>, GB>1K @01>B0BL 2 A0<>< A515, ;53:> <>6=> 2?0ABL 2 >1@0B=>5 8 ?>65;0BL 5I5 @07 2?>;=5 8AG5@?0BL =0A;0645=85. 5 =C6=> C<0;OBL 7=0G5=8O B>3> >1AB>OB5;LAB20, GB> 745AL >B:@K20NBAO 4;O CG5=8:0 =5>1>7@8<K5 8AB>G=8:8 701;C645=8O. 1> >= 4>;65= ?@>9B8 A:2>7L B>;?C A2>8E 4CH52=KE 8A:CA8B5;59. A5 >=8 E>BOB >65AB>G8BL 53> "O", 70<:=CBL 53> 2 A515 A0<><.  >= 4>;65= @0A:@KBL 53> 4;O <8@0. @0240 >= 4>;65= 8A:0BL =0A;0645=8O; 81> B>;L:> G5@57 =53> ?>4E>48B : =5<C 2=5H=89 <8@. @8BC?;OO A51O 4;O =0A;0645=8O, >= AB0=>28BAO ?>4>1=K< @0AB5=8N, =5 <>3CI5<C 1>;LH5 ?@82;5:0BL : A515 87 A2>53> >:@C60NI53> ?8B0B5;L=KE 25I5AB2. = A>E@0=O5B B>340 :0:>5-;81> 7=0G5=85 B>;L:> 4;O A51O, 8 =8:0:>5 - 4;O <8@0. 0: 1K 1>30B> =8 68; >= B>340 2 A515, :0: 1K =8 @072820; A2>5 "O", - <8@ 2K:;NG05B 53> 87 A51O. ;O =53> >= <5@B2. #G5=8: @0AA<0B@8205B =0A;0645=85 B>;L:> :0: A@54AB2> >1;03>@>48BL A51O 4;O <8@0. 0A;0645=85 O2;O5BAO 4;O =53> 25AB=8:><, ?>CG0NI8< 53> > <8@5; => ?>A;5 MB>3> >1CG5=8O G5@57 =0A;0645=85 >= A?5H8B 40;LH5, : @01>B5. = CG8BAO =5 4;O B>3>, GB>1K =0:0?;820BL 87CG5==>5, :0: A>:@>28I5 A2>53> 7=0=8O, => 4;O B>3>, GB>1K >B4020BL 53> =0 A;C65=85 <8@C. -B> - >A=>2=>9 70:>= 2> 2AO:>< B09=>2545=88, 8 53> =5;L7O ?@5ABC?8BL, 5A;8 <K E>B8< 4>AB83=CBL :0:>9-=81C4L F5;8. 064K9 CG8B5;L B09=>2545=8O 4>;65= 70?5G0B;5BL 53> A2>5<C CG5=8:C. = 3;0A8B: AO:>5 ?>7=0=85, :>B>@>3> BK 8I5HL B>;L:> 4;O >1>30I5=8O B2>53> 7=0=8O, B>;L:> 4;O B>3>, GB>1K =0:>?8BL 2 A515 A>:@>28I0, >B:;>=O5B B51O >B B2>53> ?CB8, => 2AO:>5 ?>7=0=85, :>B>@>3> BK 8I5HL A B5<, GB>1K A>25@H8BL @01>BC =0 A;C65=88 45;C >1;03>@06820=8O ;N459 8 @0728B8O <8@0, ?>428305B B51O 2?5@54. -B>B 70:>= B@51C5B =5C<>;8<>3> A2>53> 8A?>;=5=8O.  =5;L7O AB0BL CG5=8:><, ?>:0 MB>B 70:>= =5 A45;0;AO ?CB52>4=>9 =8BLN 687=8. -BC 8AB8=C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 <>6=> 2K@078BL 2 :@0B:>9 D>@<C;5: AO:0O 845O, :>B>@0O =5 AB0=>28BLAO 4;O B51O 8450;><, C18205B 2 B2>59 4CH5 =5:CN A8;C, => 2AO:0O 845O, AB02H0O 8450;><, A>7405B 2 B515 687=5==K5 A8;K. =CB@5==89 ?>:>9. 0 ?CBL 1;03>3>25=8O 8 =0 @0728B85 2=CB@5==59 687=8 C:07K205BAO CG5=8:C 2 =0G0;5 53> ?>?@8I0.  2 @C:>2>4AB2> 4CE>2=0O =0C:0 405B 5<C 5I5 ?@0:B8G5A:85 ?@028;0, ?@8 A>1;N45=88 :>B>@KE <>6=> 2ABC?8BL =0 ?CBL 8 @0728BL A2>N 2=CB@5==NN 687=L. -B8 ?@0:B8G5A:85 ?@028;0 =5 2K4C<0=K ?@>872>;L=>. =8 >A=>20=K =0 >?KB0E 8 7=0=8OE 3;C1>G09H59 4@52=>AB8. =8 40NBAO >48=0:>2K< >1@07>< 2AN4C, 345 C:07K20NBAO ?CB8 : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N. A5 8AB8==K5 CG8B5;O 4CE>2=>9 687=8 A>3;0A=K <564C A>1>9 2 A>45@60=88 MB8E ?@028;, E>BO 8 =5 2A5340 >1;5:0NB 8E 2 >48=0:>2K5 A;>20. -B> 2B>@>AB5?5==>5 8, 2 ACI=>AB8, B>;L:> :06CI55AO @07;8G85 ?@>8AE>48B >B >1AB>OB5;LAB2, :>B>@K5 =5 ?>4;560B 745AL >1AC645=8N. 8 >48= CG8B5;L 4CE>2=>9 687=8 =5 8I5B ?@8 ?><>I8 MB8E ?@028; 3>A?>4AB20 =04 4@C38<8 ;N4L<8. = =5 E>G5B >3@0=8G820BL =8GL59 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>AB8. 1> =8:B> =5 C<55B ;CGH5 F5=8BL 8 >E@0=OBL G5;>25G5A:CN A0<>AB>OB5;L=>ABL, G5< CG8B5;L B09=>2545=8O. K;> A:070=> (2 ?5@2>9 3;025 MB>9 :=838), GB> A>N7, >1=8<0NI89 A>1>N 2A5E ?>A2OI5==KE, 5ABL A>N7 4CE>2=K9, 8 420 70:>=0 >1@07CNB A:@5?K, C45@6820NI85 >B45;L=K5 G0AB8 MB>3> A>N70. > :>340 ?>A2OI5==K9 87 A2>59 70<:=CB>9 4CE>2=>9 >1;0AB8 2KABC?05B 2 4CE>2=K9 <8@, B>340 4;O =53> B>BG0A 65 ?>;CG05B A8;C B@5B89 AB@>389 70:>=. = 3;0A8B: 0?@02;O9 :064K9 B2>9 ?>ABC?>: 8 :064>5 B2>5 A;>2> B0:, GB>1K =5 ?@8:>A=CBLAO : A2>1>4=><C 2>;52><C @5H5=8N =8 >4=>3> G5;>25:0. B> ?>=O;, GB> 8AB8==K9 CG8B5;L 4CE>2=>9 687=8 1K205B 2?>;=5 ?@>=8:=CB MB8< =0AB@>5=85<, B>B 2 A>AB>O=88 ?>=OBL B0:65 8 B>, GB> >= =5 ?>B5@?8B =8:0:>3> CI5@10 2 A2>59 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>AB8, ?>A;54>202 ?@54;0305<K< 5<C ?@0:B8G5A:8< ?@028;0<. 4=> 87 ?5@2KE ?@028; <>6=> >1;5GL ?@81;878B5;L=> 2 A;54CNI85 A;>20 =0H59 @5G8: "!>740209 2 A515 <3=>25=8O 2=CB@5==53> ?>:>O 8 =0CG09AO 2 MB8 <3=>25=8O >B;8G0BL ACI5AB25==>5 >B =5ACI5AB25==>3>". - 45AL A:070=>, GB> MB> ?@0:B8G5A:>5 ?@028;> 3;0A8B B0:8< >1@07><, 1C4CG8 ">1;5G5=> 2 A;>20 =0H59 @5G8". 5@2>=0G0;L=> 2A5 ?@028;0 8 CG5=8O 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8 40NBAO =0 A8<2>;8G5A:>< O7K:5 7=0:>2.  65;0NI89 2A5 8E 7=0G5=85 8 3;C18=C 4>;65= A=0G0;0 C@07C<5BL MB>B A8<2>;8G5A:89 O7K:. ;O MB>3> C@07C<5=8O =5>1E>48<>, GB>1K CG5=8: C65 A45;0; C65 ?5@2K5 H038 2 B09=>2545=88.  >= <>65B A45;0BL MB8 H038 ?@8 B>G=>< A>1;N45=88 ?@028;, :0: >=8 40=K 745AL. CBL >B:@KB :064><C, C :>3> 5ABL A5@L57=>5 65;0=85. -B> ?@028;>, :0A0NI55AO <3=>25=89 2=CB@5==53> ?>:>O, >G5=L ?@>AB>.  ?@>AB> B0:65 A;54>20BL 5<C. > : F5;8 >=> ?@82>48B B>;L:> B>340, :>340 >=> ?@8=8<05BAO =0AB>;L:> A5@L57=> 8 AB@>3>, :0: >=> ?@>AB>. - >MB><C 745AL 1C45B B>BG0A C:070=>, :0: =04> 2K?>;=OBL MB> ?@028;>. #G5=8: 4>;65= 2K45;8BL A515 2 A2>59 ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8 :>@>B:89 ?@><56CB>: 2@5<5=8, GB>1K ?>A2OI0BL MB> 2@5<O A>2A5< 4@C38< 70=OB8O<, G5< B5, :>B>@K5 A>AB02;ONB ?@54<5B 53> 5654=52=KE 701>B.  A0<K9 >1@07 53> 70=OB89 4>;65= 1KBL 745AL A>2A5< 4@C38<, G5< B>B, :>B>@K< >= =0?>;=O5B 25AL >AB0;L=>9 45=L. > MB> =5;L7O ?>=8<0BL B0:, 1C4B> A>25@H05<>5 8< 2 MB>B ?@><56CB>: 2@5<5=8 =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : A>45@60=8N 53> 5654=52=>9 @01>BK. 0?@>B82: G5;>25: ?@028;L=> 8ICI89 B0:8E 2K45;5==KE <3=>25=89, A:>@> 70<5B8B, GB> B>;L:> 1;03>40@O 8< >= ?>;CG05B ?>;=>BC A8; 4;O A2>59 5654=52=>9 7040G8. 5 A;54C5B B0:65 4C<0BL, GB> A>1;N45=85 MB>3> ?@028;0 <>65B 459AB28B5;L=> >B=OBL C :>3>-;81> 2@5<O >B 8A?>;=5=8O 53> >1O70==>AB59. A;8 C :>3>-;81> 459AB28B5;L=> =5B 1>;LH5 2@5<5=8, B> 4>AB0B>G=> 8 ?OB8 <8=CB :064K9 45=L. 5;> 2 B><, :0: 8A?>;L7>20BL MB8 ?OBL <8=CB.  MB> 2@5<O G5;>25: 4>;65= A>25@H5==> >B>@20BLAO >B A2>59 ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8. 87=L 53> <KA;59 8 GC2AB2 4>;6=0 ?>;CG8BL 4@C3CN >:@0A:C, G5< :0:CN >=0 8<55B >1KG=>. = 4>;65= ?@>25AB8 ?5@54 4CH>9 A2>8 @04>AB8, A2>8 ?5G0;8, A2>8 701>BK, A2>9 >?KB 8 A2>8 ?>ABC?:8.  ?@8 MB>< >= 4>;65= ?>AB028BL A51O B0:, GB>1K A<>B@5BL =0 2A5, >1KG=> ?5@568205<>5 8<, A 2KAH59 B>G:8 7@5=8O. >4C<09B5 B>;L:>, :0: A>2A5< @07;8G=> A<>B@OB ;N48 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8 =0 B>, GB> ?5@56820NB 8;8 45;0NB 4@C385, 8 =0 B>, GB> ?5@56820NB 8;8 45;0NB >=8 A0<8.  MB> =5 <>65B 1KBL 8=0G5. 1> A B5<, GB> <K ?5@568205< 8;8 45;05< A0<8, <K 1K205< B5A=> A2O70=K, 0 ?5@56820=8O 8 ?>ABC?:8 4@C3>3> <K B>;L:> @0AA<0B@8205<.  2 MB8 2K45;5==K5 <3=>25=8O <K 4>;6=K AB0@0BLAO A<>B@5BL =0 A>1AB25==K5 ?5@56820=8O 8 ?>ABC?:8 8 AC48BL > =8E B0:65, :0: 5A;8 1K 8E ?5@56820; 8 45;0; :B>-=81C4L 4@C3>9, 0 =5 <K A0<8. @54AB02LB5 A515: :B>-=81C4L ?5@568; BO65;K9 C40@ AC4L1K. 0: @07;8G=> >B=5A5BAO >= : MB><C C40@C AC4L1K 8 : A>25@H5==> B0:><C 65, ?>AB83H5<C 53> 1;86=53>? 8:B> =5 <>65B AG8B0BL MB> =5?@02><5@=K<. -B> ;568B 2 ?@8@>45 G5;>25:0.  A>25@H5==> B0:65, :0: 2 MB8E 8A:;NG8B5;L=KE A;CG0OE, ?@>8AE>48B MB> 8 2 ?>2A54=52=KE >1AB>OB5;LAB20E 687=8. #G5=8: 4>;65= =09B8 2 A515 A8;C 2 8725AB=K5 <3=>25=8O >B=>A8BLAO : A0<><C A515 :0: ?>AB>@>==89. ! 2=CB@5==8< A?>:>9AB285< G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 B>;L:> >1AC6405B, >= 4>;65= 2KABC?8BL ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9. >340 MB> 1K205B 4>AB83=CB>, A>1AB25==K5 ?5@56820=8O G5;>25:0 O2;ONBAO ?5@54 =8< 2 =>2>< A25B5. >:0 >= >AB05BAO B5A=> A2O70==K< A =8<8, ?>:0 >= A0< AB>8B ?>A@548 =8E, 4> B5E ?>@ >= 1K205B >48=0:>2> A2O70= A =5ACI5AB25==K<, :0: 8 A ACI5AB25==K<. > :>340 >= ?@8E>48B : 2=CB@5==5<C ?>:>N =01;N40B5;O, ACI5AB25==>5 >B45;O5BAO >B =5ACI5AB25==>3>. 5G0;L 8 @04>ABL, :0640O <KA;L 8 :064>5 @5H5=85 O2;ONBAO 5<C 8=K<8, :>340 >= B0:8< >1@07>< AB>8B ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9. - -B> 2@>45 B>3>, :0: 5A;8 1K <K F5;K9 45=L =0E>48;8AL 2 :0:><-=81C4L <5AB5 8 A<>B@5;8 =0 2A5, =0 A0<>5 <0;>5, :0: 8 =0 A0<>5 1>;LH>5, A >48=0:>2> 1;87:>3> @0AAB>O=8O, 0 70B5< 25G5@>< ?>4=O;8AL 1K =0 A>A54=89 E>;< 8 A@07C >:8=C;8 27>@>< 2AN <5AB=>ABL. ">340 G0AB8 MB>9 <5AB=>AB8 ?@54AB0;8 1K =0< A>2A5< 2 4@C38E 2708<>>B=>H5=8OE, G5< :>340 <K =0E>48;8AL A@548 =8E. ! B>;L:> GB> ?5@568BK<8 A>1KB8O<8, ?>AK;05<K5 =0< AC4L1>9, MB> =5 C40ABAO; 40 8 =5 =C6=>, GB>1K C4020;>AL; => >B=>A8B5;L=> A>1KB89, >B>H54H8E 2 1>;55 40;5:>5 ?@>H;>5, CG5=8: 4CE>2=>9 687=8 4>;65= AB@5<8BLAO : 4>AB865=8N MB>3>. - &5==>ABL ?>4>1=KE A?>:>9=KE 2=CB@5==8E >17>@>2 A0<>3> A51O 7028A8B =5 AB>;L:> >B B>3>, GB> ?@8 MB>< 2848HL, :0: >B B>3>, GB>1K =09B8 2 A515 A8;C, @0728205<CN ?>4>1=K< 2=CB@5==8< ?>:>5<. 1> :064K9 G5;>25: =5A5B 2=CB@8 A51O 5I5 4@C3>3>, 2KAH53> G5;>25:0. -B>B 2KAH89 G5;>25:, >AB05BAO A:@KBK<, ?>:0 >= =5 1C45B ?@>1C645=.  :064K9 <>65B B>;L:> A0< ?@>1C48BL 2 A515 MB>3> 2KAH53> G5;>25:0. > ?>:0 2KAH89 G5;>25: =5 ?@>1C645=, 4> B5E ?>@ >AB0NBAO A:@KBK<8 B0:65 8 4@5<;NI85 2 :064>< G5;>25:5 2KAH85 A?>A>1=>AB8, 254CI85 : A25@EGC2AB25==K< ?>7=0=8O<. >:0 G5;>25: =5 ?>GC2AB2C5B ?;>4>2 2=CB@5==53> ?>:>O, 5<C =04> ?@>4>;60BL A5@L57=> 8 AB@>3> A;54>20BL MB><C ?@028;C. ;O :064>3>, :B> B0: ?>ABC?05B, =0ABC?8B 45=L, :>340 2>:@C3 =53> AB0=5B 4CE>2=> A25B;>, :>340 53> 2=CB@5==5<C >:C, :>B>@>3> >= 2 A515 =5 7=0; @0=LH5, >B:@>5BAO A>2A5< 8=>9 <8@.  =5 =C6=>, GB>1K GB>-=81C4L 87<5=O;>AL 2> 2=5H=59 687=8 CG5=8:0 87-70 B>3>, GB> >= =0G8=05B A;54>20BL MB><C ?@028;C. = ?>-?@56=5<C 8A?>;=O5B A2>8 >1O70==>AB8; >= B5@?8B ?5@2>=0G0;L=> B5 65 3>@5AB8 8 ?5@568205B B5 65 @04>AB8, :0: 8 @0=LH5. = >B=N4L =5 <>65B AB0BL 1;03>40@O MB><C >BGC645==K< >B "687=8". >;55 B>3>, 2 B5G5=85 2A53> >AB0;L=>3> 4=O >= <>65B B5< ?>;=55 >B4020BLAO MB>9 "687=8", ?>B><C GB> 2 MB8 2K45;5==K5 <3=>25=8O >= ?@8>1I05BAO "2KAH59 687=8". 0;>-?><0;C MB0 "2KAH0O 687=L" >:065B A2>5 2;8O=85 8 =0 >1KG=CN. >:>9 2K45;5==KE <3=>25=89 @0A?@>AB@0=8B A2>5 459AB285 B0:65 8 =0 >AB0;L=>9 45=L. 5AL G5;>25: AB0=5B A?>:>9=55, ?>;CG8B C25@5==>ABL 2> 2A5E A2>8E 459AB28OE, =5 1C45B 2KE>48BL 87 @02=>25A8O 87-70 2>7<>6=KE A;CG09=>AB59. >AB5?5==> B0:>9 =0G8=0NI89 CG5=8: 1C45B 2A5 1>;LH5 8 1>;LH5 A0< @C:>2>48BL A>1>N 8 2A5 <5=LH5 4020BL @C:>2>48BL A>1>9 >1AB>OB5;LAB20< 8 2=5H=8< 2;8O=8O<. "0:>9 G5;>25: A:>@> 70<5B8B, :0:8< 8AB>G=8:>< A8;K O2;ONBAO 4;O =53> MB8 2K45;5==K5 8< ?@><56CB:8 2@5<5=8. = ?5@5AB05B @074@060BLAO =0 25I8, =0 :>B>@K5 >= @0=LH5 @074@060;AO; <=>65AB2> 25I59, :>B>@KE >= @0=LH5 1>O;AO, ?5@5AB0=CB 2=CH0BL >?0A5=8O. = CA2>8B A>25@H5==> =>2K9 273;O4 =0 687=L. @5645 >=, <>65B 1KBL, @>1:> ?@8ABC?0; : B><C 8;8 8=><C 45;C. = 3>2>@8; A515; >, C <5=O =5 E20B8B A8; A45;0BL MB> B0:, :0: O 1K E>B5;. "5?5@L 5<C 1>;LH5 =5 ?@8E>48B MB0 <KA;L, => ?@8E>48B A>25@H5==> 8=0O.  8<5==>, >B=K=5 >= 3>2>@8B A515: O A>15@C 2AN <>N A8;C, GB>1K 8A?>;=8BL <>5 45;> A0<K< ;CGH8< >1@07><, :0: O B>;L:> <>3C.  >= ?>402;O5B BC <KA;L, :>B>@0O <>65B A45;0BL 53> =5@5H8B5;L=K<. 1> >= 7=05B, GB> 8<5==> =5@5H8B5;L=>ABL <>65B ?>2;5GL 70 A>1>9 EC4H55 8A?>;=5=85 53> 45;0, 8 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 MB0 =5@5H8B5;L=>ABL >B=N4L =5 ?><>65B 5<C A45;0BL ;CGH5 B>, GB> 5<C ?@54AB>8B A45;0BL.  B0:8< >1@07>< 2 687=5?>=8<0=85 CG5=8:0 ?@>=8:0NB >4=0 70 4@C3>9 <KA;8, :>B>@K5 459AB2CNB ?;>4>B2>@=> 8 1;03>?@8OB=> =0 53> 687=L. =8 70ABC?0NB <5AB> B5E, :>B>@K5 459AB2>20;8 =0 =53> 7045@6820NI8< 8 >A;01;ONI8< >1@07><. "25@4K< 8 C25@5==K< E>4>< =0G8=05B >= 25AB8 A2>9 687=5==K9 :>@01;L ?>A@548 2>;= 687=8, <564C B5< :0: ?@5645 MB8 2>;=K H2K@O;8 53> 87 AB>@>=K 2 AB>@>=C. -B>B ?>:>9 8 MB0 C25@5==>ABL >:07K20NB 2 A2>N >G5@54L, 459AB285 8 =0 2A5 ACI5AB2> G5;>25:0. ;03>40@O 8< @0AB5B 8 2=CB@5==89 G5;>25:.  2<5AB5 A =8< @0ABCB B5 2=CB@5==85 A?>A>1=>AB8, :>B>@K5 ?@82>4OB : 2KAH8< ?>7=0=8O<. 1> 1;03>40@O A2>8<, A45;0==K< 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88 CA?5E0<, CG5=8: ?>AB5?5==> 4>AB8305B B>3>, GB> >= A0< =0G8=05B >?@545;OBL, :0: 4>;6=K 2;8OBL =0 =53> 2?5G0B;5=8O 2=5H=53> <8@0. = A;KH8B, =0?@8<5@, :0:>5-=81C4L A;>2>, :>B>@K9 4@C3>9 E>G5B >A:>@18BL 53> 8;8 @074@068BL. > A2>53> CG5=8G5AB20 >= 1K 8 >A:>@18;AO 8 @074@068;AO. "5?5@L 65, 2ABC?82 =0 ?CBL CG5=8G5AB20, >= 2 A8;0E >B=OBL C A;>20 53> >A:>@1;ONI55 8;8 @074@060NI55 60;>, ?@5645, G5< >=> =0945B ?CBL 2=CB@L 53>. ;8 2>B 4@C3>9 ?@8<5@. '5;>25: ;53:> B5@O5B B5@?5=85. = 2ABC?05B =0 ?CBL CG5=8G5AB20.  <8=CBK A2>53> ?>:>O >= B0: A8;L=> ?@>=8:05BAO GC2AB2>< 15AF5;L=>AB8 2AO:>3> =5B5@?5=8O, GB> A B5E ?>@ ?@8 :064>< ?5@568205<>< 8< =5B5@?5=88 2 =5< B>BG0A 65 2>7=8:05B MB> GC2AB2>. >B>2>5 C65 2A?KE=CBL =5B5@?5=85 8AG5705B, 8 2@5<O, :>B>@>5 8=0G5 1K;> 1K ?>B5@O=> =0 ?@54AB02;5=8O 2K7K205<K5 =5B5@?5=85<, B5?5@L <>65B 1KBL =0?>;=5=> :0:8<-=81C4L ?>;57=K< =01;N45=85<, A45;0==K< 2> 2@5<O >6840=8O. "5?5@L =C6=> ?@54AB028BL A515 2A5 7=0G5=85 A:070==>3>. A?><=8<, GB> "2KAH89 G5;>25:" 2 G5;>25:5 =0E>48BAO 2 =5?@5AB0==>< @0728B88. > B>;L:> >?8A0==K5 ?>:>9 8 C25@5==>ABL 40NB 5<C 2>7<>6=>ABL 70:>=><5@=>3> @0728B8O. >;=K 2=5H=59 687=8 A> 2A5E AB>@>= B5A=OB 2=CB@5==53> G5;>25:0, 5A;8 =5 A0< G5;>25: 2;0455B MB>9 687=LN, 0 >=0 2;0455B 8<. "0:>9 G5;>25: ?>4>15= @0AB5=8N, :>B>@>5 ?@8=C645=> @072820BLAO 2 @0AI5;8=5 A:0;K. => G0E=5B 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 5<C =5 A>7404CB ?@>AB>@0. > 2=CB@5==5<C G5;>25:C =8:0:85 2=5H=85 A8;K =5 <>3CB A>740BL ?@>AB>@0. -B> <>65B A45;0BL B>;L:> 2=CB@5==89 ?>:>9, 2K7K205<K9 8< 2 A2>59 4CH5. =5H=85 >1AB>OB5;LAB20 <>3CB 87<5=8BL B>;L:> 53> 2=5H=55 687=5==>5 ?>;>65=85; ?@>1C48BL 2 =5< 4CE>2=>3> G5;>25:0 >=8 =5 A<>3CB =8:>340. -  A0<>< A515 4>;65= CG5=8: ?>@>48BL =>2>3>, 2KAH53> G5;>25:0. -B>B "2KAH89 G5;>25:" AB0=>28BAO B>340 "2=CB@5==8< ?>25;8B5;5<", :>B>@K9 C25@5==>9 @C:>9 =0?@02;O5B >1AB>OB5;LAB20 2=5H=53> G5;>25:0. >:0 >45@68205B 225@E 8 @C:>2>48B 2=5H=89 G5;>25:, MB>B "2=CB@5==89" >AB05BAO 53> @01>< 8 =5 <>65B ?>MB><C @0725@=CBL A2>8E A8;. A;8 =5 >B <5=O A0<>3>, 0 >B G53>-;81> 4@C3>3> 7028A8B, @074@060NAL ;8 O 8;8 =5B, B> O =5 3>A?>48= A0< A515, 8;8 - ;CGH5 A:070BL - O 5I5 =5 =0H5; "?>25;8B5;O 2> <=5". / 4>;65= @0728BL 2 A515 A?>A>1=>ABL 4>?CA:0BL 4> A51O 2?5G0B;5=8O 2=5H=53> <8@0 B>;L:> <=>9 A0<8< >?@545;O5<K< >1@07><; B>;L:> B>340 <>3C O AB0BL CG5=8:>< =0 ?CB8 B09=>2545=8O. -  B>;L:> 2 B>9 <5@5, 2 :0:>9 CG5=8: A5@L57=> 8I5B MB>9 A8;K, <>65B >= ?@89B8 : F5;8. 5;> =5 2 B><, :0: 40;5:> CA?55B >= C9B8 70 :0:>5-=81C4L >?@545;5==>5 2@5<O, => B>;L:> 2 B><, GB>1K >= A5@L57=> 8A:0;. K20;>, GB> 8=K5 3>40<8 =0?@O30;8 A2>8 A8;K, =5 284O 2 A515 70<5B=>3> CA?5E0; > 87 B5E, :>B>@K5 =5 >BG0820;8AL, >AB020;8AL =5?>:>;518<K<8, <=>385 ?>B>< A>2A5< 2=570?=> 4>AB830;8 "2=CB@5==59 ?>154K". >=5G=>, 2> <=>38E 687=5==KE ?>;>65=8OE =5>1E>48<0 1>;LH0O A8;0, 401K A>740BL 2 A515 <3=>25=8O 2=CB@5==53> ?>:>O. > G5< 1>;LH5 B@51C5BAO A8;0, B5< 7=0G8B5;L=55 8 4>AB865=85.  CG5=8G5AB25 2A5 7028A8B >B B>3>, GB>1K A> 2A59 M=5@3859, A 2=CB@5==59 ?@02482>ABLN 8 ?>;=>9 8A:@5==>ABLN <>GL AB>OBL ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9, A> 2A5<8 459AB28O<8 8 ?>ABC?:0<8, :0: A>25@H5==> ?>AB>@>==89 G5;>25:. > MB8< @>645=85< A2>53> A>1AB25==>3> 2KAH53> G5;>25:0 E0@0:B5@87C5BAO B>;L:> >4=0 AB>@>=0 2=CB@5==59 45OB5;L=>AB8 CG5=8:0.  =5<C 4>;6=> ?@8A>548=8BLAO 5I5 =5GB> 4@C3>5. A;8 4065 G5;>25: 8 AB>8B ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9 :0: ?>AB>@>==89, >= 2A5 65 @0AA<0B@8205B A0<>3> A51O; >= A<>B@8B =0 ?5@56820=8O 8 459AB28O, A :>B>@K<8 >= A@>AAO 1;03>40@O >A>1><C 687=5==><C ?>;>65=8N. = 4>;65= ?5@5ABC?8BL MB8 ?@545;K. = 4>;65= ?>4=OBLAO 4> G8AB> G5;>25G5A:>3>, =5 8<5NI53> =8G53> >1I53> A 53> >A>1K< ?>;>65=85<. = 4>;65= ?5@59B8 : @0AA<>B@5=8N B0:8E 25I59, :>B>@K5 2A5 65 ?@>4>;60;8 1K :0A0BLAO 53>, :0: G5;>25:0, E>BO 1K >= =0E>48;AO 2 A>2A5< 4@C38E CA;>28OE 8 2 A>2A5< 4@C3>< 687=5==>< ?>;>65=88. ;03>40@O MB><C 2 =5< >68205B =5GB>, 2>72KH0NI55AO =04 ;8G=K<. = =0?@02;O5B 27>@ =0 1>;55 2KA>:85 <8@K, G5< B5, A :>B>@K<8 A2O7K205B 53> ?>2A54=52=>ABL.  2<5AB5 A B5< G5;>25: =0G8=05B GC2AB2>20BL 8 ?5@56820BL, GB> >= A0< ?@8=04;568B : MB8< 2KAH8< <8@0<. -B> <8@K, > :>B>@KE 53> GC2AB2>, 53> ?>2A54=52=K5 70=OB8O =8G53> =5 <>3CB A:070BL 5<C. "0: 2?5@2K5 ?5@5=>A8B >= F5=B@ A2>53> ACI5AB20 2=CB@L A51O. = ?@8A;CH8205BAO 2=CB@8 A51O : 3>;>A0<, 3>2>@OI8< : =5<C 2 <3=>25=8O ?>:>O; >= 2ABC?05B 2=CB@8 A51O 2 >1I5=85 A 4CE>2=K< <8@><. = >B@5H5= >B ?>2A54=52=>AB8. (C< MB>9 ?>2A54=52=>AB8 C<>;: 4;O =53>. >:@C3 =53> AB0;> B8E>. = >BAB@0=O5B >B A51O 2A5 >:@C60NI55; >= >BAB@0=O5B 4065 8 2A5 B>, GB> 872=5 =0?><8=05B 5<C >1 MB8E 2?5G0B;5=8OE. !?>:>9=0O 2=CB@5==OO A>75@F0B5;L=>ABL, 15A540 A G8AB> 4CE>2=K< <8@>< =0?>;=O5B 2AN 53> 4CHC. - -B0 B8E0O A>75@F0B5;L=>ABL 4>;6=0 AB0BL 5AB5AB25==>9 687=5==>9 ?>B@51=>ABLN CG5=8:0. !=0G0;0 >= 1K205B A>25@H5==> ?>3@C65= 2 <8@ <KA;59. = 4>;65= @0728BL 682>5 GC2AB2> 4;O MB>9 B8E>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 <KA;59. = 4>;65= ?>;N18BL B>, GB> : =5<C ?@8B5:05B >B 4CE0. ">340 2A:>@5 >= ?5@5AB05B >ICI0BL MB>B <8@ <KA;59, :0: =5GB> <5=55 459AB28B5;L=>5, G5< >:@C60NI85 53> >1K45==K5 25I8. = =0G8=05B >1@0I0BLAO A> A2>8<8 <KA;O<8, :0: A 25I0<8 2 ?@>AB@0=AB25.  B>340 4;O =53> ?@81;8605BAO <3=>25=85, :>340 >= =0G8=05B GC2AB2>20BL >B:@K20NI85AO 5<C 2 B8H8=5 53> 2=CB@5==59 @01>BK <KA;8, :0: =5GB> 3>@074> 1>;55 2KA>:>5 8 459AB28B5;L=>5, G5< 25I8 2 ?@>AB@0=AB25. = ?>7=05B B>, GB> 2 MB>< <8@5 <KA;59 2KA:07K205B A51O 687=L. = C156405BAO, GB> 2 <KA;OE 876820NBAO =5 >4=8 B>;L:> B5=52K5 >1@07K, => GB> ?>A@54AB2>< =8E 3>2>@OB : =5<C A:@KBK5 ACI5AB20. 7 B8H8=K =0G8=05B 72CG0BL 5<C @5GL. @5645 @5GL 72CG0;0 5<C B>;L:> G5@57 53> CH8; B5?5@L >=0 72CG8B G5@57 53> 4CHC. <C >B:@K;0AL 2=CB@5==OO @5GL - 2=CB@5==55 A;>2>. 5@56820O 2 ?5@2K9 @07 MB> <3=>25=85, CG5=8: GC2AB2C5B 2KA>G09HCN AB5?5=L 1;065=AB20. 0 25AL 53> 2=5H=89 <8@ ?@>;8205BAO 2=CB@5==89 A25B. B>@0O 687=L =0G8=05BAO 4;O =53>. >B>: 1>65AB25==>3> <8@0, 40@CNI53> 1>65AB25==>5 1;065=AB2>, 87;8205BAO G5@57 =53>. "0:0O 687=L 4CH8 2 <KA;OE, :>B>@0O @0AH8@O5BAO 2A5 1>;55 4> 687=8 2 4CE>2=>< ACI5AB25, =07K205BAO 2 3=>A8A5, 2 B5>A>D88 <548B0F859 (A>75@F0B5;L=K< @07<KH;5=85<). -B0 <548B0F8O 5ABL A@54AB2> : A25@EGC2AB25==><C ?>7=0=8N. - 4=0:> 2 B0:85 <3=>25=8O CG5=8: =5 4>;65= @0A?;K20BLAO 2 GC2AB20E. # =53> =5 4>;6=> 1KBL 2 4CH5 =5>?@545;5==KE >ICI5=89. -B> B>;L:> ?><5H0;> 1K 5<C ?@89B8 : 8AB8==><C 4CE>2=><C ?>7=0=8N. /A=>, >AB@>, >?@545;5==> 4>;6=K A;030BLAO 53> <KA;8. = =0945B 4;O MB>3> B>G:C >?>@K, 5A;8 =5 1C45B A;5?> >B4020BLAO 2>7=8:0NI8< 2 =5< <KA;O<. CABL >= ;CGH5 ?@>=8:05BAO 2KA>:8<8 <KA;O<8, :>B>@K5 <KA;8;8AL 2 ?>4>1=K5 <3=>25=8O ;N4L<8, C65 40;5:> CH54H8<8 2 A2>5< @0728B88 8 8A?>;=5==K<8 4CE0. = 4>;65= 27OBL A2>59 8AE>4=>9 B>G:>9 ?8A0=8O, :>B>@K5 A0<8 2>7=8:;8 87 ?>4>1=KE >B:@>25=89 2 <548B0F88.  ;8B5@0BC@5 <8AB8G5A:>9, 3=>AB8G5A:>9 8 2 A>2@5<5==>9, B5>A>DA:89 CG5=8: =0945B ?>4>1=K5 ?8A0=8O. =8 404CB 5<C <0B5@80; 4;O 53> <548B0F88. C4@5FK G5;>25G5AB20 A0<8 87;>68;8 2 MB8E ?8A0=8OE <KA;8, 8A?>;=5==K5 1>65AB25==>3> 7=0=8O; 4CE 2>725AB8; 8E <8@C G5@57 A2>8E ?>A;>2. ;03>40@O B0:>9 <548B0F88 A CG5=8:>< ?@>8AE>48B ?>;=>5 ?@52@0I5=85. = =0G8=05B A>74020BL A515 A>2A5< =>2K5 ?@54AB02;5=8O > 459AB28B5;L=>AB8. A5 25I8 ?>;CG0NB 4;O =53> 4@C3>5 7=0G5=85. > =C6=> 5I5 8 5I5 @07 ?>2B>@8BL: CG5=8: =5 AB0=>28BLAO 1;03>40@O MB><C ?@52@0I5=8N >BGC645==K< >B <8@0. = =8 2 :0:>< A;CG05 =5 >BGC6405BAO >B :@C30 A2>8E 5654=52=KE >1O70==>AB59. 1> >= =0CG05BAO ?>=8<0BL, GB> <0;59H55 459AB285, :>B>@>5 5<C =04> 2K?>;=8BL, <0;59H55 ?5@56820=85, 2AB@5G0NI55AO 5<C =0 ?CB8, AB>8B 2 A2O78 A 25;8:8<8 <8@>2K<8 ACI5AB20<8 8 <8@>2K<8 A>1KB8O<8.  :>340 MB0 A2O7L AB0=5B 4;O =53> OA=>9 1;03>40@O <><5=B0< A>75@F0=8O, >= 1C45B 2ABC?0BL 2 :@C3 A2>59 5654=52=>9 @01>BK A =>2>9 8 1>;55 ?>;=>9 A8;>9. 1> B5?5@L >= 1C45B 7=0BL: 2A5, GB> >= 45;05B, 8 2A5, GB> >= ?5@5=>A8B, >= 45;05B 8 ?5@5=>A8B @048 25;8:>3>, 4CE>2=>3> <8@>2>3> F5;>3>. !8;0 4;O 687=8, 0 =5 2O;>5 157@07;8G85, 2;8205BAO 2 =53> 87 <548B0F88. #25@5==K< H03>< ?@>E>48B CG5=8: G5@57 687=L. 'B> 1K >=0 5<C =5 ?@8=>A8;0, >= ?@>4>;605B B25@4> 84B8 2?5@54. @5645 >= =5 7=0;, 70G5< >= @01>B05B, ?>G5<C AB@0405B, B5?5@L >= 7=05B MB>. 53:> ?>=OBL, GB> B0:0O <548B0B82=0O @01>B0 ;CGH5 ?@82>48B : F5;8, 5A;8 >=0 ?@>8AE>48B ?>4 @C:>2>4AB2>< >?KB=KE ;N459. "0:8E, :>B>@K5 ?> A>1AB25==><C >?KBC 7=0NB, :0: A45;0BL 2A5 =08;CGH8< >1@07><. >MB><C A;54C5B 8A:0BL A>25B0 8 C:070=8O ?>4>1=KE >?KB=KE @C:>2>48B5;59. '5;>25: ?>8AB8=5 =5 B5@O5B ?@8 MB>< A2>59 A2>1>4K. ">, GB> 8=0G5 1K;> 1K =5C25@5==K< 1;C640=85< =0C304, AB0=>28BAO ?@8 B0:>< @C:>2>4AB25 C25@5==> =0?@02;5==>9 : F5;8 @01>B>9. B> >1@0B8BLAO : 7=0NI8< 8 >?KB=K< 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 ;N4O<, B>B =8:>340 =5 ?>ABCG8BAO =0?@0A=>. CABL >= B>;L:> A>7=05B, GB> >= 8I5B ;8HL 4@C65A:>3> A>25B0, 0 =5 ?@52>AE>4OI59 53> A8;K, 8ICI59 3>A?>4AB20 =04 =8<. N48, >1;040NI85 459AB28B5;L=K< 7=0=85<, 2A5340 >:06CBAO 2 B> 65 2@5<O 8 =081>;55 A:@><=K<8, 8 4;O =8E =5 1C45B =8G53> 1>;55 GC64>3>, G5< B>, GB> =07K205BAO 2;0AB>;N182K<8 65;0=8O<8. B> ?CB5< <548B0F88 ?>4=8<05BAO : 25@H8=0<, A2O7K20NI8< G5;>25:0 A 4CE><, B>B =0G8=05B >682;OBL 2 A515 B>, GB> 5ABL 2 =5< 25G=>3> 8 =5 >3@0=8G5==>3> @>645=85< 8 A<5@BLN. ">;L:> B5 <>3CB A><=520BLAO 2 25G=><, :B> A0<8 =5 ?5@568;8 53>. "0:8< >1@07><, <548B0F8O - MB> ?CBL, ?@82>4OI89 G5;>25:0 : ?>7=0=8N, : A>75@F0=8N 25G=>3>, =5@07@CH8<>3> O4@0 A2>53> ACI5AB20.  B>;L:> ?>A@54AB2>< =55 G5;>25: <>65B ?@89B8 : B0:><C A>75@F0=8N.  3=>A8A 8 B5>A>D8O 3>2>@OB > 25G=>AB8 MB>3> ACI=>AB=>3> O4@0, > 53> ?5@52>?;>I5=88. 5@54:> A?@0H820NB, ?>G5<C G5;>25: =8G53> =5 7=05B > A2>8E ?5@56820=8OE ?> BC AB>@>=C @>645=8O 8 A<5@B8? > 2>?@>A A;54>20;> 1K AB028BL =5 B0:, 0 A:>@55 2>B :0:: :0:8< >1@07>< 4>AB83=CBL MB>3> 7=0=8O? CBL >B:@K205BAO 2 ?@028;L=>9 <548B0F88. ;03>40@O 59 >68205B 2>A?><8=0=85 > ?5@56820=8OE, ;560I8E ?> BC AB>@>=C @>645=8O 8 A<5@B8. 064K9 <>65B ?@8>1@5AB8 MB> 7=0=85; 2 :064>< 70;>65=K A?>A>1=>AB8, GB>1K A0<><C ?>7=0BL, A0<><C C2845BL B>, G5<C CG0B <8AB8:0, B5>A>D8O, 0=B@>?>A>D8O 8 3=>A8A. = 4>;65= B>;L:> 2K1@0BL 25@=K5 A@54AB20. - >A?@8=OBL 72C:8 8 :@0A:8 <>65B B>;L:> ACI5AB2>, 8<5NI55 CH8 8 3;070. > 8 3;07 =8G53> =5 <>65B 2>A?@8=OBL, 5A;8 =5B A25B0, :>B>@K9 45;05B 25I8 7@8<K<8.  B09=>2545=88 40=K A@54AB20 @0728BL 4CE>2=K5 CH8 8 >G8 8 2>765GL 4CE>2=K9 A25B. 0 A;54CNI85 B@8 ABC?5=8 <>6=> @0745;8BL A@54AB20 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O: 1) ?>43>B>2;5=85, - >=> @0728205B 4CE>2=K5 GC2AB20; 2) ?@>A25B;5=85, - >=> 2>768305B 4CE>2=K9 A25B; 3) ?>A2OI5=85, - >=> >B:@K205B >1I5=85 A 2KAH8<8 ACI5AB20<8 4CE0. !BC?5=8 ?>A2OI5=8O. >A;54CNI85 A>>1I5=8O 2E>4OB 2 A>AB02 >4=>3> <5B>40 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O, > =0720=88 8 ACI=>AB8 :>B>@>3> <>65B A>AB028BL A515 OA=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 :064K9, :B> 53> ?@028;L=> ?@8<5=8B. =8 >B=>AOBAO : B@5< ABC?5=O<, G5@57 :>B>@K5 H:>;0 4CE>2=>9 687=8 ?@82>48B : 8725AB=>9 AB5?5=8 ?>A2OI5=8O. 4=0:> G8B0B5;L 2AB@5B8B 745AL 87 MB8E @07JOA=5=89 B>;L:> B>, GB> <>65B 1KBL A:070=> >B:@KB>. -B> 1C4CB C:070=8O, 2K=5A5==K5 87 5I5 1>;55 3;C1>:>3> 8=B8<=>3> 7=0=8O.  A0<8E H:>;0E B09=>2545=8O A>1;N405BAO A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==K9 ?>@O4>: >1CG5=8O. !CI5AB2CNB 8725AB=K5 <5B>4K, A;C60I85 B><C, GB>1K ?@825AB8 4CHC G5;>25:0 : A>7=0B5;L=><C >1I5=8N A 4CE>2=K< <8@><. -B8 <5B>4K >B=>AOBAO : 87;0305<><C =865 ?@81;878B5;L=> B0:, :0: ?@5?>4020=85 2 2KAH59, AB@>3> ?>AB02;5==>9 H:>;5 >B=>A8BAO : =0AB02;5=8O<, A>>1I05<K< ?@8 A;CG05 2 ?>43>B>28B5;L=>< CG8;8I5. 4=0:>, A5@L57=>5, =0AB>9G82>5 2K?>;=5=85 40205<KE 745AL C:070=89 <>65B ?@825AB8 : 459AB28B5;L=><C 4CE>2=><C CG5=8G5AB2C. >=5G=>, =5B5@?5;82K5 ?>?KB:8, 157 A5@L57=>3> >B=>H5=8O 8 157 =0AB>9G82>AB8, =5 <>3CB ?@825AB8 =8 : G5<C. - CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85 <>65B 1KBL CA?5H=K< B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 ?@5645 2A53> A>1;N405BAO A:070==>5 @0=LH5 8 C65 =0 MB>9 >A=>25 AB@>8BAO 40;L=59H55. #?><O=CBK< ?@540=85< C:07K20NBAO B@8 A;54CNI85 ABC?5=8: 1) ?>43>B>2;5=85, 2) ?@>A25B;5=85, 3) ?>A2OI5=85. 5B =8:0:>9 =5>1E>48<>AB8, GB>1K MB8 B@8 ABC?5=8 A;54>20;8 2 B0:>< ?>@O4:5, 8 GB>1K ?5@20O 1K;0 ?@>945=0 4> :>=F0, ?@5645, G5< =0ABC?8B >G5@54L 2B>@>9, 0 2B>@0O - ?@5645 =0ABC?;5=8O B@5BL59.  =5:>B>@KE 25I0E <>6=> C65 4>AB83=CBL ?@>A25B;5=8O 8 4065 ?>A2OI5=8O, =0E>4OAL >B=>A8B5;L=> 4@C38E B>;L:> =0 ABC?5=8 ?>43>B>2;5=8O. > 2A5 65 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 4>;6=> 1KBL >B40=> ?>43>B>2;5=8N, ?@5645 G5< 2>>1I5 <>65B =0G0BLAO ?@>A25B;5=85.  =C6=> 1KBL E>BL =5A:>;L:> ?@8G0AB=K< ?@>A25B;5=8N, ?@5645 G5< <>65B 1KBL ?>;>65=> =0G0;> ?>A2OI5=8N.  >?8A0=88 65 MB8 B@8 ABC?5=8 4;O ?@>AB>BK 4>;6=K A;54>20BL >4=0 70 4@C3>9. >43>B>2;5=85. >43>B>2;5=85 A>AB>8B 2 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==>< 2>A?8B0=88 687=8 GC2AB2 8 <KA;59. ;03>40@O MB><C 2>A?8B0=8N 4CH52=>5 8 4CE>2=>5 B5;> >40@820NBAO >@C48O<8 2KAH8E GC2AB2 8 >@30=0<8 45OB5;L=>AB8, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: A8;K ?@8@>4K A=0148;8 >@30=0<8 D878G5A:>5 B5;>, A>7402 8E 87 =5>D>@<;5==>9, 682>9 <0B5@88. 0G8=0BL =04> A B>3>, GB>1K =0?@028BL 2=8<0=85 4CH8 =0 =5:>B>@K5 ?@>F5AAK 2 >:@C60NI5< =0A <8@5. -B8 ?@>F5AAK ACBL, A >4=>9 AB>@>=K, 70@>640NI0OAO, @0ABCI0O 8 A>7@520NI0O 687=L, 0 A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K - 2A5 O2;5=8O, A2O70==K5 A >BF25B0=85<, C2O40=85<, C<8@0=85<. AN4C, :C40 G5;>25: =8 =0?@028B 27>@, ACI5AB2CNB >4=>2@5<5==> >10 MB8 ?@>F5AA0.  2AN4C >=8 5AB5AB25==> 2K7K20NB 2 G5;>25:5 GC2AB20 8 <KA;8. > ?@8 >1K:=>25==KE CA;>28OE G5;>25: =54>AB0B>G=> >B405BAO MB8< GC2AB20< 8 <KA;O<. ;O MB>3> >= A;8H:>< 1KAB@> ?5@515305B >B >4=>3> 2?5G0B;5=8O : 4@C3><C. 5>1E>48<>, GB>1K >= 2?>;=5 A>7=0B5;L=> 8 8=B5=A82=> =0?@028; A2>5 2=8<0=85 =0 MB8 D0:BK. >A?@8=8<0O :0:>9-=81C4L A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==K9 A;CG09 F25B5=8O 8 @>AB0, >= 4>;65= 873=0BL 87 A2>59 4CH8 2A5 >AB0;L=>5 8 =0 :>@>B:>5 2@5<O >B40BLAO F5;8:>< B>;L:> MB><C >4=><C 2?5G0B;5=8N. A:>@5 >= C1548BAO, GB> GC2AB2>, :>B>@>5 ?@5645 2 ?>4>1=>< A;CG05 B>;L:> 153;> ?@>A:0;L7K20;> 2 53> 4CH5, B5?5@L =0G8=05B @0AB8, ?@8=8<05B A8;L=CN, M=5@38G=CN D>@<C. = 4>;65= B>340 40BL A?>:>9=> ?@>72CG0BL 2 A515 MB>3> @>40 GC2AB2C. @8 MB>< 2=CB@8 53> 4>;6=0 =0ABC?8BL ?>;=0O B8H8=0. = 4>;65= >B@5H8BLAO >B 2A53> >AB0;L=>3> 2=5H=53> <8@0 8 A;548BL B>;L:> 70 B5<, GB> 3>2>@8B 4CH0 > D0:B5 F25B5=8O 8 @>AB0. > ?@8 MB>< >B=N4L =5 A;54C5B 4C<0BL, GB> <>6=> C9B8 2?5@54, ?@8BC?;OO A2>8 GC2AB20 ?> >B=>H5=8N : <8@C. !=0G0;0 =04> ?>A<>B@5BL :0: <>6=> 68255 8 B>G=55 =0 25I8.  B>;L:> ?>B>< C65 >B40BLAO >6820NI5<C 2 4CH5 GC2AB2C, 2>7=8:0NI59 <KA;8. 5;> 8<5==> 2 B><, GB>1K 2=8<0=85 1K;> =0?@02;5=> >48=0:>2> =0 B> 8 =0 4@C3>5, A A>E@0=5=85< ?>;=>3> 2=CB@5==53> @02=>25A8O. A;8 G5;>25: =0945B =5>1E>48<K9 ?>:>9 8 >B40ABAO B><C, GB> >68205B 2 4CH5, B>340 G5@57 A>>B25BAB2CNI55 2@5<O >= ?5@56825B A;54CNI55. = C2848B, :0: 2=CB@8 53> 2>7=8:=CB =>2K5 284K GC2AB2 8 <KA;59, :>B>@KE >= ?@5645 =5 7=0;. '5< G0I5 =0?@02;OBL B0:8< >1@07>< 2=8<0=85, ?>?5@5<5==>, B> =0 GB>-=81C4L @0ABCI55, @0AF25B0NI55 8 A>7@520NI55, B> =0 C2O40NI55 8 >B<8@0NI55, B5< 68255 AB0=>2OBAO MB8 GC2AB20.  87 2>7=8:0NI8E B0:8< >1@07>< GC2AB2 8 <KA;59 AB@>OBAO >@30=K OA=>2845=8O A>25@H5==> B0: 65, :0: A ?><>ILN A8; ?@8@>4K 87 682>3> 25I5AB20 AB@>OBAO 3;070 8 CH8 D878G5A:>3> B5;0. ?>;=5 >?@545;5==0O D>@<0 GC2AB20 A2O7K205BAO A @>AB>< 8 AB0=>2;5=85<; 8 A>2A5< 4@C30O, AB>;L 65 >?@545;5==0O - A C2O40=85< 8 >B<8@0=85<. > MB> ?@>8AE>48B B>;L:> B>340, :>340 G5;>25: >?8A0==K< >1@07>< 701>B8BAO > 2>A?8B0=88 MB8E GC2AB2. >6=> A ?@81;878B5;L=>9 B>G=>ABLN >?8A0BL :0:>2K MB8 GC2AB20. >;=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 > =8E <>65B A>AB028BL A515 :064K9. ?@>E>4O A0< G5@57 MB8 2=CB@5==85 ?5@56820=8O. B> G0AB> =0?@02;O; 2=8<0=85 =0 ?@>F5AA AB0=>2;5=8O, @>AB0, F25B5=8O, B>B ?>GC2AB2C5B =5GB>, 8<5NI55 >B40;5==>5 AE>4AB2> A >ICI5=85< ?@8 2>AE>45 A>;=F0.  ?@>F5AA C2O40=8O, >B<8@0=8O 2K7>25B 2 =5< ?5@56820=85, :>B>@>5 <>6=> B0:8< 65 >1@07>< A@02=8BL A <54;5==K< 2>AE>645=85< 2 ?>;5 7@5=8O ;C=K. 10 MB8 GC2AB20 ACBL 425 A8;K, :>B>@K5 ?@8 =04;560I55 CE>45, ?@8 2A5 1>;55 682>< @0728B88, ?@82>4OB : A0<K< 7=0G8B5;L=K< 4CE>2=K< ?>A;54AB28O<. B> 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20, ?;0=><5@=> 8 ?@54=0<5@5==>, >B405BAO MB8< GC2AB20<, 4;O B>3> >B:@K205BAO =>2K9 <8@. 8@ 4CH8, B0: =07K205<K9 0AB@0;L=K9 ?;0=, =0G8=05B 1@5768BL ?5@54 =8<. >AB 8 C<8@0=85 ?5@5AB0NB 1KBL D0:B0<8, ?@>872>4OI8<8 =0 =53> B>;L:> A<CB=K5 2?5G0B;5=8O, :0: MB> 1K;> @0=LH5. =8 A;030NBAO, =0?@>B82, 2 4CE>2=K5 ;8=88 8 D83C@K, > :>B>@KE >= ?@5645 =5 ?>4>7@520;.  MB8 ;8=88 8 D83C@K 4;O @07;8G=KE O2;5=89 8<5NB 8 @07;8G=K5 >1@07K. 0A?CAB82H89AO F25B>: =0G0@>2K205B ?5@54 4CH>9 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==CN ;8=8N, B>G=> B0:65 8 =0E>4OI55AO 2 ?@>F5AA5 @>AB0 682>B=>5 8 >B<8@0NI55 45@52>. 8@ 4CH8 (0AB@0;L=K9 ?;0=) <54;5==> @0725@BK205BAO ?5@54 =8<.  MB8E ;8=8OE 8 D83C@0E =5B =8G53> ?@>872>;L=>3>. 20 4CE>2=KE CG5=8:0, =0E>4OI8EAO =0 A>>B25BAB2CNI59 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O, ?@8 >48=0:>2>< ?@>F5AA5 C284OB 2A5340 >4=8 8 B5 65 ;8=88 8 D83C@K. 0: 420 G5;>25:0 A ?@028;L=K< 7@5=85< =5A><=5==> C284OB :@C3;K9 AB>; :@C3;K<, 0 =5 C284OB 53>, >48= - :@C3;K<, 0 4@C3>9 G5BK@5EC3>;L=K<, B0: 8 ?5@54 42C<O 4CH0<8, ?@8 273;O45 =0 @0A?CAB82H89AO F25B>:, =587156=> 2>7=8:05B >48= 8 B>B 65 4CE>2=K9 >1@07.  :0: 2 >1K:=>25==>9 5AB5AB25==> 8AB>@88 >?8AK20NBAO >1@07K @0AB5=89 8 682>B=KE, B0: 8 CG8B5;L B09=>2545=8O >?8AK205B 8;8 @8AC5B 4CE>2=K5 >1@07K ?@>F5AA>2 @>AB0 8 >B<8@0=8O ?> @>40< 8 2840<. >340 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>AB83 B>3>, GB> <>65B 2845BL MB8 4CE>2=K5 >1@07K O2;5=89, ?@54AB>OI8E D878G5A:8 53> 2=5H=5<C 3;07C, B>340 >= =540;5: C65 8 >B ABC?5=8, =0 :>B>@>9 <>6=> 2845BL 25I8, =5 8<5NI85 =8:0:>3> D878G5A:>3> ACI5AB2>20=8O 8 =587156=> >AB0NI85AO ?>MB><C A>25@H5==> A:@KBK<8 (>::C;LB=K<8) 4;O B>3>, :B> =5 ?@>E>48B 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O. !;54C5B ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> 4CE>2=K9 8AA;54>20B5;L =5 4>;65= ?>3@C60BLAO 2 @07<KH;5=8O > 7=0G5=88 B>9 8;8 8=>9 25I8. ;03>40@O B0:>9 @0AAC4>G=>9 @01>B5 >= B>;L:> >B2;5: 1K A51O >B ?@028;L=>3> ?CB8. = 4>;65= 1>4@>, A> 74>@>2K< GC2AB2><, A >AB@>9 =01;N40B5;L=>ABLN 278@0BL =0 GC2AB25==K9 <8@, 8 70B5< >B4020BLAO A2>8< GC2AB20<. 5 @0AAC4>G=K< C<>7@5=85< A2>8< 4>;65= >= ?KB0BLAO ?@>=8:=CBL 2 7=0G5=85 25I59, => 4>;65= ?@54>AB028BL A0<8< 25I0< 2KA:070BL A515 MB> 7=0G5=85. (>;6=> 70<5B8BL, GB> EC4>65AB25==0O GCB:>ABL, 2 A>548=5=88 A B8E>9, ?>3@C65==>9 2 A51O =0BC@>9, O2;O5BAO =08;CGH8< ?@5420@8B5;L=K< CA;>285< 4;O @0728B8O >::C;LB=KE A?>A>1=>AB59. -B> >ICI5=85 ?@>=8:05B A:2>7L ?>25@E=>AB=CN 2848<>ABL 25I59 8 4>AB8305B 1;03>40@O MB><C 8E B09=).  40;L=59H5< 206=> B>, GB> B09=>2545=85 =07K205B >@85=B8@>2:>9 2 2KAH8E <8@0E. -B>3> 4>AB830NB, ?@>=8:0OAL 2A5F5;> A>7=0=85<, GB> GC2AB20 8 <KA;8 ACBL AB>;L 65 459AB28B5;L=K5 D0:BK, :0: AB>;K 8 ABC;LO 2 D878G5A:8-GC2AB25==>< <8@5.  <8@5 4CH52=>< 8 2 <8@5 <KA;59 GC2AB20 8 <KA;8 459AB2CNB 4@C3 =0 4@C30 B0: 65, :0: 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 GC2AB25==K5 25I8. >:0 G5;>25: =5 ?@>=8:=5BAO 682> MB8< A>7=0=85<, >= =5 ?>25@8B, GB> ?8B05<0O 8< >H81>G=0O <KA;L <>65B 459AB2>20BL =0 4@C385 <KA;8, >682;ONI85 <KA;5==>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>, AB>;L 65 @07@CH8B5;L=>, :0: 2K?CI5==0O =0C304 @C659=0O ?C;O - =0 D878G5A:85 ?@54<5BK, 2 :>B>@K5 >=0 ?>?0405B. "0:>9 G5;>25:, <>65B 1KBL, =8:>340 =5 ?>72>;8B A515 A>25@H8BL :0:>3>-=81C4L D878G5A:8-2848<>3> ?>ABC?:0, :>B>@K9 >= AG8B05B 15AA<KA;5==K<. > >= =5 ?>1>8BAO ?8B0BL 2 A515 ?@52@0B=K5 <KA;8 8;8 GC2AB20. 1> >=8 :06CBAO 5<C 157>?0A=K<8 4;O >AB0;L=>3> <8@0. > 2 B09=>2545=88 <>6=> ?>9B8 2?5@54 B>;L:> B>340, 5A;8 >B=>A8BAO : A2>8< <KA;O< 8 GC2AB20< A B0:8< 65 2=8<0=85<, A :0:8< >B=>AOBAO : A2>8< ?>ABC?:0< 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. >340 G5;>25: 2848B ?5@54 A>1>9 AB5=C, >= =5 ?KB05BAO ?@>A:>G8BL A:2>7L =55 ?@O<K< ?CB5<; >= >1E>48B 55 AB>@>=>9. = A>>1@07C5BAO A 70:>=0<8 D878G5A:>3> <8@0. - "0:85 70:>=K ACI5AB2CNB 8 4;O <8@0 <KA;59 8 GC2AB2, => B>;L:> 745AL >=8 =5 <>3CB 70AB028BL G5;>25:0 AG8B0BLAO A =8<8 872=5. =8 4>;6=K ?@>8AB5:0BL 87 53> A>1AB25==>9 4CH52=>9 687=8. -B>3> 4>AB830NB, =0AB>9G82> 70?@5I0O A515 ?8B0BL ?@52@0B=K5 <KA;8, 2AO:CN ?CABCN 83@C D0=B0788, 2A5 A;CG09=K5 >B;82K 8 ?@8;82K GC2AB2 A;54C5B 70?@5B8BL A515. '5@57 MB> G5;>25: =5 AB0=>28BAO 154=55 GC2AB2><. 0?@>B82, >= A:>@> =0E>48B, GB> B>;L:> C?>@O4>G82 B0:8< >1@07>< A2>9 2=CB@5==89 <8@, >= ?@8>1@5B05B =0AB>OI55 1>30BAB2> GC2AB2 8 8AB8==CN B2>@G5A:CN D0=B078N. <5AB> <5;>G=>9 GC2AB28B5;L=>AB8 8 ?@074=>9 83@K <KA;59, ?>O2;ONBAO 7=0G8B5;L=K5 GC2AB20 8 ?;>4>B2>@=K5 <KA;8.  MB8 GC2AB20 8 <KA;8 ?@82>4OB G5;>25:0 : A?>A>1=>AB8 >@85=B8@>20BLAO 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5. = AB0=>28BAO 2 ?@028;L=>5 >B=>H5=85 : 25I0< 4CE>2=>3> <8@0. ">340 C =53> =0ABC?05B A>2A5< >?@545;5==>5 459AB285. >4>1=> B><C, :0: D878G5A:89 G5;>25: =0E>48B A2>9 ?CBL <564C D878G5A:8<8 25I0<8, B0: B5?5@L 53> B@>?0 ?@>2>48B 53> <564C @>AB>< 8 >B<8@0=85<, :>B>@K5 >= =0CG8;AO ?>7=020BL =0 >?8A0==>< 2KH5 ?CB8. = A;54C5B B>340 70 2A5< @0ABCI8< 8 @072820NI8<AO, 0 A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K - 8 70 2A5< C2O40NI8< 8 >B<8@0NI8<, :0: MB> B@51C5BAO 4;O A>1AB25==>3> 53> ?@5CA?520=8O 8 4;O @0728B8O <8@0. 0;L=59H0O 701>B0 CG5=8:0 4>;6=0 1KBL ?>A2OI5=0 <8@C 72C:>2. 45AL =04> @07;8G0BL <564C 72C:0<8, :>B>@K5 ?@>872>4OBAO B0: =07K205<K<8 157687=5==K<8 25I0<8 (?045=85< B5;0, :>;>:>;>< 8;8 <C7K:0;L=K< 8=AB@C<5=B><), 8 B5<8, :>B>@K5 ?@>8AE>4OB >B 682>3> (>B 682>B=>3> 8;8 >B G5;>25:0). !;KH0 :>;>:>;, G5;>25: <>65B 2>A?@8=OBL 72C: 8 A2O70BL A =8< ?@8OB=>5 GC2AB2>; A;KH0 65 :@8: 682>B=>3>, >= :@><5 MB>3> GC2AB20 >ICB8B 2 72C:5 5I5 8 >B:@>25=85 2=CB@5==53> ?5@56820=8O 682>B=>3>, 53> C4>2>;LAB28O 8;8 AB@040=8O. ! MB>3> @>40 72C:>2 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 8 4>;65= =0G0BL A2>5 C?@06=5=85. = 4>;65= 2A5 A2>5 2=8<0=85 =0?@028BL =0 B>, GB> 72C: 2>725I05B 5<C GB>-B>, =0E>4OI55AO 2=5 53> A>1AB25==>9 4CH8.  >= 4>;65= ?>3@C78BLAO 2 MB> GC6>5. = 4>;65= B5A=> A2O70BL A2>5 GC2AB2> A MB8< AB@040=85< 8;8 C4>2>;LAB285<, 2>725I05<K< 5<C G5@57 72C:. = 4>;65= >B@5H8BLAO >B B>3>, G5< O2;O5BAO 4;O =53> MB>B 72C:, ?@8OB5= ;8 >= 5<C 8;8 =5?@8OB5=, ?@82;5:05B ;8 : A515 8;8 >BB0;:8205B; 53> 4CHC 4>;6=> =0?>;=OBL B>;L:> B>, GB> ?@>8AE>48B 2 A0<>< ACI5AB25, >B :>B>@>3> 8AE>48B 72C:. B> ?;0=><5@=> 8 =0<5@5==> 1C45B 45;0BL MB8 C?@06=5=8O, B>B ?@8>1@5B5B G5@57 MB> A?>A>1=>ABL, B0: A:070BL A;820BLAO A ACI5AB2><, >B :>B>@>3> 8AE>48B 72C:. '5;>25:C, >40@5==><C <C7K:0;L=>9 GCB:>ABLN, B0:>5 2>A?8B0=85 A2>59 4CH52=>9 687=8 1C45B ;53G5, G5< =5<C7K:0;L=><C. > 2A5 65 =5 A;54C5B 4C<0BL, GB> <C7K:0;L=>5 GC2AB2> <>65B 70<5=8BL ?>4>1=>5 2>A?8B0=85. CE>2=><C CG5=8:C =04> CG8BLAO >ICI0BL B0:8< >1@07><, >B7K20OAL =0 2AN ?@8@>4C. -  1;03>40@O MB><C 2 <8@ GC2AB20 8 <KA;8 ?>3@C605BAO 70G0B>: =>2>9 A?>A>1=>AB8. AO ?@8@>40 72CG0=85< A2>8< =0G8=05B =0H5?BK20BL G5;>25:C B09=K. 'B> @0=LH5 1K;> 4;O 53> 4CH8 =52@07C<8B5;L=K< HC<><, B> G5@57 MB> AB0=>28BAO 8A?>;=5==K< A<KA;0 O7K:>< ?@8@>4K.  2 G5< >= @0=LH5 ?@8 72CG0=88 B0: =07K205<KE 157687=5==KE 25I59, A;KH0; B>;L:> 72C:, 2 B>< >= 2>A?@8=8<05B B5?5@L =>2K9 O7K: 4CH8. >42830OAL 2?5@54 2 MB>< 2>A?8B0=88 A2>8E GC2AB2, >= 2A:>@5 70<5G05B, GB> >= <>65B A;KH0BL B>, > G5< @0=LH5 =5 ?>4>7@520;. = =0G8=05B A;KH0BL 4CH>N. 'B>1K CG5=8: <>3 4>AB8GL B>9 25@H8=K, :>B>@0O 2>>1I5 4>AB868<0 2 MB>9 >1;0AB8, : MB><C 4>;6=> ?@8A>548=8BLAO 70B5< 5I5 4@C3>5. - A>15==> 206=> 4;O @0728B8O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 B>, :0: >= 2=8<05B @073>2>@C 4@C38E ;N459. = 4>;65= ?@8CG8BLAO 45;0BL MB> B0:, GB>1K 53> A>1AB25==K9 2=CB@5==89 <8@ ?@8 MB>< A>25@H5==> 157<>;2AB2>20;. >340 :B>-=81C4L 2KA:07K205B <=5=85, 0 4@C3>9 2KA;CH8205B 53>, B> 2 4CH5 ?>A;54=53> ?@>1C6405BAO >1K:=>25==> A>3;0A85 8 ?@>B82>@5G85. =>385, :>=5G=>, B>BG0A ?>GC2AB2CNB ?>1C645=85 2KA:070BL MB> A2>5 A>3;0A85 8;8 ?@>B82>@5G85. > 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 70AB028BL 70<>;G0BL 2AO:>5 B0:>5 A>3;0A85 8;8 ?@>B82>@5G85. 5;> 845B 745AL 2>2A5 =5 > B><, GB>1K >= A@07C 87<5=8; A2>9 >1@07 687=8 8 ?KB0;AO =5?@5@K2=> 4>AB830BL MB>3> 2=CB@5==53>, >A=>2=>3> 157<>;28O. = 4>;65= B>;L:> ?>;>68BL =0G0;>, ?>ABC?0O B0: 2 >B45;L=KE A;CG0OE, :>B>@K5 >= 2K18@05B C<KH;5==>. ">340 A>2A5< <54;5==> 8 ?>AB5?5==>, :0: 1K A0< A>1>9, MB>B =>2K9 @>4 A;CH0=8O ?@>:@045BAO 2 53> ?@82KG:8. - @8 4CE>2=>< 8AA;54>20=88 ?;0=><5@=> C?@06=ONBAO 2 MB><. #G5=8:8 GC2AB2CNB A51O >1O70==K<8, @048 C?@06=5=8O, 2KA;CH820BL 2 @07=>5 2@5<O A0<K5 ?@>B82>?>;>6=K5 <KA;8 8 ?@82>48BL ?@8 MB>< A>25@H5==> : 157<>;28N 2AO:>5 A2>5 A>3;0A85 8;8, >A>15==>, 2AO:>5 >B@8F0B5;L=>5 AC645=85. @8 MB>< 206=>, GB>1K 157<>;2AB2>20;8 =5 B>;L:> 2A5 @0AAC4>G=K5 AC645=8O, => B0:65 8 2A5 GC2AB20 =5C4>2>;LAB28O 8 >B@8F0=8O, 0 B0:65 8 A>3;0A8O. A>15==> BI0B5;L=> 4>;65= CG5=8: 2A5340 =01;N40BL 70 A>1>9, =5 ?@8ACBAB2C5B ;8 2 =5< MB8 GC2AB20, 5A;8 8 =5 =0 ?>25@E=>AB8, B> E>BO 1K 2 A0<>9 2=CB@5==59 3;C18=5 53> 4CH8. <C A;54C5B, =0?@8<5@, 2KA;CH820BL <=5=8O ;N459, AB>OI8E 2 :0:><-;81> >B=>H5=88 7=0G8B5;L=> =865 53>, 8 ?>402;OBL ?@8 MB>< 2AO:>5 GC2AB2> A2>59 1>;LH59 >A254><;5==>AB8 8 A2>53> ?@52>AE>4AB20. -  MB>< A<KA;5 ?>;57=> 4;O :064>3> ?@8A;CH820BLAO : 45BO<. !0<K9 <C4@K9 <>65B 157<5@=> =0CG8BLAO >B 45B59. - "0:8< >1@07>< G5;>25: 4>AB8305B B>3>, GB> =0G8=05B >B@5H5==> 2KA;CH820BL A;>20 4@C38E, A ?>;=K< CAB@0=5=85< A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 ;8G=>AB8, 55 <=5=89 8 >1@070 GC2AB2. #?@06=OOAL B0:8< >1@07>< 2 2KA;CH820=88 157 2AO:>9 :@8B8:8 4065 8 B>340, :>340 ?@>87=>AOBAO <=5=8O, A>25@H5==> ?@>B82>@5G0I85 53> C15645=8N, 8;8 :>340 5<C ?>4=>AOBAO "A0<K5 ?@52@0B=K5" AC645=8O, >= <0;>-?><0;C =0CG05BAO A>25@H5==> A;820BLAO A ACI5AB2>< 4@C3>3>, 2A5F5;> @0AB2>@OBLAO 2 =5<. = 2A;CH8205BAO B>340 A:2>7L A;>20 2 A0<CN 4CHC 4@C3>3>. ;03>40@O ?@>4>;68B5;L=><C B0:>3> @>40 C?@06=5=8N 72C: 45;05BAO, =0:>=5F, =0AB>OI8< A@54AB2>< 4;O 2>A?@8OB8O 4CH8 8 4CE0. >=5G=>, 4;O MB>3> =5>1E>48<> =08AB@>609H55 A0<>2>A?8B0=85. > >=> 2545B : 2KA>:>9 F5;8. A;8 MB8 C?@06=5=8O ?@>872>48BL 2 A2O78 A 4@C38<8, C:070==K<8 2KH5 8 >B=>AOI8<8AO : 72CG0=8N 2 ?@8@>45, B>340 2 4CH5 G5;>25:0 2K@0AB05B =>2>5 GC2AB2> A;CE0. =0 AB0=>28BAO A?>A>1=>9 2>A?@8=8<0BL 25AB8 87 4CE>2=>3> <8@0, :>B>@K5 =5 2K@060NBAO 2> 2=5H=8E 72C:0E, 2>A?@8=8<05<K< D878G5A:8< CE><. @>1C6405BAO 2>A?@8OB85 "2=CB@5==53> A;>20". CE>2=><C CG5=8:C ?>AB5?5==> >B:@K20NBAO 8AB8=K 87 <8@0 4CE0. = A;KH8B >1@0I5==CN : =5<C 4CE>2=CN @5GL. (">;L:> : B><C, :B> ?CB5< A0<>>B25@65==>3> A;CH0=8O 4>AB8305B 459AB28B5;L=>9 A?>A>1=>AB8 2>A?@8=8<0BL 87=CB@8, 2 B8H8=5, 157 2AO:>3> 42865=8O A2>53> ;8G=>3> <=5=8O 8;8 ;8G=>3> GC2AB20, <>3CB 3>2>@8BL 2KAH85 ACI5AB20, > :>B>@KE 845B @5GL 2 B09=>2545=88. >:0 2KA;CH8205<>5 2AB@5G05B A> AB>@>=K CG5=8:0 :0:>5-;81> <=5=85 8;8 :0:>5-;81> GC2AB2>, ACI5AB20 157<>;2=>3> <8@0 157<>;2AB2CNB). - A5 2KAH85 8AB8=K 4>AB830NBAO 1;03>40@O MB>9 >1@0I5==>9 : =0< "2=CB@5==59 @5G8".  2A5, GB> <>6=> CA;KH0BL 87 CAB 8AB8==>3> 4CE>2=>3> 8AA;54>20B5;O, 1K205B ?>;CG5=> 8< B0:8< ?CB5<. > MB8< =5 A:070=>, GB> 15A?>;57=> 70=8<0BLAO B09=>254G5A:8<8 A>G8=5=8O<8 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 G5;>25: A0< =5 <>65B 2=8<0BL B0:8< >1@07>< "2=CB@5==59 @5G8". 0?@>B82, GB5=85 MB8E A>G8=5=89 8 2=8<0=85 CG5=8O< 8AA;54>20B5;59 4CE0 O2;ONBAO A0<8 ?> A515 A@54AB2>< 4>AB83=CBL A>1AB25==>3> ?>7=0=8O. 0640O <KA;L, 2KA:070==0O 2 B09=>2545=88, A?>A>1=0 =0?@028BL CA;KH02H53> 55 BC40, :C40 5<C =5>1E>48<> ?@89B8, 5A;8 4CH0 E>G5B ?>8AB8=5 A45;0BL H03 2?5@54 2 A2>5< @0728B88. > 2A5<C A:070==><C A;54C5B, =0?@>B82, ?@8A>548=8BL 87CG5=85 B>3>, GB> A>>1I0NB <8@C 4CE>2=K5 8AA;54>20B5;8. @8 2AO:>< 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 ?>4>1=>5 87CG5=85 2E>48B 2 A>AB02 ?>43>B>28B5;L=>9 ABC?5=8.  5A;8 :B>-=81C4L 70E>B5; ?@8<5=8BL 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 A@54AB20, =5 CA2>82 A=0G0;0 CG5=89 8AA;54>20B5;59 4CE0, >= =5 ?@8H5; 1K : F5;8. 1> MB8 CG5=8O ?>G5@?=CBK 8E 682>3> "2=CB@5==53> A;>20" 87 "682>9, 2=CB@5==5 ?5@540==>9 @5G8", ?>MB><C >=8 A0<8 >1;040NB 4CE>2=>9 687=LN. =8 =5 ?@>AB> A;>20. =8 =5 ?@>AB> A;>20. =8 682K5 A8;K.  2 B> 2@5<O, :0: BK G8B05HL :=83C, 2>7=8:HCN 87 459AB28B5;L=>3> 2=CB@5==53> >?KB0, 2 B2>59 4CH5 459AB2CNB A8;K, 45;0NI85 B51O OA=>284OI8<, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: A8;K ?@8@>4K 87 682>3> 25I5AB20 >1@07>20;8 B2>8 3;070 8 CH8. @>A25B;5=85. AB>G=8:>< ?@>A25B;5=8O A;C60B >G5=L ?@>ABK5 ?5@56820=8O.  745AL B0:65 45;> 845B > B><, GB>1K @0728BL 8725AB=K5 <KA;8 8 GC2AB20, 4@5<;NI85 2 :064>< G5;>25:5 8 :>B>@K5 4>;6=K ?@>1C48BLAO. ">;L:> B>3>, :B> A ?>;=K< B5@?5=85<, AB@>3> 8 =0AB>9G82> C?@06=O5BAO 2 MB8E ?@>ABKE ?5@56820=8OE, >=8 <>3CB ?@825AB8 : 2>A?@8OB8N O2;5=89 2=CB@5==53> A25B0. 0G0;> <>6=> ?>;>68BL, @0AA<0B@820O >?@545;5==K< >1@07>< @07;8G=K5 ?@54<5BK 8 ACI5AB20 ?@8@>4K, =0?@8<5@, ?@>7@0G=K9, E>@>H> AD>@<8@>20==K9 :0<5=L (:@8AB0;;), @0AB5=85 8;8 682>B=>5. !=0G0;0 =04> ?>AB0@0BLAO A;54CNI8< >1@07>< =0?@028BL 2A5 A2>5 2=8<0=85 =0 A@02=5=85 :0<=O A 682>B=K<. @82>48<K5 745AL <KA;8 4>;6=K ?@>E>48BL G5@57 4CHC, A>?@>2>6405<K5 682K< GC2AB2><.  =8:0:0O 4@C30O <KA;L, =8:0:>5 4@C3>5 GC2AB2> =5 4>;6=> ?@8<5H820BLAO 8 =0@CH0BL =0?@O65==>5, 2=8<0B5;L=>5 @07<KH;5=85. 04> A:070BL A515: "# :0<=O 5ABL >1@07; C 682>B=>3> B0:65 5ABL >1@07. 0<5=L ;568B ?>:>9=> =0 A2>5< <5AB5. 82>B=>5 ?5@5<5=O5B A2>5 <5AB>. ;5G5=85 (65;0=85) ?>1C6405B 682>B=>5 ?5@5<5=OBL A2>5 <5AB>. -B8< 2;5G5=85< A;C68B 8 A0<K9 >1@07 682>B=>3>. 3> >@30=K, 53> >@C48O 2K@01>B0=K A>>1@07=> MB8< 2;5G5=8O<. 1@07 65 :0<=O A;>65= =5 A>>1@07=> 65;0=8O<, 0 A2>1>4=>9 >B 65;0=8O A8;>9." (@82>48<K9 745AL ?@8<5@ - ?>A:>;L:C >= :0A05BAO =01;N45=8O =04 :@8AB0;;>< - <=>3>>1@07=> 8A:060;AO B5<8, :>B>@K5 A;KH0;8 > =5< B>;L:> 2=5H=5 (M:7>B5@8G5A:8); >BAN40 2>7=8:;8 ?@85<K, 2@>45 "3;O45=8O 2 :@8AB0;;", 8 B.4. >4>1=K5 ?@85<K >A=>20=K =0 =54>@07C<5=8OE. =8 =5>4=>:@0B=> >?8AK20;8AL 2 :=830E. > >=8 =8:>340 =5 A>AB02;ONB ?@54<5B0 8AB8==>3> (87>B5@8G5A:>3>) 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O). A;8 8=B5=A82=> ?>3@C78BLAO 2 MB8 <KA;8 8 A =0?@O65==K< 2=8<0=85< @0AA<0B@820BL :0<5=L 8 682>B=>5, B>340 2 4CH5 >6820NB 420 A>2A5< @07;8G=>3> @>40 GC2AB20. B :0<=O ?@>;8205BAO 2 =0HC 4CHC >4=>3> @>40 GC2AB20, >B 682>B=>3> - 4@C3>3>. =0G0;5 MB> 25@>OB=> =5 C40ABAO; => ?@8 459AB28B5;L=> B5@?5;82>< C?@06=5=88 MB8 GC2AB20 <0;>-?><0;C =0ABC?0NB. C6=> B>;L:> 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 ?@>4>;60BL C?@06=OBLAO. !?5@20 GC2AB20 >AB0NBAO ;8HL 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 ?@>4>;605BAO C?@06=5=85. ?>A;54AB288 8E 459AB285 ?@>4>;605BAO 8 ?>A;5.  B>340 >=8 AB0=>2OBAO G5<-B>, GB> >AB05BAO 682K< 2 4CH5. ">340 G5;>25:C AB>8B B>;L:> A>A@54>B>G8BLAO, 8 >10 GC2AB20 2>7=8:0NB 2A5340, 4065 8 157 273;O40 =0 2=5H=89 ?@54<5B. - 7 MB8E GC2AB2 8 87 A2O70==KE A =8<8 <KA;59 >1@07CNBAO >@30=K OA=>2845=8O. - A;8 : MB><C @07<KH;5=8N ?@8A>548=8BL 5I5 8 @0AB5=85, B> <>6=> 70<5B8BL, GB> 8AE>4OI55 >B =53> GC2AB2>, ?> A2>5<C :0G5AB2C, 0 B0:65 8 ?> AB5?5=8, =0E>48BAO ?>A@548=5 <564C B5<8, :>B>@K5 ?@>8AB5:0NB >B :0<=O 8 >B 682>B=>3>. 1@07CNI85AO B0:8< >1@07>< >@30=K ACBL 4CE>2=K5 >G8. >AB5?5==> G5;>25: =0CG05BAO 2845BL 8<8 4CH52=K5 8 4CE>2=K5 F25B0. >:0 >= CA2>8; A515 B>;L:> B>, GB> 1K;> >?8A0=>, :0: "?>43>B>2;5=85", 4CE>2=K9 <8@ A 53> ;8=8O<8 8 D83C@0<8 >AB05BAO B5<=K<; 1;03>40@O "?@>A25B;5=8N" >= >70@O5BAO. - ?OBL-B0:8 =04> 70<5B8BL, GB> A;>20 "B5<=K9" 8 "A25B;K9", :0: 8 4@C385 ?@82545==K5 2K@065=8O, 2K@060NB ;8HL ?@81;878B5;L=> B>, GB> 745AL 8<55BAO 2 284C. > ?@8 ?>;L7>20=88 >1KG=K< O7K:>< MB> 8 =5 <>65B 1KBL 8=0G5. 1> MB>B O7K: A>740= B>;L:> 4;O D878G5A:8E CA;>289. -  B0:, B09=>2545=85 >?@545;O5B B>, B> ?@>;8205BAO 4;O >@30=0 OA=>2845=8O >B :0<=O, :0: "3>;C1>5" 8;8 "3>;C1>20B>-:@0A=>5".  B>, GB> >ICI05BAO >B 682>B=>3>, :0: ":@0A=>5" 8;8 ":@0A=>20B>-65;B>5". 0 A0<>< 45;5, 2848<K5 ?@8 MB>< F25B0 1K20NB "4CE>2=>3> @>40". &25B, 8AE>4OI89 >B @0AB5=8O, "75;5=K9", <0;> - ?><0;C ?5@5E>4OI89 2 A25B;K9 MD8@=K9 @>7>20B>-:@0A=K9. 0AB5=85 70=8<05B B0:>5 <5AB> A@548 ?@8@>4=KE ACI5AB2, GB> >=> 8 2 2KAH8E <8@0E A>E@0=O5B 2 8725AB=>< >B=>H5=88, AE>4AB2> A E0@0:B5@><, ?@8ACI8< 5<C 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. > >B=>H5=8N 65 : 682>B=><C, MB> =5 B0:. - 04>, >4=0:>, ?><=8BL, GB> 2KH5C?><O=CBK5 F25B0 A>AB02;ONB B>;L:> 3;02=K5 >BB5=:8 F0@AB20 :0<=59, @0AB5=89 8 682>B=KE.  459AB28B5;L=>AB8 ACI5AB2CNB 2A52>7<>6=K5 ?@><56CB>G=K5 >BB5=:8. 064K9 :0<5=L, :064>5 @0AB5=85, :064>5 682>B=>5 8<55B A2>9 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==K9 F25B>2>9 >BB5=>:.  MB><C ?@8A>548=ONBAO 5I5 ACI5AB20 2KAH53> <8@0, :>B>@K5 =8:>340 =5 2>?;>I0NBAO D878G5A:8, A 8E =5@54:> 87C<8B5;L=K<8, => G0AB> 8 >BB0;:820NI8<8 F25B0<8. 0 A0<>< 45;5, 1>30BAB2> F25B>2 2 MB8E 2KAH8E <8@0E =587<5@8<> 1>;LH5, G5< 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. A;8 G5;>25: C65 ?@8>1@5; A?>A>1=>ABL 2845BL "4CE>2=K< >:><", B> @0=> 8;8 ?>74=> >= 2AB@5B8B B0:65 8 MB8E 2KAH8E - >BG0AB8 65 8 AB>OI8E 3>@074> =865 G5;>25:0 - ACI5AB2, :>B>@K5 =8:>340 =5 2ABC?0NB =0 D878G5A:CN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL. >340 G5;>25: 4>AB83 >?8A0==KE 745AL @57C;LB0B>2, B> ?5@54 =8< >B:@KBK ?CB8 :> <=>3><C. 4=0:> =8:><C =5;L7O ?>A>25B>20BL 84B8 5I5 40;LH5, 157 BI0B5;L=>3> A>1;N45=8O 2A53> A:070==>3> 4CE>2=K< 8AA;54>20B5;5<, 8;8 2>>1I5 A>>1I5==>3> 8<. > C65 8?@8<5=8B5;L=> : A:070==><C ;CGH5 2A53> 1K;> 1K 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO B0:8< >?KB=K< 2>48B5;LAB2><. ?@>G5<, 5A;8 G5;>25: >1;0405B 4>AB0B>G=>9 A8;>9 8 2K45@6:>9, GB>1K 4>AB83=CBL @57C;LB0B>2, >B25G0NI8E >?8A0==K< M;5<5=B0@=K< ABC?5=O< ?@>A25B;5=8O, B> >= =025@=> 1C45B 8A:0BL 8 =0945B =0AB>OI55 2>48B5;LAB2>. > 5ABL >4=0 ?@54>AB>@>6=>ABL, :>B>@0O =5>1E>48<0 ?@8 2A5E >1AB>OB5;LAB20E, 8 :B> =5 70E>G5B ?@8<5=8BL 55, B><C ;CGH5 >AB028BL 2A5 ?>?KB:8 ?@>=8:=CBL 2 B09=>2545=85. 5>1E>48<>, GB>1K G5;>25:, AB0=>2OAL 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:><, =5 ?>B5@?5; =8:0:>3> CI5@10 2 A2>8E :0G5AB20E, 45;0NI8E 53> 1;03>@>4=K< 8 4>1@K< G5;>25:><, 2>A?@88<G82K< :> 2A5<C D878G5A:8-459AB28B5;L=><C. >;55 B>3>, 2> 2@5<O A2>53> 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 >= 4>;65= ?>AB>O==> 2>72KH0BL A2>N <>@0;L=CN A8;C, A2>N 2=CB@5==NN G8AB>BC, A2>9 40@ =01;N45=8O. #?><O=5<, =0?@8<5@, >4=C G5@BC: 2> 2@5<O M;5<5=B0@=KE C?@06=5=89, ?@8=04;560I8E : ?@>A25B;5=8N, 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= ?>AB>O==> 701>B8BLAO > B><, GB>1K CA8;8BL A2>5 A>GC2AB285 : <8@C ;N459 8 682>B=KE, A2>N GCB:>ABL : :@0A>B5 ?@8@>4K. A;8 >= =5 1C45B >1 MB>< 701>B8BLAO, B> 1;03>40@O ?>4>1=K< C?@06=5=8O< MB> GC2AB2> 8 MB> >ICI5=85 1C4CB ?>AB>O==> ?@8BC?;OBLAO 2 =5<.  B>340 A5@4F5 <>65B >G5@AB25BL 8 GC2AB2> ?@8BC?8BLAO, 0 MB> <>65B ?>25AB8 : >?0A=K< @57C;LB0B0<. 0: A:;04K205BAO ?@>A25B;5=85, :>340 CG5=8: >B ?@56=8E C?@06=5=89 =0 :0<=5<, @0AB5=85< 8 682>B=K< 2>AE>48B : G5;>25:C, 8 :0:8< >1@07>< ?>A;5 ?@>A25B;5=8O @0=> 8;8 ?>74=> CAB0=02;8205BAO A>548=5=85 4CH8 A 4CE>2=K< <8@>< 8 ?@82>48B : ?>A2OI5=8N: >1 MB><, =0A:>;L:> 2>7<>6=>, 1C45B A:070=> 2 A;54CNI59 3;025.  =0H5 2@5<O <=>385 8ICB ?CB8 : B09=>2545=8N. -B> 45;05BAO @07;8G=K< >1@07><; 8 ?@8 MB>< =5@54:> ?@81530NB : >?0A=K< 8 4065 ?@54>AC48B5;L=K< A?>A>10<. >MB><C B5, :>B>@K5 AG8B0NB A51O >1;040B5;O<8 :0:>3>-=81C4L ?@02482>3> 7=0=8O >1 MB8E 25I0E, 4>;6=K 40BL 4@C38< 2>7<>6=>ABL ?>7=0:><8BLAO A =5:>B>@K<8 G5@B0<8 B09=>254G5A:>3> >1CG5=8O.  745AL A>>1I5=> ;8HL AB>;L:>, :0: MB> >B25G05B B0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8. >5-GB> 87 8AB8==>3> =5>1E>48<> 4>;6=> AB0BL 8725AB=K< 4;O B>3>, GB>1K ;>6=>5 =5 ?@8G8=8;> 1>;LH>3> 2@540. 4O C:070==K< 745AL ?CB5<, =8:B> =5 ?@8G8=8B A515 2@540, 5A;8 =5 1C45B =8G53> D>@A8@>20BL. 4=> B>;L:> =04> ?><=8BL: =8:B> =5 4>;65= B@0B8BL =0 ?>4>1=K5 C?@06=5=8O 2@5<5=8 8 A8; 1>;LH5, G5< 5<C ?>72>;ONB 53> 687=5==>5 ?>;>65=85 8 53> >1O70==>AB8. ABC?0O =0 ?CBL B09=>2545=8O, =8:B> =5 4>;65= =8G53> 87<5=OBL A@07C 2> 2=5H=8E CA;>28OE A2>59 687=8. A;8 >= E>G5B 4>AB83=CBL 459AB28B5;L=KE @57C;LB0B>2, >= 4>;65= 8<5BL B5@?5=85; =C6=> C<5BL ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E <8=CB C?@06=5=8O ?@5:@0I0BL 8E 8 ?5@5E>48BL : A2>59 4=52=>9 @01>B5. B> =5 =0CG8;AO 640BL, 2 2KAH5< 8 ;CGH5< A<KA;5 A;>20, B>B =5 3>48BAO 2 4CE>2=K5 CG5=8:8 8 =8:>340 =5 4>AB83=5B A:>;L:>-=81C4L 7=0G8B5;L=KE @57C;LB0B>2. >=B@>;L <KA;59 8 GC2AB2. >340 :B>-=81C4L 8I5B ?CB59 : B09=>2545=8N 2 B>< @>45, :0: MB> 1K;> >?8A0=> 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025, >= =5 4>;65= C?CA:0BL A;CG0O ?>4:@5?;OBL A51O 2> 2@5<O 2A59 A2>59 @01>BK >4=>9 =5?@5AB0==>9 <KA;LN. = 4>;65= 2A5340 8<5BL 2 284C, GB> G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O <>65B >:070BLAO, GB> >= A45;0; C65 25AL<0 7=0G8B5;L=K5 CA?5E8, :>B>@K5, >4=0:> O2OBAO 5<C A>2A5< =5 B0:, :0: >=, 1KBL <>65B >6840;. 5 ?@8=O2 MB>3> 2> 2=8<0=85, ;53:> <>6=> ?>B5@OBL =0AB>9G82>ABL 8 2K45@6:C 2 @01>B5 8 A:>@> ?@5:@0B8BL 2A5 ?>?KB:8. !8;K 8 A?>A>1=>AB8, ?>4;560I85 @0728B8N, =>AOB 2=0G0;5 >G5=L =56=K9 8 B>=:89 E0@0:B5@.  ACI=>ABL 8E A>2A5< 4@C3>3> @>40, G5< 2A5 B>, > G5< G5;>25: ?@5645 A>AB02;O; A515 ?@54AB02;5=85. 54L >= ?@82K: 70=8<0BLAO B>;L:> D878G5A:8< <8@><. CE>2=K9 8 4CH52=K9 CA:>;L70;8 >B 53> 27>@>2, 0 B0:65 8 >B 53> ?>=OB89. >MB><C =8GCBL =5 C4828B5;L=>, GB> B5?5@L, :>340 2 =5< @072820NBAO 4CE>2=K5 8 4CH52=K5 A8;K, >= =5 A@07C 70<5G05B 8E. -  MB>< :@>5BAO 2>7<>6=>ABL 701;C645=8O 4;O B>3>, :B> 2ABC?05B =0 >::C;LB=K9 ?CBL, =5 >?8@0OAL =0 >?KBK, A>1@0==K5 A254CI8<8 8AA;54>20B5;O<8. CE>2=K9 8AA;54>20B5;L 7=05B >1 CA?5E0E, A>25@H05<KE CG5=8:><, 704>;3> 4> B>3>, :0: ?>A;54=89 A0< A<>65B >A>7=0BL 8E. = 7=05B, :0: C =53> A;030NBAO =56=K5 4CE>2=K5 >G8, ?@5645 G5< CG5=8: =0G=5B 4>304K20BLAO > =8E.  7=0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL C:070=89 4CE>2=>3> 8AA;54>20B5;O A>AB>8B 8<5==> 2 B><, GB>1K 2K720BL 2 CG5=8:5 B5 A8;K, :>B>@K5 ?><>3CB 5<C A>E@0=8BL 4>25@85, B5@?5=85 8 2K45@6:C, 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 >= A0< =5 ?@8945B : A>7=0=8N A2>8E CA?5E>2. 1> 4CE>2=K9 =0AB02=8: =8G53> =5 <>65B 40BL A2>5<C CG5=8:C B0:>3>, GB> - A:@KBK< >1@07>< - =5 1K;> 1K C65 70;>65=> 2 =5<. = <>65B B>;L:> @C:>2>48BL 8< 2 45;5 @0728B8O 4@5<;NI8E A?>A>1=>AB59. > A>>1I05<>5 8< 87 A2>53> >?KB0 1K205B >?>@>9 B><C, :B> 87 BL<K E>G5B ?@>18BLAO : A25BC. G5=L <=>385 ?>:840NB ?CBL : B09=>2545=8N 2A:>@5 ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: >=8 =0 =53> 2ABC?8;8, ?>B><C GB> 8E CA?5E8 =5 AB0=>2OBAO 4;O =8E B>BG0A 65 70<5B=K<8.  4065, :>340 2?5@2K5 ?>O2;ONBAO 4;O CG5=8:0 70<5B=K5 2KAH85 ?5@56820=8O, >= G0AB> A<>B@8B =0 =8E :0: =0 8;;N788, B0: :0: >= A>AB028; A515 A>2A5< 4@C385 ?@54AB02;5=8O > B><, GB> 5<C ?@54AB>8B ?5@568BL. = ?0405B 4CE><, ?>B><C ;8, GB> AG8B05B A2>8 ?5@2K5 >?KBK =5 8<5NI8<8 =8:0:>9 F5=K, 8;8 ?>B><C, GB> >=8 :06CBAO 5<C A;8H:>< =8GB>6=K<8, 8 >= =5 25@8B, GB> 1K >=8 <>3;8 ?@825AB8 53> 2 :0:>9-;81> >1>7@8<K9 A@>: : G5<C-=81C4L 7=0G8B5;L=><C. > <C65AB2> 8 4>25@85 : A515, MB8 420 A25B>G0, =8:>340 =5 4>;6=K C30A0BL =0 ?CB8 : B09=>2545=8N. B> =5 2 A>AB>O=88 ?@52>7<>GL A51O 8 B5@?5;82> ?@>4>;60BL C?@06=5=85, :>B>@>5 ?>2848<><C 15AG8A;5==>5 G8A;> @07 5<C =5 C4020;>AL, B>B =5 C945B 40;5:>. >@074> @0=LH5, G5< >BG5B;82> >1=0@C68BAO CA?5E, C G5;>25:0 2>7=8:05B A<CB=>5 GC2AB2>, GB> >= =0E>48BAO =0 25@=>< ?CB8.  MB> GC2AB2> =04> @072820BL 8 C:@5?;OBL. 1> >=> <>65B A45;0BLAO 25@=K< 2>48B5;5<. @5645 2A53> =C6=> 2K@20BL A :>@=5< <=5=85, 1C4B> 2KAH85 ?>7=0=8O 4>AB830NBAO 1;03>40@O :0:8<-B> A>2A5< B08=AB25==K< ?@85<0<. !;54C5B COA=8BL A515, GB> 8AE>48BL ?@8E>48BAO 87 GC2AB2 8 <KA;59, 2 :>B>@KE G5;>25: 6825B ?>AB>O==>, 8 GB> >= 4>;65= B>;L:> 40BL MB8< <KA;O< 8 GC2AB20< 4@C3>5 =0?@02;5=85, 2<5AB> ?@82KG=>3>. CABL :064K9 A:065B A515 A=0G0;0: 2 <8@5 <>8E A>1AB25==KE <KA;59 8 GC2AB2 A:@KBK 2KA>G09H85 B09=K; O B>;L:> 4> A8E ?>@ =5 2>A?@8=8<0; 8E. A5 >A=>20=> 2 :>=F5 :>=F>2 =0 B><, GB> G5;>25: ?>AB>O==> =>A8B A A>1>9 B5;>, 4CHC 8 4CE, A>7=05B 65 >=, A>1AB25==> 3>2>@O, B>;L:> A2>5 B5;>, 0 =5 4CHC 8 4CE. CE>2=K9 65 CG5=8:, ?@8E>48B : A>7=0=8N A2>59 4CH8 8 4CE0, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: >1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25: A>7=05B A2>5 B5;>. >MB><C 45;> 845B > B><, GB>1K 40BL 25@=>5 =0?@02;5=85 GC2AB20< 8 <KA;O<. ">340 @0728205BAO 2>A?@8OB85 4;O =57@8<>3> 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8 . 45AL 1C45B C:070= >48= 87 ?CB59, :0: =04> MB> 45;0BL.  MB> >?OBL-B0:8 1C45B G5<-B> >G5=L ?@>ABK<, :0: ?>GB8 2A5, GB> 4> A8E ?>@ A>>1I0;>AL. > >=> <>65B 8<5BL 25;8G09H85 ?>A;54AB28O, 5A;8 =0AB>9G82> ?@>2>48BL MB> 8 5A;8 G5;>25: A?>A>15= >B4020BLAO 5<C A =5>1E>48<K< 8=B8<=K< =0AB@>5=85<. 04> ?>;>68BL ?5@54 A>1>N A5<O :0:>3>-;81> @0AB5=8O. 06=>, GB>1K G5;>25: =0?@O65==> 2K720; 2 A515 ?5@54 MB>9 =57=0G8B5;L=>9 25ILN =04;560I85 <KA;8 8, 1;03>40@O MB8< <KA;O<, @0728; 2 A515 >?@545;5==K5 GC2AB20. @5645 2A53> >= 4>;65= COA=8BL A515, GB> 8<5==> >= 459AB28B5;L=> 2848B 3;070<8. CABL >= >?8H5B ?@> A51O D>@<C, F25B 8 2A5 ?@>G85 A2>9AB20 MB>3> A5<5=8. 0B5< ?CABL >= >B40ABAO A;54CNI5<C @07<KH;5=8N. 7 MB>3> A5<5=8, 5A;8 ?>A048BL 53> 2 75<;N, 2>7=8:=5B A;>6=>5 @0AB5=85. CABL >= ?@54AB028B A515 MB> @0AB5=85. CABL 2>AA>740AB 53> A515 2 D0=B0788.  70B5< ?>4C<05B B0:: B>, GB> O ?@54AB02;ON A515 B5?5@L 2 <>59 D0=B0788, MB> 1C45B 2?>A;54AB288 459AB28B5;L=> 2K720=> =0@C6C 87 A5<5=8 A8;0<8 75<;8 8 A25B0. A;8 1K ?@54> <=>9 1K;0 8A:CAAB25==0O 25IL, 4> 8;;N788 ?>E>60O =0 A5<O, B0: GB> <>8 3;070 =5 <>3;8 1K >B;8G8BL 55 >B =0AB>OI53> A5<5=8, B> =8:0:85 A8;K 75<;8 8 A25B0 =5 <>3;8 1K 872;5GL 87 =55 @0AB5=8O. B> A>25@H5==> COA=8B A515 MBC <KA;L 8 2=CB@5==5 ?5@56825B 55, B>B A<>65B A ?@028;L=K< GC2AB2>< >1@07>20BL 8 A;54CNICN <KA;L. = A:065B A515: 2 A5<5=8 ?>:>8BAO C65 A:@KBK< >1@07>< - :0: A8;0 F5;>3> @0AB5=8O - B>, GB> ?>74=55 2K@0AB5B 87 =53>.  8A:CAAB25==>< ?>4@060=88 MB>9 A8;K =5B.  2A5 65 4;O <>8E 3;07 >=8 >10 >48=0:>2K.  B0:, 2 =0AB>OI5< A5<5=8 A>45@68BAO =5GB> =52848<>5 , G53> =5B 2 ?>4@060=88. 0 MB> =52848<>5 8 =04> =0?@028BL GC2AB2> 8 <KA;8. (A;8 1K :B>-=81C4L =0 MB> 2>7@078;, GB> ?@8 1>;55 B>G=>< <8:@>A:>?8G5A:>< 8AA;54>20=88 2A5340 <>6=> >B;8G8BL ?>4@060=85 >B =0AB>OI53> A5<5=8, B> >= B>;L:> ?>:070; 1K MB8<, GB> =5 ?>=O;, 2 G5< 745AL 45;>. 06=> 2>2A5 =5 B>, GB> <K =0 A0<>< 45;5 8<55< ?5@54 A>1>9 GC2AB25==K< >1@07><, 0 B>, GB>1K @0728BL =0 MB>< C?@06=5=88 A2>8 4CH52=>-4CE>2=K5 A8;K). 04> ?@54AB028BL A515: MB> =52848<>5 ?@52@0B8BAO 2?>A;54AB288 2 2848<>5 @0AB5=85, :>B>@>5 O 1C4C 8<5BL ?5@54 A>1>9 2 >1@075 8 :@0A:0E. C6=> ?@>A;548BL MBC <KA;L: =52848<>5 A45;05BAO 2848<K<. A;8 1K O =5 <>3 <KA;8BL, B> O =5 <>3 1K C65 B5?5@L ?>;CG8BL 25ABL > B><, GB> AB0=5B 2848<K< B>;L:> 2?>A;54AB288. A>15==> >BG5B;82> =04> ?>4G5@:=CBL: B>, GB> G5;>25: <KA;8B ?@8 MB><, >= 4>;65= B0:65 8 8=B5=A82=> ?@>GC2AB2>20BL. C6=> 2 B8H8=5, 8 =5 ?@8<5H820O 4@C38E, >B2;5:0NI8E <KA;59, ?5@568BL 2 A515 >4=C B>;L:> MBC, 2KH5C:070==CN <KA;L.  =C6=> 40BL A515 2@5<O, GB>1K <KA;L 8 A2O70==>5 A =59 GC2AB2> CA?5;8 :0: 1K 2=54@8BLAO 2 4CHC. - A;8 45;0BL MB> =04;560I8< >1@07><, B>340 G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O - 2>7<>6=>, GB> B>;L:> ?>A;5 <=>38E ?>?KB>: - >ICBOB 2 A515 A8;C.  MB0 A8;0 A>740AB =>2>5 A>75@F0=85. !5<O ?@54AB0=5B :0: 1K 70:;NG5==K< 2 <0;5=L:>5 A25B>2>5 >1;0:>. 3> <>6=> 1C45B >ICB8BL GC2AB25==>-4CE>2=K< >1@07><, :0: >A>1>3> @>40 ?;0<O. > >B=>H5=8N : A5@548=5 MB>3> ?;0<5=8 >ICI5=85 1C45B B0:>5, :0:>5 1K205B ?@8 2?5G0B;5=88 ;8;>2>3> F25B0, 0 ?> >B=>H5=8N : :@0O< - :0:>5 1K205B ?@8 3>;C1>20B>< F25B5. - 45AL ?>O2;O5BAO B>, G53> <K ?@5645 =5 2845;8, 8 GB> A>740=> A8;>9 <KA;8 8 GC2AB20, :>B>@CN <K 2 A515 2>71C48;8. ">, GB> GC2AB25==> 1K;> =52848<>, B> @0AB5=85, :>B>@>5 ;8HL 2?>A;54AB288 AB0=5B 2848<K<, >B:@K205BAO 745AL 4CE>2=>-2848<K< >1@07><. >=OB=>, GB> 8=>9 G5;>25: A>GB5B 2A5 MB> 70 8;;N78N. =>385 A:06CB: "'B> <=5 4> ?>4>1=KE 2845=89, 4> ?>4>1=KE D0=B0AB8G5A:8E ?@87@0:>2?  8=K5 >B?04CB 8 =5 1C4CB ?@>4>;60BL ?CBL. > :0: @07 2 MB8-B> B@C4=K5 <><5=BK G5;>25G5A:>3> @0728B8O 8 1K205B >A>15==> 206=> C<5BL =5 A<5H820BL <564C A>1>9 D0=B078N 8 4CE>2=CN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL.  70B5< =04> 8<5BL <C65AB2> =0AB>9G82> 84B8 2?5@54 8 =5 2?040BL 2 1>O7;82>ABL 8 <0;>4CH85. > A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K =C6=>, :>=5G=>, ?><=8BL > =5>1E>48<>AB8 ?>AB>O==> @072820BL 2 A515 74@02>5 GC2AB2>, <>3CI55 @07;8G0BL 8AB8=C >B >1<0=0. > 2@5<O MB8E C?@06=5=89 G5;>25: =8:>340 =5 4>;65= B5@OBL 2?>;=5 A>7=0B5;L=>3> 3>A?>4AB20 =04 A>1>9. "0: 65 C25@5==>, :0: >= <KA;8B > 25I0E 8 ?@>F5AA0E >1K45==>9 687=8, 4>;65= >= <KA;8BL 8 745AL. K;> 1K ?;>E>, 5A;8 1K >= 2?0; 2 <5GB0B5;L=>ABL.  :064>5 <3=>25=85 4>;65= >= A>E@0=OBL ?>;=CN OA=>ABL, GB>1K =5 A:070BL - B@572>ABL @0AAC4:0.  1K;> 1K 25;8G09H59 >H81:>9, 5A;8 1K 1;03>40@O MB8< C?@06=5=8O< G5;>25: CB@0B8; A2>5 @02=>25A85, 5A;8 1K >= ?5@5AB0; AC48BL > 25I0E >1K45==>9 687=8 B0: 65 74@02> 8 OA=>, :0: >= 45;0; MB> ?@5645. >MB><C 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= =5?@5AB0==> 8A?KBK20BL A51O, =5 CB@0B8; ;8 >= A2>53> @02=>25A8O, >AB0;AO ;8 >= A0<8< A>1>N 2 CA;>28OE A2>59 >1KG=>9 687=8. "25@4>5 A?>:>9AB285 2 A0<>< A515, OA=>5 A>7=0=85 ?> >B=>H5=8N :> 2A5<C - 2>B, GB> 5<C =04;568B A>E@0=8BL. >=5G=>, =04> AB@>3> A<>B@5BL, GB>1K =5 ?@54020BLAO ?@>872>;L=K< D0=B078O< 8 =5 C2;5:0BLAO 2A52>7<>6=K<8 C?@06=5=8O<8. #:070==K5 745AL ;8=88 <KA;59 A 4@52=59H8E 2@5<5= 1K;8 8A?KB0=K 8 ?@8<5=O;8AL 2 B09=>254G5A:8E H:>;0E. ">;L:> B0:85 8 A>>1I0NBAO 745AL. B> 70E>B5; 1K ?@8<5=8BL 4@C385, :>B>@K5 >= A>AB028; A515 A0<, 8;8 > :>B>@KE >= 345-;81> A;KH0; 8;8 G8B0;, B><C ?@845BAO 1;C640BL =0C304, 8 >= 2A:>@5 >:065BAO 2 >1;0AB8 1571@56=>9 D0=B0AB8:8. 0;L=59H55 C?@06=5=85, ?@8<K:0NI55 : >?8A0==><C, A>AB>8B 2 A;54CNI5<. 04> ?>AB028BL A51O ?5@54 :0:8<-=81C4L @0AB5=85<, =0E>4OI8<AO 2 ?>;=>< @>AB5. 0B5< =04> ?@>=8:=CBLAO <KA;LN, GB> ?@845B 2@5<O, :>340 MB> @0AB5=85 C2O=5B. 8G53> =5 >AB0=5BAO >B B>3>, GB> O A59G0A ?5@54 A>1>9 286C. > B>340 MB> @0AB5=85 @07>2L5B 87 A51O A5<5=0, :>B>@K5 >?OBL A45;0NBAO =>2K< @0AB5=8O<8. / A=>20 C15640NAL, GB> 2 2848<>< <=>N ?>:>8BAO =5GB> A:@KB>5, G53> O =5 286C. / 2A5F5;> =0?>;=ON A51O <KA;LN: MB>3> >1@070 @0AB5=8O A 53> :@0A:0<8 2 1C4CI5< C65 =5 AB0=5B. > ?@54AB02;5=85 >1 >1@07C5<KE 8< A5<5=0E CG8B <5=O, GB> >=> =5 >1@0B8BLAO 2 =8GB>. ">3>, GB> A>E@0=O5B 53> >B C=8GB>65=8O, O A59G0A =5 <>3C 2845BL 3;070<8, :0: 8 ?@5645 2 A5<5=8 =5 <>3 2845BL @0AB5=8O. !;54>20B5;L=>, 2 =5< 5ABL =5GB>, G53> O =5 286C 3;070<8. A;8 O 40< 2 A515 68BL MB>9 <KA;8, 8 5A;8 2> <=5 ?@8A>548=8BLAO : =59 A>>B25BAB2CNI55 GC2AB2>, B>340 G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 2 <>59 4CH5 >?OBL @07>2L5BAO A8;0, :>B>@0O >1@0B8BLAO 2 =>2>5 A>75@F0=85. 7 @0AB5=8O >?OBL 2K@0AB5B @>4 ?;0<5==>3> >1@07>20=8O. =>, :>=5G=>, 1C45B A>>B25BAB25==> 1>;LH53> @07<5@0, G5< >?8A0==>5 @0=LH5.  ?5@54=59 G0AB8 MB> ?;0<O <>6=> >ICB8BL ?@81;878B5;L=> 75;5=>20B>-3>;C1K<, 0 ?> =0@C6=><C :@0N - 65;B>20B>-:@0A=K<. 5>1E>48<> >G5=L ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> >1>7=0G05<>5 745AL, :0: "F25B0", G5;>25: 2848B =5 B0:, :0: >= 2848B F25B0 D878G5A:8<8 3;070<8, => >= 4CE>2=K< 2>A?@8OB85< >ICI05B =5GB> ?>4>1=>5 B><C, GB> >ICI0NB, :>340 8<5NB D878G5A:>5 >ICI5=85 F25B0. CE>2=> 2>A?@8=8<0BL "3>;C1>5" MB> 7=0G8B: >ICI0BL 8;8 GC2AB2>20BL =5GB> ?>4>1=>5 B><C, GB> >ICI0NB, :>340 27>@ D878G5A:>3> 3;070 ?>:>8BAO =0 "3>;C1><" F25B5. B> E>G5B 459AB28B5;L=> ?>AB5?5==> ?>4=OBLAO : 4CE>2=K< 2>A?@8OB8O<, B>B 4>;65= ?@8=OBL MB> 2> 2=8<0=85. =0G5 >= 1C45B 2 4CE>2=>< >6840BL B>;L:> ?>2B>@5=8O D878G5A:>3>. -B> ?@825;> 1K 53> : A0<><C 65AB>:><C 701;C645=8N. B> A?>A>15= 4CE>2=> 2845BL MB>, B>B 4>AB83 C65 <=>3>3>. 1> 25I8 @0A:@K20NBAO =5 B>;L:> 2 A2>5< =0AB>OI5< 1KB88, => B0:65 8 2 A0<>< 2>7=8:=>25=88 8 ?@5E>645=88. = =0G8=05B 25745 2845BL 4CE, > :>B>@>< GC2AB25==K5 3;070 =8G53> =5 <>3CB 7=0BL. "5< A0<K< >= A45;0; ?5@2K5 H038 : B><C, GB>1K ?>AB5?5==>, G5@57 A>1AB25==>5 A>75@F0=85, ?@>=8:=CBL 2 B09=C @>645=8O 8 A<5@B8. ;O 2=5H=8E GC2AB2 ACI5AB2> 2>7=8:05B ?@8 @>645=88 8 C=8GB>605BAO ?@8 A<5@B8. > MB> ?@>8AE>48B ;8HL ?>B><C, GB> A:@KBK9 4CE ACI5AB20 =5 2>A?@8=8<05BAO GC2AB20<8. ;O 4CE0 @>645=85 8 A<5@BL ACBL ;8HL ?@52@0I5=8O, A>25@H0NI55AO =0 =0H8E GC2AB25==KE 3;070E. > 5A;8 E>BOB ?>7=0BL MB> G5@57 A>1AB25==>5 A>75@F0=85, B>340 =04> A=0G0;0 C:070==K< >1@07>< ?@>1C48BL 2 A515 4CE>2=>5 GC2AB2>. 'B>1K A@07C 65 CAB@0=8BL 5I5 >4=> 2>7@065=85, :>B>@>5 <>3CB A45;0BL ;N48, >1;040NI85 =5:>B>@K< 4CH52=K< (?A8E8G5A:8<) >?KB><, =5>1E>48<> A:070BL A;54CNI55. 5;L7O >B@8F0BL, GB> ACI5AB2CNB 15AA?>@=> 8 4@C385, 1>;55 ?@>ABK5 8 :@0B:85 ?CB8, 8 GB> <=>385 =0 >A=>20=88 A>1AB25==KE A>75@F0=89 7=0:><OBAO A O2;5=8O<8 @>645=8O 8 A<5@B8, =5 ?@>45;02 ?@5420@8B5;L=> 2A53> 745AL >?8A0==>3>. >=5G=>, 1K20NB ;N48 A 1>;LH8<8 D878G5A:8<8 7040B:0<8, :>B>@K5 =C640NBAO ;8HL 2 ;53:>< B>;G:5 4;O A2>53> @0728B8O. > MB> 8A:;NG5=8O. #:070==K9 65 745AL ?CBL O2;O5BAO 4>AB>25@=K< 8 ?@83>4=K< 4;O 2A5E. 54L 8 E8<8G5A:85 7=0=8O <>6=> ?@8>1@5AB8 8=>340 :0:8<-=81C4L 8A:;NG8B5;L=K< ?CB5<; => 5A;8 G5;>25: E>G5B AB0BL E8<8:><, B> >= 2K=C645= 84B8 >1I8< 8 4>AB>25@=K< ?CB5<. "O65;>9 ?> A2>8< ?>A;54AB28O< >H81:>9 1K;> 1K AG8B0BL, GB> <>6=> ;53G5 4>AB83=CBL F5;8, ?@>AB> <KA;5==> ?@54AB0282 A515 8 C45@6820O ?5@54 A>1>9 2 2>>1@065=88 C?><O=CB>5 A5<O 8;8 @0AB5=85. @0240, ?@8 MB>< B>65 <>6=> ?@89B8 : F5;8, => =5 B0: 4>AB>25@=>, :0: 84O C:070==K< ?CB5<. !>75@F0=85, : :>B>@><C B>340 ?@8E>4OB, 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 1K205B ;8HL ?@87@0:>< 8 ?@>4C:B>< 2>>1@065=8O, ?@8 :>B>@>< ?@8H;>AL 1K 5I5 2K6840BL, ?>:0 >=> ?@52@0B8BLAO 2 4CE>2=>5 A>75@F0=85. 1> 2A5 45;> 2 B><, GB>1K =5 O ?> A2>5<C ?@>872>;C A>74020; A515 A>75@F0=8O, => GB>1K 459AB28B5;L=>ABL B2>@8;0 8E 2> <=5. 7 3;C18= <>59 A>1AB25==>9 4CH8 4>;6=0 ?@>8AB5:0BL 8AB8=0; => <>5 >1K:=>25==>5 O =5 <>65B A0<> 1KBL B5< 2>;H51=8:><, :>B>@K9 E>G5B 2K<0=8BL 8AB8=C; MB8< 2>;H51=8:>< 4>;6=K 1KBL ACI5AB20, 4CE>2=CN 8AB8=C :>B>@KE O AB@5<;NAL C7@5BL. 094O 2 A515 ?CB5< ?>4>1=KE C?@06=5=89, ?5@2K5 70G0B:8 4CE>2=KE A>75@F0=89, CG5=8: <>65B ?>4=OBLAO : @0AA<>B@5=8N A0<>3> G5;>25:0. !=0G0;0 =04> 2K1@0BL 4;O MB>3> :0:85-=81C4L O2;5=8O G5;>25G5A:>9 687=8. - > ?@5645, G5< ?@8ABC?8BL : MB><C, =5>1E>48<> >A>15==> A5@L57=> ?>@01>B0BL =04 ?>;=K< >G8I5=85< A2>53> =@02AB25==>3> E0@0:B5@0. C6=> C40;8BL 2AO:CN <KA;L > B><, GB> 4>AB83=CB>5 B0:8< A?>A>1>< ?>7=0=85 <>65B 1KBL >1@0I5=> =0 ;8G=CN ?>;L7C. C6=> @5H8BL 4;O A51O =8:>340 =5 C?>B@51;OBL 2> 7;> BC 2;0ABL =04 A2>8<8 1;86=8<8, :>B>@0O ?@8 MB>< 4>AB8305BAO. >MB><C :064K9, 8ICI89 ?CB5< A>1AB25==>3> A>75@F0=8O ?>7=0BL B09=K G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K, 4>;65= A;54>20BL 7>;>B><C ?@028;C 8AB8==>3> B09=>2545=8O. -B> 7>;>B>5 ?@028;> 3;0A8B: 5A;8 BK E>G5HL A45;0BL >48= H03 2?5@54 2 ?>7=0=88 B09=KE 8AB8=, 45;09 >4=>2@5<5==> B@8 H030 2 CA>25@H5=AB2>20=88 B2>53> E0@0:B5@0 =0 ?CB8 : 4>1@C. - B> A;54C5B MB><C ?@028;C, B><C <>6=> ?@8ABC?8BL : C?@06=5=8O<, >4=> 87 :>B>@KE 1C45B 745AL A59G0A >?8A0=>. 04> ?@54AB028BL A515 G5;>25:0, :>B>@>3> =0< A;CG0;>AL =01;N40BL 2 <><5=BK, :>340 >= G53>-=81C4L 65;0;. =8<0=85 4>;6=> 1KBL =0?@02;5=> =0 2>645;5=85. CGH5 2A53> 2K720BL 2 ?0<OB8 B0:>9 <><5=B, :>340 2>645;5=85 1K;> =081>;55 A8;L=>, 2 B> 65 2@5<O 5I5 >AB020;>AL =5@5H5==K<, ?>;CG8B ;8 G5;>25: 65;05<>5 8;8 =5B.  2>B =04> A>25@H5==> >B40BLAO ?@54AB02;5=8N MB>3> 2>A:@5H05<>3> 2 ?0<OB8 =01;N45=8O. 5>1E>48<> CAB0=>28BL 2 4CH5 2>7<>6=> 1>;LH89 2=CB@5==89 ?>:>9. 04> ?>AB0@0BLAO AB0BL :0: <>6=> 1>;LH5 A;5?K< 8 3;CE8< :> 2A5<C >AB0;L=><C, ?@>8AE>4OI5<C 2>:@C3.  >A>15==> =04> >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 B>, GB>1K MB> 2>7=8:0NI55 ?@54AB02;5=85 ?@>1C48;> 2 4CH5 GC2AB2>. 04> 40BL MB><C GC2AB2C 27>9B8 2=CB@8 A51O, ?>4>1=> >1;0:C, ?>4=8<0NI8<AO =04 A>25@H5==> G8ABK< 4> B>3> 3>@87>=B><. ?>;=5 5AB5AB25==>, GB> MB> =01;N45=85 1C45B >1KG=> ?@5@K20BLAO 2A;54AB285 B>3>, GB> =54>AB0B>G=> 4>;3> C4020;>AL 2 >?8A0==>< 4CH52=>< A>AB>O=88 MB>3> G5;>25:0, =0 :>B>@>3> >1@0I5=> 2=8<0=85. 5@>OB=>, ?@845BAO A>B=8 @07 ?>2B>@OBL ?>?KB:8. > =5 =04> B5@OBL B5@?5=85. >A;5 <=>38E ?>?KB>: C405BAO 4>AB83=CBL B>3>, GB>1K 2 A>1AB25==>9 4CH5 ?5@568BL GC2AB2>, A>>B25BAB2CNI55 A>AB>O=8N 4CH8 =01;N405<>3> G5;>25:0.  B>340 G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O >?OBL <>6=> 1C45B 70<5B8BL, :0: 1;03>40@O MB><C GC2AB2C 2 A>1AB25==>9 4CH5 2K@0AB05B A8;0, :>B>@0O AB0=>28BAO 4CE>2=K< A>75@F0=85< 4CH52=>3> A>AB>O=8O 4@C3>3> G5;>25:0.  ?>;5 7@5=8O 2AB0=5B >1@07, >ICI05<K9 :0: GB>-B> A25BOI55AO.  MB>B 4CE>2=> A25BOI89AO >1@07 5ABL B0: =07K205<>5 0AB@0;L=>5 2>?;>I5=85 =01;N405<>3> 4CH52=>3> A>AB>O=8O 2>645;5=8O.  ?@> MB>B >1@07 >?OBL <>6=> A:070BL, GB> >= >ICI05BAO ?>E>68< =0 ?;0<O.  A5@548=5 >= >ICI05BAO :0: 1K 65;B>-:@0A=K<, 0 A :@0O - :@0A=>20B>-3>;C1K< 8;8 ;8;>2K<. - G5=L 206=> :0: <>6=> 15@56=55 >1>9B8AL A MB8< 4CE>2=K< A>75@F0=85<. CGH5 2A53> =8:><C =5 3>2>@8BL > =5<, :@><5 A2>53> CG8B5;O, 5A;8 B0:>2>9 8<55BAO. >B><C GB>, ?KB0OAL >?8A0BL MB> O2;5=85 =5C<5;K<8 A;>20<8, 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 2?040NB 2 3@C1K5 >H81:8. 1> ?>;L7CNBAO >1K:=>25==K<8 A;>20<8, :>B>@K5 =5 ?@54=07=0G5=K 4;O ?>4>1=KE 25I59 8 ?>MB><C A;8H:>< 3@C1K 8 BO65;>25A=K 4;O =8E. >A;54AB285< MB>9 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>9 ?>?KB:8 >1;5GL 2845==>5 2 A;>20 1C45B A>1;07= ?@8<5H0BL : ?>4;8==K< A>75@F0=8O< 2A52>7<>6=K5 >1<0=G82K5 ?>@>645=8O D0=B0788. BAN40 >?OBL-B0:8 A;54C5B 206=>5 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 ?@028;>. #<59 <>;G0BL > A2>8E 4CE>2=KE 2845=8OE. >;55 B>3>, <>;G8 > =8E 4065 ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9. 5 ?@>1C9 2845==>5 B>1>N 2 4CE5 >1;5:0BL 2 A;>20 8;8 4>8A:820BLAO 4> A<KA;0 =5C<5;K< @0AAC4:><. B40209AO =5?@5427OB> A2>5<C 4CE>2=><C A>75@F0=8N 8 =5 ?>@B8BL 53> 4;O A51O 2AO:8<8 @07<KH;5=8O<8 > =5<. 1> BK 4>;65= ?><=8BL, GB> B2>5 @07<KH;5=85 A=0G0;0 1K205B A>25@H5==> =5 =0 2KA>B5 4;O AC645=8O > B2>5< A>75@F0=88. !?>A>1=>ABL @07<KH;5=8O BK ?@8>1@5; 2 A2>59 ?@56=59 687=8, >3@0=8G5==>9 >4=8< B>;L:> D878G5A:8-GC2AB25==K< <8@><, 0 B>, GB> BK ?@8>1@5B05HL B5?5@L, 2KE>48B 70 ?@545;K MB>3> <8@0. >MB><C =5 ?KB09AO : =>2><C 8 2KAH5<C ?@8;030BL <5@:C AB0@>3>. ">;L:> B>B, C :>B>@>3> C65 5ABL =5:>B>@0O C25@5==>ABL 2 =01;N45=88 2=CB@5==8E >?KB>2, <>65B 3>2>@8BL > =8E 4;O B>3>, GB>1K MB>9 @5GLN 4020BL ?>1C645=85 A2>8< 1;86=8<.  >?8A0==><C C?@06=5=8N 4>;6=> ?@8A>548=8BLAO 5I5 >4=>, 4>?>;=8B5;L=>5. 04> B0:8< 65 >1@07>< =01;N40BL G5;>25:0, :>340 =0 53> 4>;N 2K?0405B C4>2;5B2>@5=85 :0:>3>-=81C4L 65;0=8O 8;8 8A?>;=5=85 65;0=8O. >;L7COAL ?@8 MB>< B5<8 65 ?@028;0<8 8 ?@54>AB>@>6=>ABO<8, :>B>@K5 1K;8 C:070=K 4;O ?@54K4CI53> A;CG0O, <>6=> B0: 65 8 MB8< ?CB5< ?@89B8 : 4CE>2=><C A>75@F0=8N.  B>340 70<5G0NB :0: 1K =5:>B>@>5 >1@07>20=85 87 4CE>2=>3> ?;0<5=8, :>B>@>5 2 A5@548=5 GC2AB2C5BAO :0: 1K 65;BK<, 0 ?> :@0O< >ICI05BAO :0: 1K 75;5=>20BK<. ;03>40@O B0:><C =01;N45=8N =04 A2>8<8 1;86=8<8 G5;>25: ;53:> <>65B 2?0ABL 2 <>@0;L=CN >H81:C. = <>65B AB0BL 15AA5@45G=K<. 5>1E>48<> 2A5<8 A@54AB20<8, :0:85 B>;L:> <>6=> A515 ?@54AB028BL, AB@5<8BLAO, GB>1K MB>3> =5 A;CG8;>AL. 5;0O ?@>872>48BL ?>4>1=K5 =01;N45=8O, 4>;65= =5?@5<5==> C65 A0< AB>OBL =0 B0:>9 2KA>B5, =0 :>B>@>9 4;O =53> AB0=>28BAO A>25@H5==>9 >G5284=>ABLN, GB> <KA;8 ACBL 459AB28B5;L=K5 25I8. ">340 >= C65 =5 <>65B ?>72>;OBL 8<5BL > A2>8E 1;86=8E :0:85-=81C4L <KA;8, =5A>2<5AB8<K5 A 25;8G09H8< C2065=85< : G5;>25G5A:><C 4>AB>8=AB2C 8 : G5;>25G5A:>9 A2>1>45. 8 =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 =5 A<55< <K 2 A515 <KA;8BL, GB> G5;>25: <>65B 1KBL 4;O =0A B>;L:> >1J5:B>< =01;N45=8O. 0@O4C A :064K< 4CE>2=K< =01;N45=85< =04 G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4>9 4>;6=> 84B8 A0<>2>A?8B0=85, =0?@02;5==>5 =0 B>, GB>1K 1573@0=8G=> F5=8BL 2AN ?>;=>BC ;8G=>3> 4>AB>8=AB20 :064>3> G5;>25:0 8 @0AA<0B@820BL B>, GB> 6825B 2 =5<, :0: =5GB> A2OB>5 8 =5?@8:>A=>25==>5 4;O =0A - =5?@8:>A=>25==>5 4065 2 <KA;OE 8 GC2AB20E. 'C2AB2> A2OI5==>3> B@5?5B0 ?5@54 2A5< G5;>25G5A:8< 4065 8 B>340, :>340 >=> <KA;8BLAO B>;L:> 2 2>A?><8=0=88, 4>;6=> =0?>;=OBL =0A. 45AL 8<5;>AL 2 284C ?>:070BL ?>:0 B>;L:> =0 MB8E 42CE ?@8<5@0E, :0:8< >1@07>< <>6=> ?@>18BLAO : ?@>A25B;5=8N 2 ?>=8<0=88 G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K. > =0 =8E <>6=> 1K;> ?>:070BL ?> :@09=59 <5@5 B>B ?CBL, =0 :>B>@K9 A;54C5B 2ABC?8BL. A;8 G5;>25: =0945B 2 A515 =5>1E>48<CN 4;O MB>3> =01;N45=8O 2=CB@5==NN B8H8=C 8 ?>:>9, B>340 4CH0 53> ?@5B5@?8B 1;03>40@O MB><C C65 1>;LH>5 ?@52@0I5=85. A:>@5 >= 4>945B 4> B>3>, GB> 2=CB@5==55 >1>30I5=85, ?5@568205<>5 53> ACI5AB2><, 40AB 5<C C25@5==>ABL 8 ?>:>9 B0:65 8 2> 2=5H=5< 53> ?>2545=88.  MB0 ?5@5<5=0 2> 2=5H=5< ?>2545=88 ?>2;8O5B 70B5< 8 >1@0B=> =0 53> 4CHC. "0: 1C45B >= ?@>4>;60BL ?><>30BL A515 8 40;LH5. = =0945B A@54AB20 8 ?CB8 >B:@K20BL 2A5 =>2K5 AB>@>=K G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K, A:@KBK5 4;O 2=5H=8E GC2AB2; 8 B>340 >= A>7@55B 4;O B>3>, GB>1K 1@>A8BL 273;O4 8 =0 B08=AB25==K5 2708<>>B=>H5=8O <564C ?@8@>4>9 G5;>25:0 8 2A5< >AB0;L=K<, GB> ACI5AB2C5B 2> 2A5;5==>9. -  =0 MB>< ?CB8 >= <>65B A45;0BL ?5@2K5 H038 ?>A2OI5=8O. > ?@5645 G5< 8E <>6=> 1C45B A45;0BL, =5>1E>48<> 5I5 >4=>. -B> 5ABL =5GB> B0:>5, =5>1E>48<>ABL G53> 1C45B, <>65B 1KBL, ?5@2>=0G0;L=> >G5=L <0;> ?>=OB=>9 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. > 2?>A;54AB288 >= MB> ?>9<5B. ">, GB> 4>;65= ?@8=5AB8 A A>1>9 ?>A2OI05<K9, MB> 5ABL 2 =5:>B>@>< >B=>H5=88 @0728B>5 <C65AB2> 8 15AAB@0H85. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: >1O70= ?@O<>-B0:8 8A:0BL A;CG0O @0728BL 2 A515 MB8 4>1@>45B5;8.  B09=>254G5A:>9 H:>;5 ?@8H;>AL 1K A>25@H5==> A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 @072820BL 8E. > 8 A0<0 687=L O2;O5BAO 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88 B0:65 E>@>H59 4CE>2=>9 H:>;>9, 0 <>65B 1KBL 8 A0<>9 ;CGH59. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= C<5BL A?>:>9=> A<>B@5BL 2 ;8F> >?0A=>AB8 8 1KBL 3>B>2K< 157 @>1>AB8 ?@5>4>;520BL 70B@C4=5=8O. 5@54 ;8F>< >?0A=>AB8 >= 4>;65=, =0?@8<5@, >= 4>;65= 2>A?@O=CBL : B0:><C >ICI5=8N: <>9 AB@0E =8 2 :0:>< A<KA;5 =5 ?@8=5A5B <=5 ?>;L7K; C <5=O =5 4>;6=> 1KBL 53> A>2A5<; O 4>;65= 4C<0BL B>;L:> > B><, GB> <=5 =04> A45;0BL.  >= 4>;65= 4>18BLAO, GB>1K 2 B5E A;CG0OE, 2 :>B>@KE >= ?@5645 1K20; 1>O7;82K<, >B=K=5 2AO:>5 "GC2AB2> AB@0E0" 8 "C?04>: 4CE0" - ?> :@09=59 <5@5 2 A0<>< ?>4;8==>< 2=CB@5==5< >ICI5=88 - AB0;8 4;O =53> =52>7<>6=K. !0<>2>A?8B0=85< 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88 G5;>25: @0728205B 2 A515 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==K5 A8;K, =5>1E>48<K5 5<C, 5A;8 >= E>G5B 1KBL ?>A2OI5= 2 2KAH85 B09=K. 0: D878G5A:><C G5;>25:C =C6=0 =5@2=0O A8;0, GB>1K ?>;L7>20BLAO A2>8<8 D878G5A:8<8 GC2AB20<8, B0: 8 4CH52=K9 G5;>25: =C6405BAO 2 B>9 A8;5, :>B>@0O @0728205BAO B>;L:> 2 <C65AB25==KE, 15AAB@0H=KE =0BC@0E. - 1>, ?@>=8:0O : 2KAH8< B09=0<, G5;>25: 2848B 25I8, >AB0NI85AO A:@KBK<8 4;O >1K:=>25==>3> G5;>25:0, 1;03>40@O 8;;N788 2=5H=8E GC2AB2. 5 ?>72>;OO =0< A>75@F0BL 2KAH59 8AB8=K, D878G5A:85 GC2AB20 B5< A0<K< O2;ONBAO 1;03>45B5;O<8 G5;>25:0. ;03>40@O 8< >B =53> A:@KBK 25I8, :>B>@K5, 157 ?>43>B>2:8, ?>25@3;8 1K 53> 2 157<5@=>5 A<CI5=85 8 7@5;8I0 :>B>@KE >= =5 <>3 1K ?5@5=5AB8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= A=0G0;0 4>@0AB8 4> MB>3> 7@5;8I0. = ;8H05BAO 2> 2=5H=5< <8@5 =5:>B>@KE >?>@, :>B>@K<8 >= 1K; >1O70= B><C >1AB>OB5;LAB2C, GB> 1K; ?>3@C65= 2 8;;N78N. -B> ?@>8AE>48B 459AB28B5;L=> 8 2 1C:20;L=>< A<KA;5 A;>20 B0:, :0: 5A;8 1K G5;>25:C C:070;8 =0 >?0A=>ABL, 2 :>B>@>9 >= C65 402=> =0E>48BAO, => B>;L:> =8G53> > =59 =5 7=0;. @5645 C =53> =5 1K;> =8:0:>3> AB@0E0, B5?5@L 65, :>340 >= >1 MB>< C7=0;, 53> >E20BK205B AB@0E, E>BO >?0A=>ABL, 1;03>40@O 53> 7=0=8N, =5 AB0;0 1>;LH5. !8;K <8@0 459AB2CNB 8 @07@CH8B5;L=> 8 A>7840B5;L=>: C45; 2=5H=8E ACI5AB2 - 2>7=8:=>25=85 8 ?@5E>645=85.  45OB5;L=>AB8 MB8E A8;, 2 E>4 MB>9 AC4L1K 4>;65= ?@>=8:0BL 27>@ 2540NI53>. >:@>2, ?@>AB5@BK9 2 >1KG=>9 687=8 ?5@54 4CE>2=K<8 >G0<8, 4>;65= 1KBL C40;5=. > A0< G5;>25: B5A=> ?5@5?;5B5= A MB8<8 A8;0<8 8 A MB>9 AC4L1>9.  53> A>1AB25==>9 ?@8@>45 5ABL @07@CH8B5;L=0O 8 A>7840B5;L=0O A8;K.  :0: ?5@54 27>@>< OA=>284OI53> @0A:@K20NBAO 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 25I8, 2 B0:>9 65 <5@5 157 ?>:@>20 ?@54AB05B A0<>9 A515 8 53> 4CH0. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =5 4>;65= B5@OBL A8; ?5@54 ;8F>< B0:>3> A0<>?>7=0=8O; 0 >= B>;L:> B>340 =5 >ICB8B =54>AB0B:0 2 =8E, 5A;8 ?@8=5A5B A A>1>9 871KB>: A8;. ;O MB>3> >= 4>;65= =0CG8BLAO 2 B@C4=KE >1AB>OB5;LAB20E 687=8 A>E@0=OBL 2=CB@5==55 A?>:>9AB285 8 C25@5==>ABL; >= 4>;65= 2>A?8B0BL 2 A515 :@5?:>5 4>25@85 2 4>1@K5 A8;K 1KB8O. <C =04> 1KBL 3>B>2K< : B><C, GB> <=>385 87 ?>1C645=89, 4> A8E ?>@ @C:>2>482H8E 8<, =5 1C4CB 8< 1>;LH5 @C:>2>48BL. 1> >= ?@8=C645= 1C45B >A>7=0BL, GB> <=>3>5 >= 4> A8E ?>@ 45;0; 8 4C<0; B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 1K; ?>3@C65= 2 =52545=85. >B82K B0:>3> @>40, :0:85 1K;8 C =53> 4> A8E ?>@, B5?5@L 4;O =53> >B?04CB. =>5 >= 45;0; 87 BI5A;028O; B5?5@L >= C2848B, :0: =52K@078<> =8GB>6=> BI5A;0285 4;O 2540NI53>. =>5 >= 45;0; 87 0;G=>AB8; B5?5@L >= C7=05B, :0: @07@CH8B5;L=0 2AO:0O 0;G=>ABL. <C ?@845BAO @0728BL A>2A5< =>2K5 ?>1C645=8O : 459AB28N 8 <KH;5=8N.  4;O MB>3> 8 =5>1E>48<K :0: @07 <C65AB2> 8 15AAB@0H85.  >A>15==>AB8 206=> 2>A?8B0BL MB> <C65AB2> 8 15AAB@0H85 2 A0<>9 2=CB@5==59 3;C18=5 <KA;8B5;L=>9 687=8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= =0CG8BLAO =5 ?040BL 4CE>< ?@8 =5C40G5. = 4>;65= 1KBL 2A5340 3>B>2 : <KA;8: "/ 701C4C, GB> MB0 25IL >?OBL =5 C40;0AL <=5 8 A45;0N =>2CN ?>?KB:C, :0: 5A;8 1K =8G53> =5 A;CG8;>AL". "0: ?@>18205BAO >= : C15645=8N, GB> 8AB>G=8:8 A8; 2 <8@5, 87 :>B>@KE >= <>65B G5@?0BL =58AAO:05<K. = 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 1C45B CAB@5<;OBLAO : 4CE>2=><C, :>B>@>5 ?>4=8<5B 8 ?>=5A5B 53>, :0: 1K G0AB> 53> 75<=0O ?@8@>40 =8 >:07K20;0AL 15AA8;L=>9 8 A;01>9. = 4>;65= 1KBL 3>B>2K< 68BL =02AB@5GC 1C4CI5<C 8 =5 ?>72>;OBL =8:0:><C >?KBC ?@>H;>3> A<CI0BL A51O 2 MB>< AB@5<;5=88. - 2;0452 4> =5:>B>@>9 AB5?5=8 >?8A0==K<8 A2>9AB20<8, G5;>25: 4>AB8305B 7@5;>AB8, GB>1K C7=0BL 8AB8==K5 8<5=0 25I59, :>B>@K5 A;C60B :;NG5< : 2KAH5<C 2545=8N. 1> 2 B>< 8 A>AB>8B ?>A2OI5=85, GB> G5;>25: =0CG05BAO =07K20BL 25I8 <8@0 B5<8 8<5=0<8, :>B>@K5 >=8 8<5NB 2 4CE5 A2>8E 1>65AB25==KE B2>@F>2.  MB8E 8<5=0E 70:;NG0NBAO B09=K 25I59. >MB><C ?>A2OI5==K5 3>2>@OB 8=K< O7K:><, G5< =5?>A2OI5==K5; 81> >=8 =07K20NB =08<5=>20=8O 25I59, ?>A@54AB2>< 25I59, ?>A@54AB2>< :>B>@KE B5 1K;8 A>740=K. -  A;54CNI59 3;025 1C45B A:070=>, =0A:>;L:> 2>7<>6=> > A0<>< ?>A2OI5=88 (8=8F80F88). >A2OI5=85. >A2OI5=85 - 2KAH0O 87 ABC?5=59 ?CB8 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20, >B=>A8B5;L=> :>B>@>9 2 MB>9 :=835 5I5 <>3CB 1KBL 40=K >1I5?>=OB=K5 C:070=8O. !>>1I5=8O >1> 2A5<, GB> ;568B 70 MB>9 ABC?5=LN, C65 A B@C4>< ?>=OB=K. > 8 : =8< =0945B ?CBL :064K9, :B> 1;03>40@O ?>43>B>2;5=8N, ?@>A25B;5=8N 8 ?>A2OI5=8N C65 ?@>=8: 4> B09= 1>;55 =87:>3> ?>@O4:0. =0=8O 8 A?>A>1=>AB8, ?>;CG05<K5 G5;>25:>< ?CB5< ?>A2OI5=8O, >= <>3 1K ?@8>1@5AB8 8 157 =53> - E>BO 8 2 >G5=L >B40;5==>< 1C4CI5<, ?>A;5 <=>38E 2>?;>I5=89, - 84O A>2A5< 4@C38< ?CB5< 8 2 A>2A5< 4@C3>9 D>@<5. >;CG0NI89 =K=5 ?>A2OI5=85 C7=05B =5GB> B0:>5, GB> 8=0G5 >= C7=0; 1K ?>765 8 ?@8 A>2A5< 4@C38E >1AB>OB5;LAB20E. '5;>25: <>65B 459AB28B5;L=> C7=020BL > B09=0E 1KB8O ;8HL A>>B25BAB25==> A2>59 7@5;>AB8. ">;L:> 2 MB>< 8 :>@5=OBAO ?@5?OBAB28O : 4>AB865=8N 2KAH8E ABC?5=59 2545=8O 8 <>3CI5AB20. '5;>25:C =5 A;54C5B C?>B@51;OBL >3=5AB@5;L=>3> >@C68O, ?>:0 >= =5 ?@8>1@5B5B 4>AB0B>G=>3> >?KB0, GB>1K =5 ?@8G8=8BL 2@540 53> C?>B@51;5=85<. - A;8 1K :B>-=81C4L A@07C ?>;CG8; ?>A2OI5=85, >= ;8H8;AO 1K B>3> >?KB0, :>B>@K9 5<C ?@54AB>8B ?@8>1@5AB8 2 B5G5=85 1C4CI8E 2>?;>I5=89, ?@5645 G5< 2 =>@<0;L=>< E>45 @0728B8O 5<C A<>3CB >B:@KBLAO A>>B25BAB2CNI85 B09=K. A;54AB285 MB>3> 2 ?@54425@88 ?>A2OI5=8O MB8 >?KBK 4>;6=K 1KBL 70<5=5=K G5<-;81> 4@C38<. 5@2K5 =0AB02;5=8O 8ICI5<C ?>A2OI5=8O 8 A>AB>OB ?>MB><C 2 70<5=5 53> 1C4CI8E >?KB>2. -B> - B0: =07K205<K5 "8A?KB0=8O", :>B>@K5 =04;568B ?@>9B8 8 :>B>@K5 =0ABC?0NB :0: ?@02><5@=K5 ?>A;54AB28O 4CH52=>9 687=8, 5A;8 ?@028;L=> ?@>4>;60BL C?@06=5=8O, ?>4>1=K5 >?8A0==K< 2 ?@54K4CI8E 3;020E. 1 MB8E 8A?KB0=8OE =5@54:> 3>2>@8BLAO 8 2 :=830E. >, 5AB5AB25==>, GB> ?@8 B0:>< >1AC645=88 2 >1I5< 4>;6=K 2>7=8:0BL A>25@H5==> >H81>G=K5 ?@54AB02;5=8O >1 8E ?@8@>45. 1> :B> A0< =5 ?@>H5; G5@57 ?>43>B>2;5=85 8 ?@>A25B;5=85, B>B =8:>340 =5 <>65B =8G53> C7=0BL >B=>A8B5;L=> MB8E 8A?KB0=89. = =5 <>65B 8 >?8A0BL 8E A> 7=0=85< 45;0. >A2OI05<><C 4>;6=K >B:@K20BLAO =5:>B>@K5 25I8 8 D0:BK, ?@8=04;560I85 : 2KAH8< <8@0<. > >= <>65B 8E 2845BL 8 A;KH0BL B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 >= A?>A>15= >ICI0BL 4CE>2=K5 2>A?@8OB8O :0: >1@07K, :@0A:8, 72C:8 8 B.4., > :>B>@KE C?><8=0;>AL ?@8 >?8A0=88 "?>43>B>2;5=8O" 8 "?@>A25B;5=8O". 5@2>5 "8A?KB0=85" A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> CG5=8: 4>AB8305B 1>;55 8AB8==>3> A>75@F0=8O B5;5A=KE A2>9AB2 157687=5==KE B5;, 0 70B5< - @0AB5=89, 682>B=KE 8 G5;>25:0, G5< :0:8< >1;0405B A@54=89 G5;>25:. > ?>4 MB8< ?>=8<05BAO =5 B>, GB> =07K20NB =K=5 =0CG=K< ?>7=0=85<. 1> 745AL 45;> 845B =5 > =0C:5, 0 > A>75@F0=88. - 1KG=> MB> ?@>8AE>48B B0:, GB> ?>A2OI05<K9 =0CG05BAO ?>7=020BL, :0:8< >1@07>< ?@8@>4=K5 25I8 8 682K5 ACI5AB20 2>725I0NB > A515 4CE>2=><C A;CEC 8 7@5=8N.  8725AB=>< A<KA;5 >=8 ?@54AB>OB B>340 A>75@F0B5;N 157 ?>:@>20 - >1=065==K<8. ;O GC2AB25==>3> 3;070 8 GC2AB25==>3> CE0 >AB0NBAO A:@KBK<8 B5 A2>9AB20, :>B>@K5 >= B>340 A;KH8B 8 2848B. ;O GC2AB25==>3> A>75@F0=8O >=8 :0: 1K >45BK ?>:@>2><. ;O ?>A2OI05<>3> MB>B ?>:@>2 A?0405B; 8 MB> >A=>2K205BAO =0 ?@>F5AA5, :>B>@K9 =07K205BAO "?@>F5AA>< 4CE>2=>3> A3>@0=8O". BAN40 8 MB> ?5@2>5 8A?KB0=85 =>A8B =08<5=>20=85 "8A?KB0=85 >3=5<". ;O =5:>B>@KE ;N459 C65 A0<0 >1K:=>25==0O 687=L O2;O5BAO 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 15AA>7=0B5;L=K< ?@>F5AA>< ?>A2OI5=8O G5@57 8A?KB0=85 >3=5<. -B> B5, :>B>@K5 ?@>E>4OB G5@57 1>30BK9 >?KB, 2K7K20NI89 2 =8E 74>@>2K9 @>AB 4>25@8O : A0<8< A515, <C65AB20 8 AB>9:>AB8, B0: GB> >=8 =0CG0NBAO A 4CH52=K< 25;8G85< 8, >A>15==> A> A?>:>9AB285< 8 =5?@5>4>;8<>9 A8;>9 ?5@5=>A8BL AB@040=8O, @07>G0@>20=8O 8 =5C40G8 2 A2>8E ?@54?@8OB8OE. B> ?@>H5; G5@57 B0:>3> @>40 >?KB, B>B =5@54:> A0< B>3> >BG5B;82> =5 A>7=020O, 1K205B C65 ?>A2OI5==K<; 8 B>340 =54>AB05B ;8HL =5<=>3>3>, GB>1K >B:@KBL 5<C 53> 4CE>2=K5 CH8 8 >G8, B0: GB>1K >= AB0; OA=>284OI8<. 1> =04> B25@4> 70?><=8BL, GB> ?@8 8AB8==>< "8A?KB0=88 >3=5<" 45;> 845B 2>2A5 =5 > B><, GB>1K C4>2;5B2>@8BL ;N1>?KBAB2> ?>A2OI05<>3>. @0240, >= C7=05B =5>1KG09=K5 D0:BK, > :>B>@KE 4@C385 ;N48 =5 8<5NB =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O. 4=0:> MB> ?>7=0=85 O2;O5BAO =5 F5;LN, 0 ;8HL A@54AB2>< : 4>AB865=8N F5;8. &5;L 65 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB>1K G5@57 ?>7=0=85 2KAH8E <8@>2 ?>A2OI05<K9 ?@8>1@5; 1>;LH55 8 1>;55 8AB8==>5 4>25@85 : A515, 1>;55 2KA>:>5 <C65AB2> 8 A>2A5< 8=>5 4CH52=>5 25;8G85 8 2K45@6:C, G5< :0:85 4>AB830NBAO >1K:=>25==> 2 =86=5< <8@5. >A;5 "8A?KB0=8O >3=5<" :064K9 ?>A2OI05<K9 <>65B 5I5 25@=CBLAO =0704. = <>65B B>340 ?@>4>;60BL A2>N 687=L, C:@5?;5==>9 D878G5A:8 8 4CH52=>, 8 ;8HL 2 A;54CNI5< 2>?;>I5=88 A45;0BL 40;L=59H85 H038 =0 ?CB8 ?>A2OI5=8O.  2 =0AB>OI59 A2>59 687=8 >= 45;05BAO 1>;55 ?>;57=K< G;5=>< G5;>25G5A:>3> >1I5AB20, G5< >= 1K; ?@5645.  :0:>< 1K ?>;>65=88 >= =8 =0E>48;AO, 53> B25@4>ABL 8 >A<>B@8B5;L=>ABL, 53> 1;03>B2>@=>5 2;8O=85 =0 1;86=8E 8 53> @5H8B5;L=>ABL >:06CBAO 2>7@>AH8<8. A;8 65 2K45@602 8A?KB0=85 >3=5<, ?>A2OI05<K9 70E>G5B ?@>4>;60BL ?CBL 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20, B> B5?5@L 5<C >B:@K205BAO >?@545;5==0O A8AB5<0 ?8AL<5=, C?>B@51;O5<0O ?@8 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88. >A@54AB2>< MB8E ?8AL<5= 8 @0A:@K20NBAO ?>4;8==K5 B09=>254G5A:85 CG5=8O. 1> 459AB28B5;L=>5 "A>:@>25==>5" (>::C;LB=>5) 2 25I0E =5 <>65B 1KBL =8 =5?>A@54AB25==> 2KA:070=> A;>20<8 >1K:=>25==>3> O7K:0, =8 =0G5@B0=> A8AB5<0<8 ?8AL<5=. >;CG82H85 7=0=8O >B ?>A2OI5==KE ?5@52>4OB B09=>254G5A:85 CG5=8O =0 >1K:=>25==K9 O7K:, =0A:>;L:> MB> 1K205B 2>7<>6=>. ::C;LB=K5 ?8AL<5=0 @0A:@K20NBAO 2 4CH5, :>340 >=0 4>AB83;0 A?>A>1=>AB8 4CE>2=>3> 2>A?@8OB8O. 1> MB8 ?8AL<5=0 2A5340 1K20NB =0G5@B0=K 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5. < =5;L7O =0CG8BLAO, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: CG0BAO G8B0BL 8A:CAAB25==K5 ?8AL<5=0. '5;>25: A0< 70:>=><5@=> 2K@0AB05B =02AB@5GC OA=>284G5A:><C ?>7=0=8N 8 2> 2@5<O MB>3> @>AB0 @0728205BAO :0: >A>10O 4CH52=0O A?>A>1=>ABL B0 A8;0, :>B>@0O GC2AB2C5B ?>1C645=85 ?@>G8BK20BL, :0: =0G5@B0==K5 ?8AL<5=0, >1ABC?0NI85 55 A>1KB8O 8 ACI5AB20 4CE>2=>3> <8@0. K205B B0:, GB> MB0 A8;0, 0 2<5AB5 A =59 8 ?5@56820=8O A>>B25BAB25==>3> "8A?KB0=8O" ?> <5@5 @0728B8O 4CH8 ?@>1C640NBAO :0: 1K A0<8 A>1>9. 4=0:> 25@=55 4>AB830NB F5;8, A;54CO C:070=8O< A254CI8E 4CE>2=KE 8AA;54>20B5;59, 8<5NI8E >?KB 2 GB5=88 >::C;LB=KE ?8AL<5=. /7K:8 B09=>3> ?8AL<0 =5 2K<KH;5=K ?@>872>;L=>, => A>>B25BAB2CNB A8;0<, 459AB2CNI8< 2 <8@5. >A@54AB2>< MB8E 7=0:>2 =0CG0NBAO O7K:C 25I59. >A2OI5==><C 2A:>@5 >B:@K205BAO, GB> C7=0205<K5 8< 7=0:8 A>>B25BAB2CNB >1@070<, F25B0<, 72C:0< 8 B.4., :>B>@K5 >= =0CG8;AO 2>A?@8=8<0BL 2> 2@5<O ?>43>B>2;5=8O 8 ?@>A25B;5=8O. <C >B:@K205BAO, GB> 2A5 ?@54H5AB2CNI55 1K;> :0: 1K 87CG5=85< 071C:8. ">;L:> B5?5@L =0G8=05B >= G8B0BL 2 2KAH5< <8@5. A5, GB> ?@5645 1K;> B>;L:> >B45;L=K< >1@07><, 72C:><, F25B><, O2;O5BAO 5<C B5?5@L 2 25;8:>9 2708<=>9 A2O78. ">;L:> B5?5@L ?>;CG05B >= =0AB>OICN C25@5==>ABL 2 =01;N45=88 2KAH8E <8@>2. @5645 >= =8:>340 =5 <>3 7=0BL 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==>, 25@=> ;8 >= 2845; B>, GB> 2845;.  B>;L:> B5?5@L AB0=>28BAO 2>7<>6=K< ?@028;L=>5 2708<=>5 ?>=8<0=85 <564C :0=4840B>< 2 ?>A2OI5==K5 8 ?>A2OI5==K< 2 >1;0AB8 2KAH53> 2545=8O. 1> :0: 1K =8 A;>68;0AL A>2<5AB=0O 687=L ?>A2OI5==>3> A 4@C38< G5;>25:>< 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8, ?>A2OI5==K9 <>65B =5?>A@54AB25==K< >1@07>< ?5@540BL GB>-;81> 87 2KAH53> 7=0=8O B>;L:> =0 C?><O=CB>< O7K:5 7=0:>2. >A@54AB2>< B>3> 65 O7K:0 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 7=0:><8BAO 8 A =5:>B>@K<8 ?@028;0<8 ?>2545=8O 2 687=8. = C7=05B =5:>B>@K5 >1O70==>AB8, > :>B>@KE ?@5645 =8G53> =5 7=0;.  C7=02 MB8 ?@028;0 ?>2545=8O, >= <>65B A>25@H0BL 25I8, 8<5NI85 B0:>5 7=0G5=85, :0:>3> =8:>340 =5 <>3CB 8<5BL ?>ABC?:8 =5?>A2OI5==>3>. = 459AB2C5B 87 2KAH8E <8@>2. 0AB02;5=8O : ?>4>1=K< 459AB28O< <>3CB 1KBL ?>=OBK B>;L:> =0 C:070==>< O7K:5 ?8AL<5=. 4=0:> =C6=> >B<5B8BL, GB> 1K20NB ;N48, <>3CI85 2K?>;=8BL ?>4>1=K5 459AB28O 15AA>7=0B5;L=>, =5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> >=8 =5 ?@>H;8 G5@57 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2>. "0:85 "?><>I=8:8 <8@0 8 G5;>25G5AB20" ?@>E>4OB G5@57 687=L, ?@8=>AO 1;03>A;>25=8O 8 1;03>45O=8O. > ?@8G8=0<, :>B>@KE 745AL =570G5< :0A0BLAO ?>4@>1=55, 8< 1K;8 A>>1I5=K 40@K, :>B>@K5 :06CBAO A25@EJ5AB5AB25==K<8. =8 >B;8G0NBAO >B 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 548=AB25==> B5<, GB> ?>A;54=89 459AB2C5B A A>7=0=85<, A ?>;=K< @07C<5=85< >1I59 A2O78 O2;5=89. ;03>40@O ?@>945==>9 8< H:>;5, >= 4>AB8305B B>3> 65, GB> 1K;> 40@>20=> ?5@2K< 2KAH8<8 A8;0<8 =0 1;03> <8@0. ;03>40B=> >40@5==K5 70A;C6820NB 8A:@5==53> ?>G8B0=8O; => >BAN40 =5 A;54C5B, GB> =04> AG8B0BL 87;8H=8<8 B@C4K CG5=8G5AB20. >340 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 87CG8; 7=0:8 C?><O=CB>3> ?8AL<0, 4;O =53> =0G8=05BAO 40;L=59H55 "8A?KB0=85". &5;L 53> - 2KOA=8BL, A?>A>15= ;8 >= A2>1>4=> 8 C25@5==> 42830BLAO 2 2KAH5< <8@5.  >1K:=>25==>9 687=8 G5;>25: ?@>1C6405BAO : A2>8< 459AB28O< 2=5H=8<8 <>B820<8. = 45;05B B> 8;8 8=>5, ?>B><C GB> >1AB>OB5;LAB20 2>7;030NB =0 =53> B5 8;8 8=K5 >1O70==>AB8. - 7;8H=5 C?><8=0BL, GB> 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =5 2?@025 ?@5=51@530BL =8 >4=>9 87 A2>8E >1O70==>AB59 2 >1KG=>9 687=8 87-70 B>3>, GB> >= 6825B 2 2KAH8E <8@0E. 8:0:0O >1O70==>ABL 2 2KAH5< <8@5 =5 <>65B 70AB028BL G5;>25:0 ?@5=51@5GL :0:>9 1K B> =8 1K;> 87 53> >1O70==>AB59 2 >1K:=>25==>< <8@5. B5F A5<59AB20 >AB05BAO B0:8< 65 E>@>H8< >BF>< A5<59AB20, <0BL B0:>9 65 E>@>H59 <0B5@LN, G8=>2=8: =5 >B2;5:05BAO >B A2>59 A;C61K, B0: 65 :0: 8 A>;40B 8;8 2AO:>5 4@C3>5 ;8F>, :>340 >=8 AB0=>2OBAO 4CE>2=K<8 CG5=8:0<8. 0?@>B82, 2A5 A2>9AB20, 45;0NI85 G5;>25:0 45;L=K< @01>B=8:>< 2 687=8 C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 2>7@0AB0NB 2 B0:>9 <5@5, > :>B>@>9 =5?>A2OI5==K9 =5 <>65B A>AB028BL A515 =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O.  5A;8 =5?>A2OI5==><C ?>@>N - =5 2A5340 8 4065 @54:> - <>65B ?>:070BLAO, GB> MB> =5 B0:, B> MB> ?@>8AE>48B B>;L:> >B B>3>, GB> >= =5 2A5340 1K205B 2 A>AB>O=88 ?@028;L=> AC48BL > ?>A2OI5==><. >ABC?:8 ?>A;54=53> G0AB> 1K20NB =5 A@07C ?>=OBK<8 4;O 4@C3>3>. > 8 MB>, :0: A:070=>, 70<5G05BAO B>;L:> 2 >A>1KE A;CG0OE. ;O 4>AB83H53> =0720==>9 ABC?5=8 ?>A2OI5=8O ACI5AB2CNB B5?5@L >1O70==>AB8, 4;O :>B>@KE =5 1K205B =8:0:>3> 2=5H=53> ?>2>40. 3> ?>1C640NB : =8< =5 2=5H=85 >B=>H5=8O, 0 B>;L:> B5 ?@028;0, :>B>@K5 >B:@K20NBAO 5<C =0 "A>:@>25==><" O7K:5.  2B>@>5 8A?KB0=85 4>;6=> ?>:070BL, GB> @C:>2>4AB2COAL ?>4>1=K< ?@028;><, >= 459AB2C5B B0: 65 C25@5==> 8 B25@4>, :0:, =0?@8<5@, G8=>2=8:, :>340 >= 8A?>;=O5B A2>8 A;C651=K5 >1O70==>AB8. - ;O MB>9 F5;8 4CE>2=K< >1CG5=85< AB028BAO ?>A2OI05<><C >?@545;5==0O 7040G0. = 4>;65= A>25@H8BL :0:>5-=81C4L 459AB285, >?8@0OAL =0 2>A?@8OB8O, ?>;CG05<K5 8< =0 >A=>20=88 7=0=89, ?@8>1@5B5==KE =0 ABC?5=8 ?>43>B>2;5=8O 8 ?@>A25B;5=8O.  MB> 459AB285, :>B>@>5 5<C =04> 2K?>;=8BL, >= 4>;65= C7=0BL ?>A@54AB2>< C?><O=CB>3>, CA2>5==>3> 8< A515 ?8AL<0. A;8 >= C7=05B A2>N >1O70==>ABL 8 ?>ABC?8B ?@028;L=>, B>340 >= 2K45@60; 8A?KB0=85. #40G=K9 8AE>4 C7=05BAO ?> ?5@5<5=5, :>B>@0O ?@>8AE>48B 1;03>40@O MB><C 459AB28N 2 >ICI05<KE :0: >1@07K, :@0A:8 8 72C:8 2>A?@8OB8OE 4CE>2=>3> A;CE0 8 7@5=8O.  =0AB02;5=8OE 4CE>2=KE CG8B5;59 1K205B A>25@H5==> B>G=> C:070=>, :0: 4>;6=K 2K3;O45BL MB8 >@30=K 8 B.4., ?>A;5 A>25@H5=8O ?>ABC?:0.  ?>A2OI05<K9 4>;65= 7=0BL, :0: >= <>65B 2K720BL MBC ?5@5<5=C. -B> 8A?KB0=85 =07K205BAO "8A?KB0=85< 2>4>9" ?@8 45OB5;L=>AB8 2 MB8E 2KAH8E >1;0ABOE G5;>25: =5 ?>;CG05B >?>@K 2> 2=5H=8E >1AB>OB5;LAB20E, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: C ?;>2F0 =5 1K205B >?>@K ?@8 42865=88 2 2>45, 4=0 :>B>@>9 >= =5 4>AB05B. - -B>B ?@>F5AA 4>;65= 1KBL ?>2B>@O5< 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 8A?KBC5<K9 =5 ?@8>1@5B5B ?>;=>9 C25@5==>AB8. @8 MB>< 8A?KB0=88 45;> >?OBL 845B > ?@8>1@5B5=88 >4=>3> >?@545;5==>3> :0G5AB20; 1;03>40@O >?KB0< 2 2KAH5< <8@5, G5;>25: 2 :>@>B:>5 2@5<O @0728205B 2 A515 MB> :0G5AB2> 2 B0:>9 2KA>:>9 AB5?5=8, GB> ?@8 >1K:=>25==>< E>45 @0728B8O 5<C ?>=04>18;>AL 1K 4;O MB>3> ?@>9B8 G5@57 <=>3> 2>?;>I5=89. !CBL 45;0 70:;NG05BAO 2 A;54CNI5<. ;O B>3>, GB>1K ?@>8725AB8 C:070==CN ?5@5<5=C 2 2KAH59 >1;0AB8 1KB8O, ?>A2OI05<K9 <>65B >?8@0BLAO B>;L:> =0 B>, GB> >B:@K205BAO 5<C =0 >A=>20=88 53> 2KAH53> 2>A?@8OB8O 8 2 @57C;LB0B5 GB5=8O A>:@>25==>3> ?8AL<0. A;8 1K ?@8 A>25@H5=88 A2>53> ?>ABC?:0, >= ?@8<5H0; 1K : =5<C GB>-;81>, ?@8B5:0NI55 8E A2>8E 65;0=89, <=5=89 8 B.4., 5A;8 1K >= B>;L:> =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 ?>A;54>20; =5 70:>=0<, :>B>@K5 >= ?@87=0; 70 25@=K5, 0 A>1AB25==><C ?@>872>;C, - B>340 ?@>87>H;> 1K =5GB> A>2A5< 4@C3>5, G5< B>, GB> 4>;6=> ?@>87>9B8.  MB>< A;CG05 8A?KBC5<K9 B>BG0A ?>B5@O; 1K =0?@02;5=85, 254CI55 : F5;8 53> ?>ABC?:0, 8 =0ABC?8;> 1K 70<5H0B5;LAB2>. - >MB><C G5;>25: 8<55B 1;03>40@O MB><C 8A?KB0=8N 1>30BCN 2>7<>6=>ABL 2K@01>B0BL 2 A515 A0<>>1;040=85.  >=> 8<5==> 8 =C6=>. - BAN40 MB> 8A?KB0=85 >?OBL-B0:8 ;53G5 <>65B 1KBL 2K45@60=> B5<, :B> ?5@54 ?>A2OI5=85< ?@>H5; G5@57 687=L, 4>AB0282HCN 5<C 2>7<>6=>ABL ?@8>1@5AB8 A0<>>1;040=85. B> ?@8>1@5; A?>A>1=>ABL A;54>20BL 2KA>:8< ?@028;0< 8 8450;0<, ?>4G8=OO 8< ;8G=K5 ?@8E>B8 8 ?@>872>;, :B> A?>A>15= =587<5==> 8A?>;=OBL A2>9 4>;3 4065 8 B0<, 345 ;N1K5 A:;>==>AB8 8 A8<?0B88 3>B>2K >B:;>=8BL 53> >B 8A?>;=5=8O 4>;30, B>B C65 A@548 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8 15AA>7=0B5;L=> 1K205B ?>A2OI5==K<.  5<C 1C45B =54>AB020BL ;8HL =5<=>3>3>, GB>1K 2K45@60BL >?8A0==>5 8A?KB0=85. >6=> 4065 A:070BL, GB> 8725AB=0O, 4>AB83=CB0O C65 2 687=8 AB5?5=L ?>A2OI5=8O 2>>1I5 1K205B =5>1E>48<0, GB>1K 2K45@60BL 2 MB>< 8A?KB0=88. 1> :0: ;N4O<, =5 =0CG82H8<AO ?@028;L=> ?8A0BL 2 N=>AB8, G0AB> 1K205B B@C4=> =03=0BL MB> ?>B><, :>340 >=8 C65 4>AB83;8 7@5;>3> 2>7@0AB0, B0: 65 B@C4=> 1K;> 1K @0728BL =5>1E>48<>5 A0<>>1;040=85 ?5@54 @0A:@K2H8<8AO 4;O 27>@0 2KAH8<8 <8@0<8, 5A;8 G5;>25: =5 CA2>8; 53> A515 4> 8725AB=>9 AB5?5=8 5I5 ?@5645, 2 >1K45==>9 687=8. 5I8 D878G5A:>3> <8@0 =5 <5=ONBAO 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B =0H8E 65;0=89, E>B5=89 8;8 A:;>==>AB59. > 2 2KAH8E <8@0E =0H8 65;0=8O, E>B5=8O 8;8 A:;>==>AB8 459AB2CNB =0 25I8. 5;0O >BBC40 A>>B25BAB25==K< >1@07>< 459AB2>20BL =0 =8E <K 4>;6=K 2A5F5;> 2;045BL A0<8<8 A>1>N, @C:>2>4AB2COAL B>;L:> 25@=K<8 ?@028;0<8 8 =5 ?>4G8=OOAL =8:0:><C ?@>872>;C. 0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 ?>A2OI5=8O >A>15==> 206=> 4;O G5;>25:0 >1;040BL >4=8< :0G5AB2><: 157CA;>2=> 74>@>2>9 8 C25@5==>9 A?>A>1=>ABLN AC645=8O. 0 @0728B85 55 4>;6=> 1KBL >1@0I5=> 2=8<0=85 C65 =0 2A5E 1>;55 @0==8E ABC?5=OE; =0 MB>9 65 ABC?5=8 4>;6=> 2KOA=8BLAO, 2;0455B ;8 8A?KBC5<K9 5N =0AB>;L:>, GB>1K 1KBL ?@83>4=K< 4;O 8AB8==>3> ?CB8 ?>7=0=8O. = <>65B 84B8 40;LH5 B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 >= C<55B @07;8G0BL 8;;N788, ?CABK5 >1@07K D0=B0788, AC525@8O 8 2AOG5A:85 ?@87@0:8 >B 8AB8==>9 459AB28B5;L=>AB8.  =0 2KAH8E ABC?5=OE 1KB8O MB> 1K205B A=0G0;0 B@C4=55, G5< =0 =87H8E. 45AL 4>;6=K 8AG57=CBL 2A5 ?@54@0AAC4:8, 2A5 87;N1;5==K5 <=5=8O >B=>A8B5;L=> 25I59, A :>B>@K<8 8<55HL 45;> 8 >4=0 B>;L:> 8AB8=0 4>;6=0 A;C68BL ?CB52>4=>9 =8BLN. 5>1E>48<>, GB>1K 2A5340 1K;0 ?>;=0O 3>B>2=>ABL B>BG0A 65 ?>:8=CBL ;N1CN <KA;L, 273;O4 8;8 =0:;>==>ABL, 5A;8 MB>3> ?>B@51C5B ;>38G5A:>5 <KH;5=85.  2KAH8E <8@0E 4>AB>25@=>ABL <>65B 1KBL 4>AB83=CB0 B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 G5;>25: =8:>340 =5 I048B A>1AB25==>3> <=5=8O. N48 A >1@07>< <KH;5=8O, A:;>==K< : D0=B0AB8:5 8 AC525@8N, =5 <>3CB A45;0BL CA?5E>2 =0 >::C;LB=>< ?CB8. 1> >::C;LB=><C CG5=8:C ?@54AB>8B 4>18BLAO 4@03>F5==>3> 1;030. ;O =53> 8AG57=CB 2A5 A><=5=8O 2 2KAH8E <8@0E. =8 @0A:@>NBAO ?5@54 53> 27>@0<8 2 A2>8E 70:>=0E. > >= =5 <>65B 4>18BLAO MB>3> 1;030 ?>:0 ?>72>;O5B ?@87@0:0< 8 8;;N78O< 22>48BL A51O 2 >1<0=. ;>E> 1K;> 1K 4;O =53>, 5A;8 1K 2<5AB5 A @0AAC4:>< ?@>=8:;8 2 4CE>2=K9 <8@ 8 53> D0=B0788 8 ?@54@0AAC4:8. 5GB0B5;8 8 D0=B075@K B0: 65 =5?@83>4=K 4;O >::C;LB=>3> ?CB8 :0: 8 AC525@=K5 ;N48. 5>1E>48<> A0<K< =0AB>9G82>< >1@07>< ?>4G5@:=CBL 2A5 MB>. 1> 2 <5GB0B5;L=>AB8, D0=B0AB8:5 8 AC525@88 B0OBAO 7;59H85 2@038 =0 ?CB8 : ?>7=0=8O< 2 2KAH8E <8@0E. > =5 =04> 4C<0BL, GB> 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:>< CB@0G8205BAO B0:65 8 ?>M78O 687=8 8 A?>A>1=>ABL : 2>>4CH52;5=8N B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> =04 2@0B0<8, 254CI8<8 :> 2B>@><C ?>A2OB8B5;L=><C 8A?KB0=8N =0G5@B0=K A;>20: "B B51O 4>;6=K >B?0ABL 2A5 ?@54@0AAC4:8" 8 GB> =04 425@LN : ?5@2><C 8A?KB0=8N C65 4>25;>AL ?@>G5ABL: "57 74@02>3> G5;>25G5A:>3> @0AAC4:0 2A5 B2>8 H038 =0?@0A=K". A;8 8A?KBC5<K9 4>AB0B>G=> ?>428=CB 2 MB>< A<KA;5, B>340 53> 645B B@5BL5 "8A?KB0=85". > 745AL 5<C =5 AB028BAO =8:0:>9 F5;8. A5 ?@54>AB02;5=> 5<C A0<><C. = =0E>48BAO 2 ?>;>65=88, :>340 =8:B> =5 ?>1C6405B 53> : 459AB28N. = 4>;65= A>25@H5==> >48=, 87 A0<>3> A51O =09B8 A2>9 ?CBL. 5B =8 25I59, =8 ;N459, :>B>@K5 1K 53> : G5<C-;81> ?>1C640;8. 8GB> 8 =8:B>, :@><5 53> A0<>3> =5 <>65B 5<C 40BL B5?5@L B>9 A8;K, 2 :>B>@>9 >= =C6405BAO. A;8 1K >= =5 =0H5; 2 A515 A0<>< MB>9 A8;K, >= >G5=L A:>@> >GCB8;AO 1K >?OBL =0 B>< 65 <5AB5, 345 >= AB>O; ?5@54 B5<. C6=> >4=0:> 70<5B8BL, GB> ;8HL =5<=>385 87 2K45@602H8E ?5@2K5 8A?KB0=8O =5 =094CB 745AL 2 A515 MB>9 A8;K. 1KG=> >BAB0NB C65 @0=LH5 8;8 2K45@6820NB 8 MB>. A5, GB> 4;O MB>3> =04>, 70:;NG05BAO 2 C<5=88 1KAB@> A?@02;OBLAO A A0<8< A>1>9. 1> 745AL =04;568B =09B8 A2>5 "2KAH55 /", 2 8AB8==>< A<KA;5 A;>20. 45AL =5B C65 2@5<5=8 4;O :0:8E-;81> @07<KH;5=89, A><=5=89 8 B.4.. 0640O <8=CB0 :>;510=8O 4>:070;0 1K B>;L:>, GB> G5;>25: 5I5 =54>AB0B>G=> 7@5;. 04> A<5;> ?>1548BL 2A5, GB> <5H05B 2=8<0BL 4CEC. 5>1E>48<> ?@>O28BL 2 MB>< ?>;>65=88 ?@8ACBAB285 4CE0. -B> 8 5ABL B> :0G5AB2>, A>25@H5==>5 @0728B85 :>B>@>3> O2;O5BAO =5>1E>48<K< CA;>285< =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O. A5 ?@87=0:8 : 459AB28N 8;8 4065 : <KH;5=8N, : :>B>@K< G5;>25: ?@82K: ?@5645, 745AL ?@5:@0I0NBAO. 'B>1K =5 >AB0BLAO 2 157459AB288, G5;>25: 4>;65= =5 B5@OBL A0<>3> A51O. 1> B>;L:> 2 A0<>< A515 >= <>65B =09B8 548=AB25==CN B>G:C >?>@K, 70 :>B>@CN >= <>65B 45@60BLAO. '8B0O 745AL >1 MB>< 8 =5 1C4CG8 1>;55 1;87:> 7=0:><K< A MB8<8 25I0<8, =5 A;54C5B >ICI0BL 0=B8?0B88 : MB>9 ?@54>AB02;5==>AB8 A0<><C A515. 1> 5A;8 G5;>25: 2K45@68B >?8A0==>5 8A?KB0=85, B> MB> 1K205B 4;O =53> 25;8G09H8< 1;065=AB2><. B=>A8B5;L=> MB>3> <><5=B0 >1K:=>25==0O 687=L O2;O5BAO 4;O <=>38E =5 <5=LH5, G5< 8 2 4@C38E A;CG0OE, >::C;LB=>9 H:>;>9. >4>1=K< CG5=8G5AB2>< O2;O5BAO 687=L 4;O B5E, :B> C65 4>AB83 A?>A>1=>AB8 157 :>;510=89 8 157 4>;38E @07<KH;5=89 1KAB@> ?@8=8<0BL @5H5=85, :>340 687=L 2=570?=> AB028B ?5@54 =8< :0:CN-=81C4L 7040GC. 081>;55 ?>4E>4OI8<8 2 MB>< A<KA;5 687=5==K<8 ?>;>65=8O<8 O2;ONBAO B5, :>340 C40G=>5 2K?>;=5=85 :0:>3>-=81C4L 459AB28O B>BG0A 65 AB0=>28BAO =52>7<>6=K<, 5A;8 G5;>25: =5 A>25@H8B 53> =5<54;5==>. B> 3>B>2 : =5<54;5==><C 459AB28N 2 284C 3@>7OI53> =5AG0ABLO, <564C B5< :0: =5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 :>;510=8O 40;8 1K C65 @07@078BLAO =5AG0ABLN 8 :B> ?@52@0B8; MBC 1KAB@CN @5H8<>ABL 2 A2>5 ?>AB>O==>5 :0G5AB2>, B>B 15AA>7=0B5;L=> A>7@5; 4;O B@5BL53> "8A?KB0=8O". 1> 745AL 45;> 845B > @0728B88 157CA;>2=>3> ?@8ACBAB28O 4CE0. -  >::C;LB=KE H:>;0E MB> 8A?KB0=85 =>A8B =0720=85 "8A?KB0=8O 2>74CE><", 81> ?@8 =5< 8A?KBC5<K9 =5 <>65B >?8@0BLAO =8 =0 B25@4CN ?>G2C 2=5H=8E ?>2>4>2, =8 =0 ?@8>1@5B5==>5 8< 2> 2@5<O ?>43>B>2;5=8O 8 ?@>A25B;5=8O 7=0:><AB2> A B5<, GB> >B:@K205BAO 87 :@0A>:, D>@< 8 B.4., => >?8@05BAO 8A:;NG8B5;L=> =0 A0<>3> A51O. K45@602 MB> 8A?KB0=85, 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: <>65B B>340 2ABC?8BL 2 "E@0< 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89". - A5, GB> <>65B 1KBL A:070=> >1 MB>< 40;55, >3@0=8G8205BAO ;8HL A0<K<8 A:C4=K<8 =0<5:0<8. -  B><, GB> B5?5@L =04;568B A>25@H8BL 2K@0605BAO =5@54:> B0:8< >1@07><: 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= ?@8=5AB8 ":;OB2C" =8G53> =5 ?@54020BL 87 A>:@>25==KE CG5=89. > 2K@065=8O ":;OB20" 8 "?@54020BL" A>25@H5==> =5 >B25G0NB ACB8 45;0 8 <>3CB 4065 ?5@2>=0G0;L=> 225AB8 2 701;C645=85. 5;> 845B 2>2A5 =5 > ":;OB25" 2 >1K:=>25==>< A<KA;5 A;>20. !:>@55 <>6=> A:070BL, GB> =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O CG5=8: ?@8>1@5B05B =5:>B>@K9 >?KB. = C7=05B :0: =04> ?@8<5=OBL A>:@>25==>5 7=0=85, :0: C?>B@51;OBL 53> =0 A;C61C G5;>25G5AB2C. = 2?5@2K5 =0G8=05B =0AB>OI8< >1@07>< ?>=8<0BL <8@. 5;> 2>2A5 =5 2 "C<>;G0=88" > 2KAH8E 8AB8=0E, 0 A:>@55 2 ?@028;L=>< A?>A>15 ?@8<5=OBL 8E, 2 =04;560I5< B0:B5. ">, > G5< =0CG0NBAO "<>;G0BL" MB> =5GB> A>2A5< 8=>5. #G5=8: 4>;65= CA2>8BL A515 MB> ?@5:@0A=>5 :0G5AB2> >B=>A8B5;L=> <=>3>3>, > G5< >= ?@5645 3>2>@8;, >A>15==> 65 >B=>A8B5;L=> B>3>, :0: >= 3>2>@8;. ;>E 1K; 1K B>B ?>A2OI5==K9, :>B>@K9 =5 ?>AB028; 1K =0 A;C65=85 <8@C ?>7=0==KE 8< B09= 2 B>9 D>@<5 8 <5@5, 2 :0:>9 MB> 2>7<>6=>.  MB>9 >1;0AB8 =5 ACI5AB2C5B 4@C3>3> ?@5?OBAB28O 4;O A>>1I5=8O ?>7=0=89, :@><5 =5?>=8<0=8O A> AB>@>=K 2>A?@8=8<0NI8E. KAH85 B09=K, :>=5G=> =5 ?@83>4=K 4;O ?@074=KE @073>2>@0E > =8E. > =8:><C, :B> 4>AB83 >?8A0==>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O, =5 "70?@5I05BAO" A:070BL GB>-;81> > =8E. 8:0:>9 4@C3>9 G5;>25: 8 =8:0:>5 ACI5AB2> =5 =0;030NB =0 =53> ?>4>1=>9 ":;OB2K". A5 ?@54>AB02;5=> =0 53> A>1AB25==CN >B25BAB25==>ABL. = =0CG05BAO 2 :064>< ?>;>65=88 A>25@H5==> A0<>AB>OB5;L=> =0E>48BL, GB> 5<C =04> A45;0BL. !;>2> ":;OB20" >7=0G05B 745AL B>;L:> B>, GB> G5;>25: A>7@5; 4;O =5A5=8O MB>9 >B25BAB25==>AB8. A;8 8A?KBC5<K9 A>7@5; 4;O >?8A0==>9 ABC?5=8, B>340 >= ?>;CG05B B>, GB> A8<2>;8G5A:8 =07K20NB "=0?8B:>< 70125=8O".  8<5==>, >= ?>A2OI05BAO 2 B09=C, :0: <>6=> 459AB2>20BL, =5 ?>72>;OO =87H59 ?0<OB8 A;C68BL ?>AB>O==>9 ?><5E>9. -B> =5>1E>48<> 4;O ?>A2OI5==>3>. 1> >= 4>;65= 1KBL 2 A>AB>O=88 @07@CH0BL ?>:@>2K 2>A?><8=0=89, @0AAB8;0NI85AO 2>:@C3 G5;>25:0 2 :064>5 <3=>25=85 687=8. A;8 > G5<-=81C4L, 2AB@5G0NI5<AO A53>4=O, O AC6C =0 >A=>20=88 B>3>, GB> 8A?KB0; 2G5@0, B> ?>425@30NAL 2A52>7<>6=K< >H81:0<. >=5G=>, MB> 2>2A5 =5 >7=0G05B, GB> =04> >B:070BLAO >B A2>53> 4>1KB>3> 2 687=8 >?KB0. 5>1E>48<> 2A5340, =0A:>;L:> MB> 2>7<>6=> 8<5BL 53> ?5@54 A>1>9. > 2 :0G5AB25 ?>A2OI5==>3> G5;>25: 4>;65= >1;040BL A?>A>1=>ABLN >1AC640BL :064>5 =>2>5 ?5@56820=85 2A5F5;> 87 A0<>3> A51O. 064>5 <3=>25=85 O 4>;65= 1KBL 3>B>2 : B><C, GB> 2AO:0O 25IL 8;8 2AO:>5 ACI5AB2> <>65B 4>AB028BL <=5 A>2A5< =>2>5 >B:@>25=85. A;8 O AC6C > =>2>< =0 >A=>20=88 AB0@>3>, B> ?>425@30NAL 701;C645=8N. >A?><8=0=85 > AB0@KE >?KB0E =081>;55 ?>;57=> 4;O <5=O 8<5==> B5<, GB> >=> 405B <=5 A?>A>1=>ABL 2845BL =>2>5. 5 8<5O >?@545;5==>3> >?KB0 O, <>65B 1KBL, =5 C2845; 1K B>3> 8;8 8=>3> :0G5AB20, 2AB@5G0NI59AO <=5 25I8 8;8 ACI5AB20. > 8<5==> 4;O 2845=8O =>2>3>, 0 =5 4;O AC645=8O > =>2>< =0 >A=>20=88 AB0@>3> 4>;65= A;C68BL >?KB.  MB>< >B=>H5=88 ?>A2OI5==K9 4>AB8305B A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==KE A?>A>1=>AB59. ;03>40@O MB><C 5<C >B:@K205BAO <=>3>5, >AB0NI55AO A:@KBK< 4;O =5?>A2OI5==>3>. B>@>9 "=0?8B>:", ?@54;0305<K9 ?>A2OI5==><C, MB> - "=0?8B>: ?0<OB8". ;03>40@O 5<C >= 4>AB8305B A?>A>1=>AB8 ?>AB>O==> 8<5BL ?5@54 A>1>9 2 4CE5 2KAH85 B09=K. 1K:=>25==>9 ?0<OB8 4;O MB>3> 1K;> 1K =54>AB0B>G=>. C6=> A;8BLAO 2>548=> A 2KAH8<8 8AB8=0<8. C6=> =5 B>;L:> C7=0BL 8E, => AB>;L 65 ?@>AB> 8 5AB5AB25==> 2;045BL 8<8 2 A2>59 682>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, :0: >1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25: 5AB 8 ?L5B. =8 4>;6=K A45;0BLAO ?>AB>O==K< C?@06=5=85<, ?@82KG:>9, A:;>==>ABLN. 04> A45;0BL B0:, GB>1K > =8E =5 1K;> =C64K @07<KH;OBL 2 >1K:=>25==>< A<KA;5 A;>20; >=8 4>;6=K ?@>O2;OBLAO 2 A0<>< G5;>25:5, ?@>B5:0BL 2 =5<, :0: 687=5==K5 DC=:F88 53> >@30=87<0. "0:8< >1@07><, >= 2A5 1>;55 45;05B A51O 2 4CE>2=>< A<KA;5 B5<, G5< 2 D878G5A:>< A<KA;5 A45;0;0 53> ?@8@>40. @0:B8G5A:85 C:070=8O. @>@010BK20O A51O >B=>A8B5;L=> GC2AB2, <KA;59 8 =0AB@>5=89 B0:8< >1@07><, :0: MB> 1K;> >?8A0=> 2 3;020E > ?>43>B>2;5=88, ?@>A25B;5=88, ?>A2OI5=88, G5;>25: 2K7K205B B5< A0<K< 2 A2>59 4CH5 8 2 A2>5< 4CE5 B0:>5 65 @0AG;5=5=85 =0 >@30=K, :0:>5 ?@8@>40 ?@>8725;0 2 53> D878G5A:>< B5;5. > MB>9 ?@>@01>B:8 4CH0 8 4CE ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 =5@0AG;5=5==K5 <0AAK. /A=>284OI89 2>A?@8=8<05B 8E 2 2845 2708<=> ?@>=8:0NI8E, A?8@0;L=KE, 28E@5>1@07=KE BC<0==>AB59, :>B>@K5 >ICI0NBAO >:@0H5==K<8 2 BCA:;> <5@F0NI85, ?@58<CI5AB25==> :@0A=>20BK5 8 :@0A=>20B>-:>@8G=52K5 8;8 :@0A=>20B>-65;BK5 F25B0; ?>A;5 ?@>@01>B:8 >=8 =0G8=0NB 4CE>2=> A8OBL 65;B>20B>-75;5=K<8, 75;5=>20B>-A8=8<8 F25B0<8 8 >1=0@C6820NB ?@028;L=>5 AB@>5=85. -B>9 ?@028;L=>AB8 8 A2O70==KE A =59 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89 G5;>25: 4>AB8305B B5<, GB> ?@82>48B A2>8 GC2AB20, <KA;8 8 =0AB@>5=8O 2 B0:>9 ?>@O4>:, 2 :0:>9 ?@8@>40 ?@825;0 53> B5;5A=K5 DC=:F88, B0: GB> >= <>65B 2845BL, A;KH0BL, 4KH0BL, ?5@520@820BL ?8IC, 3>2>@8BL 8 B.4.. - >AB5?5==>, 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =0CG05BAO 4KH0BL, 2845BL 8 B.4. - 4CH>9; A;KH0BL, 3>2>@8BL 8 B.4. - 4CE><. "5?5@L =04> ?@825AB8 =5A:>;L:> 1>;55 ?>4@>1=KE ?@0:B8G5A:8E C:070=89 >B=>A8B5;L=> 2KAH53> 2>A?8B0=8O 4CH8 8 4CE0. -B> 1C4CB C:070=8O, :>B>@K<, 2 ACI=>AB8 A;54>20BL 2AO:89, =57028A8<> >B 4@C38E ?@028; 8 1;03>40@O :>B>@K< => <>65B A45;0BL =5A:>;L:> H03>2 2 >1;0AB8 B09=>2545=8O. C6=> 2 >A>15==>AB8 AB@5<8BLAO 2K@01>B0BL 2 A515 B5@?5=85. AO:>5 =5B5@?5;82>5 42865=85 459AB2C5B ?0@0;87CNI8< 8 4065 C189AB25==K< >1@07>< =0 4@5<;NI85 2 G5;>25:5 2KAH85 A?>A>1=>AB8. 5;L7O B@51>20BL, GB>1K 2 B>B 65 45=L >B:@K;8AL 1573@0=8G=K5 ?@>7@5=8O 2 2KAH85 <8@K. 1> B>340-B> >=8, :0: >1I55 ?@028;>, =025@=> 8 =5 =0AB0=CB. >2>;LAB2> 4065 A0<K< =57=0G8B5;L=K< 4>AB83=CBK< CA?5E><, A?>:>9AB285 8 =52>7<CB8<>ABL 2A5 1>;55 4>;6=K >2;04520BL 4CH>9. - ?>;=5 ?>=OB=>, GB> CG5=8: =5B5@?5;82> >68405B @57C;LB0B>2. > B5< =5 <5=55 >= =8G53> =5 4>AB83=5B, ?>:0 =5 ?>1548B A2>53> =5B5@?5=8O.  A>25@H5==> 15A?>;57=>, 5A;8 >= 1C45B B>;L:> 2 >1K:=>25==>< A<KA;5 A;>20 ?>402;OBL =5B5@?5=85. B MB>3> >=> AB0=5B ;8HL A8;L=55. = 1C45B ;8HL >1<0=K20BLAO >B=>A8B5;L=> =53>, B5< ?@>G=55 =0;O65B 2 3;C18=0E 4CH8. >6=> 4>AB83=CBL G53>-=81C4L B>;L:> B>340, 5A;8 ?>AB>O==> 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 >B4020BLAO >4=>9 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==>9 <KA;8, 5A;8 A45;0BL 55 >:>=G0B5;L=> A2>59. -B0 <KA;L B0:>20: "/ 4>;65= 2A5 A45;0BL 4;O @0728B8O <>59 4CH8 8 4CE0; => O 1C4C A>25@H5==> A?>:>9=> 640BL , ?>:0 2KAH85 A8;K =094CB <5=O 4>AB>9=K< >?@545;5==>3> ?@>A25B;5=8O". A;8 MB0 <KA;L A45;05BAO 2 G5;>25:5 =0AB>;L:> <>3CI5AB25==>9, GB> >=0 AB0=5B G5@B>9 53> E0@0:B5@0, B>340 >= =0 ?@028;L=>< ?CB8. ">340 MB0 G5@B0 E0@0:B5@0 >B@078BAO C =53> 8 2> 2=5H=5<. K@065=85 53> 3;07 AB0=5B A?>:>9=K<, 42865=8O C25@5==K<8, @5H5=8O >?@545;5==K<8 8 2A5, GB> =07K20NB =5@2=>ABLN, ?>AB5?5==> >B>945B >B =53>. 0;5=L:85, =57=0G8B5;L=K5 A 284C ?@028;0 <>3CB 8<5BL ?@8 MB>< 1>;LH>5 7=0G5=85. 0?@8<5@, :B>-=81C4L =0=>A8B =0< >A:>@1;5=85. @5645, 4> =0H53> >::C;LB=>3> 2>A?8B0=8O, <K >1@0I0;8 =0H5 GC2AB2> ?@>B82 >A:>@18B5;O. =CB@8 =0A ?>4=8<0;>AL @074@065=85. > 2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8:5 2 MB>< A;CG05 B>BG0A 65 2>7=8:05B <KA;L: "-B> >A:>@1;5=85 =8G53> =5 <5=O5B 2 <>5< 4>AB>8=AB25"; 8 B>340 >= A?>:>9=> 8 =52>7<CB8<>, 0 =5 87 @074@065=8O, ?@54?@8=8<05B B>, GB> =04;568B A45;0BL ?@>B82 >A:>@1;5=8O. >=5G=>, 45;> 2>2A5 =5 2 B><, GB>1K, =0?@8<5@, ?@>AB> A=>A8BL 2AO:>5 >A:>@1;5=85, 0 2 B><, GB>1K >B25G0BL =0 >A:>@1;5=85 A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 ;8G=>AB8 AB>;L 65 A?>:>9=> 8 C25@5==>, :0: 5A;8 1K >=> 1K;> =0=5A5=> 4@C3><C, :>B>@>3> <K 8<55< ?@02> 70I8I0BL >B >A:>@1;5=89. - A5340 =C6=> ?><=8BL, GB> 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2> ?@>B5:05B =5 2 3@C1KE 2=5H=8E ?@>F5AA0E, => 2 B>=:8E 8 B8E8E ?@52@0I5=8OE 687=8 GC2AB2 8 <KA;59. "5@?5=85 459AB2C5B ?@8BO30B5;L=> =0 A>:@>28I0 2KAH53> 7=0=8O, 0 =5B5@?5=85 459AB2C5B =0 =8E >BB0;:820NI8< >1@07><. ">@>?;82>ABLN 8 15A?>:>9AB2>< =8G53> =5;L7O 4>AB83=CBL 2 2KAH8E >1;0ABOE 1KB8O. @5645 2A53> 4>;6=K C<>;:=CBL 65;0=85 8 2>645;5=85. -B> A2>9AB20 4CH8, ?5@54 :>B>@K<8 ?C3;82> >BABC?05B 2AO:>5 2KAH55 7=0=85. 0: 1K =8 1K;> F5==> 2A5 2KAH55 ?>7=0=85, => GB>1K >=> <>3;> ?@89B8 : =0<, =5;L7O 53> 65;0BL. B> E>G5B 8<5BL 53> @048 A0<>3> A51O, =8:>340 53> =5 4>AB83=5B. - ;O MB>3> B@51C5BAO ?@5645 2A53> 1KBL ?@02482K< ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9 2 A0<>9 3;C18=5 4CH8. C6=> =8 2 G5< =5 >1<0=K20BLAO >B=>A8B5;L=> A51O. 04> A 2=CB@5==59 ?@02482>ABLN A<>B@5BL 2 ;8F> A2>8< A>1AB25==K< >H81:0<, A;01>ABO< 8 =54>AB0B:0<. -  B> <3=>25=85, :>340 BK 8728=O5HL ?5@54 A>1>9 :0:CN-=81C4L A2>N A;01>ABL, BK :;045HL A515 :0<5=L =0 ?CB8, 254CI8< B51O 22KAL. -B8 :0<=8 BK A<>65HL CAB@0=8BL B>;L:> ?>A@54AB2>< OA=>3> ?>7=0=8O A51O. !CI5AB2C5B 548=AB25==K9 ?CBL >AB028BL A2>8 A;01>AB8 8 =54>AB0B:8, - MB> ?@028;L=> ?>7=0BL 8E.  4CH5 G5;>25:0 4@5<;5B 2A5 8 2A5 <>65B 1KBL ?@>1C645=>. !2>9 @0AAC4>: 8 @07C< G5;>25: <>65B B0:65 8A?@028BL, 5A;8 >= A?>:>9=> 8 =52>7<CB8<> COA=8B A515, ?>G5<C >= A;01 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88. >=5G=>, B0:>5 A0<>?>7=0=85 B@C4=>, 81> A>1;07= A0<>>1<0=0 =5?><5@=> 25;8:. B> ?@8CG8B A51O : ?@02482>AB8 ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9, B>B >B:@>5B A515 2@0B0 2KAH53> ?@>7@5=8O. # 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 4>;6=> 8AG57=CBL 2AO:>5 ;N1>?KBAB2>. = 4>;65= :0: <>6=> 1>;LH5 >BCG8BLAO >B 2>?@>A>2 > 25I0E, :>B>@K5 >= E>G5B 7=0BL B>;L:> 4;O C4>2;5B2>@5=8O A2>59 ;8G=>9 ;N1>7=0B5;L=>AB8. = 4>;65= A?@0H820BL B>;L:> > B><, GB> <>65B ?>A;C68BL 5<C : CA>25@H5=AB2>20=8N 53> ACI5AB20 =0 A;C65=88 @0728B8N. > ?@8 2A5< B>< @04>ABL 7=0=8O 8 ?@540==>ABL 5<C >B=N4L =5 4>;6=K >A;01520BL 2 =5<. = 4>;65= 1;03>3>259=> ?@8A;CH820BLAO :> 2A5<C, GB> A;C68B 4;O MB>9 F5;8 8 8A:0BL 2AO:>3> ?>2>40 4;O B0:>3> 1;03>3>25=8O.  >A>15==>AB8 =5>1E>48<> 4;O 4CE>2=>3> @0728B8O 2>A?8B0=85 687=8 65;0=89. !>2A5< =5 =C6=> AB0=>28BLAO ;8H5==K< 2AO:8E 65;0=89. 1> 2A53>, G53> =0< =04> 4>AB83=CBL, <K 4>;6=K B0:65 8 65;0BL.  65;0=85 2A5340 >ACI5AB2;O5BAO, 5A;8 70 =8< AB>8B >4=0 A>2A5< >A>10O A8;0. -B0 A8;0 ?@>8AE>48B 87 ?@028;L=>3> ?>7=0=8O. "8:0: =5 65;0BL, ?>:0 BK 2 40==>9 >1;0AB8 =5 ?@8>1@5; 8AB8==>3> 7=0=8O", - >4=> 87 7>;>BKE ?@028; 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. C4@5F CG8BAO A=0G0;0 ?>7=0=8N 70:>=>2 <8@0 8 B>340 53> 65;0=8O AB0=>2OBAO A8;0<8, :>B>@K5 >ACI5AB2;ONBAO. - @82545< 745AL ?@8<5@, ?>OA=ONI89 MB>. =>385, =025@=>5, ?>65;0NB ?>A@54AB2>< A>1AB25==>3> A>75@F0=8O C7=0BL GB>-;81> 4> A2>59 687=8 4> @>645=8O. -B> 65;0=85 2?>;=5 15AF5;L=> 8 15A?;>4=>, ?>:0 65;0NI89 ?CB5< 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O, =5 ?@8>1@5B5B ?>7=0=8O 70:>=>2 - 8 ?@8 B>< 2 8E A0<KE B>=:8E 8 =56=KE G5@B0E - > ACI=>AB8 25G=>3>. >340 65 >= 459AB28B5;L=> CA2>8B A515 MB> ?>7=0=85 8 70B5< 70E>G5B ?>9B8 40;LH5, B> 53> >G8I5==>5 8 >1;03>@>65==>5 65;0=85 ?>A;C68B 5<C =0 ?><>IL. 5A?>;57=> B0:65 3>2>@8BL: 40, O E>GC >1>7@5BL <>N ?@54K4CICN 687=L 8 4;O MB>9 8<5==> F5;8 1C4C CG8BLAO. 5>1E>48<> =0>1>@>B, 1KBL 2 A>AB>O=88 A>25@H5==> >B1@>A8BL MB> 65;0=85, A :>@=5< 2K@20BL 53> 87 A51O 8 CG8BLAO A=0G0;0 157 MB>3> =0<5@5=8O. 04> @0728BL 2 A515 @04>ABL 8 ?@540==>ABL ?>7=0205<><C 157 C:070==>3> =0<5@5=8O. 1> B>;L:> B0:8< ?CB5< G5;>25: =0CG05BAO 2 B> 65 2@5<O 65;0BL B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K 65;0=85 <>3;> ?>2;5GL 70 A>1>9 A2>5 8A?>;=5=85. x x x >340 O 1K20N 2 3=525 8;8 @074@060NAL, O 2>742830N 2 <8@5 4CH8 2>:@C3 A51O AB5=C, 8 :> <=5 =5 8<5NB 4>ABC?0 A8;K, @01>B0NI85 =04 @0728B85< <>8E 4CH52=KE >G59. A;8, =0?@8<5@, G5;>25: @074@0605B <5=O, B> >= ?>AK;05B 2 <8@ 4CH 4CH52=K9 ?>B>:. / 4> B5E ?>@ =5 <>3C 2845BL MB>3> ?>B>:0, ?>:0 O 5I5 A?>A>15= @074@060BLAO. >5 @074@065=85 70AB8;05B 53> >B <5=O. > =5 A;54C5B 4C<0BL, GB> C <5=O B>BG0A 65 4CH52=>5 (0AB@0;L=>5) 7@5=85, :0: B>;L:> O ?5@5AB0=C @074@060BLAO. 1> 4;O MB>3> =5>1E>48<> A=0G0;0, GB>1K C <5=O @0728;>AL 4CE>2=>5 >:>. 040B>: MB>3> >:0 5ABL 2 :064>< G5;>25:5.  ?@>1C6405BAO >=> B0:65 =5 A@07C, :0: B>;L:> G5;>25: =5<=>3> ?>1>@5B A2>N @074@068B5;L=>ABL. C6=>, =0?@>B82, ?@>4>;60BL MBC 1>@L1C 8 B5@?5;82> 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 2>72@0I0BLAO : =59; 8 B>340 G5;>25: >4=064K 70<5B8B, GB> C =53> @0728;>AL MB> 4CH52=>5 >:>. >=5G=>, @074@065=85 O2;O5BAO =5 548=AB25==K<, GB> =C6=> ?>1>@>BL A MB>9 F5;LN. =>385 2?040NB 2 =5B5@?5=85 8;8 =0G8=0NB A><=520BLAO, ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: >=8 4>;385 3>4K 1>@>;8AL A =5:>B>@K<8 A2>8<8 4CH52=K<8 A2>9AB20<8, 8 2A5 65 C =8E =5 =0ABC?8;> OA=>2845=8O. > MB> 7=0G8B B>340, GB> >=8 @01>B0;8 2 A515 =04 >4=8<8 A2>9AB20<8, 0 4@C38< 4020;8 @07@0AB0BLAO A B5< 1>;LH59 A8;>9. 0@ OA=>2845=8O =0ABC?05B B>;L:> B>340, :>340 ?>15645=K 2A5 A2>9AB20, =5 ?>72>;ONI85 ?@>O28BLAO A>>B25BAB25==K< 4@5<;NI8< A?>A>1=>ABO<. @0240, 70G0B:8 2845=8O (8;8 A;KH0=8O) ?>O2;ONBAO 8 @0=LH5: => MB> =56=K5 @>AB:8, :>B>@K5 ;53:> ?>425@65=K 2A52>7<>6=K< >H81:0< 8 AB>;L 65 ;53:> >B<8@0NB, 5A;8 G5;>25: =5 ?@>4>;605B BI0B5;L=> >E@0=OBL 8 15@5GL 8E.  G8A;C A2>9AB2, :>B>@K5 =5>1E>48<> ?@5>4>;5BL =0@02=5 A 3=52>< 8 @074@068B5;L=>ABLN ?@8=04;560B, =0?@8<5@, B0:65: @>1>ABL, AC525@85 8 A:;>==>ABL : ?@54@0AAC4:0< (?@54>AC645=8O<), BI5A;0285 8 G5AB>;N185, ;N1>?KBAB2> 8 87;8H=OO >B:@>25==>ABL, @07;8G=>5 >B=>H5=85 : ;N4O< 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B 8E 2=5H=53> ?>;>65=8O, ?>;0 8;8 ?;5<5=8 8 B.4..  =0H5 2@5<O 4>2>;L=> B@C4=> ?>=OBL, GB> ?@5>4>;5=85 ?>4>1=KE A2>9AB2 <>65B 8<5BL :0:>5-;81> >B=>H5=85 : ?>2KH5=8N ?>7=020B5;L=>9 A?>A>1=>AB8. > :064K9 B09=>254 7=05B, GB> >B ?>4>1=KE 25I59 7028A8B 3>@074> 1>;LH5, G5< >B @0728B8O C<0 8;8 >B 2K?>;=5=8O 8A:CAAB25==KE C?@06=5=89. > 745AL >A>15==> ;53:> <>65B 2>7=8:=CBL =54>@07C<5=85 5A;8 8=K5 ?>4C<0NB, GB> =5>1E>48<> A45;0BLAO 157@0AAC4=> A<5;K<, ?>B><C GB> =04> 1KBL 15AAB@0H=K<; 8;8, GB> A;54C5B A>2A5< =5 70<5G0BL =8:0:8E @07;8G89 <564C ;N4L<8, ?>B><C GB> =04> ?@5>4>;520BL ?@54@0AAC4:8 A>A;>28O, @0AK 8 B.4.. 0?@>B82, G5;>25: B>;L:> B>340 =0CG05BAO ?@028;L=> ?>7=020BL MB8 @07;8G8O, :>340 >= 1>;LH5 =5 A<CI5= ?@54@0AAC4:0<8. 065 2 >1K:=>25==>< A<KA;5 <>6=> A:070BL, GB> AB@0E ?5@54 :0:8<-=81C4L O2;5=85< <5H05B <=5 OA=> AC48BL > =5< 8;8, GB> @0A>2K9 ?@54@0AAC4>: <5H05B <=5 703;O=CBL 2 4CHC G5;>25:0. -B>B >1K:=>25==K9 A<KA; 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= @0728BL 2 A515 4> 1>;LH>9 B>G=>AB8 8 >AB@>BK. 0<=5< =0 ?CB8 4CE>2=>3> 2>A?8B0=8O G5;>25:0 ;>68BAO B0:65 2A5 B>, GB> >= 3>2>@8B, =5 ?>425@3=C2 A=0G0;0 >G8AB8B5;L=><C 459AB28N <KA;8. @8 MB>< =04> ?@8=OBL 2> 2=8<0=85 5I5 >4=C AB>@>=C 45;0, :>B>@CN <>6=> >1JOA=8BL 745AL B>;L:> =0 ?@8<5@5. A;8 =0?@8<5@, :B>-=81C4L <=5 GB>-=81C4L A:065B 8 C <5=O 1C45B =0 MB> 2>7@065=85, B> <=5 =04> >1@0B8BL 1>;LH5 2=8<0=8O =0 <=5=85, GC2AB2> 8;8 4065 =0 ?@54@0AAC4>: 4@C3>3>, =565;8 =0 B>, GB> 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O O <>3 1K A0< A:070BL > 40==>9 25I8. -B8< =0<5G05BAO B>=:0O 2K@01>B:0 B0:B0, :>B>@>9 BI0B5;L=> 4>;65= ?>A2OB8BL A51O 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8:. = 4>;65= A>AB028BL A515 AC645=85 > B>< 7=0G5=88, :0:>5 MB> 1C45B 8<5BL 4;O 4@C3>3>, 5A;8 >= 53> <=5=8N ?@>B82>?>AB028B A2>5 A>1AB25==>5. BAN40 =5 A;54C5B, GB> =04> 2>745@6820BLAO >B 2K@065=8O A>1AB25==>3> <=5=8O. 1 MB>< =5 <>65B 1KBL 4065 8 @5G8. > =04> :0: <>6=> B>G=55 ?@8A;CH820BLAO : 4@C3><C 8 C65 A>>1@07=> CA;KH0==><C AB@>8BL A2>5 2>7@065=85.  ?>4>1=>< A;CG05 C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 =587<5==> 2>7=8:05B >4=0 <KA;L; 8 >= AB>8B =0 25@=>< ?CB8, 5A;8 MB0 <KA;L 6825B 2 =5< B0:8< >1@07><, GB> >=0 AB0;0 G5@B>9 53> E0@0:B5@0. -B0 <KA;L B0:>20: "5;> 2>2A5 =5 2 B><, GB> O 4C<0N >B;8G=> >B 4@C3>3>, 0 2 B><, GB>1K MB>B 4@C3>9 A0< A>1>N A<>3 =09B8 8AB8=C, 5A;8 O ?><>3C 5<C". ;03>40@O MB>9 <KA;8 8 ?>4>1=K< 59, E0@0:B5@ 8 >1@07 459AB28O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 ?@8=8<05B >B?5G0B>: :@>B>AB8, :>B>@>5 5ABL 3;02=>5 A@54AB2> 2AO:>3> 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O. 5AB>:>ABL >B?C38205B >B A51O B5 4CH52=K5 >1@07>20=8O, :>B>@K5 4>;6=K ?@>1C48BL B2>5 4CH52=>5 >:>; :@>B>ABL >B B51O ?@5?OBAB28O 8 @0A:@K205B B2>8 >@30=K.  2<5AB5 A :@>B>ABLN 2 4CH5 2A:>@5 =0G8=05B @072820BLAO 8 4@C30O G5@B0: A?>:>9=>5 2=8<0=85 :> 2A5< B>=:>ABO< 4CH52=>9 687=8 2 >:@C60NI5< <8@5 ;8 ?>;=>9 157<>;2=>AB8 A>1AB25==KE 42865=89 4CH8.  5A;8 G5;>25: 4>AB83 MB>3>, 4CH52=K5 42865=8O 2>:@C3 =53> 459AB2CNB =0 =53> B0:, GB> 53> A>1AB25==0O 4CH0 @0AB5B 8 ?> <5@5 @>AB0 A;0305BAO 2 >@30=K ?>4>1=> @0AB5=8N, @0A?CA:0NI5<CAO 2 A>;=5G=>< A25B5. @>B>ABL 8 157<>;2=>ABL ?@8 8AB8==>< B5@?5=88 >B:@K20NB 4CHC 4;O <8@0 4CH, 0 4CE 4;O AB@0=K 4CE>2. - "@51K209 2 ?>:>5 8 >B@5H5==>AB8, 70<:=8 A2>8 GC2AB20 4;O 2A53>, GB> >=8 ?@8=>A8;8 B515 4> B2>53> CG5=8G5AB20, ?@82548 : B8H8=5 2A5 <KA;8, ?@82K:H85 2 B515 : ?>AB>O==>9 A<5=5, AB0=L A>25@H5==> B8E8< 8 157<>;2=K< 2=CB@8 A51O 8 B5@?5;82> 648: B>340 2KAH85 <8@K =0G=CB @072820BL B2>8 4CH52=K5 >G8 8 4CE>2=K5 CH8. 5 A;54C5B >6840BL, GB> BK B>BG0A 65 =0G=5HL 2845BL 8 A;KH0BL 2 <8@5 4CH 8 4CE>2. 1> B>, GB> BK 45;05HL 8<55B F5;LN B>;L:> ?><>GL @0728B8N B2>8E 2KAH8E GC2AB2. CH52=> 2845BL 8 4CE>2=> A;KH0BL BK =0G=5HL B>;L:> B>340, :>340 C B51O C65 1C4CB MB8 GC2AB20. @>254O B0:8< >1@07>< =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 2 ?>:>5 8 >B@5H5==>AB8, ?5@5E>48 : B2>8< >1KG=K< 5654=52=K< 45;0<, A=0G0;0 3;C1>:> 70?5G0B;52 2 A515 <KA;L: :>340-=81C4L A> <=>N ?@>87>945B B>, GB> 4>;6=> ?@>87>9B8, 5A;8 O 1C4C 4;O MB>3> 7@5;.  AB@>3> 70?@5B8 A515 4>1820BLAO G53>-;81> >B 2KAH8E A8; ?> A>1AB25==><C ?@>872>;C". "0:>2K C:070=8O, :>B>@K5 :064K9 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: ?>;CG05B >B A2>53> CG8B5;O 2 =0G0;5 ?CB8. !>1;N40O 8E, >= A>25@H5=AB2C5B A51O. A;8 65 >= =5 A>1;N405B 8E, B>340 2AO 53> @01>B0 =0?@0A=0. > >=8 B@C4=K B>;L:> 4;O B>3>, C :>3> =5B B5@?5=8O 8 CAB>9G82>AB8. 5 ACI5AB2C5B 8=KE ?@5?OBAB289 :@><5 B5E, :>B>@K5 :064K9 G5;>25: A0< AB028B A515 =0 ?CB8 8 :>B>@KE :064K9 <>65B A0< 8 871560BL, 5A;8 459AB28B5;L=> 70E>G5B. -B> 2A5340 =04> ?><=8BL, ?>B><C GB> <=>385 A>AB02;ONB A515 A>2A5< =525@=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 > B@C4=>ABOE >::C;LB=>3> ?CB8.  8725AB=>< A<KA;5 ;53G5 ?5@5ABC?8BL ?5@2K5 ABC?5=8 MB>3> ?CB8, G5< 157 >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 A?@02;OBLAO A A0<K<8 ?>2A54=52=K<8 B@C4=>ABO<8 687=8. - @><5 B>3>, 745AL <>3;8 1KBL 40=K B>;L:> B5 C:070=8O, 8A?>;=5=85 :>B>@KE =5 A>?@>2>6405BAO =8:0:>9 >?0A=>ABLN 4;O B5;5A=>3> 8 4CH52=>3> 74>@>2LO. 1> ACI5AB2CNB 8 4@C385 ?CB8, 1KAB@55 ?@82>4OI85 : F5;8; => 8E =5;L7O >1AC640BL >B:@KB>, 81> >=8 <>3CB >:070BL =0 G5;>25:0 8725AB=K5 2>7459AB28O, ?@8 :>B>@KE 8=>340 1K205B =5>1E>48<> =5<54;5==>5 2<5H0B5;LAB2> >?KB=>3> B09=>2540 8 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 53> ?>AB>O==>5 =01;N45=85. - > B0: :0: =5:>B>@K5 A2545=8O >1 MB8E ?CBOE 2A5 65 AB0=>2OBAO 4>AB>O=85< 3;0A=>AB8, B> =04> =0AB>9G82> ?@54C?@548BL =5 2ABC?0BL =0 =8E 157 ;8G=>3> @C:>2>48B5;LAB20. > ?@8G8=0<, ?>=OB=K< ;8HL 4;O ?>A2OI5==>3>, MB8 ?CB8 2 8E 8AB8==>< >1@075, =8:>340 =5 <>3CB 1KBL C:070=K >B:@KB>.  ?>O2;ONI85AO B> 745AL, B> B0< >1@K2:8 =5 <>3CB ?@825AB8 =8 : G5<C ?>;57=><C, 0 A:>@55 - @07@CH5=8N 74>@>2LO, AG0ABLO 8 4CH52=>3> <8@0. B> =5 E>G5B 225@OBL A51O A>2A5< B5<=K< A8;0<, >1 8AB8==>< ACI5AB25 8 ?@>8AE>645=88 :>B>@KE >= =8G53> =5 <>65B 7=0BL, B><C =5 A;54C5B 24020BLAO 2 MB8 25I8. >6=> 5I5 4>1028BL :>5-GB> >1 >:@C60NI59 A@545, 2 :>B>@>9 A;54C5B A>25@H0BL C?@06=5=8O, 2E>4OI85 2 A>AB02 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O, ?>B><C GB> 8 MB> 8<55B =5:>B>@>5 7=0G5=85. 4=0:>, ?>GB8 4;O :064>3> G5;>25:0 MB> 1K205B @07;8G=>. B> A>25@H05B MB8 C?@06=5=8O 2 A@545, =0?>;=5==>9 B>;L:> M3>8AB8G5A:8<8 8=B5@5A0<8, =0?@8<5@, A>2@5<5==>9 1>@L1>9 70 ACI5AB2>20=85, B>B 4>;65= 7=0BL, GB> MB8 8=B5@5AK =5 >AB0NBAO 157 2;8O=8O =5 >1@07>20=85 53> 4CH52=KE >@30=>2. @0240, 2=CB@5==85 70:>=K MB8E >@30=>2 =0AB>;L:> <>3CI5AB25==K, GB> MB> 2;8O=85 =5 <>65B >:070BLAO A;8H:>< 2@54=K<.  :0: ;8;8O =8 ?@8 :0:8E 1;03>?@8OB=KE CA;>28OE =5 <>65B ?@52@0B8BLAO 2 @5?59=8:, B0: 8 4CH52=>5 >:> - 4065 ?>4 2>7459AB285< M3>8AB8G5A:8E 8=B5@5A>2 A>2@5<5==KE 3>@>4>2 - =5 <>65B @0728BLAO 2> GB>-=81C4L 8=>5, 0 =5 2 B>, : G5<C >=> ?@54=07=0G5=>. > 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 E>@>H>, 5A;8 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 1C45B >:@C60BL A51O ?> 2@5<5=0< B8E8< <8@>< 8 2=CB@5==8< 4>AB>8=AB2>< 8 ?@5;5ABLN ?@8@>4K.  >A>15==> 1;03>?@8OB=KE CA;>28OE =0E>48BAO B>B, :B> <>65B ?@>2>48BL A2>5 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2> ?>A@548 75;5=8 @0AB8B5;L=>3> <8@0, 2 70;8BKE A>;=F5< 3>@0E 8 A@548 <8;>9 A5;LA:>9 ?@>AB>BK. -B> 2>A?8BK205B 2=CB@5==85 >@30=K 2 B0:>9 30@<>=88, :>B>@0O =8:>340 =5 4>AB868<0 2 =0H5< A>2@5<5==>< 3>@>45. 5A:>;L:> ;CGH5, G5< C ?>AB>O==>3> 3>@>4A:>3> 68B5;O, >1AB>8B 45;> C B>3>, :B> E>BO 1K 2 45BAB25 8<5; 2>7<>6=>ABL 4KH0BL 0@><0B>< A>A5=, A<>B@5BL =0 A=56=K5 25@H8=K 8 =01;N40BL <8@=CN 687=L ;5A=KE 682>B=KE 8 =0A5:><KE. > 8 B5, :><C AC645=> 68BL 2 3>@>45, ?CABL =5 701K20NB ?8B0BL A2>8 @072820NI85AO 4CH52=K5 8 4CE>2=K5 >@30=K 24>E=>25==K<8 CG5=8O<8 25;8:8E CG8B5;59 G5;>25G5AB20. '59 3;07 =5 <>65B :064CN 25A=C 45=L 70 4=5< A;548BL 70 @0A?CA:0=85< ;5A0, B>B 4>;65= 2<5AB> B>3> 4020BL A2>5<C A5@4FC 2>72KH5==K5 CG5=8O E03020B 8BK, 20=35;8O >0==0, $><K 5<?89A:>3> 8 87;>65=8O 4CE>2=>254G5A:8E 8AA;54>20B5;59. =>3> ?CB59 2545B : 25@H8=5 ?@>7@5=8O; => =5>1E>48< ?@028;L=K9 2K1>@. - ?KB=K9 B09=>254 <=>3>5 AC<55B A:070BL >1 MB8E ?CBOE B0:>3>, GB> <>65B ?>:070BLAO AB@0==K< 4;O =5?>A2OI5==>3>. 0?@8<5@, G5;>25: <>65B AB>OBL C65 >G5=L 40;5:> =0 4CE>2=>< ?CB8. = <>65B =0E>48BLAO, B0: A:070BL, =5?>A@54AB25==> ?5@54 @0A:@KB85< 4CH52=>3> 7@5=8O 8 4CE>2=>3> A;CE0; 8 2>B 5<C 2K?0405B AG0ABL5 A>25@H8BL ?>574:C ?> A?>:>9=><C 8;8, <>65B 1KBL ?> 1C@=> 272>;=>20==><C <>@N, 8 A 53> 4CH52=KE >G59 A?0405B ?>2O7:0; >= 2=570?=> AB0=>28BAO OA=>284OI8<. # 8=>3>, :>B>@K9 B0:65 4>AB83 C65 B>3>, GB> >AB05BAO B>;L:> A?0ABL ?>2O7:5, - MB> ?@>8AE>48B 1;03>40@O :0:><C-=81C4L BO65;><C C40@C AC4L1K. 0 :0:>3>-=81C4L 4@C3>3> G5;>25:0 MB>B C40@ AC4L1K ?>2;8O; 1K B0:, GB> ?0@0;87>20; 1K 53> A8;K, ?>4028; 1K 53> M=5@38N, => 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 >= AB0=>28BAO ?>2>4>< : ?@>A25B;5=8N. - "@5B89 B5@?5;82> 645B; F5;K5 3>4K 645B >= B0:8< >1@07>< 157 70<5B=>3> @57C;LB0B0.  24@C3, 2> 2@5<O A?>:>9=>3> ?@51K20=8O 2 B8E>9 :><=0B5 2>:@C3 =53> 703>@05BAO 4CE>2=K9 A25B, AB5=K 8AG570NB, AB0=>28BAO 4CH52=> ?@>7@0G=K<8 8 =>2K9 <8@ ?@>AB8@05BAO ?5@54 53> ?@>7@52H8< >:>< 8;8 =0G8=05B 72CG0BL 4;O 53> @0A:@K2H53>AO 4CE>2=>3> A;CE0. #A;>28O CG5=8G5AB20 #A;>28O 4;O 2ABC?;5=8O 2 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2> =5 B0:>2K, GB>1K G5;>25: <>3 8E CAB0=02;820BL ?> A>1AB25==><C ?@>872>;C. =8 2KB5:0NB 87 ACI=>AB8 B09=>2545=8O. 0: G5;>25:, =5 E>BOI89 27OBL 2 @C:8 :8AB8, =5 <>65B 1KBL EC4>6=8:><, B0: =5 <>65B ?@>9B8 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 B>B, :B> =5 ?>65;05B 8A?>;=OBL =5>1E>48<KE B@51>20=89 >::C;LB=KE CG8B5;59.  ACI=>AB8, >::C;LB=K9 CG8B5;L =8G53> =5 <>65B 40BL :@><5 A>25B>2.  MB>< A<KA;5 8 =04> ?@8=8<0BL 2A5, GB> >= 3>2>@8B. = ?@>H5; ?>43>B>28B5;L=K5 ?CB8 : ?>7=0=8N 2KAH8E <8@>2. = 7=05B 87 >?KB0, GB> =5>1E>48<>. B A2>1>4=>9 2>;8 :064>3> 2?>;=5 7028A8B E>G5B ;8 >= 84B8 B5< 65 ?CB5< 8;8 =5B. A;8 1K :B>-=81C4L 274C<0; ?>B@51>20BL, GB>1K CG8B5;L A>>1I8; 5<C 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85 8 =5 70E>B5; 1K 8A?>;=OBL CA;>289, B> MB> B@51>20=85 1K;> 1K ?>E>65 =0 ?@>AL1C: =0CG8 <5=O @8A>20BL, => 87102L >B =5>1E>48<>AB8 ?@8B@03820BLAO : :8AB8. -  >::C;LB=K9 CG8B5;L =8:>340 =8G53> =5 <>65B ?@54;>68BL, 5A;8 >= =5 2AB@5G05B A2>1>4=>9 2>;8 2>A?@8=8<0NI53>. > =04> ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> =54>AB0B>G=> >4=>3> B>;L:> >1I53> 65;0=8O 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89. "0:>5 65;0=85 1C45B, :>=5G=> C <=>38E. B> 8<55B B>;L:> MB> 65;0=85 8 =5 E>G5B 2=8:=CBL 2 >A>15==K5 CA;>28O >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8G5AB20, B>B =8G53> =5 A<>65B 4>AB83=CBL. 1 MB>< 4>;6=K ?>4C<0BL B5, :>B>@K5 60;CNBAO =0 B@C4=>AB8 >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. B> =5 65;05B 8;8 =5 <>65B 8A?>;=OBL AB@>38E CA;>289, B>B 4>;65= =0 2@5<O >B:070BLAO >B >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. #A;>28O AB@>38, => =5 65AB>:8, 81> 8E 8A?>;=5=85, :>=5G=>, =5 B>;L:> <>65B, => 4065 8 4>;6=> 1KBL A2>1>4=K< ?>ABC?:><. B> =5 ?@8<5B MB>3> 2> 2=8<0=85, B><C B@51>20=8O >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 ;53:> <>3CB ?>:070BLAO =0A8;85< =04 4CH>9 8;8 A>25ABLN. 1> 2A5 >1CG5=85 >A=>20=> =0 @01>B5 =04 2=CB@5==59 687=LN; ?>MB><C >::C;LB=><C CG8B5;N ?@8E>48BAO 4020BL A>25BK, :0A0NI85AO 2=CB@5==59 687=8. > :>340 GB>-=81C4L B@51C5BAO, :0: @57C;LB0B A2>1>4=>3> @5H5=8O, B> MB> =5 <>65B 1KBL ?>=OB>, :0: =0A8;85. - A;8 1K :B>-=81C4L ?>B@51>20; >B CG8B5;O: A>>1I8 <=5 A2>8 B09=K, => >AB02L <5=O A <>8<8 ?@82KG=K<8 >ICI5=8O<8, GC2AB20<8 8 ?@54AB02;5=8O<8, B> >= B@51>20; 1K A>2A5< =52>7<>6=>3>. = E>B5; 1K B>;L:> C4>2;5B2>@8BL A2>5 ;N1>?KBAB2> 8;8 ;N1>7=0B5;L=>ABL. > ?@8 B0:>< =0AB@>5=88 =8:>340 =5 <>65B 1KBL 4>AB83=CB> A>:@>25==>5 7=0=85. "5?5@L @07LOA=8< ?> ?>@O4:C CA;>28O, :>B>@K5 AB02OBAO 4CE>2=><C CG5=8:C. 5>1E>48<> ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> =8 ?@8 >4=>< 87 MB8E CA;>289 =5 B@51C5BAO A>25@H5==>3> 2K?>;=5=8O, => 8A:;NG8B5;L=> ;8HL AB@5<;5=85 : B0:><C 2K?>;=5=8N. ?>;=5 2K?>;=8BL CA;>289 =5 <>65B =8:B>; => 2ABC?8BL =0 ?CBL 8E 2K?>;=5=8O <>65B 2AO:89. 5;> 845B ;8HL > 2>;5, > 3>B>2=>AB8 2ABC?8BL =0 MB>B ?CBL. 5@2>5 CA;>285 B0:>2>: CG5=8: 4>;65= >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 B>, GB>1K A?>A>1AB2>20BL A2>5<C B5;5A=><C 8 4CH52=><C 74>@>2LN. !B5?5=L 74>@>2LO G5;>25:0 7028A8B, :>=5G=>, ?5@2>=0G0;L=> =5 >B =53>. > AB@5<8BLAO ?><>GL A515 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 <>65B :064K9. ">;L:> >B 74>@>2>3> G5;>25:0 <>65B 8AE>48BL 74>@>2>5 ?>7=0=85. 574>@>2><C G5;>25:C =5 1K205B >B:070 2 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88; => >B CG5=8:0 B@51C5BAO, GB>1K C =53> 1K;0 2>;O : 74>@>2>9 687=8. -  MB>9 >1;0AB8 G5;>25: 4>;65= 4>AB83=CBL 2>7<>6=>9 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>AB8. >1@K5 A>25BK 4@C38E, 1>;LH59 G0ABLN =5?@>H5=K5, :>B>@K<8 =045;ONB :064>3>, 1K20NB >1KG=> A>25@H5==> 87;8H=8<8. 064K9 4>;65= AB@5<8BLAO A;548BL 70 A>1>9 A0<. -  D878G5A:>< >B=>H5=88 45;> 1C45B 84B8 A:>@55 >1 CAB@0=5=88 2@54=KE 2;8O=89, G5< 2 G5<-=81C4L 4@C3><. @8 8A?>;=5=88 =0H8E >1O70==>AB59 =0<, :>=5G=>, G0AB> ?@8E>48BAO 1@0BL =0 A51O 25I8, =51;03>?@8OB=K5 4;O =0H53> 74>@>2LO. '5;>25: 4>;65= C<5BL 2 A;CG05 =5>1E>48<>AB8 AB028BL 4>;3 2KH5 701>BK > A>1AB25==>< 74>@>2L5. > :0: <=>3> 25I59, >B :>B>@KE <>6=> >B:070BLAO ?@8 4>1@>9 2>;5. > <=>38E A;CG0OE 4>;3 4>;65= AB>OBL 2KH5 74>@>2LO, =5@54:> 4065 2KH5 687=8, => =0A;0645=85 C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 - =8:>340. ;O =53> =0A;0645=85 <>65B 1KBL B>;L:> A@54AB2>< 4;O 74>@>2>9 687=8.  2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 =5>1E>48<> 1KBL 2?>;=5 G5AB=K< 8 ?@02482K< ?5@54 A0<8< A>1>9. 5A?>;57=> 25AB8 0A:5B8G5A:CN 687=L, 5A;8 MB> 2KB5:05B 87 ?>4>1=KE 65 ?>1C645=89, :0: 8 4@C385 =0A;0645=8O. '5;>25: <>65B =0E>48BL 2 0A:5B87<5 B0:>5 65 C4>2>;LAB285, :0:>5 4@C3>9 =0E>48B 2 28=5. > ?CABL >= =5 =0455BAO, GB> MB>B 0A:5B87< 1C45B 5<C :0:-=81C4L ?>;575= 4;O 4>AB865=8O 2KAH53> ?>7=0=8O. - =>385 284OB 2 A2>5< 687=5==>< ?>;>65=88 ?@8G8=C, <5H0NICN 8< ?@>42830BLAO 2?5@54 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88. =8 3>2>@OB: " <>8E 687=5==KE CA;>28OE O =5 <>3C @072820BLAO".  4@C3>< >B=>H5=88 4;O <=>38E <>65B >:070BLAO 70<0=G82K< 87<5=8BL CA;>28O A2>59 687=8, => 2 F5;OE >::C;LB=>3> >1CG5=8O MB>3> =8:><C =5 =C6=>. ;O MB>9 F5;8 =C6=>, GB>1K G5;>25: 8<5==> 2 B>< ?>;>65=88, 2 :>B>@>< >= =0E>48BAO, 45;0; 2A5, GB> B>;L:> 2>7<>6=> 4;O A2>53> B5;5A=>3> 8 4CH52=>3> 74>@>2LO. AO:89 B@C4 <>65B 1KBL ?>;57=K< 4;O F5;>3> G5;>25G5AB20; 8 3>@074> 1>;LH5 25;8G8O 4;O G5;>25G5A:>9 4CH8 COA=8BL A515 AB5?5=L =5>1E>48<>AB8 =57=0G8B5;L=>9 8, <>65B 1KBL, 4065 =5?@83;O4=>9 @01>BK 4;O MB>3> F5;>3>, =565;8 4C<0BL: "-B0 @01>B0 4;O <5=O A;8H:>< =8GB>6=0, O ?@8720= : 4@C3><C". - A>15==> 206=> 4;O >::C;LB=>3> CG5=8:0 AB@5<;5=85 : A>25@H5==><C 4CE>2=><C 74>@>2LN. 574>@>20O 4CH52=0O 8 C<AB25==0O 687=L 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 C40;O5B 53> >B ?CB59 : 2KAH8< ?>7=0=8O<. /A=>5, A?>:>9=>5 <KH;5=85, 25@=>5 >ICI5=85 8 GC2AB2>20=85 O2;ONBAO 745AL 3;02=>9 >A=>2>9. >;LH5 2A53> 4>;65= 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: C40;OBLAO >B A:;>==>AB8 : D0=B075@AB2C, : 2>71C645==>AB8, =5@2=>AB8, M:70;LB0F88, D0=0B87<C. = 4>;65= CA2>8BL A515 74>@>2K9 273;O4 =5 2A5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20 687=8; 4>;65= C<5BL C25@5==> @0718@0BLAO 2 687=8; 4>;65= A?>:>9=> 4020BL A0<8< 25I0< 3>2>@8BL : A515 8 2>7459AB2>20BL =0 A51O. = 4>;65= AB0@0BLAO 25745, 345 =C6=>, >B4020BL 4>;6=>5 687=8. A5 G@57<5@=>5, >4=>AB>@>==55 4>;6=> 1KBL CAB@0=5=> 87 53> AC645=89 8 >ICI5=89. A;8 1K MB> CA;>285 =5 1K;> 2K?>;=5=>, 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 2<5AB> 2KAH8E <8@>2 2ABC?8; 1K 2 <8@ A>1AB25==>9 D0=B0788, 2<5AB> 8AB8=K 4;O =53> ?>;CG8;8 1K 7=0G5=85 53> 87;N1;5==K5 <=5=8O. ;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 ;CGH5 1KBL "B@572K<", =565;8 M:70;LB8@>20==K< 8 D0=B075@><. B>@>5 CA;>285 - GC2AB2>20BL G;5=>< 2A5>1I59 687=8.  8A?>;=5=88 MB>3> CA;>28O 70:;NG5=> <=>3>5. > :064K9 <>65B 8A?>;=OBL 53> B>;L:> ?>-A2>5<C. A;8 O - 2>A?8B0B5;L 8 <>9 CG5=8: =5 >B25G05B <>8< 65;0=8O<, B> O 4>;65= =0?@028BL <>5 GC2AB2> ?@5645 2A53> =5 ?@>B82 =53>, 0 ?@>B82 A0<>3> A51O. / 4>;65= ?>GC2AB2>20BL A51O =0AB>;L:> 548=K< A <>8< CG5=8:><, GB>1K A?@>A8BL A51O: "5 O2;O5BAO ;8 =54>AB0B>: 2 <>5< CG5=8:5 ?>A;54AB285< <>53> A>1AB25==>3> ?>ABC?:0". '5< =0?@02;OBL A2>5 GC2AB2> ?@>B82 =53>, O ;CGH5 ?>4C<0N, :0: <=5 ?>AB028BL A51O B0:, GB>1K 2 1C4CI5< CG5=8: <>3 ;CGH5 >B25G0BL <>8< B@51>20=8O<. ;03>40@O B0:><C =0AB@>5=8N ?>AB5?5==> 87<5=O5BAO 25AL A:;04 <KH;5=8O G5;>25:0. -B> >48=0:>2> >B=>A8BAO :0: : A0<><C <0;><C, B0: 8 : A0<><C 25;8:><C. AE>4O 87 MB>3> =0AB@>5=8O O 8=0G5 A<>B@N, =0?@8<5@, =0 ?@5ABC?=8:0, G5< ?@5645. / C45@6820NAL >B >AC645=8O 8 3>2>@N A515: "/ B0:>9 65 G5;>25:, :0: 8 >=. >65B 1KBL, B>;L:> 2>A?8B0=85, ?>;CG5==>5 <=>N 2 A8;C 2=5H=8E >1AB>OB5;LAB2, ?@54>E@0=8;> <5=O >B 53> CG0AB8". ">340 O ?@894C, ?>60;C9, : <KA;8, GB> MB>B 1@0B <>9 1K; 1K 4@C38<, 5A;8 1K CG8B5;O >B40;8 5<C A2>9 B@C4, ?>B@0G5==K9 8<8 =0 <5=O. / ?>4C<0N, GB> <=5 4>AB0;>AL =5GB>, G53> >= 1K; ;8H5=.  B>340 O 1C4C C65 =5 B0: 40;5: 8 >B ?@54AB02;5=8O, GB> O B>;L:> G;5= 2A53> G5;>25G5AB20 8 2<5AB5 A =8< >B25BAB25=5= 70 2A5 ?@>8AE>4OI55. -B8< 2>2A5 =5 A:070=>, GB> ?>4>1=0O <KA;L 4>;6=0 =5<54;5==> ?5@59B8 2> 2=5H=85 038B0F8>==K5 ?>ABC?:8. =8 4>;6=K B8E> 2>A?8BK20BLAO 2 4CH5. ">340 >=0 A>2A5< ?>AB5?5==> >B@078BLAO 8 2> 2=5H=5< ?>2545=88 G5;>25:0. > 2 MB8E 25I0E :064K9 <>65B =0G0BL ?@5>1@07>20=85, :>=5G=>, A A0<>3> A51O. !>25@H5==> 15A?;>4=> ?@54JO2;OBL 2 4CE5 MB8E <KA;59 >1I85 B@51>20=8O :> 2A5<C G5;>25G5AB2C. 53:> A>AB028BL A515 AC645=85 > B><, :0:8<8 ;N48 4>;6=K 1KBL; => 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: @01>B05B 2 3;C18=5, 0 =5 =0 ?>25@E=>AB8. >MB><C 1K;> 1K A>2A5< =5?@028;L=K< ?@82>48BL C:070==>5 745AL B@51>20=85 >::C;LB=KE CG8B5;59 2 A2O78 A :0:8<-;81> 2=5H=8<, E>BO 1K, =0?@8<5@, ?>;8B8G5A:8< B@51>20=85<, A :>B>@K< 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85 =5 <>65B 8<5BL =8G53> >1I53>. >;8B8G5A:85 038B0B>@K >1K:=>25==> "7=0NB", G53> =C6=> B@51>20BL >B 4@C38E ;N459, => > B@51>20=8OE : A0<8< A515 C =8E @565 1K205B @5GL. ! MB8< =5?>A@54AB25==> A2O70=> B@5BL5 CA;>285, =5>1E>48<>5 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. #G5=8: 4>;65= AC<5BL ?@>18BLAO : C15645=8N, GB> 53> <KA;8 8 GC2AB20 8<5NB 4;O <8@0 B0:>5 65 7=0G5=85, :0: 8 53> 459AB28O. C6=> ?@87=0BL, GB> >48=0:>2> 3C18B5;L=> 5A;8 O =5=0286C <>53> 1;86=53> 8;8 5A;8 O C40@N 53>. ">340 O ?@894C B0:65 : A>7=0=8N, GB> A>25@H5=AB2CO A51O, O A>25@H0N =5GB> =5 B>;L:> 4;O A51O, => 8 4;O <8@0. 7 <>8E G8ABKE GC2AB2 8 <KA;59 <8@ 872;5G5B A>25@H5==> B0:CN 65 ?>;L7C, :0: 8 87 <>53> 4>1@>3> ?>2545=8O. >:0 O =5 <>3C ?>25@8BL 2 MB> <8@>2>5 7=0G5=85 <>59 2=CB@5==59 687=8, 4> B5E ?>@ O =5 3>6CAL 2 4CE>2=K5 CG5=8:8. / B>;L:> B>340 8A?>;=ONAL ?@028;L=>9 25@K 2 7=0G5=85 <>53> 2=CB@5==53> <8@0, <>59 4CH8, :>340 @01>B0N =04 MB8< 4CH52=K< A>25@H5==> B0: 65, :0: 5A;8 1K >=> 1K;> ?> :@09=59 <5@5 AB>;L 65 459AB28B5;L=K<, :0: 8 2A5 2=5H=55. / 4>;65= ?@87=0BL, GB> <>5 GC2AB2> 8<55B B0:>5 65 459AB285, :0: 8 45;> <>8E @C:. "5< A0<K< 2KA:070=> C65 A>1AB25==> 8 G5B25@B>5 CA;>285; CA;>285 B>3> 273;O40, GB> A>1AB25==>5 ACI5AB2> G5;>25:0 70:;NG05BAO =5 2> 2=5H=5<, 0 2> 2=CB@5==5<. B> A<>B@8B =0 A51O B>;L:> :0: =0 ?@>4C:B 2=5H=53> <8@0, :0: =0 @57C;LB0B D878G5A:>3> <8@0, B>B =8G53> =5 <>65B 4>AB83=CBL 2 45;5 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O. 'C2AB2>, GB> BK - 4CH52=>-4CE>2=>5 ACI5AB2>, A>AB02;O5B >A=>2C MB>3> >1CG5=8O. B> 4>AB83=5B MB>3> GC2AB20, B>B A?>A>15= B>340 @07;8G0BL <564C 2=CB@5==8<8 >1AB>OB5;LAB2>< 8 2=5H=8< CA?5E><. = C7=05B, GB> >4=> =5 <>65B 87<5@OBLAO 4@C38<. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= =09B8 8AB8==CN A5@548=C <564C B5<, GB> ?@54?8AK20NB 2=5H=85 CA;>28O 8 B5<, GB> >= A0< ?@87=05B ?@028;L=K< 4;O A2>53> ?>2545=8O. = =5 4>;65= =0A8;L=> =02O7K20BL A2>8< >:@C60NI8< =8G53> B0:>3>, 4;O G53> >=8 5I5 =5 <>3CB 8<5BL =0AB>OI53> @07C<5=8O; => >= 4>;65= 1KBL A>25@H5==> A2>1>4=K< B0:65 8 >B =0:;>==>AB8 45;0BL B>;L:> B>, GB> <>65B 2AB@5B8BL ?@87=0=85 A@548 >:@C60NI8E. = 4>;65= 8A:0BL ?@87=0=8O 4;O A2>8E 8AB8= 548=AB25==> B>;L:> 2 3>;>A5 A2>59 G5AB=> AB@5<OI59AO : ?>7=0=8N 4CH8. > C A2>53> >:@C60NI53> >= 4>;65= :0: <>6=> 1>;LH5 CG8BLAO, GB>1K @07>1@0BL, GB> 8<5==> ?>;57=> 8 ?@83>4=> 4;O MB>3> >:@C60NI53>. "0:8< >1@07>< >= @07>2L5B 2 A515 B>, GB> 2 B09=>2545=88 =07K20NB "4CE>2=K<8 25A0<8". 0 >4=>9 G0H:5 25A>2 ;568B ">B:@KB>5" 4;O =C64 2=5H=53> <8@0 "A5@4F5", 0 =0 4@C3>9 - "2=CB@5==OO B25@4>ABL 8 =5?>:>;518<0O 2K45@6:0". -B> C:07K205B =0< =0 ?OB>5 CA;>285: ?>AB>O=AB2> 2 ?@5A;54>20=88 >4=064K ?@8=OB>3> @5H5=8O. 8GB> =5 <>65B 70AB028BL 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 >B:070BLAO >B ?@8=OB>3> @5H5=8O, :@><5 @0725 B>;L:> ?@>7@5=8O, GB> >= 2?0; 2 701;C645=85. AO:>5 @5H5=85 5ABL A8;0 8 4065 5A;8 MB0 A8;0 8 =5 ?@82>48B : =5?>A@54AB25==><C @57C;LB0BC B0<, :C40 >=0 =0?@02;5=0, >=0 2A5-B0:8 >:07K205B A2>5 459AB285. 57C;LB0B 8<55B @5H0NI55 7=0G5=85 B0<, 345 ?>1C640NI8< : 459AB28N A;C68B 2>645;5=85. > 2A5 459AB28O, A>25@H05<K5 8E 2>645;5=8O, =5 8<5NB =8:0:>9 F5=K 4;O 2KAH53> <8@0. 45AL @5H05B B>;L:> ;N1>2L : 40==><C ?>ABC?:C.  MB>9 ;N128 4>;6=> 876820BLAO 2A5, GB> ?>1C6405B 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 : ?>ABC?:C.  B>340 >= =5 CAB0=5B 2A5 A=>20 ?5@52>48BL A2>5 @5H5=85 2 459AB285, A:>;L:> 1K @07 53> =8 ?>AB830;0 =5C40G0. "0: ?@8E>48B >= : B><C, GB>1K =5 4>6840BLAO 2=5H=53> @57C;LB0B0 A2>8E 459AB289, => 4>2>;LAB2>20BLAO A0<8<8 459AB28O<8. = =0CG05BAO ?@8=>A8BL 2 65@B2C <8@C A2>8 ?>ABC?:8 8 4065 2A5 A2>5 ACI5AB2>, 157@07;8G=>, :0: 1K <8@ =8 ?@8=8<0; 53> 65@B2K. B> 65;05B AB0BL 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:><, 4>;65= 1KBL 3>B>2 : MB><C 65@B25==><C A;C65=8N. (5AB>5 CA;>285 - @0728B85 GC2AB20 1;03>40@=>AB8 :> 2A5<C, GB> 405BAO G5;>25:C. = 4>;65= 7=0BL, GB> A>1AB25==>5 53> 1KB85 5ABL 40@ 2A59 2A5;5==>9. '53> B>;L:> =8 B@51C5BAO, GB>1K :064K9 87 =0A <>3 ?>;CG8BL 8 ?@>4;8BL A2>5 1KB85! 0: <=>38< <K >1O70=K ?@8@>45 8 4@C38< ;N4O<!  B0:8< <KA;O< 4>;6=K 1KBL A:;>==K B5, :B> 8ICB 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. B> =5 2 A>AB>O=88 >B40BLAO B0:8< <KA;O<, B>B =5 <>65B @0728BL 2 A515 2A5>1J5<;NI59 ;N128, =5>1E>48<>9 4;O 4>AB865=8O 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89. ">, G53> O =5 ;N1;N, =5 <>65B <=5 >B:@KBLAO.  :064>5 >B:@>25=85 4>;6=> =0?>;=OBL <5=O 1;03>40@=>ABLN, 81> G5@57 =53> O AB0=>2;NAL 1>30G5. A5 >?8A0==K5 CA;>28O 4>;6=K A>548=OBLAO 2 A54L<><: =5C:;>==> A<>B@5BL =0 687=L 2 B>< 4CE5, :>B>@K9 B@51C5BAO MB8<8 CA;>28O<8. ;03>40@O MB><C CG5=8: ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL ?@840BL A2>59 687=8 F5;>AB=>AB=K9 >B?5G0B>:. B45;L=K5 ?@>O2;5=8O 53> 687=8 1C4CB =0E>48BLAO 2 A>3;0A88, 0 =5 2 ?@>B82>@5G88 4@C3 A 4@C3><. = 1C45B ?>43>B>2;5= : B><C ?>:>N, : :>B>@><C >= 4>;65= ?@89B8 ?@8 ?5@2KE 65 A2>8E H030E 2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25. A;8 C :>3>-=81C4L 5ABL A5@L57=>5 8 8AB8==>5 =0<5@5=85 2K?>;=8BL MB8 CA;>28O, B>340 >= <>65B @5H8BLAO =0 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2>. = =0945B A51O 3>B>2K< ?>A;54>20BL ?@82545==K< A>25B0<. CABL <=>3>5 2 MB8E A>25B0E ?>:065BAO 8=><C G5<-B> 2=5H=8<. "0:>9 G5;>25:, ?>60;C9, A:065B, GB> ?> 53> <=5=8N, CG5=8G5AB2> 4>;6=> 1K;> 1K ?@>B5:0BL 2 <5=55 AB@>38E D>@<0E. > 2A5 2=CB@5==55 4>;6=> 876820BLAO 2> 2=5H=5<.  :0: 5I5 =5 ACI5AB2C5B :0@B8=K, ?>:0 >=0 2>7=8:;0 2 B>;L:> 3>;>25 EC4>6=8:0, B0: 8 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 =5 <>65B 1KBL 157 2=5H=53> 2K@065=8O. ">;L:> B5 ?@5=51@568B5;L=> >B=>AOBAO : AB@>38< D>@<0<, :B> =5 7=05B, GB> 2> 2=5H=5< 4>;6=> 2K@060BL A51O 2A5 2=CB@5==55. @0240, GB> 2065= 4CE 25I8, 0 =5 D>@<0. > :0: D>@<0 =8GB>6=0 157 4CE0, B0: 8 4CE >AB0;AO 1K 157 45;, 5A;8 1K >= =5 A>740; A515 D>@<K. @82545==K5 CA;>28O A?>A>1=K A45;0BL 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 4>AB0B>G=> A8;L=K< 4;O 2K?>;=5=8O 8 40;L=59H8E B@51>20=89, :>B>@K5 4>;6=> ?@54JO28BL : =5<C 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2>. A;8 5<C 1C45B =54>AB020BL MB8E CA;>289, >= 1C45B >AB0=02;820BLAO 2 =54>C<5=88 ?5@54 :064K< =>2K< B@51>20=85<. 57 =8E C =53> =5 1C45B =5>1E>48<>3> 5<C 4>25@8O : ;N4O<, 0 =0 4>25@88 8 =0 8AB8==>9 ;N128 : ;N4O< 4>;6=> 1KBL ?>AB@>5=> 2A5 AB@5<;5=85 : 8AB8=5. => 4>;6=> 1KBL ?>AB@>5=> =0 MB><, E>BO ?@>8AB5:0BL >=> <>65B =5 87 MB>3>, 0 B>;L:> 87 A8;K A>1AB25==>9 4CH8.  ;N1>2L 4>;6=0 ?>AB5?5==> @0AH8@8BLAO 2 ;N1>2L :> 2A5< ACI5AB20< 8 4065 :> 2A5<C 1KB8N. B> =5 2K?>;=8B =0720==KE CA;>289, C B>3> =5 1C45B B0:65 8 A>25@H5==>9 ;N128 :> 2A5<C A>7840=8N, :> 2AO:><C B2>@G5AB2C, =5 1C45B A:;>==>AB8 >B:070BLAO >B 2AO:>3> @07@CH5=8O 8 C=8GB>65=8O :0: B0:>2KE. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= AB0BL B0:8<, GB>1K =8G53> =5 C=8GB>60BL @048 A0<>3> C=8GB>65=8O =5 B>;L:> 2 459AB28OE, => 8 2 A;>20E, 2 GC2AB20E 8 <KA;OE. 04>ABLN 4>;6=> 1KBL 4;O =53> 2AO:>5 2>7=8:=>25=85 8 AB0=>2;5=85; 8 >= B>;L:> B>340 1K205B 2?@025 GB>-;81> C=8GB>68BL, 5A;8 >= 2 A>AB>O=88 87 C=8GB>65=8O 8 G5@57 C=8GB>65=85 A?>A>1AB2>20BL =>2>9 687=8. BAN40 =5 A;54C5B, GB> 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= A?>:>9=> =01;N40BL, :0: ?KH=> @07@0AB05BAO 4C@=>5; => >= 4>;65= 4065 2 4C@=>< 8A:0BL B5E AB>@>=, ?@8 ?><>I8 :>B>@KE >= <>65B >1@0B8BL 53> 2 4>1@>. ;O =53> AB0=>28BAO 2A5 OA=55, GB> A0<>9 25@=>9 1>@L1>9 A 4C@=K< 8 =5A>25@H5==K<, O2;O5BAO A>7840=85 4>1@>3> 8 A>25@H5==>3>. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 7=05B, GB> 87 =8G53> =5;L7O A>740BL G53>-;81>, => GB> =5A>25@H5==>5 <>6=> ?@52@0B8BL 2 A>25@H5==>5. B> @07>2L5B 2 A515 =0:;>==>ABL : A>7840=8N, B>B A:>@> =0945B 8 A?>A>1=>ABL ?@028;L=> >B=>A8BLAO : 4C@=><C. ABC?0NI89 2 4CE>2=>5 CG5=8G5AB2> 4>;65= COA=8BL A515, GB> A ?><>ILN 53> =04;568B AB@>8BL, 0 =5 @07@CH0BL. >MB><C >= 4>;65= ?@8=5AB8 A A>1>9 3>B>2=>ABL : G5AB=>9, A0<>>B25@65==>9 @01>B5, 0 =5 : :@8B8:5 8 @07@CH5=8N. = 4>;65= 1KBL A?>A>15= : 1;03>3>25=8N, 81> 5<C ?@54AB>8B CG8BLAO B><C, G53> >= 5I5 =5 7=05B. = 4>;65= 1;03>3>259=> 278@0BL : B><C, GB> >B:@K205BAO. 01>B0 8 1;03>3>25=85 - 2>B >A=>2=K5 GC2AB20, :>B>@K5 B@51CNBAO >B 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. =><C ?@845BAO C7=0BL, GB> >= =5 ?>428305BAO 2?5@54 2 CG5=8G5AB25, =5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB>, ?> 53> <=5=8N, >= =5CB><8<> @01>B05B. -B> ?@>8AE>48B >B B>3>, @01>BC 8 1;03>3>25=85 >= ?>=O; =5 2 8AB8==>< A<KA;5. 01>B0, ?@54?@8=8<05BAO @048 CA?5E0, 1C45B 8<5BL =08<5=LH89 CA?5E 8 >1CG5=85, :>B>@>5 ?@>B5:05B 157 1;03>3>25=8O <5=LH5 2A53> lnvzB  UhO6hO65hO6hO65CJaJhO6mH sH hO6hO6mH sH hO6 np  6 8  X : Z d " F gdO6  jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjgdO6jjjjj j!!j""j##j$$j%%j&&j''j((j))j**gdO6*j++j,,j--j..j//j00j11j22j33j44j55j66j77j88j9gdO6j99j::j;;j<<j==j>>j??j@@jAA$BB$CCC.DD.EE.FFGgdO6GGXGZGGZHHZIIZJJZKKZLLZMMZNNZOOZPPZQQZRRZSSZTgdO6ZTTZUUZVxVVxWWxXXxYYxZZx[[x\\x]]x^^x__x``xaaxbgdO6xbbxccxddxeexffxggxhhiiirjjrkk0l2lllllHmmHngdO6HnnHooHppHqqHrrHssHttHuuHvvHwwHxx yy zz {{ ||gdO6| }} ~~  rrrrrrrgdO6rrrrrr8888gdO60000gdO6000000V֬V֭V֮V֯VְVֱVֲVֳVִVgdO6VֵVֶVַVָVlllllllllllgdO6lllllllll<<<<<<gdO6<<<<RRRRRxxxxxgdO6xxxxxxxx\\\\\\\gdO6\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\gdO6\\\\\\\\::::::  :  gdO6    L  L  L  LLL666666gdO6******zzz  :!!:"":##:$$:%gdO6:%%:&&:'''H((H))H**H++H,,H--H..H//H00H11H22H3gdO6H33H44H55H66H77H88H99H::H;;H<<2==2>>2??&@@&AAgdO6A&BBCCDDEEFFGGHHIIJJKKLLMMNNOOPgdO6PPQQRRSSTJTTJUUJVVJWWJXXJYYJZZJ[[J\\J]]^gdO6^^__``aabbccddddeedffdggdhhdiidjjdkkdlgdO6dll\mm\nn\oo\ppqqrrssttuuvvwwxxyyzzgdO6z{{||}}~~4gdO644444444gdO6........."""""gdO6"""""""""DFxzzzzzgdO6zzzzzzܷ\ܸ\ܹ\ܺ\ܻ\ܼ\ȽʽtgdO6tlllllllllllRRRgdO6RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRgdO6RRRRRRRRNNN****gdO6****^^^^^^^^^^^^gdO6^^^^^^^^^^gdO6          >>gdO6>>>>>>>>>>>>  >!!>"">#gdO6>##>$$>%%>&&>''>((>))>**>++>,,>-->..>//>00>11gdO61>22>33>44>55>66>77>88>99>::;;@;B;;B<<B==B>>gdO6>B??B@@BAABBBBCCBDDBEEBFFBGGBHHBIIBJJBKKBLLBMgdO6BMMBNNBOOBPPBQQBRRBSSBTTBUUBVVBWWBXXBYYBZZB[[gdO6[B\\B]]0^^0__``aabbccddeeffgghhiijgdO6jjkkllltmmtnntooppqqrrssttuuvvwwxgdO6xxyhyjyyy*zz*{{*||*}}*~~*******gdO6****܈\܉\܊\܋\܌\܍\܎\؏XؐXؑXؒXgdO6XؓXؔXؕXؖX(((((((gdO6((((((((((($$$$gdO6$$$$$ִVֵVֶVַVָVֹVֺVֻVּVֽgdO6ֽV־VֿVVVVgdO6LLLLLLgdO6666666\\\\\\\gdO6@@@@@@@gdO6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@gdO6@@@@@t  t  t  t  V  VVVVVgdO6VVVVVtttttttttt gdO6t  2!!2""2##2$$2%%2&&2''2((2))2**2++2,,2--2..gdO6.2//20021122d22d33d44d55d66d77d88d99d::d;;d<<gdO6<d==d>|>>|??|@@|AA|BB|CC|DD|EE|FF|GG|HHHIIIgdO6IJJKKK\LL\MM\NN"OO"PP"QQ"RR"SS"TT"UU"VHVVHWgdO6HWWHXXYYZZ[v[[v\\v]]v^^v__v``vaavbbvccvddvegdO6veevffvggvhhviivjjvkkvllmmnnoopvppvqqvrrvsgdO6vssvttvuuvvvvwwvxxvyyvzzj{{j||j}}j~~jjjgdO6jjffffxxxxxxxgdO600000gdO60000000,,,,,,,,gdO6,,,,,,,,,,,,,,TԹTgdO6TԺTԻTԼTԽTԾTԿTT:::::::gdO6::PPPPPPPPPPPPgdO6PPpppgdO6ppppppppppppgdO6`````gdO6```TTTTTT  T  T  T   b  gdO6 bBBBBBBBBBBBBBBgdO6BBBBB  B!!B"""p##p$$p%%p&&p''p((p))p*gdO6p**p++p,,p--,..,//,00,11,2|22|33|44|55|66|77|8gdO6|88|99|::r;;r<<r==r>>>>>l??l@@lAAlBBlCClDDlEgdO6lEElFFlGGlHHlIIlJJlKKLLMMNNOOPPQQRRSSgdO6STTUUVVVzWWzXXzYYzZZz[[z\\z]]z^^z__z``zaagdO6azbbzccrddreerffrggrhhriirjjrkkrllrmmrnnroorpgdO6rpprqqrrrrssrttruurvvrwwrxxryyrzzr{{r||L}}L~~gdO6~LL̀ĹL̂L̃L̄L̅L̆L̇L̈L̉L̊L̋ĽLgdO6L̍L̎L̏L̐L̑L̒L̓L̔L̕Lnp$$$$gdO6$$$$$$$$$$:::::gdO6::ʩJʪJʫJʬxxxxxxxxxgdO6xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxgdO6xxxxxDDDDDDDDDDgdO6DDDDDDDD&&&&&&&gdO6&&DDDDDDDDDDDD&gdO6&&&&&&&&&nnnnngdO6              gdO6             bbbbbgdO6bb&&&&&&&&&&&gdO6?>428=5B CG5=8:0 2?5@54. ">;L:> ;N1>2L : @01>B5, 0 =5 : CA?5EC, ?>428305B 2?5@54.  5A;8 CG0I89AO 8I5B 74>@>2>3> <KH;5=8O 8 25@=>3> AC645=8O, 5<C =570G5< A><=5=85< 8 =54>25@85< >B@02;OBL A2>5 1;03>3>25=85.  MB> 2>2A5 =5 2545B : @01A:>9 7028A8<>AB8 2 AC645=8OE, 5A;8 ?@8 2>A?@8OB88 :0:>3>-=81C4L A>>1I5=8O G5;>25: =5 A?5H8B ?@>B82>?>AB028BL 5<C A>1AB25==>5 <=5=85, 0 2AB@5G05B 53> A> A?>:>9=K< 1;03>3>25=85< 8 >B:@KB>9 4CH>9. "5, :>B>@K5 C65 4>AB83;8 G53>-=81C4L 2 ?>7=0=88 7=0NB, GB> >=8 >1O70=K 2A5< =5 A2>52>;L=><C ;8G=><C AC645=8N, 0 A?>:>9=><C 2A;CH820=8N 8 ?5@5@01>B:5 2>A?@8=OB>3>. 5>1E>48<> ?>AB>O==> 8<5BL 2 284C, GB> G5;>25:C =570G5< ?@>4>;60BL CG8BLAO B><C, > G5< >= C65 <>65B AC48BL. >MB><C 5A;8 G5;>25: E>G5B B>;L:> AC48BL, B> >= 2>>1I5 =5 <>65B 1>;LH5 CG8BLAO. > 2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 2A5 45;> 8<5==> 2 CG5=88. 45AL =5>1E>48<0 ?>;=0O @5H8<>ABL AB0BL CG0I8<AO. A;8 GB>-=81C4L >:07K205BAO =5?>=OB=K<, B>340 ;CGH5 A>2A5< =5 AC48BL, G5< AC48BL =525@=>. ">340 ;CGH5 >B;>68BL ?>=8<0=85 4> 1>;55 ?>74=53> <><5=B0: G5< 2KH5 G5;>25: ?>4=8<05BAO ?> ABC?5=O< ?>7=0=8O, B5< 1>;55 =5>1E>48<> 5<C MB> A?>:>9=>5 8 1;03>3>259=>5 2A;CH820=85. AO:>5 ?>7=0=85 8AB8=K, 2AO 687=L 8 45OB5;L=>ABL 2 <8@5 4CE0 AB0=>28BAO 2 2KAH8E >1;0ABOE 2A5 B>=LH5 8 =56=55 ?> A@02=5=8N A 45OB5;L=>ABLN >1K:=>25==>3> @0AAC4:0 8 A ?@>O2;5=85< 687=8 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. '5< H8@5 :@C38, 2 :>B>@K5 ?>4=8<05BAO G5;>25:, B5< B>=LH5 ?@54AB>OI0O 2 =8E 45OB5;L=>ABL. - >MB><C-B> ;N48 8 ?@8E>4OB >B=>A8B5;L=> 2KAH8E >1;0AB59 : AB>;L @07;8G=K< "273;O40<" 8 "B>G:0< 7@5=8O". "5< =5 <5=55 8 > 2KAH8E 8AB8=0E ACI5AB2C5B 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 B0:65 B>;L:> >4=> <=5=85. @89B8 65 : MB><C >4=><C <=5=8N G5;>25: <>65B ?CB5< @01>BK 8 1;03>3>25=8O, ?>4=O2H8AL : 459AB28B5;L=><C A>75@F0=8N 8AB8=K. ">;L:> B>B <>65B ?@89B8 : >BABC?0NI5<C >B 8AB8=K 273;O4C, :B> 157 4>AB0B>G=>9 ?>43>B>2:8 AC48B =0 >A=>20=88 A2>8E 87;N1;5==KE ?@54AB02;5=89, ?@82KG=KE <KA;59 8 B.4.. 0: > <0B5<0B8G5A:>< ?@028;5 ACI5AB2C5B B>;L:> >4=> 2>77@5=85, B0: 8 > 25I0E 2KAH8E <8@>2. > A=0G0;0 =5>1E>48<> ?>43>B>28BLAO, GB>1K <>GL ?@89B8 : B0:><C "2>77@5=8N". A;8 24C<0BLAO 2 MB>, B>340 CA;>28O, ?@54JO2;O5<K5 4CE>2=K< CG8B5;5<, =8 4;O :>3> =5 1C4CB 2:;NG0BL =8G53> =5>6840==>3>. 57CA;>2=> 25@=>, GB> 8AB8=0 8 2KAH0O 687=L >18B0NB 2 :064>9 G5;>25G5A:>9 4CH5 8, GB> :064K9 <>65B 8 4>;65= =09B8 8E 2 A515 A0<. > >=8 ;560B 3;C1>:> 8 <>3CB 1KBL 872;5G5=K 87 A2>8E 3;C1>:8E =54@ ;8HL ?>A;5 CAB@0=5=8O ?@5?OBAB289. 0: MB> A45;0BL, >1 MB>< 40BL A>25B <>65B B>;L:> G5;>25:, 8<5NI89 >?KB 2 B09=>2545=88. "0:>9 A>25B 405B 4CE>2=0O =0C:0. =0 =8:><C =5 =02O7K205B 8AB8=K, >=0 =5 2>725I05B =8:0:8E 4>3<0B>2; => >=0 C:07K205B ?CBL. @0240 :064K9 - E>BO, <>65B 1KBL B>;L:> ?>A;5 <=>38E 2>?;>I5=89 - <>3 1K 8 >48= =09B8 MB>B ?CBL, 2A5 65 4>AB8305<>5 2 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 O2;O5BAO A>:@0I5=85< ?CB8. ;03>40@O 5<C, G5;>25: @0=LH5 4>AB8305B B>3> <><5=B0, :>340 >= <>65B AB0BL 45OB5;L=K< CG0AB=8:>< 2 <8@0E, >B:C40 ?CB5< 4CE>2=>9 @01>BK ?>AK;05BAO ?><>IL 8 A>459AB285 =0 1;03> 8 @0728B85 G5;>25G5AB20. 45AL 1K;8 C:070=K 25I8, :>B>@K5 ?@5645 2A53> =04;560;> A>>1I8BL > 4>AB865=88 >?KB0 2 2KAH5< ?>7=0=88 <8@0.  A;54CNI59 3;025 MB8 A>>1I5=8O 1C4CB ?@>4>;65=K; 2 =59 1C45B ?>:070=>, GB> ?@>8AE>48B 2 2KAH8E G;5=0E G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K (2 >@30=87<5 4CH8 8;8 0AB@0;L=>< B5;5 8 2 4CE5 8;8 B5;5 <KA;8) 2> 2@5<O MB>3> @0728B8O. "0:8< >1@07>< MB8 A>>1I5=8O ?@54AB0=CB 2 =>2>< >A25I5=88 8 2 =8E <>6=> 1C45B ?@>=8:=CBL 2 1>;55 3;C1>:>< A<KA;5.  =5:>B>@KE ?>A;54AB28OE ?>A2OI5=8O.  G8A;C >A=>2=KE ?>;>65=89 B09=>2545=8O ?@8=04;568B B>, GB>1K G5;>25:, ?>A2OI05<K9 A51O 5<C, 45;0; MB> A ?>;=K< A>7=0=85<. = =5 4>;65= 45;0BL =8:0:8E C?@06=5=89 8 =8G53> =5 ?@54?@8=8<0BL, > G5< >= =5 7=05B, :0:85 MB> <>65B 8<5BL ?>A;54AB28O. 020O :><C-;81> A>25B 8;8 C:070=85, 4CE>2=K9 CG8B5;L 2A5340 C?><8=05B 2<5AB5 A B5< 8 > ?>A;54AB28OE, =0ABC?0NI8E ?@8 A>1;N45=88 53> A>25B0 2 B5;5, 4CH5 8;8 4CE5 B>3>, :B> AB@5<8BLAO : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N. B<5B8< B5?5@L =5:>B>@K5 459AB28O =0 4CHC CG5=8:0. ">;L:> B>B, :B> 7=0:>< A MB8<8 25I0<8, :0: >=8 745AL A>>1I0NBAO, <>65B 2?>;=5 A>7=0B5;L=> ?@54?@8=OBL C?@06=5=8O, 254CI85 : ?>7=0=8N A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2.  B>;L:> B0:>9 G5;>25: O2;O5BAO 8AB8==K< 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:><. AO:>5 8A:0=85 =0C304, 2 B5<=>B5, AB@>3> 70?@5I5=> ?@8 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88. B> =5 E>G5B ?@>E>48BL A2>53> CG5=8G5AB20 A >B:@KBK<8 3;070<8, B>B 45;05BAO <548C<><; OA=>284OI8<, 2 4CE5 B09=>2545=8O, >= A45;0BLAO =5 <>65B. # B>3>, :B> 45;05B 2 MB>< C?@06=5=8O, >?8A0==K5 2 ?@54K4CI8E 3;020E 8 254CI85 : ?@8>1@5B5=8N A25@EGC2AB25==KE ?>7=0=89, ?@>8AE>4OB ?@5645 2A53> 8725AB=K5 87<5=5=8O 2 B0: =07K205<>< >@30=87<5 4CH8. -B>B >@30=87< 2848< B>;L:> 4;O OA=>284OI53>. 3> <>6=> A@02=8BL A 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 A25BOI8<AO 4CE>2=>-4CH52=K< >1;0:><, 2 A5@548=5 :>B>@>3> =0E>48BAO D878G5A:>5 B5;> G5;>25:0 ( ?8A0=85 53> <>6=> =09B8 2 ""5>A>D88" B>3> 65 02B>@0).  MB>< >@30=87<5 4CE>2=> 2848<K ?>@K2K, 2>645;5=8O, AB@0AB8, ?@54AB02;5=8O 8 B.4.. 'C2AB25==>5 2>645;5=85, =0?@8<5@, >ICI05BAO 2 =5<, :0: B5<=>-:@0A=K5 87;CG5=8O >?@545;5==>9 D>@<K. '8AB0O, 1;03>@>4=0O <KA;L 2K@0605BAO 2 :0: 1K :@0A=>20B>-D8>;5B>2>< 87;CG5=88. BG5B;82>5 ?>=OB85 ;>38G5A:8 <KA;OI53> G5;>25:0 GC2AB2C5BAO, :0: 65;B>20B0O D83C@0 A 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==K<8 >G5@B0=8O<8. !182G820O <KA;L =5>BG5B;82> @01>B0NI53> C<0 2KABC?05B, :0: D83C@0 A =5>?@545;5==K<8 >G5@B0=8O<8. KA;8 ;N459 A >4=>AB>@>==8<8, 70ABK2H8<8 273;O40<8 O2;ONBAO @57:8<8, =5?>4286=K<8 2 A2>8E >G5@B0=8OE, B>340 :0: C ;N459, ;53:> ?>440NI8EAO 273;O40< 4@C38E, >=8 2848<K 2 ?>4286=KE, <5=ONI8EAO >G5@B0=8OE 8 B.4.. (@8 2A5E 40;L=59H8E >?8A0=8OE =04> 8<5BL 2 284C, GB>, =0?@8<5@, ?>4 "2845=85<" :0:>3>-=81C4L F25B0 ?>=8<05BAO 4CE>2=>5 2845=85 (A>75@F0=85). A;8 OA=>284G5A:>5 ?>7=0=85 3>2>@8B: "O 286C :@0A=>5", B> MB> >7=0G05B: "O 8<5N 2 >1;0AB8 4CH52=>-4CE>2=>3> ?5@56820=85, ?>4>1=>5 D878G5A:><C ?5@56820=8N ?@8 2?5G0B;5=88 :@0A=>3> F25B0". -B> 2K@065=85 ?@8<5=O5BAO B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 4;O OA=>284G5A:>3> ?>7=0=8O 2?>;=5 5AB5AB25==> A:070BL 2 ?>4>1=>< A;CG05: "O 286C :@0A=>5". 5 ?@8=O2 MB>3> 2> 2=8<0=85, ;53:> <>6=> A<5H0BL F25B>2>5 2845=85 A 459AB28B5;L=> OA=>284G5A:8< ?5@56820=85<.) '5< 40;LH5 ?>428305BAO G5;>25: 2 A2>5< 4CH52=>< @0728B88, B5< ?@028;L=55 A;0305BAO >@30=87< 53> 4CH8. # G5;>25:0 A =5@0728B>9 4CH52=>9 687=LN >= A<CB5= 8 =5@0AG;5=5=. > 8 2 MB>< =5@0AG;5=5==>< >@30=87<5 4CH8 OA=>284OI89 <>65B @07;8G8BL =5:>5 >1@07>20=85, OA=> >B45;ONI55AO 87 >:@C60NI53>. => ?@>AB8@05BAO >B 2=CB@5==59 G0AB8 3>;>2K 4> A5@548=K D878G5A:>3> B5;0. => 8<55B 284 :0: 1K A0<>AB>OB5;L=>3> B5;0, 8<5NI53> >?@545;5==K5 >@30=K. @30=K, > :>B>@KE 745AL ?@5645 2A53> 1C45B @5GL, 2>A?@8=8<0NBAO 4CE>2=> 21;878 A;54CNI8E G0AB59 D878G5A:>3> B5;0: ?5@2K9 - <564C 3;07, 2B>@>9 1;87 3>@B0=8, B@5B89 2 >1;0AB8 A5@4F0, G5B25@BK9 ;568B ?> A>A54AB2C A B0: =07K205<>9 ?>4;>65G=>9 2?048=>9, ?OBK9 8 H5AB>9 @0A?>;>65=K 2 >1;0AB8 682>B0. -B8 >1@07>20=8O C ;N459 4CE>2=> >?KB=KE, =>AOB =08<5=>20=85 ":>;5A" (G0:@>2) 8;8 B0:65 - "F25B>2 ;>B>A0". =8 =07K20NBAO B0: 1;03>40@O A2>5<C AE>4AB2C A :>;5A0<8 8 F25B0<8; => =C6=> 2A5-B0:8, :>=5G=> ?><=8BL, GB> MB> 2K@065=85 A;54C5B ?>=8<0BL ?@81;878B5;L=> 2 B>< 65 A<KA;5, 2 :0:>< >15 4>;8 ;53:>3> =07K20NB ";53>G=K<8 :@K;LO<8". AO:><C OA=>, GB> 745AL 45;> 845B =5 > ":@K;LOE"; B0:8< 65 >1@07>< 8 B0< =C6=> ?><=8BL, GB> MB> =0720=85 8<55B 7=0G5=85 B>;L:> A@02=5=8O. # =5@0728B>3> G5;>25:0 MB8 ";>B>AK" B5<=>9 >:@0A:8, A?>:>9=K 8 =5?>4286=K. > C OA=>284OI53> >=8 2 42865=88 8 A8ONI8E F25B>2KE >BB5=:>2. 5GB> ?>4>1=>5 1K205B 8 C <548C<0, => 2A5 65 2 =5A:>;L:> 4@C3>< @>45. 45AL =570G5< :0A0BLAO MB>3> 1;865. - >340 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =0G8=05B 45;0BL A2>8 C?@06=5=8O, B> ?@5645 2A53> 53> "F25BK ;>B>A0" A25B;5NB; ?>74=55 >=8 =0G8=0NB 2@0I0BLAO. ! =0ABC?;5=85< 2@0I5=8O =0G8=05BAO A?>A>1=>ABL OA=>2845=8O. 1> MB8 F25BK ACBL >@30=K GC2AB2 4CH8. (B=>A8B5;L=> MB8E 2>A?@8OB89 "2@0I5=8O", 0 B0:65 8 A0<8E "F25B>2 ;>B>A0", >AB05BAO 2 A8;5 A:070==>5 2 ?@54K4CI5< ?@8<5G0=88 > "2845=88 :@0A>:".)  8E 2@0I5=85 O2;O5BAO 2K@065=85< B>3>, GB> G5;>25: 2>A?@8=8<05B 2 A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@0E. 8:B> =5 <>65B A>75@F0BL G53>-;81> A25@EGC2AB25==>3> ?@5645, G5< 53> 0AB@0;L=K5 >@30=K GC2AB2 =5 1C4CB B0:8< >1@07>< @0728BK. CE>2=K9 >@30= GC2AB2, =0E>4OI89AO 21;878 3>@B0=8, 405B 2>7<>6=>ABL OA=>284G5A:8 ?@>7@520BL 2 >1@075 <KH;5=8O 4@C3>3> 4CH52=>3> ACI5AB20; >= 4>?CA:05B B0:65 1>;55 3;C1>:>5 ?@>7@5=85 2 8AB8==K5 70:>=K O2;5=89 ?@8@>4K. - @30= ?> A>A54AB2C A A5@4F5< @0A:@K205B OA=>284G5A:>5 ?>7=0=85 >1@070 =0AB@>5==>AB8 4@C38E 4CH. 07282H89 53>, <>65B <>65B ?>7=020BL B0:65 8 =5:>B>@K5 1>;55 3;C1>:85 A8;K C 682>B=KE 8 @0AB5=89. ;03>40@O >@30=C GC2AB2 21;878 B0: =07K205<>9 ?>465;C4>G=>9 2?048=K 4>AB830NB 7=0=8O A?>A>1=>AB59 8 B0;0=B>2 4CH 8 <>3CB ?@>7@520BL, :0:CN @>;L 2 >1I5< AB@>5 ?@8@>4K 83@0NB 682>B=K5, @0AB5=8O, :0<=8, <5B0;;K, 0B<>AD5@=K5 O2;5=8O 8 B.4.. @30= 21;878 3>@B0=8 8<55B H5AB=04F0BL ";5?5AB:>2" 8;8 "A?8F", >@30= 21;878 A5@4F0 - 425=04F0BL, 0 ;560I89 ?> A>A54AB2C A ?>4;>65G=>9 2?048=>9 8<55B 8E 45AOBL. ! @0728B85< MB8E >@30=>2 GC2AB2 A2O70=K 8725AB=K5 4CH52=K5 45OB5;L=>AB8; 8 C :>3> >=8 ?@>B5:0NB 2?>;=5 >?@545;5==K< >1@07><, B>B A?>A>1AB2C5B @0728B8N MB8E 4CE>2=KE >@30=>2 GC2AB2.  "H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>< ;>B>A5" 2>A5<L ;5?5AB:>2 1K;8 @0728BK C65 2 >B40;5==59H5< ?@>H;><, =0 1>;55 @0==59 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O G5;>25:0. -B><C @0728B8N A0< G5;>25: =8A:>;L:> =5 A>459AB2>20;. = ?>;CG8; 53> :0: 40@ ?@8@>4K, =0E>4OAL 5I5 2 A>AB>O=88 A=>284G5A:>3>, A<CB=>3> A>7=0=8O. 0 B>340H=59 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O G5;>25G5AB20 >=8 1K;8 C65 45OB5;L=K. 4=0:> MB>B @>4 45OB5;L=>AB8 1K; A2O70= 8<5==> ;8HL A B5< A<CB=K< A>AB>O=85< A>7=0=8O. >340 2 ?>A;54AB288 A>7=0=85 ?@>OA=8;>AL, ;5?5AB:8 ?>B5<=5;8 8 ?@5:@0B8;8 A2>N 45OB5;L=>ABL. AB0;L=K5 2>A5<L ;5?5AB:>2 G5;>25: <>65B A0< @0728BL ?CB5< A>7=0B5;L=KE C?@06=5=89. ;03>40@O MB><C 25AL F25B>: ;>B>A0 AB0=>28BAO A8ONI8< 8 ?@8E>48B 2 42865=85. >, :0: C65 1K;> A:070=>, G5;>25: <>65B @0728BL A>7=0B5;L=> B>;L:> 2>A5<L 87 =8E; >AB0;L=K5 2>A5<L ?>O2;ONBAO B>340 A0<8 A>1>9. 0728B85 ?@>8AE>48B A;54CNI8< >1@07><. '5;>25: 4>;65= >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 8 701>BC =0 =5:>B>@K5 4CH52=K5 ?@>F5AAK, A>25@H05<K5 8< >1KG=> 15A?5G=> 8 =52=8<0B5;L=>. !CI5AB2C5B 2>A5<L B0:8E ?@>F5AA>2. 5@2K9, MB> - :0:8< >1@07>< G5;>25: CA208205B A515 ?@54AB02;5=8O.  MB>< >B=>H5=88 G5;>25: >1KG=> ?@54AB02;O5B A51O A>25@H5==> =0 ?@>872>; A;CG09=>AB8. = 2848B 8;8 A;KH8B B> 8;8 8=>5 8 A>>1@07=> MB><C A;0305B A2>8 ?>=OB8O. >:0 >= ?>ABC?05B B0:8< >1@07><, 53> H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 F25B>: ;>B>A0 >AB05BAO 2 A>25@H5==>< 157459AB288.  B>;L:> B>340, :>340 >= 15@5B 2 A2>8 @C:8 2>A?8B0=85 A51O 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88, F25B>: ;>B>A0 ?>AB5?5==> AB0=>28BAO 45OB5;L=K<. ! MB>9 F5;LN >= 4>;65= >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 A2>8 ?@54AB02;5=8O. 064>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 4>;6=> ?>;CG8BL 4;O =53> 7=0G5=85. = 4>;65= 2845BL 2 =5< >?@545;5==>5 A>>1I5=85, 25ABL > 25I0E 2=5H=53> <8@0.  >= =5 4>;65= C4>2;5B2>@OBLAO ?@54AB02;5=8O<8, :>B>@K5 =5 8<5NB =8:0:>3> 7=0G5=8O. AN 687=L A2>8E ?>=OB89 >= 4>;65= =0?@028BL B0:, GB>1K >=0 AB0;0 25@=K< 75@:0;>< 2=5H=53> <8@0. 3> AB0@0=85 4>;6=> 1KBL >1@0I5=> =0 B>, GB>1K C40;8BL 87 A2>59 4CH8 =525@=K5 ?@54AB02;5=8O. - B>@>9 4CH52=K9 ?@>F5AA :0A05BAO 2 ?>4>1=>< 65 =0?@02;5=88 @5H5=89 G5;>25:0. 065 A0<K5 =57=0G8B5;L=K5 @5H5=8O >= 4>;65= ?@8=8<0BL >1>A=>20==>, ?>A;5 7@5;>3> @07<KH;5=8O. AO:>5 =5>14C<0==>5 459AB285, 2AO:89 15AF5;L=K9 ?>ABC?>: 4>;65= 1KBL 40;5: >B 53> 4CH8. > 2A5<C >= 4>;65= 8<5BL AB@>3> 2725H5==K5 >A=>20=8O.  >= 4>;65= >B:070BLAO >B 2A53>, 4;O G53> C =53> =5B 7=0G8B5;L=>3> ?>1C645=8O. - "@5B89 ?@>F5AA :0A05BAO @5G8. ">;L:> B>, GB> 8<55B A<KA; 8 7=0G5=85, 4>;6=> 8AE>48BL 87 CAB 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. AO:89 @073>2>@ @048 A0<>3> @073>2>@0 >B2>48B 53> A ?@028;L=>3> ?CB8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 871530BL >1KG=>3> A?>A>10 @073>2>@0, :>340 15A?>@O4>G=> 8 ?5AB@> 3>2>@8BLAO >1> 2A5<. > ?@8 >= >B=N4L =5 4>;65= 2K:;NG0BL A51O 87 >1I5=8O A> A2>8<8 1;86=8<8. 0: @07 2 MB>< >1I5=88 53> @5GL 4>;6=0 2K@0AB0BL 4> 7=0G8B5;L=>AB8. = 3>2>@8B A :064K< 8 >B25G05B :064><C, => >= 45;05B MB> >A<KA;5==>, 2A5AB>@>==5 >14C<02 A2>8 A;>20. = =8:>340 =5 3>2>@8B =5>1>A=>20==>. - = AB0@05BAO 3>2>@8BL =5 A;8H:>< A60B>, => 8 =5 A;8H:>< <=>3>A;>2=>. - '5B25@BK9 ?@>F5AA 70:;NG05BAO 2 C?>@O4>G5=88 2=5H=59 45OB5;L=>AB8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: AB0@05BAO =0?@028BL A2>8 459AB28O B0:, GB>1K >=8 A>3;0A>2K20;8AL A 459AB28O<8 53> 1;86=8E 8 A A>1KB8O<8 2>:@C3 =53>. = >B:07K205BAO >B ?>ABC?:>2, <5H0NI8< 4@C38< 8;8 AB>OI8E 2 ?@>B82>@5G88 A A>25@H0NI8<AO 2>:@C3 =53>. = AB0@05BAO CAB@>8BL A2>N 45OB5;L=>ABL B0:, GB>1K >=0 30@<>=8G5A:8 2E>48;0 2 A>AB02 >:@C60NI59 53> A@54K, 53> 687=5==>3> ?>;>65=8O 8 B.4.. >340 GB>-=81C4L ?>AB>@>==55 ?>1C6405B 53> : 459AB28N, >= BI0B5;L=> A<>B@8B 70 B5<, GB>1K :0: <>6=> ;CGH5 A>3;0A>20BL A2>5 459AB285 A MB>9 ?>1C48B5;L=>9 ?@8G8=>9. A;8 65 >= 459AB2C5B ?> A>1AB25==><C ?>1C645=8N, B> A0<K< >BG5B;82K< >1@07>< 2725H8205B 2A5 ?>A;54AB28O A2>53> >1@070 459AB289. - OB>5 CA;>285 70:;NG05BAO 2 CAB@>5=88 2A59 AB>@>=K 687=8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: AB0@05BAO 68BL 2 A>3;0A88 A ?@8@>4>9 8 4CE><. = =5 ?@>O2;O5B 87;8H=59 B>@>?;82>AB8, => 8 =5 ;5=8BAO. B =53> >48=0:>2> 40;5:8, :0: G@57<5@=0O ?>3;>I5==>ABL 70=OB8O<8, B0: 8 =51@56=>ABL. = A<>B@8B =0 687=L, :0: =0 A@54AB2> 4;O @01>BK 8 CAB@08205B 55 A>>1@07=> MB><C. !2>N 701>BC > 74>@>2L5, A2>8 ?@82KG:8 8 B.4., >= @0A?>;0305B B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K 2 @57C;LB0B5 ?>;CG8;0AL 30@<>=8G=0O 687=L. - (5AB>5 CA;>285 :0A05BAO AB@5<;5=89 G5;>25:0. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 2725H8205B A2>8 A?>A>1=>AB8 8 A2>8 2>7<>6=>AB8 8 2545B A51O A>>1@07=> MB><C A0<>?>7=0=8N. = AB0@05BAO =5 45;0BL =8G53> B0:>3>, GB> ;568B 70 ?@545;0<8 53> A8;; => B0:65 - 8 =5 C?CA:0BL =8G53>, GB> =0E>48BAO 2 8E ?@545;0E. ! 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, >= AB028B A515 F5;8, A2O70==K5 A 8450;0<8, A 25;8:8<8 >1O70==>ABO<8 G5;>25:0. = =5 2E>48B 157 2AO:>9 <KA;8, :0: :>;5A>, 2 <5E0=87< G5;>25G5AB20, 0 AB@5<8BLAO ?>=OBL A2>8 7040G8, ?>4=8<0OAL =04 ?>2A54=52=K<. = AB@5<8BLAO : B><C, GB>1K 2A5 ;CGH5 8 A>25@H5==55 8A?>;=OBL A2>8 >1O70==>AB8. - !54L<>5 CA;>285 53> 4CH52=>9 687=8 :0A05BAO AB@5<;5=8O 2>7<>6=> 1>;LH5 =0CG8BLAO >B 687=8. ;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 =8G53> =5 ?@>E>48B <8<>, =5 4020O 5<C ?>2>40 A>1@0BL ?>;57=K9 4;O 687=8 >?KB. A;8 >= 8A?>;=8; GB>-=81C4L =5?@028;L=> 8 =5A>25@H5==>, MB> AB0=>28BAO ?>2>4>< 2K?>;=8BL =5GB> ?>4>1=>5 ?@028;L=> 8;8 A>25@H5==>. 01;N40O 459AB28O 4@C38E, >= ?>;L7C5BAO MB8< 4;O B>9 65 F5;8. = AB0@05BAO A>1@0BL 1>30B>5 A>:@>28I5 >?KB>2 8 2A5340 701>B;82> A25@O5BAO A =8<. = =5 45;05B =8G53>, =5 >3;O=C2H8AL =0 ?5@56820=8O, <>3CI85 >:070BL 5<C ?><>IL 4;O ?@8=OB8O @5H5=89 8 4;O 8E 2K?>;=5=8O. - 0:>=5F 2>AL<>5: 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 =0?@02;OBL 27>@ =0 A2>9 2=CB@5==89 <8@; >= 4>;65= ?>3@C60BLAO 2 A0<>3> A51O, BI0B5;L=> A>25B>20BLAO A A>1>N, 2K@010BK20BL 687=5==K5 ?@028;0 8 ?@>25@OBL 8E, <KA;5==> ?@>1530BL A2>8 7=0=8O, 2725H820BL A2>8 >1O70==>AB8, @07<KH;OBL > A>45@60=88 8 F5;8 687=8 8 B.4.. A5 MB8 25I8 C65 >1AC640;8AL 2 ?@54H5AB2CNI8E 3;020E; 745AL >=8 ?@82>4OBAO B>;L:> 2 A2O78 A @0728B85< H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0. ;03>40@O C?@06=5=8N 2 =8E, ?>A;54=89 AB0=>28BAO 2A5 A>25@H5==55 8 A>25@H5==55. 1> >B B0:8E C?@06=5=89 7028A8B @0728B85 40@0 OA=>2845=8O. '5< 1>;LH5, =0?@8<5@, <KA;8 8 A;>20 G5;>25:0 A>3;0ACNBAO A ?@>F5AA0<8 2> 2=5H=5< <8@5, B5< 1KAB@55 @0728205BAO MB>B 40@. B> 3>2>@8B 8;8 4C<05B =5?@024C, B>B C18205B =5GB> 2 70@>4KH5 H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0.  MB>< >B=>H5=88 ?@02482>ABL, ?@O<>B0 8 G5AB=>ABL O2;ONBAO A>7840B5;L=K<8 A8;0<8, 0 ;682>ABL, =58A:@5==>ABL, =5G5AB=>ABL - @07@CH8B5;L=K<8.  4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 7=0BL, GB> 745AL 206=> =5 >4=> "4>1@>5 =0<5@5=85", => 8 459AB28B5;L=>5 45;>. KA;O 8 3>2>@O GB>-;81> =5A>3;0A>20==>5 A 459AB28B5;L=>ABLN, O @07@CH0N =5GB> 2 <>5< 4CE>2=>< >@30=5 GC2AB2, :0:>5 1K O =8 8<5; ?@8 MB>< <KA;5==> 4>1@>5 =0<5@5=85. -B> ?@>8AE>48B B0:65, :0: A @515=:><, :>B>@K9 >168305BAO, E20B0OAL 70 >3>=L, E>BO >= 8 45;0; MB> ?> =52545=8N. - >340 4CH52=K5 ?@>F5AAK ?@82545=K : >?8A0==><C AB@>N, H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A =0G8=05B A25@:0BL 25;8:>;5?=K<8 :@0A:0<8 8 ?@8E>48B 2 70:>=><5@=>5 42865=85. - @8 MB>< =C6=> >4=0:> ?><=8BL, GB> C?><O=CBK9 40@ OA=>2845=8O <>65B >B:@KBLAO =5 @0=LH5, G5< 1C45B 4>AB83=CB0 >?@545;5==0O AB5?5=L @0728B8O 4CH8. >:0 G5;>25:C 5I5 B@C4=> 25AB8 687=L 2 =0<5G5==>< =0?@02;5=88, MB>B 40@ =5 ?>O2;O5BAO. >:0 5<C 5I5 ?@8E>48BAO >1@0I0BL >A>1>5 2=8<0=85 =0 MB8 ?@>F5AAK, 4> B5E ?>@ >= 5I5 =5 A>7@5;. >340 G5;>25:C C405BAO 4>AB83=CBL B>3>, GB> ?>4>1=>5 2545=85 687=8 AB0=>28BAO 4;O =53> :0: 1K ?@82KG=K<, B>340 ?@>O2;ONBAO ?5@2K5 A;54K OA=>2845=8O. ">340 MB> ?5@5AB05B 1KBL 4;O =53> B@C4=K< 8 45;05BAO A0<> A>1>9 @07C<5NI8<AO >1@07>< 687=8. 5 =04>, GB>1K 1K;0 =5>1E>48<>ABL ?>AB>O==> =01;N40BL 70 A>1>9 8 ?@8=C640BL A51O 68BL B0:8< >1@07><. A5 MB> 4>;6=> A45;0BLAO ?@82KG:>9. - ABL 8 4@C385 A?>A>1K, 8=0G5 ?@82>4OI85 : @0728B8N H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0. > 8AB8==>5 B09=>2545=85 >B25@305B 2A5 ?>4>1=K5 A?>A>1K. 1> >=8 ?@82>4OB : @07@CH5=8N B5;5A=>3> 74>@>2LO 8 : =@02AB25==>9 3815;8. =8 ;53G5 >ACI5AB28<K, =565;8 >?8A0==K9 A?>A>1. = B@51C5B 1>;LH5 2@5<5=8 8 B@C40, => 70B> >= 25@=55 ?@82>48B : F5;8 8 <>65B =@02AB25==> B>;L:> C:@5?8BL G5;>25:0. 5?@028;L=>5 @0728B85 ;>B>A0 ?@82>48B 2 @57C;LB0B5 2 A;CG05 =0ABC?;5=8O =5:>B>@>3> 40@0 OA=>2845=8O =5 B>;L:> : 8;;N788 8 D0=B0AB8G5A:8< ?@54AB02;5=8O<, => B0:65 8 : >H81:0< 8 =5CAB>9G82>AB8 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8. ;03>40@O B0:><C @0728B8N G5;>25: <>65B A45;0BLAO @>1:8<, 7028AB;82K<, BI5A;02=K<, 2KA>:><5@=K<, AB@>?B82K< 8 B.4., B>340 :0: ?@5645 C =53> =5 1K;> 2A5E MB8E A2>9AB2. - KH5 1K;> A:070=>, GB> 2>A5<L ;5?5AB:>2 H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 C65 1K;8 @0728BK @0=LH5 2 >G5=L 40;5:>< ?@>H;>< 8, GB> >=8 ?@>O2;ONBAO A=>20 A0<8 A>1>9 ?@8 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88. >MB><C B5?5@L ?@8 >::C;LB=>< CG5=8G5AB25 2AO 701>B0 4>;6=0 1KBL >1@0I5=0 =0 >AB0;L=K5 2>A5<L ;5?5AB:>2. @8 =5?@028;L=>< >1CG5=88 ;53:> 2KABC?0NB >4=8 B>;L:> ?5@2K5, @0728BK5 C65 @0=LH5, ;5?5AB:8, 0 2=>2L >1@07CNI85AO >AB0NBAO =5@0728BK<8. -B> A;CG05BAO 2 >A>15==>AB8 B>340, 5A;8 ?@8 >1CG5=88 A;8H:>< <0;> C45;ONB 2=8<0=8O ;>38G5A:><C, @07C<=><C <KH;5=8N. '@572KG09=> 206=>, GB>1K 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 1K; G5;>25:>< @07C<=K<, >1;040B5;5< OA=>3> <KH;5=8O. 0;55 206=>, GB>1K >= ?>701>B8;AO > 25;8G09H59 OA=>AB8 2 @5G8. N48, =0G8=0NI85 A<CB=> ?@54GC2AB2>20BL GB>-=81C4L 87 >1;0AB8 A25@EJ5AB5AB25==>3>, ;53:> AB0=>2OBAO @073>2>@G82K<8 >1 MB8E 25I0E. -B8< >=8 7045@6820NB A2>5 ?@028;L=>5 @0728B85. '5< <5=LH5 >1 MB8E 25I0E 3>2>@8BL, B5< ;CGH5. >2>@8BL 4>;65= 1K; 1K B>;L:> B>B, :B> C65 4>AB83 8725AB=>9 AB5?5=8 OA=>AB8. -  =0G0;5 >1CG5=8O 4CE>2=K5 CG5=8:8 >1KG=> C482;ONBAO, GB> ?@>H54H89 C65 4CE>2=CN H:>;C ?@>O2;O5B B0: <0;> ";N1>?KBAB20" : 8E A>>1I5=8O< > A2>8E ?5@56820=8OE. >;57=55 2A53> 4;O =8E 1K;> 1K :0: @07 A>25@H5==> C<0;G820BL > A2>8E ?5@56820=8OE 8 3>2>@8BL B>;L:> > B><, =0A:>;L:> E>@>H> 8;8 ?;>E> 8< C405BAO 2K?>;=OBL A2>8 C?@06=5=8O 8;8 A>1;N40BL C:070=8O. 1> ?@>H54H89 4CE>2=CN H:>;C 8<55B A>25@H5==> 4@C385 8AB>G=8:8 4;O AC645=8O >1 8E CA?5E0E, G5< 8E ?@O<K5 A>>1I5=8O. ;03>40@O ?>4>1=K< A>>1I5=8O<, 2>A5<L C?><O=CBKE ;5?5AB:>2 H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 2A5340 =5A:>;L:> 3@C15NB, B>340 :0: >=8 4>;6=K 1K;8 >AB020BLAO =56=K<8 8 381:8<8. @82545< 2 ?>OA=5=85 MB>3> ?@8<5@. ;O OA=>AB8 2>7L<5< 53> =5 8E A25@EGC2AB25==>9 687=8, 0 87 >1K:=>25==>9. @54?>;>68<, O A;KHC :0:>5-=81C4L 8725AB85 8 B>BG0A 65 A>AB02;ON > =5< AC645=85. !?CABO =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, O ?>;CG0N > B>9 65 25I8 4@C3>5 8725AB85, =5A>3;0A=>5 A ?5@2K<.  284C MB>3> <=5 ?@8E>48BAO 87<5=8BL A>AB02;5==>5 <=>N @0=LH5 AC645=85. -B> >:07K205B =51;03>?@8OB=>5 2;8O=85 =0 <>9 H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A. 5;> 1K;> 1K A>2A5< 8=0G5, 5A;8 1K O A=0G0;0 ?>4>640; A> A2>8< AC645=85< 8 5A;8 1K 2=CB@5==5, 2 <KA;OE 8 2=5H=5, 2 A;>20E, O "?@><>;G0;" 1K ?> >B=>H5=8N :> 2A5<C MB><C A;CG0N, ?>:0 C <5=O =5 O28;>AL 1K A>25@H5==> 25@=>9 B>G:8 >?>@K 4;O <>53> AC645=8O. AB>@>6=>ABL 2 >1@07>20=88 8 2KA:07K20=88 AC645=89 ?>AB5?5==> AB0=>28BAO >A>1K< ?@87=0:>< 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. 0B> 2>7@0AB05B 53> 2>A?@88<G82>ABL : 2?5G0B;5=8O< 8 >?KB0<, :>B>@K5 >= 157<>;2=> ?@>?CA:05B <8<> A51O =0 B>B A;CG09, :>340 5<C ?@845BAO A>AB028BL AC645=85. ;03>40@O B0:>9 >A<>B@8B5;L=>AB8 2 ;5?5AB:0E ;>B>A0 2KABC?0NB A8=520B>- 8 @>7>20B>-:@0A=K5 >BB5=:8, B>340 :0: 2 ?@>B82=>< A;CG05, >BB5=:8 1K20NB B5<=>-:@0A=K5 8 >@0=652K5. >4>1=> H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2><C ('5;>25:, 7=0:><K9 A ?@54<5B>< C7=05B 2 MB8E CA;>28OE @0728B8O "H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0" C:070=8O > "CB8", 40==K5 C44>9 53> CG5=8:0<. 4=0:>, 745AL ?@5A;54C5BAO F5;L =5 ?>CG5=8O "1C4487<C", 0 87>1@065=8O CA;>289 @0728B8O, ?@>8AB5:0NI8E 87 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8. ">, GB> >=8 A>3;0ACNBAO A =5:>B>@K<8 87 CG5=89 C44K =5 <>65B <5H0BL =0< =0E>48BL 8E 25@=K<8 8 ?> 8E A>1AB25==>9 ACI=>AB8.) ;>B>AC >1@07C5BAO B0:65 8 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 - ?> 1;87>AB8 A5@4F0. "0:65 8 2 =5< ?>;>28=0 ;5?5AB:>2 C65 ACI5AB2>20;0 8 1K;0 45OB5;L=0 2 >4=>< 87 ?@>H;KE A>AB>O=89 @0728B8O G5;>25:0. >MB><C ?@8 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 =5B =C64K >A>15==> @072820BL MB8 H5ABL ;5?5AB:>2; >=8 ?>O2;ONBAO A0<8 A>1>9 8 =0G8=0NB 2@0I0BLAO, :>340 G5;>25: @01>B05B =04 >AB0;L=K<8 H5ABLN. - 'B>1K A?>A>1AB2>20BL MB><C @0728B8N, G5;>25: 4>;65= >?OBL-B0:8 A>7=0B5;L=> 40BL >?@545;5==>5 =0?@02;5=85 =5:>B>@K< 45OB5;L=>ABO< 4CH8. "5?5@L =04> COA=8BL A515, GB> 2>A?@8OB8O >B45;L=KE 4CE>2=KE 8;8 4CH52=KE GC2AB2 =>AOB @07;8G=K9 E0@0:B5@. >B>A A 425=04F0BLN ;5?5AB:0<8 A>>1I05B 4@C3>5 2>A?@8OB85 G5< H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9. >A;54=89 2>A?@8=8<05B >1@07K. !:;04 <KH;5=89 B>9 8;8 8=>9 4CH8, 70:>=K, ?> :>B>@K< ?@>8AE>48B O2;5=85 ?@8@>4K, 2KABC?0NB 4;O H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 2 >1@070E. > MB> =5 70ABK2H85, A?>:>9=K5 >1@07K, 0 ?>4286=K5, =0?>;=5==K5 687=LN D>@<K. /A=>284OI89, C :>B>@>3> @0728;>AL MB> GC2AB2>, <>65B 4;O :064>3> A:;040 <KH;5=8O, 4;O :064>3> 70:>=0 ?@8@>4K =0720BL D>@<C, 2 :>B>@>9 >=8 >B?5G0BK20NBAO. KA;L > <5AB8, =0?@8<5@, >1;5:05BAO 2 ?>E>6CN =0 AB@5;C, 7C1G0BCN D83C@C; 4>1@>65;0B5;L=0O <KA;L G0AB> 8<55B >1@07 @0A:@K20NI53>AO F25B:0 8 B.4.. ?@545;5==K5, 7=0G8B5;L=K5 <KA;8 2K@060NBAO 2 ?@028;L=KE, A8<<5B@8G=KE >1@070E; A182G82K5 ?>=OB8O 8<5NB A;>6=K5, :C4@520BK5 >G5@B0=8O. - !>25@H5==> 4@C385 2>A?@8OB8O 2KABC?0NB =0 A25B, 1;03>40@O 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2><C ;>B>AC. %0@0:B5@ MB8E 2>A?@8OB89 <>6=> ?@81;878B5;L=> >?8A0BL, >?@545;82 8E :0: 4CH52=CN B5?;>BC 8;8 E>;>4. 045;5==K9 MB8< GC2AB2><, OA=>2845F GC2AB2C5B, :0: >B D83C@, 2>A?@8=8<05<K< 8< ?@8 ?><>I8 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0, ?@>;8205BAO MB0 4CH52=0O B5?;>B0 8;8 E>;>4. @54AB02LB5 A515 OA=>284F0, :>B>@K9 @0728; B>;L:> H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A 8 =5 @0728; 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0. ">340 2 4>1@>65;0B5;L=>9 <KA;8 >= C2845; 1K B>;L:> 2KH5>?8A0==K9 >1@07. @C3>9, @07282H89 2 A515 >10 MB8 GC2AB20, 70<5B8; 1K >B <KA;8, :@><5 B>3>, 5I5 8 MB> 87;8O=85, :>B>@>5 <>6=> >1>7=0G8BL B>;L:> :0: 4CH52=CN B5?;>BC. - 8<>E>4>< >B<5B8<, GB> ?@8 4CE>2=>< CG5=8G5AB25 =8 >4=> 87 MB8E GC2AB2 =8:>340 =5 @0728205BAO 157 4@C3>3>, B0: GB> 2KH5A:070==>5 =04> @0AA<0B@820BL, B>;L:> :0: ?>OA=8B5;L=K9 ?@8<5@. - ;03>40@O @0728B8N 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 OA=>284OI5<C @0A:@K205BAO B0:65 8 3;C1>:>5 @07C<5=85 ?@>F5AA>2 ?@8@>4K. A5, >A=>20==>5 =0 @>AB5 8 @0728B88 87;8205B 4CH52=CN B5?;>BC, 0 2A5, >E20G5==>5 C<8@0=85<, @07@CH5=85<, 3815;LN, 2KABC?05B A E0@0:B5@>< 4CH52=>3> E>;>40. 0728B8N MB>3> GC2AB20 CG5=8: A>459AB2C5B A;54CNI8< >1@07><. 5@2>5, GB> 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 >= 4>;65= =01;N40BL, - MB> C?>@O4>G5==K5 B5G5=8O A2>8E <KA;59 (B0: =07K205<K9 :>=B@>;L <KA;59). >4>1=> B><C, :0: H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A =0G8=05B @072820BLAO 1;03>40@O 8AB8==K< 8 ?>;=KE 7=0G5=8O <KA;O<, B0: 8 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 - 1;03>40@O 2=CB@5==5<C >2;045=8N B5G5=85< <KA;59. ;C640NI85 <KA;8, =0E>4OI85AO <564C A>1>9 =5 2 ?@>4C<0==>9, ;>38G5A:>9, 0 2 G8AB> A;CG09=>9 A2O78, 8A:060NB D>@<C MB>3> ;>B>A0. '5< 1>;LH5 <KA;8 A;54CNB >4=0 70 4@C3>9 8 G5< 1>;LH5 C405BAO 871560BL 2A53> =5;>38G=>3>, B5< A>25@H5==55 MB>B >@30= GC2AB2 ?>;CG05B A2>9AB25==CN 5<C D>@<C. A;8 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: A;KH8B =5;>38G=K5 <KA;8, >= B>BG0A 65 ?@>2>48B 8E G5@57 A2>9 C< 2 ?@028;L=>< 2845. = =5 4>;65= 15AA5@45G=> CAB@0=OBAO >B >1I5=8O A, 1KBL <>65B, =5;>38G=K<8 >:@C60NI8<8 ;N4L<8 @048 B>3>, GB>1K A?>A>1AB2>20BL A2>5<C @0728B8N. = =5 4>;65= B0:65 GC2AB2>20BL AB@5<;5=8O B>BG0A 65 2A5 =5;>38G=>5 2 A2>5< >:@C65=88. = 4>;65=, =0?@>B82, 2 A>25@H5==>9 B8H8=5, 2=CB@8 A51O, ?@82>48BL 2 ;>38G5A:89, >A<KA;5==K9 AB@>9, 2B>@30NI85AO 2 =53> 872=5 <KA;8.  >= 4>;65= AB0@0BLAO 2 A2>8E A>1AB25==KE <KA;OE 2A5340 A>1;N40BL MB>B AB@>9. - B>@0O 7040G0 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB>1K 2=5AB8 B0:CN 65 ?>A;54>20B5;L=>ABL 8 2 A2>8 459AB28O (:>=B@>;L 459AB289). AO:>5 =5?>AB>O=AB2>, 2AO:0O 48A30@<>=8O 2 ?>ABC?:0E ?@8=>A8B 2@54 MB><C ;>B>AC. !>25@H82 :0:>9-=81C4L >?@545;5==K9 ?>ABC?>:, CG5=8: =0?@02;O5B 70B5< A2>8 40;L=59H85 459AB28O B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K >=8 ;>38G5A:8 2KB5:0;8 87 ?5@2>3>. B> 459AB2C5B A53>4=O 2 4@C3>< =0?@02;5=88, G5< 2G5@0, B>B =8:>340 =5 @07>2L5B 2 A515 >?8A0==>3> GC2AB20. - "@5BL5 - MB> 2>A?8B0=85 2K45@6:8. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =5 ?>72>;O5B B5< 8;8 8=K< 2;8O=8O< >B:;>=OBL A51O >B ?>AB02;5==>9 A515 F5;8, ?>:0 >= <>65B AG8B0BL MBC F5;L ?@028;L=>9. @5?OBAB28O A;C60B 4;O =53> ?>1C645=85< : ?@5>4>;5=8N 8E, 0 =5 ?@8G8=>9, C45@6820NI59 >B ?>ABC?:0. '5B25@B>5 - B5@?8<>ABL ?> >B=>H5=8N : ;N4O<, : 4@C38< ACI5AB20<, 0 B0:65 : D0:B0<. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: ?>402;O5B 2AO:CN 87;8H=NN :@8B8:C =0 2A5 =5A>25@H5==>5, 7;>5 8 4C@=>5 8 AB@5<8BAO, =0?@>B82, ?>=OBL 2A5, GB> 5<C 2AB@5G05BAO. >4>1=> B><C, :0: A>;=F5 =5 ;8H05B 4C@=KE 8 7;KE A25B0 A2>53>, B0: 8 >= 4>;65= =5 ;8H0BL 8E A2>53> @07C<=>3> CG0AB8O. AB@5G05BAO ;8 4CE>2=><C CG5=8:C GB>-=81C4L =54>;6=>5, >= =5 AB0=5B 24020BLAO 2 >B@8F0B5;L=K5 AC645=8O, => ?@8<5B MB>, :0: =5>1E>48<>ABL 8 ?>?KB05BAO =0A:>;L:> C =53> E20B8B A8;, ?>25@=CBL 45;> : 4>1@C. =5=8O >= =5 @0AA<0B@8205B B>;L:> A> A2>59 B>G:8 7@5=8O, => AB0@05BAO ?5@5=5AB8AL 2 ?>;>65=85 4@C3>3>. - OB>5 - =5?@5427OB>ABL ?> >B=>H5=8N : O2;5=8O< 687=8.  MB>< A<KA;5 3>2>@8BAO B0:65 > "25@5" 8;8 "4>25@88". CE>2=K9 CG5=8: A 4>25@85< 2KE>48B =02AB@5GC :064><C G5;>25:C 8 :064><C ACI5AB2C.  2 A2>8E 459AB28OE >= B0:65 1K205B 8A?>;=5= MB>3> 4>25@8O. >340 5<C GB>-=81C4L A>>1I0NB, >= =8:>340 =5 A:065B A515: O =5 25@N MB><C, 81> MB> ?@>B82>@5G8B <>5<C ?@56=5<C A;>682H5<CAO <=5=8N. 0?@>B82, >= 2> 2AO:>5 2@5<O 1K205B 3>B>2 ?@>25@8BL 8 8A?@028BL A>1AB25==>5 <=5=85 8;8 273;O4, ?@8 2AB@5G5 A =>2K<. = >AB05BAO 2A5340 2>A?@88<G82K< :> 2A5<C, GB> 1K 5<C =8 2AB@5B8;>AL.  >= ?>;0305BAO =0 459AB25==>ABL B>3>, GB> >= ?@54?@8=8<05B. 5@5H8B5;L=>ABL 8 A:;>==>ABL : A><=5=8N >= 873>=O5B 87 A2>53> ACI5AB20. <5O :0:>5-=81C4L =0<5@5=85, >= 8<55B B0:65 8 25@C 2 A8;C MB>3> =0<5@5=8O. !>B=O =5C40G =5 <>65B >B=OBL C =53> MB>9 25@K. -B> 8 5ABL "25@0, :>B>@0O 428305B 3>@0<8". - (5AB>5 70:;NG05BAO 2 ?@8>1@5B5=88 8725AB=>9 C@02=>25H5==>AB8 2 687=8 (A?>:>9AB285 4CE0). CE>2=K9 CG5=8: AB0@05BAO A>E@0=8BL A2>5 @>2=>5 =0AB@>5=85, ?>AB8305B ;8 53> 3>@5 8;8 @04>ABL. = >BCG05B A51O >B :>;510=8O <564C A>AB>O=8O<8 "2>AB>@65==>3> ;8:>20=8O" 8 "A<5@B5;L=>3> >3>@G5=8O". 5AG0ABL5 8 >?0A=>ABL 70AB0NB 53> 2 B0:>< 65 2A5>@C688, :0: AG0ABL5 8 CA?5E. '8B0B5;8 B5>A>DA:8E A>G8=5=89 C7=0NB 2 MB>< >?8A0=88 ?5@5G8A;5=85 B0: =07K205<KE "H5AB8 :0G5AB2", :>B>@K5 =04;568B @0728BL 2 A515 2AO:><C, AB@5<OI5<CAO : ?>A2OI5=8N. 45AL 8<5;>AL 2 284C ?@54AB028BL 8E A2O7L A B5< 4CH52=K< GC2AB2><, :>B>@>5 =07K205BAO 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K< ;>B>A><. ::C;LB=>5 >1CG5=85 <>65B 40BL >A>1K5 C:070=8O, A?>A>1AB2CNI85 A>7@520=8N MB>3> ;>B>A0; => 8 745AL, >?OBL-B0:8 ?@028;L=>5 >1@07>20=85 MB>3> >@30=0 GC2AB2 1C45B 7028A5BL >B @0728B8O ?5@5G8A;5==KE :0G5AB2. A;8 =5 >1@0I0BL 2=8<0=8O =0 MB> @0728B85, B> >@30= ?>;CG8B 8A:065==K9 >1@07.  B>340, ?@8 @0728B88 =5:>B>@>3> OA=>2845=8O 2 MB>< =0?@02;5=88, C:070==K5 :0G5AB20 <>3CB ?@52@0B8BLAO 2<5AB> 4>1@0 2> 7;>. '5;>25: <>65B A45;0BLAO >A>15==> =5B5@?8<K<, =5@5H8B5;L=K<, =0G=5B AB>@>=8BLAO >B A2>8E >:@C60NI8E. = <>65B, =0?@8<5@, AB0BL 2>A?@88<G82K< : =0AB@>5=8N 4@C38E 4CH 8 87-70 MB>3> <>65B 871530BL 8E 8;8 =5=02845BL. -B> <>65B 709B8 B0: 40;5:>, GB> 4CH52=K9 E>;>4, >E20BK20NI89 53> ?@8 ?@>B82>@5G88 2> 273;O40E, <>65B A>2A5< ?><5H0BL 5<C 2KA;CH820BL 4@C38E 8;8 70AB028B 53> 45@60BL A51O >BB0;:820NI8< >1@07><. A;8 :> 2A5<C A:070==><C ?@8A>548=8BL 5I5 A>1;N45=85 =5:>B>@KE ?5@56820=89, :>B>@K5 4CE>2=K5 CG5=8:8 <>3CB ?>;CG8BL >B 4CE>2=KE CG8B5;59 B>;L:> CAB=>, B> 2 @0728B88 F25B:>2 ;>B>A0 =0ABC?05B =5:>B>@>5 CA:>@5=85. > C65 8 ?@82545==K5 745AL C:070=8O B0:65 =5A><=5==> 22>4OB 2 =0AB>OICN >::C;LB=CN H:>;C. 4=0:>, CAB@>5=85 687=8 2 =0<5G5==>< 745AL =0?@02;5=88 >:065BAO ?>;57=K< 8 4;O B5E, :B> =5 E>G5B 8;8 =5 <>65B ?@8=04;560BL : B0:>9 H:>;5. 1>, 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05, E>BO 8 <54;5==>, >:065B A2>5 2;8O=85 =0 4CH52=K9 >@30=87<. ;O 4CE>2=>3> 65 CG5=8:0 A>1;N45=8O MB8E ?@028; A>25@H5==> =5>1E>48<>. - A;8 1K >= =0G0; 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85, =5 A>1;N40O 8E, B> >= <>3 1K 2ABC?8BL 2 2KAH85 <8@K ;8HL A =5A>25@H5==K< <KA;5==K< >:>< 8 2<5AB> ?>7=0=8O 8AB8=K, >= ?>4?0; 1K B>340 ;8HL >1<0=0< 8 8;;N78O<. = A45;0;AO 1K 2 8725AB=>< >B=>H5=88 OA=>284OI8<; =>, 2 ACI=>AB8, >= 1K; 1K B>;L:> 5I5 1>;55 A;5?K<, G5< ?@5645. 1> ?@5645 >= AB>O;, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, B25@4> 2 ?@545;0E GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 8 8<5; 2 =5< 8725AB=CN >?>@C; B5?5@L 65 27>@ 53> >1@0I5= 70 ?@545;K GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 8 >= =0G8=05B A1820BLAO 2 ?>A;54=5<, =5 CA?52 5I5 C25@5==> AB0BL 2 2KAH5< <8@5. ">340 <>65B A;CG8BLAO, GB> >= 2>>1I5 CB@0B8B A?>A>1=>ABL >B;8G0BL 8AB8=C >B 701;C645=8O 8 ?>B5@O5B 2AO:>5 =0?@02;5=85 2 687=8. - <5==> ?> MB>9 ?@8G8=5 B0: =5>1E>48<> 2 MB8E 25I0E B5@?5=85. A5340 =04> ?><=8BL, GB> 4CE>2=0O =0C:0 =5 2?@025 4020BL 40;L=59H8E C:070=89, ?>:0 C CG5=8:0 =5B ?>;=>9 3>B>2=>AB8 : ?@028;L=><C @0728B8N "F25B:>2 ;>B>A0". A;8 CA:>@OBL 8E A>7@520=85, ?@5645, G5< >=8 CA?5;8 A?>:>9=> 4>AB83=CBL A2>59 =04;560I59 D>@<K, B> 2 @57C;LB0B5 >=8 ?@8=O;8 1K ?>8AB8=5 8A:065==K5 >1;8:8. 1> A?5F80;L=K5 C:070=8O 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8 A?>A>1AB2CNB 8E A>7@520=8N, D>@<0 65 405BAO 8< 1;03>40@O >?8A0==><C >1@07C 687=8. A>15==> B>=:89 4CH52=K9 CE>4 =5>1E>48< 4;O @0728B8O 45AOB8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0. 1> 745AL 45;> 845B > B><, GB>1K A0<><C =0CG8BLAO A>7=0B5;L=> 2;045BL 2?5G0B;5=8O<8 GC2AB2. -B> >A>15==> =5>1E>48<> 4;O =0G8=0NI53> OA=>284F0. ">;L:> 1;03>40@O MB><C >= <>65B 87153=CBL 8AB>G=8:0 15AG8A;5==KE 8;;N789 8 4CE>2=KE ?@>872>;L=>AB59. 1K:=>25==> G5;>25: A>25@H5==> =5 >B405B A515 >BG5B0, G5< C?@02;ONBAO 2=570?=> ?@8E>4OI85 5<C 2 3>;>2C <KA;8 8 2>A?><8=0=8O 8 G5< >=8 1K20NB 2K720=K. >7L<5< A;54CNI89 A;CG09. '5;>25: 545B ?> 65;57=>9 4>@>35. = 70=OB >4=>9 <KA;LN. 4@C3 MB0 <KA;L ?@8=8<05B A>2A5< 4@C3>9 >1>@>B. = 2A?><8=05B > ?5@56820=88, 1K2H5< C =53> =5A:>;L:> ;5B B><C =0704 8 A2O7K205B 53> A> A2>8<8 B5?5@5H=8<8 <KA;O<8. > >= A>2A5< =5 70<5B8;, GB> 53> 273;O4, CAB@5<;5==K9 2 >:=>, C?0; =0 ;8F>, 8<52H55 AE>4AB2> A 4@C38<, CG0AB2>202H8< 2 ?@8H54H5< 5<C =0 ?0<OBL 2>A?><8=0=88. #2845==>5 A>2A5< =5 4>H;> C =53> 4> A>7=0=8O, 0 4>H;> B>;L:> 53> 459AB285. "0:8< >1@07>< >= 4C<05B, GB> 2>A?><8=0=85 ?@8H;> 5<C =0 C< "A0<> A>1>9". 0: <=>3> 25I59 2 687=8 ?@>8AE>48B ?>4>1=K< 65 >1@07><. 0: 2?;5B0NBAO 2 =0HC 687=L @07=K5 25I8, :>B>@K5 <K C7=0;8 8 ?@>G;8, =5 4>2>4O 8E 2708<=>9 A2O78 4> A>7=0=8O. 0?@8<5@, :B>-=81C4L B5@?5BL =5 <>65B B0:>3>-B> F25B0; => >= A>2A5< =5 7=05B, GB> MB> ?@>8AE>48B ?>B><C, GB> CG8B5;L, <CG02H89 53> <=>3> ;5B B><C =0704, =>A8; AN@BC: MB>3> F25B0. 5AG8A;5==K5 8;;N788 >A=>20=K =0 ?>4>1=KE =5A>7=0205<KE A2O7OE. =>385 25I8 70?5G0B;520NBAO 2 4CH5, A>25@H5==> <8=CO A>7=0=85. >65B ?@>87>9B8 A;54CNI89 A;CG09. B>-=81C4L G8B05B 2 3075B5 > A<5@B8 7=0:><>3> G5;>25:0.  2>B >= =0AB>9G82> CB25@6405B, GB> 5I5 "2G5@0" C =53> 1K;> ?@54GC2AB285 MB>9 A<5@B8, E>BO >= =5 2845; 8 =5 A;KE0; =8G53>, <>3CI53> =025AB8 53> =0 MBC <KA;L.  MB> ?@0240: <KA;L, GB> MB>B G5;>25: C<@5B, 2>7=8:;0 C =53> "2G5@0" :0: 1K "A0<0 A>1>9". = =5 70<5B8; B>;L:> >4=>3>. 0 =5A:>;L:> G0A>2 ?5@54 B5<, :0: C =53> "2G5@0" O28;0AL MB0 <KA;L, >= 1K; 2 3>ABOE C >4=>3> 7=0:><>3>. 0 AB>;5 ;560;0 3075B0. = 55 =5 G8B0;. > 15AA>7=0B5;L=> 53> 273;O4 2A5-B0:8 C?0; =0 8725AB85 > BO65;>9 1>;57=8 C?><O=CB>3> ;8F0. ?5G0B;5=85 >1 MB>< =5 4>H;> 4> 53> A>7=0=8O. > @57C;LB0B>< 53> 1K;> "?@54GC2AB285". - A;8 ?@8=OBL 2A5 MB> 2> 2=8<0=85, B>340 <>6=> ?@54AB028BL A515, :0:>9 8AB>G=8: 8;;N789 8 D0=B0AB8G5A:8E ?@54AB02;5=89 70:;NG5= 2 ?>4>1=KE >1AB>OB5;LAB20E.  MB>B 8AB>G=8: 4>;65= 1KBL C=8GB>65=, 5A;8 G5;>25: E>G5B @0728BL 2 A515 45AOB8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A. 1> 1;03>40@O MB><C ;>B>AC <>6=> 2>A?@8=8<0BL 2 4CH0E 3;C1>:> A:@KBK5 A2>9AB20. > 8AB8==K<8 MB8 2>A?@8OB8O <>3CB 1KBL ?@87=0=K B>;L:> B>340, 5A;8 G5;>25: A>25@H5==> >A2>1>48;AO >B >7=0G5==KE 701;C645=89. ;O MB>3> 5<C =5>1E>48<> AB0BL 3>A?>48=>< =04 2>7459AB28O<8, 84CI8<8 =0 =53> 87 2=5H=53> <8@0. '5;>25: 4>;65= 4>AB83=CBL B>3>, GB>1K 459AB28B5;L=> =5 2>A?@8=8<0BL 2?5G0B;5=89, :>B>@KE >= =5 E>G5B 2>A?@8=8<0BL. -BC A?>A>1=>ABL <>6=> ?@8>1@5AB8 B>;L:> ?CB5< =0?@O65==>9 2=CB@5==59 687=8. '5;>25: 4>;65= ?>AB028BL MB> 2 7028A8<>ABL >B A2>59 2>;8; >= 4>;65= 4>72>;OBL 459AB2>20BL =0 A51O B>;L:> B5< 25I0<, =0 :>B>@K5 >= >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 8 459AB28B5;L=> CAB@0=OBLAO >B 2?5G0B;5=89, : :>B>@K< >= =5 >1@0I05BAO ?> A>1AB25==>9 2>;5. ">, GB> >= 2848B, >= 4>;65= E>B5BL 2845BL; 0 B>, =0 GB> >= =5 >1@0I05B 2=8<0=8O, 4>;6=> 459AB28B5;L=> =5 ACI5AB2>20BL 4;O =53>. '5< 68255 8 M=5@38G=55 AB0=>28BAO 2=CB@5==OO @01>B0 4CH8, B5< ?>;=55 <>6=> MB>3> 4>AB83=CBL. - CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 871530BL 2AO:>3> 3;O45=8O ?> AB>@>=0< 8 A;CH0=8O, =5 A>?@>2>6405<KE <KA;LN. ;O =53> 4>;6=> ACI5AB2>20BL B>;L:> B>, =0 GB> >= CAB@5<;O5B A2>9 A;CE 8;8 7@5=85. = 4>;65= 4>;65= C?@06=OBLAO 2 A?>A>1=>AB8 =8G53> =5 A;KH0BL ?>A@548 25;8G09H53> HC<0, 5A;8 >= =5 E>G5B A;KH0BL; >= 4>;65= A45;0BL A2>9 3;07 =52>A?@88<G82K< 4;O 25I59, =0 :>B>@K5 >= =5 A<>B@8B =0<5@5==>. = 4>;65= 1KBL 70I8I5= :0: 1K 4CH52=>9 1@>=59 >B 2AO:8E 15AA>7=0B5;L=KE 2?5G0B;5=89. - A>15==> 4>;65= >= >1@0B8BL 2 MB>< A<KA;5 A2>N 7040GC =0 687=L A2>8E <KA;59. = AB028B ?5@54 A>1>9 :0:CN-=81C4L >?@545;5==CN <KA;L 8 AB0@05BAO 4C<0BL B>;L:> > B><, GB> >= <>65B 2?>;=5 A>7=0B5;L=> 8 A>25@H5==> A2>1>4=> A2O70BL A MB>9 <KA;LN. = >B:;>=O5B ?@>872>;L=K5, ?@8E>4OI85 =0 C< <KA;8. 5;0O ?@825AB8 <KA;L 2 :0:CN-=81C4L A2O7L A 4@C3>9 <KA;LN, >= BI0B5;L=> >14C<K205B, >B:C40 : =5<C ?@8H;0 MB0 4@C30O <KA;L.- = 845B 5I5 40;LH5. 8B0O, =0?@8<5@, ?@>B82 G53>-=81C4L 8725AB=CN 0=B8?0B8N, >= ?>156405B 55 8 AB0@05BAO CAB0=>28BL A>7=0B5;L=>5 >B=>H5=85 : :064>9 25I8. "0:8< >1@07><, 15AA>7=0B5;L=K5 M;5<5=BK 2A5 <5=LH5 2<5H820NBAO 2 53> 687=L. ">;L:> 1;03>40@O B0:><C 2>A?8B0=8N 45AOB8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A 4>AB8305B B>9 D>@<K, :>B>@CN >= 4>;65= 8<5BL. CH52=0O 687=L 4>;6=0 A45;0BLAO C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 687=LN 2 ?>AB>O==>< 2=8<0=88 8 =04> 459AB28B5;L=> C<5BL 45@60BL 240;8 >B A51O B>, =0 GB> =5 E>G5HL 8;8 =5 4>;65= >1@0I0BL =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. - A;8 : ?>4>1=><C A0<>2>A?8B0=8N ?@8A>548=O5BAO ?>B>< <548B0F8O ?> C:070=8O< 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8, B>340 ;>B>A 2 >1;0AB8 65;C4>G=>9 2?048=K 4>AB8305B 7@5;>AB8 ?@028;L=K< >1@07>< 8 B>, GB> 2>A?@8=8<0;>AL ?@5645 1;03>40@O 2KH5>?8A0==K< >@30=0< GC2AB2 B>;L:> :0: D>@<0 8 B5?;>B0, ?>;CG05B B5?5@L 4CE>2=> A25B 8 >:@0A:C.  1;03>40@O MB><C @0A:@K20NBAO, =0?@8<5@, B0;0=BK 8 A?>A>1=>AB8 4CH, 0 B0:65 A:@KBK5 A2>9AB20 ?@8@>4K. &25B>20O 0C@0 682KE ACI5AB2 AB0=>28BAO B0:8< >1@07>< 2848<>9; >:@C60NI55 =0A 2>725I05B > A2>8E 4CH52=KE :0G5AB20E. - 04> ?@87=0BL, GB> 8<5==> 2 MB>9 >1;0AB8 =5>1E>48<0 ?@8 @0728B88 25;8G09H0O BI0B5;L=>ABL, 81> 83@0 15AA>7=0B5;L=KE 2>A?><8=0=89 1K205B 745AL G@572KG09=> 682>9.  ?@>B82=>< A;CG05 C <=>38E ;N459 ACI5AB2>20;> 1K C?><O=CB>5 745AL GC2AB2>, 81> >=> 2KABC?05B ?>GB8 =5<54;5==>, :0: B>;L:> G5;>25: =0G8=05B 45@60BL 2?>;=5 2 A2>59 2;0AB8 2?5G0B;5=8O A2>8E GC2AB2, B0: GB> >=8 7028AOB C65 548=AB25==> >B 53> 2=8<0=8O 8;8 =52=8<0=8O. -B> 4CH52=>5 GC2AB2> >AB05BAO 2 157459AB288 B>;L:> 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 A8;0 2=5H=8E GC2AB2 C45@68205B 53> 2 A>AB>O=88 A<CB=>AB8 8 ?>402;5==>AB8. I5 1>;55 B@C4=K<, G5< @0728B85 >?8A0==KE ;>B>A>2, O2;O5BAO @0728B85 H5AB8-;5?5AB:>2>3> F25B:0 ;>B>A0, =0E>4OI53>AO 2 A5@548=5 B5;0. 1> 4;O MB>3> @0728B8O =5>1E>48<> 4>AB83=CBL A>25@H5==>3> ?>4G8=5=8O 2A53> G5;>25:0 53> A0<>A>7=0=8N B0:, GB>1K B5;>, 4CH0 8 4CE 1K;8 C =53> 2 ?>;=>9 30@<>=88. B?@02;5=8O B5;0, =0:;>==>AB8 8 AB@0AB8 4CH8, <KA;8 8 8458 4CE0 4>;6=K 1KBL ?@82545=K 2 A>25@H5==>5 A>3;0A85 <564C A>1>9. "5;> 4>;6=> 1KBL =0AB>;L:> >1;03>@>65=> 8 >G8I5=>, GB>1K 53> >@30=K =5 2;5:;8 53> =8 : G5<C, GB> =5 A;C68B 4CH5 8;8 4CEC. CH0 =5 4>;6=0 ?>=C640BLAO B5;>< : 2>645;5=8O< 8 AB@0ABO<, ?@>B82>@5G0I8< G8AB><C 8 1;03>@>4=><C <KH;5=8N. > 8 4CE =5 4>;65= :0: @01>2;045;5F 3>A?>4AB2>20BL =04 4CH>9, =0;030O =0 2A5 A2>8 25;5=8O 4>;30 8 70:>=K; >=0 4>;6=0 A0<0 ?> A>1AB25==>9 A2>1>4=>9 A:;>==>AB8, A;54>20BL >1O70==>ABO< 8 25;5=8O< 4>;30. 1O70==>ABL =5 4>;6=0 BO3>B5BL =04 CG5=8:><, :0: GB>-B>, G5<C >= ?>4G8=O5BAO ?@>B82 2>;8, => 4>;6=0 1KBL B5<, GB> >= 8A?>;=O5B ?> ;N128. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= @0728BL A2>1>4=CN 4CHC 2 @02=>25A88 <564C GC2AB25==>ABLN 8 4CE>2=>ABLN. = 4>;65= 4>AB83=CBL 2>7<>6=>AB8 ?>;030BLAO =0 A2>N GC2AB25==>ABL, 81> >=0 4>;6=0 1KBL =0AB>;L:> >G8I5==>9, GB>1K ?>B5@OBL A8;C C2;5:0BL 53> 2=87. = =5 4>;65= 1>;LH5 8<5BL =C64K 2 >1C740=88 A2>8E AB@0AB59, 81> >=8 A0<8 A>1>9 4>;6=K A;54>20BL ?@028;L=><C. >:0 G5;>25:C =5>1E>48<> 18G520BL A51O, >= =5 <>65B 1KBL 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:>< =0 8725AB=>9 ABC?5=8. >1@>45B5;L, : :>B>@>9 5I5 =C6=> ?@8=C640BL A51O, =5 8<55B F5=K 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. >:0 C 5I5 5ABL 2>645;5=85, >=> <5H05B CG5=8G5AB2C, 4065 5A;8 1K >= AB0@0;AO 5<C =5 ?>B2>@AB2>20BL.  157@07;8G=>, ?@8=04;568B ;8 MB> 2>645;5=85 B5;C 8;8 4CH5. A;8 G5;>25: 8715305B, =0?@8<5@, :0:>3>-=81C4L 2>71C640NI53> A@54AB20, GB>1K >G8AB8BL A51O >B:07>< >B =0A;0645=8O, B> MB> >:065B 5<C ?>;L7C B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 53> B5;> =5 8A?KBK205B 1;03>40@O MB><C 2>745@60=8N =8:0:>9 BO3>AB8.  ?@>B82=>< A;CG05, MB> ?>:07K205B, GB> B5;> 65;05B MB>3> 2>71C640NI53> A@54AB20 8 B>340 2>745@60=85 =5 8<55B =8:0:>9 F5=K.  B0:>< A;CG05 2?>;=5 2>7<>6=>, GB> G5;>25:C ;CGH5 2@5<5==> >B:070BLAO >B =0<5G5==>9 F5;8 8 ?>4>640BL, ?>:0 4;O =53> =5 =0ABC?8B - 1KBL <>65B ;8HL 2 A;54CNI59 687=8 - 1>;55 1;03>?@8OB=K5 2 GC2AB25==>< >B=>H5=88 >1AB>OB5;LAB20.  =5:>B>@KE ?>;>65=8OE @07C<=K9 >B:07 O2;O5BAO 3>@074> 1>;LH8< 4>AB865=85<, G5< AB@5<;5=85 : G5<C-=81C4L =54>AB868<><C ?@8 40==KE CA;>28OE. "0:>9 @07C<=K9 >B:07 4065 1>;55 A>>B25BAB2C5B @0728B8N. B> @0728; 2 A515 H5AB8-;5?5AB:>2K9 ;>B>A, B>B 4>AB8305B >1I5=8O A ACI5AB20<8, ?@8=04;560I8<8 : 2KAH8< <8@0<; >4=0:>, ;8HL 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 8E 1KB85 ?@>O2;O5BAO 2 <8@5 4CH. > ?@8 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88 =5 A>25BCNB @072820BL MB>B ;>B>A, ?>:0 CG5=8: =5 ?>428=C;AO 40;LH5 =0 MB>< ?CB8, =0 :>B>@>< >= <>65B 2>72KA8BL A2>9 4CE 2 5I5 1>;55 2KA>:89 <8@. 0728B85 F25B>2 ;>B>A0 4>;6=> 2A5340 A>?@>2>640BLAO MB8< 2ABC?;5=85< 2 ?>4;8==K9 <8@ 4CE0. =0G5 CG5=8: 2?0405B 2 A?CB0==>ABL 8 =5C25@5==>ABL. @0240, >= =0CG8;AO 1K 2845BL, => 5<C =5 4>AB020;> 1K A?>A>1=>AB8 ?@028;L=> AC48BL >1 C2845==><. - ?@>G5<, 2 A0<8E CA;>28OE, =5>1E>48<KE 4;O @0728B8O H5AB8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0, 70:;NG05BAO C65 8725AB=>5 @CG0B5;LAB2> ?@>B82 A?CB0==>AB8 8 =5CAB>9G82>AB8. 1> =5 ;53:> ?@825AB8 2 A<CI5=85 B>3>, :B> 4>AB83 A>25@H5==>3> @02=>25A8O <564C GC2AB25==>ABLN (B5;><), AB@0ABLN (4CH>N) 8 84559 (4CE><).  2A5 65 =5>1E>48<> 5I5 =5GB> 1>;LH55, G5< MB> @CG0B5;LAB2>, :>340 1;03>40@O @0728B8N H5AB8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0, G5;>25G5A:><C 2>A?@8OB8N AB0=>2OBAO 4>ABC?=K >40@5==K5 687=LN 8 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>ABLN ACI5AB20, ?@8=04;560I85 : <8@C, AB>;L :>@5==K< >1@07>< >B;8G=><C >B <8@0 D878G5A:8E GC2AB2. 'B>1K A>E@0=8BL C25@5==>ABL 2 MB8E <8@0E, 5<C =54>AB0B>G=> >4=>3> @0728B8O ;>B>A>2; 4;O MB>3> 5<C =04> 8<5BL 2 A2>5< @0A?>@O65=88 5I5 1>;55 2KA>:85 >@30=K. "5?5@L 1C45B @5GL > @0728B88 MB8E 2KAH8E >@30=>2; 0 70B5< <>65B 1KBL A:070=> 8 >1 >AB0;L=KE ;>B>A0E 8 > 40;L=59H59 >@30=870F88 4CH52=>3> B5;0. (!0<> A>1>9 @07C<55BAO, GB> 2K@065=85 "4CH52=>5 B5;>" ( :0: 8 <=>385 ?>4>1=K5 2K@065=8O 2 4CE>2=>9 =0C:5), 27OB>5 2 1C:20;L=>< A<KA;5 A;>20, A>45@68B 2 A515 ?@>B82>@5G85. "5< =5 <5=55 MB8< 2K@065=85< ?>;L7CNBAO, ?>B><C GB> OA=>284G5A:>5 A>7=0=85 2>A?@8=8<05B =5GB> B0:>5, ?5@56820=85 G53> 2 4CE>2=>< A>>B25BAB2C5B 2 D878G5A:>< ?5@56820=8N B5;0). 0728B85 4CH52=>3> B5;0, :0: >=> B>;L:> GB> 1K;> >?8A0=>, 405B G5;>25:C 2>7<>6=>ABL 2>A?@8OB8O A25@EGC2AB25==KE O2;5=89. > :B> 65;05B 459AB28B5;L=> @07>1@0BLAO 2 MB>< <8@5, B>B =5 4>;65= >AB0=02;820BLAO =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O. 54>AB0B>G=> >4=>9 ?>4286=>AB8 ;>B>A>2. '5;>25: 4>;65= 1KBL 2 A>AB>O=88 A0<>AB>OB5;L=> 8 2 ?>;=>< A>7=0=88 C?@02;OBL 8 2;045BL 42865=85< A2>8E 4CE>2=KE >@30=>2. =0G5 >= A45;0;AO 1K 83@CH:>N 2=5H=8E A8; 8 <>3CI5AB2. 'B>1K =5 AB0BL B0:>9 83@CH:>9, 5<C =5>1E>48<> ?@8>1@5AB8 A?>A>1=>ABL 2=8<0BL B0: =07K205<><C "2=CB@5==5<C A;>2C". ;O MB>3> 4>;6=> 1KBL @0728B> =5 B>;L:> 4CH52=>5 B5;>, => B0:65 8 MD8@=>5. -B> - B> B>=:>5 B5;>, :>B>@>5 ?@54AB02;O5BAO OA=>284OI5<C :0: 1K A2>53> @>40 42>9=8:>< D878G5A:>3> B5;0. => O2;O5BAO :0: 1K ?@><56CB>G=>9 ABC?5=LN <564C D878G5A:8< 8 4CH52=K<. (!@02=8B5 A:070==>5 745AL A >?8A0=85< MD8@=>3> B5;0 2 ""5>A>D8O" B>3> 65 02B>@0). 1;040O A?>A>1=>ABO<8 OA=>2845=8O, <>6=> ?@8 ?>;=>< A>7=0=88 >B2;5GLAO >B 2>A?@8OB8O D878G5A:>3> B5;0 AB>OI53> ?5@54 =0<8 G5;>25:0. 0 2KAH59 ABC?5=8 MB> - B> 65 A0<>5, GB> C?@06=5=85 2=8<0=8O =0 =87H59.  :0: G5;>25: <>65B >B2;5GL A2>5 2=8<0=85 >B G53>-=81C4L, =0E>4OI53>AO ?5@54 =8<, 2 B0:>9 AB5?5=8, GB> >=> ?5@5AB0=5B 4;O =53> ACI5AB2>20BL, B0: 8 OA=>284OI89 <>65B ?>30A8BL 2 A515 2>A?@8OB8O D878G5A:>3> B5;0 4> B>3>, GB> >=> O28BAO 4;O =53> D878G5A:8 2?>;=5 ?@>7@0G=K<. A;8 >= ?>ABC?8B B0:8< >1@07>< A> AB>OI8< ?5@54 =8< G5;>25:><, B> ?5@54 53> 4CH52=K< 27>@><, :@><5 4CH52=>3> B5;0, :>B>@>5 1>;LH5 MD8@=>3> 8 D878G5A:>3> 8 >10 8E ?@>=87K205B, >AB0=5BAO 5I5 B0: =07K205<>5 MD8@=>5 B5;>. -D8@=>5 B5;> 8<55B ?@81;878B5;L=> 25;8G8=C 8 D>@<C D878G5A:>3>, B0: GB> >=> 70=8<05B ?@81;878B5;L=> B> 65 ?@>AB@0=AB2>, GB> 8 D878G5A:>5. -B> - 2 2KAH59 AB5?5=8 B>=:> 8 =56=> >@30=87>20==>5 B5;>. (/ ?@>HC D878:0 =5 A<CI0BLAO 2K@065=85< "MD8@=>5" B5;>. !;>2> "MD8@" C:07K205B B>;L:> =0 B>=:>ABL MB>3> >1@07>20=8O. "-D8@", > :>B>@>< 845B 745AL @5GL, ?>:0 >B=N4L =5 A;54C5B A1;860BL A "MD8@><" D878G5A:8E 38?>B57.). 3> >A=>2=>9 F25B >B;8G05BAO >B A5<8 F25B>2, A>45@60I8EAO 2 @04C35. B> A?>A>15= =01;N40BL 53>, 7=0:><8BAO A B0:8< F25B><, :>B>@>3> A>1AB25==> =5 ACI5AB2C5B 4;O GC2AB25==>3> =01;N45=8O. ;865 2A53> <>6=> A@02=8BL 53> A >:@0A:>9 <>;>4>3> F25B:0 ?5@A8:0. A;8 E>BOB =01;N40BL MD8@=>5 B5;> A0<> ?> A515, B> =04> ?>A@54AB2>< ?>4>1=>3> 65 C?@06=5=8O 2=8<0=8O ?>30A8BL 2 A2>5< 2>A?@8OB88 B0:65 8 O2;5=8O 4CH52=>3> B5;0. A;8 =5 A45;0BL MB>3>, B> 284 MD8@=>3> B5;0 1C45B 8=>9, 1;03>40@O ?@>=8:0NI5<C 53> =0A:2>7L B5;C 4CH52=><C. '0AB8FK MD8@=>3> B5;0 G5;>25:0 =0E>4OBAO 2 ?>AB>O==>< 42865=88. 5AG8A;5==K5 ?>B>:8 ?@>=87K20NB 53> ?> 2A5< =0?@02;5=8O<. -B8<8 ?>B>:0<8 ?>445@68205BAO 8 C?@02;O5BAO 687=L. 064>5 B5;>, >40@5==>5 687=LN, 8<55B B0:>5 MD8@=>5 B5;>. => 5ABL C @0AB5=8O 8 C 682>B=KE.  4065 C <8=5@0;>2 2=8<0B5;L=K9 =01;N40B5;L 70<5B8B 53> A;54K. #?><O=CBK5 ?>B>:8 8 42865=8O 2=0G0;5 A>25@H5==> =5 7028AOB >= 2>;8 8 A>7=0=8O G5;>25:0, :0: =5 7028A8B >B 2>;8 45OB5;L=>ABL A5@4F0 8;8 65;C4:0. -  ?>:0 G5;>25: =5 709<5BAO A2>8< @0728B85<, 2 A<KA;5 ?@8>1@5B5=8O A25@EGC2AB25==KE A?>A>1=>AB59, 4> B5E ?>@ >AB05BAO 8 MB0 =57028A8<>ABL. 1> 2KAH55 @0728B85 =0 8725AB=>9 ABC?5=8 2 B>< 8<5==> 8 A>AB>8B, GB> : =57028A8<K< >B A>7=0=8O ?>B>:0< 8 42865=8O< MD8@=>3> B5;0 ?@8A>548=ONBAO 8 4@C385, 2K7K205<K5 A0<8< G5;>25:><. >340 >::C;LB=>5 >1CG5=85 =0AB>;L:> ?>428=5BAO 2?5@54, GB> C?><O=CBK5 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025 F25BK ;>B>A>2 =0G=CB ?@8E>48BL 2 42865=85, B>340 CG5=8:>< 1K205B 4>AB83=CB> C65 <=>3>5 87 B>3>, GB> ?@82>48B : ?@>1C645=8N 2 53> MD8@=>< B5;5 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==KE ?>B>:>2 8 42865=89. &5;L MB>3> @0728B8O 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB>1K 2 >1;0AB8 D878G5A:>3> A5@4F0 >1@07>20;AO A2>53> @>40 F5=B@, >B:C40 8AE>48;8 1K ?>B>:8 8 42865=8O A0<KE @07=>>1@07=KE 4CE>2=KE F25B>2 8 D>@<. -B>B F5=B@ O2;O5BAO 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 =5 ?@>AB> B>G:>9, 0 G@572KG09=> A;>6=K< >1@07>20=85< 8 C4828B5;L=K< >@30=><. = A8O5B 8 ?5@5;8205BAO @07=>>1@07=59H8<8 F25B0<8 8 O2;O5B D>@<K, >1;040NI85 25;8G09H59 ?@028;L=>ABLN 8 <>3CI85 87<5=OBLAO 87 >4=8E 2 4@C385. >2K5 D>@<K 8 F25B>2K5 ?>B>:8 =0?@02;ONBAO 87 MB>3> >@30=0 : 4@C38< G0ABO< B5;0 8 5I5 40;LH5, 70 53> ?@545;K, ?@>=8:0O 8 >70@OO A>1>9 2A5 4CH52=>5 B5;>. > 3;02=59H85 8E MB8E ?>B>:>2 CAB@5<;ONBAO : F25B:0< ;>B>A0. =8 ?@>=87K20NB 8E >B45;L=K5 ;5?5AB:8 8 C?@02;ONB 8E 2@0I5=85<; 0 70B5<, =0 25@H8=5 ;5?5AB:0, >=8 CAB@5<;ONBAO =0@C6C, B5@OOAL 2> 2=5H=5< ?@>AB@0=AB25. '5< 2KH5 @0728B85 G5;>25:0, B5< >1H8@=55 >:@C6=>ABL, ?> :>B>@>9 @0A?@>AB@0=ONBAO MB8 ?>B>:8.  >A>15==> 1;87:>9 A2O78 A C:070==K< F5=B@>< AB>8B 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2K9 F25B>: ;>B>A0.  =53> =5?>A@54AB25==> 2?040NB MB8 ?>B>:8.  G5@57 =53> ?@>E>4OB ?>B>:8 A >4=>9 AB>@>=K : H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:><C 8 : 42CE-;5?5AB:>2><C, 0 A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K (A =86=59) - : 45AOB8-, H5AB8- 8 G5BK@5E-;5?5AB:>2><C ;>B>AC.  MB>< CAB@>9AB25 :@>5BAO ?@8G8=0, ?>G5<C 2 >::C;LB=>< >1CG5=88 >A>1>5 2=8<0=85 4>;6=> 1KBL >1@0I5=> =0 @0728B85 8<5==> 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0. @8 :0:><-=81C4L C?CI5=88 2 MB>9 >1;0AB8 2A5 @0728B85 >@30=>2 OA=>2845=8O ?>H;> 1K ?> =5?@028;L=><C ?CB8. - 7 A:070==>3> <>6=> AC48BL > B><, :0: B>=:> 8 =56=> ?> ?@8@>45 A2>59 >::C;LB=>5 >1CG5=85 8 A :0:>9 B>G=>ABLN =04> ?>ABC?0BL, GB>1K @0728B85 ?@>B5:0;> =04;560I8< >1@07><. BAN40 =5?>A@54AB25==> A;54C5B, GB> 4020BL C:070=8O 4;O @0728B8O A25@EGC2AB25==KE A?>A>1=>AB59 <>65B ;8HL B>B, :B> 8A?KB0; =0 A0<>< A515 2A5, GB> 5<C ?@54AB>8B @0728BL 2 4@C3>< 8 :B> ?>MB><C A?>A>15= 2 A>25@H5=AB25 7=0BL, ?@82545B ;8 53> C:070=8O : 2?>;=5 ?@028;L=><C @57C;LB0BC. A;8 CG5=8: 8A?>;=8B 2A5 40==K5 5<C C:070=8O, B> >= A>>1I8B A2>5<C MD8@=><C B5;C ?>B>:8 8 42865=8O, =0E>4OI85AO 2 30@<>=88 A 70:>=0<8 8 @0728B85< <8@0, : :>B>@><C ?@8=04;568B G5;>25:. >MB><C MB8 C:070=8O O2;ONBAO 2A5340 >B>1@065=85< 2=5H=8E 70:>=>2 <8@>2>3> @0728B8O. =8 A>AB>OB 2 C?><O=CBKE 8 ?>4>1=KE 8< C?@06=5=8OE 2 <548B0F88 8 :>=F5=B@0F88, ?@82>4OI8E ?@8 ?@028;L=>< ?@8<5=5=88 : >?8A0==K< ?>A;54AB28O<. CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= 2 >?@545;5==K5 2@5<5=0 A>25@H5==> ?@>=8:0BLAO 2 4CH5 A>45@60=85< MB8E C?@06=5=89, 2=CB@5==5 :0: 1K 2A5F5;> =0?>;=OOAL 8<8. =8 =0G8=0NBAO A ?@>ABKE C:070=89 A?>A>1=KE, ?@5645 2A53> C3;C18BL 8 ?@840BL 1>;55 2=CB@5==89 E0@0:B5@ @07C<=><C 8 @0AAC4>G=><C, 3>;>2=><C <KH;5=8N. A;54AB285 MB>3> <KH;5=85 AB0=>28BAO A2>1>4=K< 8 =57028A8<K< >B 2A5E GC2AB25==KE 2?5G0B;5=89 8 >?KB>2. => A>18@05BAO :0: 1K 2 >4=>9 B>G:5, :>B>@0O =0E>48BAO 2 ?>;=>9 2;0AB8 G5;>25:0. "5< A0<K< A>7405BAO ?@5420@8B5;L=K9 F5=B@ 4;O ?>B>:>2 MD8@=>3> B5;0. -B>B F5=B@ =0E>48BAO 2=0G0;5 =5 2 >1;0AB8 A5@4F0, 0 2 3>;>25. = O2;O5BAO 745AL 4;O OA=>284OI53> 8AE>4=>9 B>G:>9 42865=89.-  ?>;=><C CA?5EC ?@8E>48B B>;L:> B> >::C;LB=>5 >1CG5=85, :>B>@>5 =0G8=05B A A>740=8O MB>3> F5=B@0. A;8 1K A A0<>3> =0G0;0 F5=B@ 1K; ?5@5=5A5= 2 >1;0ABL A5@4F0, B> =0G8=0NI89 OA=>2845F <>3 1K, :>=5G=> 8<5BL =5:>B>@K5 ?@>7@5=8O 2 2KAH85 <8@K, => =5 <>3 1K ?>;CG8BL ?@028;L=>3> ?@>=8:=>25=8O 2 A2O7L MB8E 2KAH8E <8@>2 A =0H8< GC2AB25==K< <8@><.  MB> O2;O5BAO 157CA;>2=>9 =5>1E>48<>ABLN 4;O G5;>25:0 =0 A>2@5<5==>9 ABC?5=8 <8@>2>3> @0728B8O. /A=>284OI89 =5 4>;65= >1@0I0BLAO 2 <5GB0B5;O; >= >1O70= A>E@0=OBL B25@4CN ?>G2C ?>4 =>30<8. >340 F5=B@ 2 3>;>25 >:07K205BAO 4>AB0B>G=> 70:@5?;5==K<, >= ?5@5<5I05BAO 2=87, 2 >1;0ABL 3>@B0=8. -B> 4>AB8305BAO 40;L=59H8< ?@8<5=5=85< C?@06=5=89 2 :>=F5=B@0F88. ">340 C?><O=CBK5 42865=8O MD8@=>3> B5;0 =0G8=0NB 87;CG0BLAO 87 >1;0AB8 3>@B0=8. =8 >A25I0NB 4CH52=>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2> 2>:@C3 G5;>25:0. 0;L=59H85 C?@06=5=8O 45;0NB CG5=8:0 A?>A>1=K< A0<>AB>OB5;L=> >?@545;OBL ?>;>65=85 A2>53> MD8@=>3> B5;0. @5645 MB> ?>;>65=85 7028A5;> >B A8;, ?@8B5:02H8E 872=5 8 8AE>482H8E >B D878G5A:>3> B5;0. ;03>40@O ?>A;54CNI5<C @0728B8N G5;>25: ?>;CG05B A?>A>1=>ABL 2@0I0BL A2>5 MD8@=>5 B5;> 2 @07=K5 AB>@>=K. -B0 A?>A>1=>ABL >1CA;02;8205BAO ?>B>:0<8, 84CI8<8 ?@81;878B5;L=> 24>;L >158E @C: 8 8<5NI8<8 A2>9 F5=B@ 2 42CE-;5?5AB:>2>< ;>B>A5 2 >1;0AB8 3;07. -B> ?@>8AE>48B >B B>3>, GB> ;CG8, 8AE>4OI85 87 3>@B0=8, A;030NBAO 2 >:@C3;K5 >1@07>20=8O, G0ABL :>B>@KE =0?@02;O5BAO : 42CE-;5?5AB:>2><C ;>B>AC, GB>1K >BBC40, 2 2845 2>;=>>1@07=KE ?>B>:>2, CAB@5<8BLAO 24>;L @C:. - 0;L=59H55 @0728B85 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> MB8 ?>B>:8 45;OBAO 8 @0725B2;ONBAO, >1@07CO A2>53> @>40 A?;5B5=88, >:@C60NI55 ?>4>1=> A5B:5 (A5BG0B>9 >1>;>G:5) 2A5 MD8@=>5 B5;>. 564C B5<, :0: ?@5645 >=> =5 8<5;> A=0@C68 =8:0:>9 70<:=CB>9 3@0=8FK, B0: GB> 687=5==K5 ?>B>:8 =5?>A@54AB25==> 87 >1I53> 687=5==>3> <>@O 2;820;8AL 2 =53> 8 87;820;8AL, B5?5@L MB8 2=5H=85 ?>B>:8 4>;6=K ?@>1530BL G5@57 MBC >1>;>G:C. ;03>40@O MB><C G5;>25: AB0=>28BAO GC2AB28B5;L=K< : 2=5H=8< ?>B>:0<. = =0G8=05B 2>A?@8=8<0BL 8E. - <5AB5 2 B5< =0ABC?05B <3=>25=85, :>340 F5=B@ 2A59 A8AB5<K ?>B>:>2 8 42865=89 <>65B 1KBL ?5@5=5A5= 2 >1;0ABL A5@4F0. -B> ?@>8AE>48B >?OBL 1;03>40@O ?@>4>;65=8N C?@06=5=89 2 <548B0F88 8 :>=F5=B@0F88. @8 MB>< 8 4>AB8305BAO B0 ABC?5=L, =0 :>B>@>9 G5;>25: ?>;CG05B 40@ "2=CB@5==53> A;>20". ">340 2A5 25I8 ?>;CG0NB 4;O =53> =>2>5 7=0G5=85. =8 =0G8=0NB 1KBL :0: 1K 4CE>2=> 2=OB=K<8 4;O =53> 2 A2>59 3;C1>G09H59 ACI=>AB8, >=8 3>2>@OB G5;>25:C > A2>59 8AB8==>9 ACI=>AB8. #?><O=CBK5 B5G5=8O ?@82>4OB G5;>25:0 2 A2O7L A 2=CB@5==59 3;C18=>9 <8@0, : :>B>@><C >= ?@8=04;568B. = =0G8=05B A>?5@56820BL 687=L A2>53> >:@C60NI53> 8 <>65B >B:;8:0BLAO =0 =55 2 42865=8OE A2>8E F25B>2 ;>B>A0. <5AB5 A B5< G5;>25: 2ABC?05B 2 4CE>2=K9 <8@. >340 >= 4>AB8305B MB>3>, 5<C >B:@K205BAO =>2>5 ?>=8<0=85 B>3>, GB> 3>2>@8;8 25;8:85 CG8B5;O G5;>25G5AB20. 5G8 C44K 8 20=35;8O 459AB2CNB =0 =53>, =0?@8<5@ A>2A5< 8=0G5. =8 ?@>=8:0NB 53> B0:8< 1;065=AB2><, :0:>3> >= ?@5645 =5 7=0;. 1> 72C: 8E A;>2 A;54C5B 42865=8O< 8 @8B<0<, :>B>@K5 >= B5?5@L A0< 2 A515 @0728;. "5?5@L >= <>65B =5?>A@54AB25==> 7=0BL, GB> B0:85 ;N48 :0: C440 8;8 02B>@K 20=35;89 2KA:07K20NB =5 A2>8 >B:@>25=8O, 0 B0:85, :>B>@K5 ?@8B5:0;8 : =8< 87 3;C1>G09H59 ACI=>AB8 25I59. - 45AL =C6=> >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 >48= D0:B, :>B>@K9 AB0=>28BAO ?>=OB=K< B>;L:> 87 ?@54K4CI53>. N4O<, AB>OI8< =0 C@>2=5 =0H53> A>2@5<5==>3> >1@07>20=8O, <0;> ?>=OB=K <=>3>G8A;5==K5 ?>2B>@5=8O 2 @5G0E C44K.  4;O CG5=8:0 >=8 AB0=>2OBAO B5<, =0 G5< >= >E>B=> >B4KE05B A2>8< 2=CB@5==8< GC2AB2><. 1> >=8 >B25G0NB 8725AB=K< @8B<8G5A:8< 42865=8O< 2 MD8@=>< B5;5. B4020OAL 8< 2 ?>;=>9 2=CB@5==59 B8H8=5, >= 2K7K205B 2 A515 A>72CG85 A MB8<8 42865=8O<8.  B0: :0: MB8 42865=8O ACBL >B@065=8O >?@545;5==KE <8@>2KE @8B<>2, :>B>@K5 B0:65 2 >?@545;5==K5 <><5=BK O2;ONB =0< ?>2B>@5=8O 8 ?@028;L=K5 2>72@0BK : ?@56=8<, B> 2A;CH820OAL 2 @5G8 C44K, G5;>25: 268205BAO 2 A>72CG85 A <8@>2K<8 B09=0<8.  4CE>2=>9 =0C:5 3>2>@8BAO > G5BK@5E :0G5AB20E, :>B>@K5 G5;>25: 4>;65= ?@8>1@5AB8 =0 B0: =07K205<>9 AB575 8A?KB0=8O 4;O B>3>, GB>1K ?>4=OBLAO : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N. 5@2>5 87 =8E A>AB>8B 2 A?>A>1=>AB8 >B45;OBL 2 <KA;OE 8AB8==>5 >B O2;5=8O, 8AB8=C >B ?@>AB>3> <=5=8O. B>@>5 :0G5AB2> A>AB>8B 2 ?@028;L=>9 >F5=:5 8AB8==>3> 8 459AB28B5;L=>3> ?> A@02=5=8N A O2;5=85<. "@5BLO A?>A>1=>ABL A>AB>8B 2 C?><O=CB>< C65 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025 ?@8<5=5=88 H5AB8 :0G5AB2: :>=B@>;O <KA;59, :>=B@>;O 459AB289, =0AB>9G82>AB8, B5@?8<>AB8, 25@K 8 A?>:>9AB28O 4CE0. '5B25@B>5 :0G5AB2> 5ABL ;N1>2L : 2=CB@5==59 A2>1>45. 4=> @0AAC4>G=>5 ?>=8<0=85 B>3>, GB> 70:;NG05BAO 2 MB8E :0G5AB20E, A>25@H5==> 15A?>;57=>. =8 4>;6=K 1KBL =0AB>;L:> 2=54@5=K 2 4CHC, GB>1K ?>;>68BL =0G0;> 2 =59 2=CB@5==8< ?@82KG:0<. >7L<5<, =0?@8<5@, ?5@2>5 :0G5AB2>: @07;8G5=85 8AB8==>3> >B O2;5=8O '5;>25: 4>;65= 2>A?8B0BL A51O B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K 2 :064>9 2AB@5G0NI59AO 5<C 25I8 A>25@H5==> =5?>A@54AB25==> >B<5G0BL =5ACI5AB25==>5 >B B>3>, GB> 8<55B =0AB>OI55 7=0G5=85. "0:>5 2>A?8B0=85 A51O C405BAO B>;L:> ?@8 ?>AB>O==>< 2>7>1=>2;5=88 =0?@02;5==KE 2 MBC AB>@>=C ?>?KB>: 8 A>E@0=5=88 2> 2@5<O A2>8E =01;N45=89 =04 2=5H=8< <8@>< ?>;=>3> ?>:>O 8 B5@?5=8O. >4 :>=5F 27>@ 1C45B AB>;L 65 5AB5AB25==> 7045@6820BLAO =0 8AB8==><, :0: @0=LH5 >= C4>2;5B2>@O;AO =5ACI5AB25==K<. "A5 ?@5E>4OI55 5ABL ;8HL ?>4>185": MB0 8AB8=0 AB0=>28BLAO =5?>A@54AB25==K< C15645=85< 4CH8. "0:8< 65 >1@07>< =04> ?>ABC?0BL 8 >B=>A8B5;L=> >AB0;L=KE G5BK@5E :0G5AB2. >4 2;8O=85< MB8E G5BK@5E 4CH52=KE ?@82KG5: B>=:>5 MD8@=>5 B5;> G5;>25:0 459AB28B5;L=> =0G8=05B 87<5=OBLAO. ;03>40@O ?5@2>9 - "@07;8G5=8N 8AB8==>3> >B O2;5=8O" - A>7405BAO C?><O=CBK9 F5=B@ 2 3>;>25 8 ?>43>B02;8205BAO F5=B@ 2 3>@B0=8. ;O 459AB28B5;L=>3> @0728B8O 8E =C6=K 70B5<, :>=5G=>, C:070==K5 2KH5 C?@06=5=8O 2 :>=F5=B@0F88. 072820NB A>1AB25==> >=8, 0 G5BK@5 ?@82KG:8 ?><>30NB A>7@520=8N. - >340 F5=B@ 2 3>@B0=8 ?>43>B>2;5=, B>340 ?@028;L=>9 >F5=:>9 8AB8==>3>, ?> A@02=5=8N A =5ACI5AB25==K< O2;5=85<, 2K7K205BAO C?><O=CB>5 A2>1>4=>5 >2;045=85 MD8@=K< B5;><, >1;5G5=85 8 >3@0=8G5=85 53> A5BG0B>9 >1>;>G:>9. >340 G5;>25: 2K@01>B05B 2 A515 MBC >F5=:C, 4;O =53> >B:@K205BAO ?>AB5?5==> 2>A?@8OB85 4CE>2=KE D0:B>2. > ?CABL >= =5 4C<05B, GB> >= 4>;65= A>25@H0BL B>;L:> B0:85 ?>ABC?:8, :>B>@K5 <>3CB ?>:070BLAO 7=0G8B5;L=K<8 A B>G:8 7@5=8O @0AAC4>G=>9 >F5=:8. !0<K9 =57=0G8B5;L=K9 ?>ABC?>:, :0:>5-=81C4L 42865=85 @C:>9, O2;O5BAO 8A?>;=5==K< 7=0G5=8O 2 25;8:>< AB@>8B5;LAB25 <8@>2>3> F5;>3>, 8 45;> B>;L:> 2 B><, GB>1K ?@89B8 : A>7=0=8N. MB>3> 7=0G5=8O. 5GL 845B =5 > =87:>9, 0 > ?@028;L=>9 >F5=:5 =0H8E ?>2A54=52=KE 687=5==KE 45;. -  H5AB8 4>1@>45B5;OE, 87 :>B>@KE A;0305BAO B@5BL5 :0G5AB2>, 3>2>@8;>AL C65 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025. =8 A2O70=K A @0728B85< 425=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 2 >1;0AB8 A5@4F0. "C40, :0: C65 1K;> ?>:070=>, 4>;65= 1KBL =0 A0<>< 45;5 =0?@02;5= 687=5==K9 ?>B>: MD8@=>3> B5;0. '5B25@B>5 :0G5AB20 - 65;0=85 >A2>1>645=8O - A;C68B 70B5< : B><C, GB>1K ?><>GL A>7@520=8N MB>3> MD8@=>3> >@30=0 1;87 A5@4F0. >340 MB> :0G5AB2> 45;05BAO 4CH52=>9 ?@82KG:>9, G5;>25: >A2>1>6405BAO >B 2A53>, GB> A2O70=> B>;L:> A> A?>A>1=>ABO<8 53> ;8G=>9 ?@8@>4K. = ?5@5AB05B A<>B@5BL =0 25I8 A> A2>59 >B45;L=>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O. AG570NB 3@0=8FK 53> =87:>3> "O", ?@8:>2K20NI85 53> : MB>9 B>G:5 7@5=8O. "09=K 4CE>2=>3> <8@0 ?>;CG0NB 4>ABC? : 53> 2=CB@5==5<C ACI5AB2C. -B> 8 5ABL >A2>1>645=85. 1> MB8 >:>2K ?@8=C640NB G5;>25:0 A<>B@5BL =0 25I8 8 =0 ACI5AB2 B0:, :0: MB> 5<C ;8G=> ?@8ACI5. > CG5=8: 4>;65= AB0BL =57028A8<K< 8 A2>1>4=K< >B 2AO:>3> ;8G=>3> 273;O40 =0 25I8. BAN40 284=>, GB> ?@54?8A0=8O, 8AE>4OI85 >B 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8, 459AB2CNB 3;C1>:> >?@545;ONI8< >1@07>< =0 A0<CN 2=CB@5==NN ?@8@>4C G5;>25:0. "0:>2K<8 O2;ONBAO 8 ?@54?8A0=8O , :0A0NI85AO G5BK@5E =0720==KE :0G5AB2.  B>9 8;8 8=>9 D>@<5 >=8 =0E>4OBAO 2> 2A5E <8@>2>77@5=8OE, ?@87=0NI8E 4CE>2=K9 <8@. 020O ;N4O< MB8 ?@54?8A0=8O, >A=>20B5;8 ?>4>1=KE <8@>2>77@5=89 8AE>48;8 =5 87 :0:8E-=81C4L A<CB=KE GC2AB2. 0?@>B82, >=8 45;0;8 MB> 2 A8;C B>3>, GB> 1K;8 25;8:8<8 ?>A2OI5==K<8. !;030O A2>8 =@02AB25==K5 ?@54?8A0=8O, >=8 8AE>48;8 87 ?>7=0=8O. < 1K;> 8725AB=>, :0: 459AB2CNB MB8 ?@54?8A0=8O =0 1>;55 B>=:CN ?@8@>4C G5;>25:0, 8 >=8 65;0;8, GB>1K 8E ?>A;54>20B5;8 ?>AB5?5==> @072820;8 2 A515 MBC 1>;55 B>=:CN ?@8@>4C. 8BL 2 4CE5 ?>4>1=KE <8@>2>77@5=89, MB> 7=0G8BL - @01>B0BL =04 A2>8< 4CE>2=K< CA>25@H5=AB2>20=85<.  B>;L:> B>340 G5;>25: @01>B05B B0:, >= A;C68B <8@>2><C F5;><C. !>25@H5=AB2>20=85 A51O 2>2A5 =5 5ABL A51O;N185. 1> =5A>25@H5==K9 G5;>25: O2;O5BAO B0:65 8 =5A>25@H5==K< A;C3>9 G5;>25G5AB20 8 <8@0. '5;>25: A;C68B F5;><C B5< ;CGH5, G5< >= A0< A>25@H5==55. 45AL ?@8;>68<K A;>20: "#:@0H0O A51O, @>70 :@0A8B 25AL A04". >MB><C >A=>20B5;8 3;C1>:8E <8@>2>77@5=89 O2;ONBAO 2KA>:8<8 ?>A2OI5==K<8. AE>4OI55 >B =8E 2;8205BAO 2 G5;>25G5A:85 4CH8.  1;03>40@O MB><C 2<5AB5 A G5;>25G5AB2>< 42865BAO 8 25AL <8@. >A2OI5==K5 A>25@H5==> A>7=0B5;L=> @01>B0;8 =04 MB8< ?@>F5AA>< @0728B8O G5;>25G5AB20. ">;L:> B>340 AB0=5B ?>=OB=K< A>45@60=85 8E =0AB02;5=89, 5A;8 ?@8=OBL 2> 2=8<0=85, GB> =0AB02;5=8O MB8 ?>G5@?=CBK 87 A0<KE 2=CB@5==8E 3;C18= G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K. 5;8:8<8 ?>7=020B5;O<8 1K;8 ?>A2OI5==K5 8 87 A2>8E 7=0=89 >B?5G0BK20;8 >=8 8450;K G5;>25G5AB20.  G5;>25: ?@81;8605BAO : MB8< 2>64O<, :>340 >= 2 A2>5< A>1AB25==>< @0728B88 ?>4=8<05BAO : 8E 2KA>B0<. >340 C G5;>25:0 =0G0;>AL B0:>3> @>40 @0728B85 MD8@=>3> B5;0, :0: MB> 1K;> >?8A0=> 2 ?@54K4CI5<, 4;O =53> >B:@K205BAO A>25@H5==> =>20O 687=L.  >= 4>;65= =0 ?CB8 CG5=8G5AB20 A2>52@5<5==> ?>;CG8BL @07JOA=5=8O, :>B>@K5 404CB 5<C 2>7<>6=>ABL @07>1@0BLAO 2 MB>9 =>2>9 687=8. = 2848B, =0?@8<5@, 1;03>40@O H5AB=04F0B8-;5?5AB:>2><C ;>B>AC 4CE>2=K5 >1@07K 2KAH53> <8@0.  >= 4>;65= COA=8BL A515 2A5 @07;8G85 MB8E >1@07>2 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B B>3>, :0:85 ?@54<5BK 8;8 ACI5AB20 8E 2K7K20NB. 5@2>5, =0 GB> >= <>65B >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 MB> B>, GB> =0 =5:>B>@K5 87 MB8E >1@07>2 >= <>65B A2>8<8 <KA;O<8 8 >ICI5=8O<8 >:07K20BL A8;L=>5 2;8O=85, 0 =0 4@C385 =5 <>65B >:07K20BL =8:0:>3> 8;8 ;8HL >G5=L =57=0G8B5;L=>5. 48= @>4 >1@07>2 B>BG0A 65 87<5=O5BAO, :0: B>;L:> ?@8 8E ?>O2;5=88 C =01;N40B5;O A=0G0;0 2>7=8:05B <KA;L: "MB> ?@5:@0A=>", 0 70B5< 2> 2@5<O A>75@F0=8O MB0 <KA;L ?5@5E>48B 2 4@C3CN "MB> ?>;57=>". - -B>9 >A>15==>ABLN 87<5=OBLAO >B 2AO:>9 <KA;8 8 >B 2AO:>3> GC2AB20, 8AE>4OI8E >B =01;N40B5;O >B;8G0NBAO >1@07K, ?@>8AE>4OI85 >B <8=5@0;>2 8;8 >B 8A:CAAB25==> A45;0==KE ?@54<5B>2.  <5=LH59 AB5?5=8 70<5G05BAO MB> C >1@07>2, ?@8=04;560I8E @0AB5=8O< 8 5I5 <5=LH5 C B5E, :>B>@K5 >B25G0NB 682>B=K<. -B8 >1@07K B0:65 ?>4286=K 8 ?>;=K 687=LN. > 8E ?>4286=>ABL B>;L:> >BG0AB8 ?@>8AE>48B >B 2;8O=8O G5;>25G5A:8E <KA;59 8 >ICI5=89, G0ABLN 65 >=8 2K7K20NBAO ?@8G8=0<8, =0 :>B>@K5 G5;>25: =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> 2;8O=8O. > 2>B, A@548 2A53> MB>3> <8@0 >1@07>2 2KABC?0NB 5I5 8 B0:85, :>B>@K5 2 =0G0;5 ?>GB8 A>25@H5==> 87JOBK >B 2AO:>3> 2>7459AB28O A> AB>@>=K G5;>25:0. #G5=8: <>65B C1548BLAO, GB> MB8 >1@07K ?@>8AE>4OB =5 >B <8=5@0;>2 8;8 8A:CAAB25==> A45;0==KE ?@54<5B>2, 0 B0:65 8 =5 >B @0AB5=89 8;8 682>B=KE. 'B>1K 4>AB83=CBL 745AL ?>;=>9 OA=>AB8, >= 4>;65= 2A<>B@5BLAO 2 >1@07K, > :>B>@KE 5<C 8725AB=>, GB> >=8 2K720=K GC2AB20<8, 2;5G5=8O<8, AB@0ABO<8 8 B.4. 4@C38E ;N459. > 8 >B=>A8B5;L=> MB8E >1@07>2 >= <>65B =09B8, GB> 53> A>1AB25==K5 <KA;8 2A5 65 8<5NB =0 =8E =5:>B>@>5, E>BO 8 A@02=8B5;L=> A;01>5 2;8O=85.  <8@5 >1@07>2 2A5340 >AB05BAO =5:>B>@0O 4>;O B0:8E, =0 :>B>@K5 MB> 2;8O=85 1K205B A>25@H5==> =8GB>6=>. -  2 =0G0;5 ?CB8 CG5=8G5AB20 MB>B >AB0B>: A>AB02;O5B 4065 2>>1I5 =081>;LHCN G0ABL 2A53>, GB> >= 2848B. #OA=8BL A515 ?@8@>4C MB>9 G0AB8 CG5=8: <>65B B>;L:> 87 =01;N45=8O =04 A0<8< A>1>9. ">340 >= C7=05B, :0:85 87 MB8E >1@07>2 2K720=K 8< A0<8<.  =8E 2K@0605BAO B>, GB> >= A0< 45;05B, <KA;8B, E>G5B, 65;05B 8 B.4.. 82CI55 2 =5< 2;5G5=85, 2>7=8:0NI55 65;0=85, ?8B05<>5 8< =0<5@5=85 8 B.4. - 2A5 MB> A:@K205BAO 2 ?>4>1=KE >1@070E.  4065 25AL 53> E0@0:B5@ >B?5G0BK205BAO 2 MB>< <8@5 >1@07>2. "0:8< ?CB5<, A2>8<8 A>7=0B5;L=K<8 <KA;O<8 8 GC2AB20<8 G5;>25: <>65B 2;8OBL =0 2A5 >1@07K, 8AE>4OI85 =5 >B =53> A0<>3>; =0 2A5 65 D>@<K, 2K7K205<K5 2 2KAH5< <8@5 53> A>1AB25==K< ACI5AB2><, >= =5 8<55B 1>;LH5 =8:0:>3> 2;8O=8O ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: >=8 A>740=K. 7 A:070==>3> A;54C5B, GB> ?@8 2KAH5< A>75@F0=88 2=CB@5==89 <8@ G5;>25:0, <8@ 53> A>1AB25==KE 2;5G5=89, 65;0=89 8 ?@54AB02;5=89, ?@54AB05B 5<C 2> 2=5H=8E >1@070E A>25@H5==> B0:65, :0: 8 4@C385 ?@54<5BK 8 ACI5AB20. =CB@5==89 <8@ 4;O 2KAH53> A>7=0=8O AB0=>28BAO G0ABLN 2=5H=53> <8@0. 0: 5A;8 1K 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 <K 1K;8 >:@C65=K A> 2A5E AB>@>= 75@:0;0<8 8 <>3;8 A> 2A5E AB>@>= 2845BL A2>9 B5;5A=K9 >1;8:, B>G=> B0:65 8 2 2KAH5< <8@5 A>1AB25==>5 4CH52=>5 ACI5AB2> G5;>25:0 2KABC?05B ?5@54 =8<, :0: >B@065=85. 0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O 4;O CG5=8:0 =0ABC?05B <><5=B, :>340 >= ?@5>4>;5205B 8;;N78N, ?@>8AE>4OICN >B 53> ;8G=>9 >3@0=8G5==>AB8. ">, GB> =0E>48BAO 2=CB@8 53> ;8G=>AB8, >= <>65B @0AA<0B@820BL B5?5@L, :0: 2=5H=89 <8@, ?>4>1=> B><C :0: ?@5645 >= AG8B0; 2=5H=8< <8@>< B>, GB> 459AB2>20;> =0 53> 2=5H=85 >@30=K GC2AB2.  ?>AB5?5==>, 1;03>40@O >?KBC, >= =0CG05BAO >B=>A8BLAO : A515 B0:, :0: @0=55 >= >B=>A8;AO : >:@C60NI8< 53> ACI5AB20<. A;8 1K ?@>7@5=85 2 MB8 2KAH85 <8@K >B:@K;>AL G5;>25:C ?@5645, G5< >= CA?5; 4>AB0B>G=> ?>43>B>28BLAO : 8E ACI=>AB8, B> 2=0G0;5 >= AB>O; 1K ?5@54 >?8A0==>9 :0@B8=>9 A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 4CH8, :0: ?5@54 70304:>9. 1@07K 53> A>1AB25==KE 2;5G5=89 8 AB@0AB59 2KABC?0NB 745AL ?5@54 =8< 2 D>@<0E, :>B>@K5 >ICI0NBAO 8< :0: 682>B=K5 8;8 - @565 - :0: G5;>25G5A:85 D>@<K.  E>BO 682>B=K5 >1@07K MB>3> <8@0 =8:>340 =5 ?>E>4OB 2?>;=5 =0 A>>B25BAB2CNI85 8< >1@07K D878G5A:>3> <8@0, >=8 2A5 65 A =8< >B40;5==>5 AE>4AB2>. 5?@82KG=K5 =01;N40B5;8 <>3CB AG5ABL 8E 4065 70 >48=0:>2K5. - ABC?0O 2 MB>B <8@, =5>1E>48<> CA2>8BL A515 A>25@H5==> =>2K9 A?>A>1 AC645=8O. 1> ?><8<> B>3>, GB> 25I8, ?@8=04;560I85 A>1AB25==> : 2=CB@5==5<C <8@C G5;>25:0, O2;ONBAO 745AL :0: 2=5H=89 <8@, >=8 ?@54AB02;ONB 5I5 2 2845 75@:0;L=>3> >B@065=8O B>3>, GB> >=8 ACBL 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8. A;8 <K 2848< 745AL :0:>5-=81C4L G8A;>, B> 53> =04> G8B0BL 2 >1@0B=>< ?>@O4:5 (:0: 2 75@:0;L=>< >B@065=88). 0?@8<5@, 265 >7=0G05B 745AL =0 A0<>< 45;5 562. (0@ <K 2848< B0:8<, :0: 5A;8 1K =0E>48;8AL 2 53> F5=B@5. 0B5<, =5>1E>48<> 5I5 =0CG8BLAO ?@028;L=> ?5@52>48BL MB>B 2848<K9 87=CB@8 >1@07.  >B@065=88 O2;ONBAO B0:65 8 4CH52=K5 A2>9AB20. 5;0=85, =0?@02;5==>5 =0 GB>-=81C4L 2=5H=55, ?@54AB05B :0: >1@07, =042830NI89AO =0 A0<>3> =>A8B5;O MB>3> 65;0=8O. !B@0AB8, :>@5=OI85AO 2 =87H59 ?@8@>45 G5;>25:0, <>3CB ?@8=8<0BL >1;8:8 682>B=KE 8;8 ?>4>1=K5 8<, :>B>@K5 =01@0AK20NBAO =0 G5;>25:0.  459AB28B5;L=>AB8, MB8 AB@0AB8 CAB@5<;ONBAO, :>=5G=>, =0@C6C; >=8 8ICB ?@54<5B0 A2>53> C4>2;5B2>@5=8O 2> 2=5H=5< <8@5. > MB> CAB@5<;5=85 =0@C6C O2;O5BAO 2 >B@065=88, :0: =0?045=85 =0 A0<>3> =>A8B5;O AB@0AB8. A;8 CG5=8: ?@5645 G5< ?>4=OBLAO : 2KAH5<C A>75@F0=8N, ?>7=05B A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 :0G5AB20 ?>A@54AB2>< A?>:>9=>3> 8 >1J5:B82=>3> A0<>=01;N45=8O, 2 B0:>< A;CG05 8 2 B> <3=>25=85, :>340 53> 2=CB@5==89 <8@ ?@54AB0=5B ?5@54 =8<, :0: 2=5H=55 >B@065=85, >= =0945B 2 A515 <C65AB2> 8 A8;C, GB>1K ?@028;L=> >B=5AB8AL : MB><C A>1KB8N. N48, :>B>@K5 =54>AB0B>G=> >7=0:><8;8AL A> A2>8< 2=CB@5==8< <8@>< ?>A@54AB2>< B0:>3> A0<>8A?KB0=8O, =5 C7=0NB A51O 2 A2>5< >B@065=88 8 ?@8<CB ?>A;54=55 70 ?>AB>@>==NN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL. =8 8A?C30NBAO MB>3> 7@5;8I0 8, =5 1C4CG8 2 A>AB>O=88 53> 2K=5AB8, 2=CH0B A515, GB> 2A5 MB> 1K;> B>;L:> =8 : G5<C 254CI8< ?>@>645=85< D0=B0788.  >1>8E A;CG0OE G5;>25: @>:>2K< >1@07>< A>740; 1K A515 ?@5?OBAB28O =0 ?CB8 : A2>5<C 2KAH5<C @0728B8N 1;03>40@O B><C, GB> >= 2ABC?8; =0 8725AB=CN ABC?5=L MB>3> @0728B8O 157 4>AB0B>G=>9 7@5;>AB8. !>25@H5==> =5>1E>48<>, GB>1K G5;>25: ?@>H5; G5@57 MB> 4CE>2=>5 7@5;8I5 A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 4CH8 5A;8 >= E>G5B 4>AB83=CBL 2KAH53>. 1> 2 A2>5< A>1AB25==>< "/" >= 8<55B B> 4CE>2=>-4CH52=>5 ACI5AB2>, > :>B>@>< >= ;53G5 2A53> <>65B A>AB028BL A515 AC645=85. A;8 >= ?@8>1@5B5B A=0G0;0 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 4>AB0B>G=>5 ?>7=0=85 > A2>59 ;8G=>AB8, 0 70B5< ?5@2K<, GB> ?@54AB0=5B 5<C 2 2KAH8E <8@0E, 1C45B >1@07 MB>9 ;8G=>AB8, B>340 C =53> 1C45B 2>7<>6=>ABL A@02=8BL <564C A>1>9 >10 MB8 >1@070. = <>65B A@02=8BL 2KAH55 A B5<, GB> 5<C C65 7=0:><> 8 8AE>48BL, B0:8< >1@07>< 87 ?@>G=>3> >A=>20=8O. A;8 1K, =0?@>B82, ?5@54 =8< ?@54AB0;8 :0:85-=81C4L 4@C385 4CE>2=K5 ACI5AB20, >= =5 <>3 1K 2=0G0;5 A>AB028BL =8:0:>3> AC645=8O >1 8E A2>5>1@0788 8 ACI=>AB8. = 2A:>@5 ?>GC2AB2>20; 1K, GB> ?>G20 CA:>;L705B C =53> 87-?>4 =>3. >MB><C =5>1E>48<> :0: <>6=> G0I5 =0AB0820BL =0 B><, GB> 4>AB>25@=K9 4>ABC? : 2KAH8< <8@0< - MB> B>B, :>B>@K9 2545B G5@57 >A=>20B5;L=>5 ?>7=0=85 8 AC645=85 > A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 ACI=>AB8. B0:, =0 A2>5< ?CB8 2 2KAH89 <8@ G5;>25: 2AB@5G05B ?@5645 A2>8 4CE>2=K5 >1@07K. 1> >B25G0NI0O MB8< >1@070< 459AB28B5;L=>ABL =0E>48BAO 2 =5< A0<><. >MB><C CG5=8: 4>;65= 1KBL =0AB>;L:> 7@5;K<, GB>1K =5 B@51>20BL =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 3@C1KE @50;L=>AB59, 0 A<>B@5BL =0 MB8 >1@07K, :0: =0 ?@028;L=>5 4>AB865=85. > 2A:>@5 >= C7=05B 2=CB@8 MB>3> <8@0 >1@07>2 =5GB> A>25@H5==> =>2>5. 3> =87H55 "O" ?@54AB>8B ?5@54 =8< ;8HL :0: >B@065==0O 2 75@:0;5 :0@B8=0, => ?>A@548 MB>9 >B@065==>9 :0@B8=K O2;O5BAO 8AB8==0O 459AB28B5;L=>ABL 2KAH53> "/". 7 >1@070 =87H59 ;8G=>AB8 =0G8=05B ?@>A25G820BL >1;8: 4CE>2=>3> "/".  B>;L:> >B ?>A;54=53> 8 ?@>BO3820NBAO =8B8 : 4@C38< 2KAH8< 4CE>2=K< 459AB28B5;L=>ABO<. ">340 =0ABC?05B <><5=B @0A:@KB8O 42CE ;5?5AB:>2>3> ;>B>A0 2 >1;0AB8 3;07. ! =0G0;>< 53> 42865=8O G5;>25: ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL ?>AB028BL A2>5 2KAH55 "/" 2 A2O7L A> AB>OI8<8 2KH5 53> 4CE>2=K<8 ACI5AB20<8. AE>4OI85 87 MB>3> ;>B>A0 ?>B>:8 =0?@02;ONBAO : 2KAH8< 459AB28B5;L=>ABO< B0:8< >1@07><, GB> G5;>25: 2?>;=5 A>7=05B A>>B25BAB2CNI85 42865=8O. 0: A25B 45;05B D878G5A:85 ?@54<5BK 2848<K<8 4;O 3;07, B0: 8 MB8 ?>B>:8 45;0NB 2848<K<8 4CE>2=KE ACI5AB2 2KAH8E <8@>2. >A@54AB2>< ?>3@C65=8O 2 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==K5 ?@54AB02;5=8O, A>>1I05<K5 4CE>2=K<8 8AA;54>20=8O<8, CG5=8: =0CG05BAO ?@82>48BL 2 42865=85 ?>B>:8 ;>B>A0, =0E>4OI85AO 2 >1;0AB8 3;07 8 C?@02;OBL 8<8. 0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O >A>15==> A:07K205BAO 2A5 7=0G5=85 74>@>2>9 A?>A>1=>AB8 AC645=8O 8 =02K: : OA=><C ;>38G5A:><C <KH;5=8N. >AB0B>G=> 2A?><=8BL, GB> 745AL 2 G5;>25:5 @>6405BAO : A>7=0B5;L=><C 1KB8N 53> 2KAH55 "/", :>B>@>5 4> A8E ?>@ 4@5<0;> 2 =5< 2 15AA>7=0B5;L=><, 70G0B>G=>< A>AB>O=88. K 8<55< 745AL 45;> A @>645=85< 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5 =5 B>;L:> 2 >1@07=><, => 8 2 A0<>< @50;L=>< A<KA;5.  MB> @>645==>5, 2KAH55 "/", 4>;6=> O28BLAO 2 <8@ A> 2A5<8 =5>1E>48<K<8 >@30=0<8 8 70G0B:0<8 4;O B>3>, GB>1K 1KBL 687=5==>A?>A>1=K<8. A;8 ?@8@>40 701>B8BAO > B><, GB>1K @515=>: O28;AO 2 <8@ A ?@028;L=> ?>AB@>5==K<8 CH0<8 8 3;070<8, B> 70:>=K A0<>AB>OB5;L=>3> @0728B8O G5;>25:0 4>;6=K 27OBL =0 A51O 701>BC > B><, GB>1K 53> 2KAH55 "/" 2ABC?8;> 2 1KB85 A =5>1E>48<K<8 A?>A>1=>ABO<8.  MB8 70:>=K, >15A?5G820NI85 @0728B85 2KAH8E >@30=>2 A0<>3> 4CE0, ACBL B5 65 A0<K5, GB> 8 70:>=K 74@02>3> @07C<0 8 <>@0;8 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. 0: <;045=5F 7@55B 2 G@525 <0B5@8, B0: 2 D878G5A:>< "/" 7@55B 4CE>2=K9 G5;>25:. 4>@>2L5 <;045=F0 7028A8B >B =>@<0;L=>3> 459AB28O 70:>=>2 ?@8@>4K 2 G@525 <0B5@8. >4>1=K< 65 >1@07>< 8 74>@>2L5 4CE>2=>3> G5;>25:0 >1CA;>2;5=> 70:>=0<8 >1K:=>25==>3> @0AAC4:0 8 459AB2CNI53> 2 D878G5A:>9 687=8 @07C<0. 8 >48= G5;>25: =8:>340 =5 A<>65B ?>@>48BL 74>@>2>5 2KAH55 "/", 5A;8 >= =5 1C45B 68BL 8 <KA;8BL 74@02>. 87=L, A>>1@07=0O A ?@8@>4>9 8 @07C<><, O2;O5BAO =5>1E>48<>9 >A=>2>9 2AO:>3> 8AB8==>3> 4CE>2=>3> @0728B8O. - 0: <;045=5F C65 2 G@525 <0B5@8 6825B ?> B5< 65 70:>=0< ?@8@>4K, :>B>@K5 >= ?>A;5 A2>53> @>645=8O 1C45B 2>A?@8=8<0BL D878G5A:8<8 >@30=0<8 GC2AB2, B0: 8 2KAH55 "/" G5;>25:0 C65 2> 2@5<O D878G5A:>3> 1KB8O 6825B ?> 70:>=0< 4CE>2=>3> <8@0.  :0: <;045=5F ?> A<CB=><C 687=5==><C GC2AB2C CA208205B A515 =04;560I85 A8;K, B0: <>65B 8 G5;>25: CA20820BL A515 A8;K 4CE>2=>3> <8@0, ?@5645 G5< @>48BAO 53> 2KAH55 "/".  >= 4065 4>;65= ?>ABC?0BL B0:8< >1@07><, 5A;8 E>G5B, GB>1K MB> "/" O28;>AL 2 <8@ 2?>;=5 @0728BK< ACI5AB2><. 5?@028;L=> 1K;> 1K A:070BL: O =5 <>3C ?@8=OBL CG5=89 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8 ?@5645, G5< A0< =5 ?>;CGC A?>A>1=>AB8 2845BL. 1> 157 C3;C1;5=8O 2 40==K5 4CE>2=KE 8AA;54>20=89 G5;>25: 2>>1I5 =8:>340 =5 1C45B 2 A>AB>O=88 4>AB83=CBL 2KAH53> ?>7=0=8O. = 1K; 1K B>340 2 ?>;>65=88 <;045=F0, :>B>@K9 >B:070;AO 1K <0B5@8=A:>< G@525 >B A8;, ?@8B5:0NI8E : =5<C >B <0B5@8 8 70E>B5; 1K 4>640BLAO, ?>:0 >= A0< =5 A<>65B 4>1K20BL 8E. 0: 70@>4KH <;045=F0 4> @>645=8O 87 687=5==>3> GC2AB20 ?>7=05B ?@83>4=>ABL ?@8B5:0NI8E : =5<C A8;, B0: G5;>25:, 5I5 4> OA=>2845=8O, ?>7=05B 8AB8=C 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8. >7<>6=> ?@>=8:=>25=85 2 MB8 CG5=8O, ?>AB@>5==>5 =0 GC2AB25 8 =0 OA=><, 74>@>2><, 2A5AB>@>==5 >1AC640NI5< @07C<5, 4065 8 B>340, :>340 <K A0<8 5I5 =5 2848< =8G53> 4CE>2=>3>. !=0G0;0 =5>1E>48<> ?>7=0:><8BLAO A <8AB8G5A:8<8 ?>7=0=8O<8 8 ?CB5< 8E 87CG5=8O, ?>43>B>28BLAO : A>75@F0=8N. '5;>25:, :>B>@K9 ?@8H5; 1K : A>75@F0=8N ?@5645 B0:>3> 87CG5=8O, 1K; 1K ?>4>15= @515=:C, @>482H5<CAO E>BO 8 A 3;070<8 8 CH0<8, => 157 <>730. 5@54 =8< @0AAB8;0;AO 1K F5;K9 <8@ :@0A>: 8 72C:>2, => >= =8G53> =5 <>3 1K A =8< ?>45;0BL. "0:8< >1@07><, 2A5, GB> 1K;> ?5@2>=0G0;L=> ?>=OB> G5;>25:>< ?>A@54AB2>< 53> GC2AB20 8AB8=K, 0 B0:65 53> @07C<0 8 @0AAC4:0, 2A5 MB> AB0=>28BAO =0 C?><O=CB>9 ABC?5=8 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 53> A>1AB25==K< ?5@56820=85<. # =53> O2;O5BAO B5?5@L =5?>A@54AB25==>5 7=0=85 > A2>5< 2KAH5< "/". = C7=05B, GB> 2KAH55 "/" A2O70=> 2 4CE>2=K<8 ACI5AB20<8 2KAH53> ?>@O4:0 8 >1@07C5B A =8<8 =5:>5 548=AB2>. = 2848B, :0:8< >1@07>< 53> =87H55 "/" ?@>8AE>48B 87 2KAH53> <8@0.  5<C >B:@K205BAO, GB> 53> 2KAH0O ?@8@>40 ?@>4>;605B 68BL ?>A;5 A<5@B8 =87H59. = <>65B B5?5@L A0< >B;8G8BL 2 A515 ?@5E>4OI55 >B ?@51K20NI53>. > MB> B>;L:> >7=0G05B, GB> >= =0CG05BAO B5?5@L A0<, 87 A2>53> A>1AB25==>3> A>75@F0=8O , ?>=8<0BL CG5=85 > 2>?;>I5=88 (8=:0@=0F88) 2KAH53> "/" 2 =87H5<. "5?5@L 5<C AB0=>28BAO OA=K<, GB> >= 2E>48B :0: 725=>, 2 A>AB02 =5:>9 2KAH59 4CE>2=>9 A2O78, GB> 53> :0G5AB20, 53> AC4L1K >1CA;>2;5=K MB>9 A2O7LN. = ?>7=05B 70:>= A2>59 687=8, :0@<C. = C156405BAO, GB> 53> 2KAH55 "/", 70?>;=ONI55 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O 53> 687=L, ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>N B>;L:> >48= 87 >1@07>2, :>B>@K5 <>65B ?@8=8<0BL 53> 2KAH0O ACI=>ABL.  >= =0E>48B 2>7<>6=>ABL @01>B0BL =04 A>1>N 87 A2>53> 2KAH53> "/", GB>1K AB0=>28BLAO 2A5 A>25@H5==55 8 A>25@H5==55. = C156405BAO >B=K=5 B0:65 8 2 25;8:>< @07;8G88 ;N459, 2 A<KA;5 AB5?5=59 8E A>25@H5=AB20. = C7=05B, GB> 5ABL ;N48 AB>OI85 2KH5 53> 8 C65 4>AB83H85 B5E ABC?5=59, :>B>@K5 4;O =53> 5I5 ;560B 2?5@548. = =0G8=05B ?>=8<0BL, GB> CG5=8O 8 45;0 ?>4>1=KE ;N459 O2;ONBAO 24>E=>25=8O<8 87 2KAH53> <8@0. -B8< >= >1O70= A2>5<C ?5@2><C A0<>AB>OB5;L=><C ?@>7@5=8N 2 MB>B 2KAH89 <8@.  ACI5AB2>20=85 B5E, :>B>@KE =07K20NB "25;8:8<8 ?>A2OI5==K<8 G5;>25G5AB20", =0G=5B AB0=>28BLAO 4;O =53> 459AB28B5;L=K< D0:B><. "0:>2K 40@K, :>B>@K<8 CG5=8: >1O70= MB>9 ABC?5=8 A2>53> @0728B8O: ?@>=8:=>25=85 2 2KAH55 "/", 2 CG5=85 > 2>?;>I5=88 8;8 8=:0@=0F88 MB>3> 2KAH53> "/" 2 =87H5<, ?@>=8:=>25=85 2 70:>=, :>B>@K< C?@02;O5BAO 687=L 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5, A>3;0A=> 25;8:>9 4CE>2=>9 A2O78, - 2 70:>= :0@<K - 8, =0:>=5F, 2 1KB85 25;8:8E ?>A2OI5==KE. >MB><C >1 CG5=8:5, 4>AB83H8< MB>9 ABC?5=8, 3>2>@OB, GB> 4;O =53> A>25@H5==> 8AG57;> A><=5=85. A;8 ?@5645 >= <>3 CA2>8BL A515, >?8@0NICNAO =0 4>2>4K @0AAC4:0 8 =0 74>@>2>5 <KH;5=85 25@C, B> B5?5@L <5AB> MB>9 25@K 70ABC?05B ?>;=>B0 7=0=8O 8 =8G5< =5?>:>;518<>5 ?@>7@5=85. 5;8388 2 A2>8E F5@5<>=8OE, B08=AB20E 8 >1@O40E 40;8 2=5H=55 2848<>5 >B@065=85 2KAH8E 4CE>2=KE ?@>F5AA>2 8 ACI5AB2. B@8F0BL MB> <>65B B>;L:> B>B, :B> =5 ?>=O; 2A59 3;C18=K 25;8:8E @5;8389. > :B> =0G0; C65 A0< ?@>7@520BL 2 4CE>2=CN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL, B>B ?>9<5B 8 25;8:>5 7=0G5=85 MB8E 2=5H=5 2848<KE 459AB289.  4;O =53> B>340 @5;838>7=0O A;C610 A0<0 O28BAO >B@065=85< 53> >1I5=8O A> AB>OI8< 2KH5 4CE>2=K< <8@><. K 2848<, :0:8< >1@07>< 4>AB865=85 MB>9 ABC?5=8 45;05B CG5=8:0 459AB28B5;L=> =>2K< G5;>25:><. >A;5 MB>3> >= <>65B ?>AB5?5==> 2>7@0AB0BL 4> B>9 AB5?5=8 7@5;>AB8, :>340 >= 1C45B 2 A>AB>O=88 ?>A@54AB2>< ?>B>:>2 A2>53> MD8@=>3> B5;0 C?@02;OBL 2 ?>4;8==>< A<KA;5 A;>20 2KAH8< M;5<5=B>< 687=8 8 4>AB83=CBL B5< A0<K< 2KA>:>9 A2>1>4K >B A2>53> D878G5A:>3> B5;0. 7<5=5=8O 2 687=8 A=>2845=89 C CG5=8:0. @87=0:>< B>3>, GB> CG5=8: 4>AB83 8;8 A:>@> 4>AB83=5B >?8A0==>9 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O O2;O5BAO 87<5=5=85, =0ABC?0NI55 2 53> A=>284G5A:>9 687=8. > A8E ?>@ 53> A=>2845=8O 1K;8 A?CB0=K 8 ?@>872>;L=K. "5?5@L >=8 =0G8=0NB ?@8=8<0BL ?@028;L=K9 E0@0:B5@. 1@07K 8E ?>;CG0NB >A<KA;5==CN A2O7L <564C A>1>9, ?>4>1=> ?@54AB02;5=8O< ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8.  =8E <>6=> C7=0BL 70:>=, ?@8G8=C 8 459AB285. 7<5=O5BAO B0:65 8 A>45@60=85 A=>2845=89. 564C B5<, :0: ?@5645 2>A?@8=8<0;8AL ;8HL >B72C:8 4=52=>9 687=8, =5>D>@<;5==K5 2?5G0B;5=8O >B >:@C60NI53> <8@0 8;8 >B A>AB>O=89 A>1AB25==>3> B5;0, B5?5@L 2KABC?0NB >1@07K =5254><>3> 4>B>;5 <8@0. !=0G0;0, :>=5G=>, 5I5 A>E@0=O5BAO >1I89 E0@0:B5@ A=>284G5A:>9 687=8, ?>A:>;L:C A=>2845=8O >B;8G0NBAO >B 1>4@AB25==>3> ?@54AB02;5=8O B5<, GB> >=8 87>1@060NB 2 A8<2>;0E B>, GB> 8< =04> 2K@078BL. B 2=8<0B5;L=>3> =01;N40B5;O =5 <>65B CA:>;L7=CBL MB>B A8<2>;8G5A:89 E0@0:B5@ A=>284G5A:>9 687=8. '5;>25:C, =0?@8<5@, GB> >= ?>9<0; 157>1@07=>5 682>B=>5 8 => 8A?KBK205B >B MB>3> 2 @C:5 =5?@8OB=>5 >ICI5=85. = ?@>AK?05BAO 8 70<5G05B, GB> 45@68B 2 @C:5 :>=5F >45O;0. "0:8< >1@07>< 2>A?@8OB85 2K@0605BAO =5 2 G8AB>< 2845, 0 ?>A@54AB2>< MB>3> A8<2>;8G5A:>3> >1@070. - ;8 65 5<C A=8BLAO, GB> >= 1568B >B ?>3>=8 8 >= 8A?KBK205B AB@0E. @8 ?@>1C645=88 >1=0@C68205BAO, GB> 2> 2@5<O A=0 C =53> ?>4=O;>AL A5@4F5185=85. 5;C4>:, =0?>;=5==K9 =5C4>1>20@8<>9 ?8I59, ?@8G8=O5B B@52>6=K5 A=K. @>8AH5AB28O 2 >:@C60NI59 A?OI53> A@545 B0:65 >B@060NBAO 2> A=5 2 A8<2>;8G5A:8E >1@070E. >9 G0A>2 <>65B 2K720BL :0@B8=C <0@H8@CNI53> ?>4 10@010==K9 1>9 >B@O40 A>;40B. ?@>:8=C2H89AO ABC; 405B ?>2>4 : F5;>9 4@0<5 2> A=5, 2 :>B>@>9 ABC: 53> ?045=8O >B@078BAO 2 2845 2KAB@5;0 8 B.?.. - -B>B A8<2>;8G5A:89 A?>A>1 2K@065=8O A>E@0=O5BAO B0:65 8 ?@8 1>;55 ?@028;L=>9 A=>284G5A:>9 687=8, :>340 C G5;>25:0 =0G8=05B @072820BLAO MD8@=>5 B5;>. > 53> A=>2845=8O ?5@5AB0NB >B@060BL >4=8 B>;L:> D0:BK >:@C60NI53> D878G5A:>3> <8@0 8;8 53> A>1AB25==>3> GC2AB25==>3> B5;0.  2 B> 2@5<O :0: A=K, >1O70==K5 A2>8< ?@>8AE>645=85< MB8< D878G5A:8< ?@8G8=0<, AB0=>2OBAO ?@028;L=55, : =8< =0G8=0NB ?@8<5H820BLAO 8 B0:85 >1@07K, :>B>@K5 2K@060NB A>1>N 25I8 8 A>>B=>H5=8O 8=>3> <8@0. 45AL 2?5@2K5 G5;>25: ?>;CG05B >?KBK, =54>ABC?=K5 4;O 4=52=>3> A>7=0=8O. - > >B=N4L =5 A;54C5B 4C<0BL, GB> :0:>9-=81C4L 8AB8==K9 <8AB8: <>65B ?5@568205<>5 8< B0:8< >1@07>< 2> A=5 ?>;>68BL 2 >A=>2C :0:8E-;81> 4>AB>25@=KE A>>1I5=89 > 2KAH5< <8@5. >4>1=K5 A=>284G5A:85 ?5@56820=8O =04> @0AA<0B@820BL ;8HL :0: ?5@2K5 ?@87=0:8 1>;55 2KA>:>3> @0728B8O. - 0;L=59H8< ?>A;54AB285< O2;O5BAO 2A:>@5 B>B D0:B, GB> >1@07K A=>2845=89 C CG5=8:0 C65 =5 CA:>;L70NB 1>;LH5 >B >A<KA;5==>3> ?>4G8=5=8O @0AAC4:C, => =0G8=0NB C?@02;OBLAO 8< 8 AB@>9=> >1>7@520BLAO B0: 65, :0: 8 ?@54AB02;5=8O 8 >ICI5=8O 1>4@AB25==>3> A>7=0=8O. A5 1>;55 8 1>;55 8AG5705B @07;8G85 <564C A=>284G5A:8< A>7=0=85< 8 MB8< A>AB>O=85< 1>4@AB2>20=8O. '5;>25:, 284OI89 A>=, >AB05BAO 2 ?>;=>< A<KA;5 A;>20 1>4@AB2CNI8< 2> 2@5<O A=>2845=8O, B.5. >= GC2AB2C5B A51O 3>A?>48=>< 8 @C:>2>48B5;5< >1@07=KE ?@54AB02;5=89. > 2@5<O A=>2845=8O G5;>25: D0:B8G5A:8 =0E>48BAO 2 8=>< <8@5, >B;8G=>< >B <8@0 53> D878G5A:8E GC2AB2. > B>;L:> G5;>25: A =5@0728BK<8 4CE>2=K<8 >@30=0<8 =5 2 A>AB>O=88 A>AB028BL A515 > =5< =8:0:8E ?@54AB02;5=89, :@><5 >?8A0==KE, A182G82KE. -B>B <8@ ACI5AB2C5B 4;O =53> B>;L:> B0:, :0: ACI5AB2>20; 1K GC2AB25==K9 <8@ 4;O ACI5AB20, =045;5==>3> A0<>5 1>;LH55 B>;L:> ?5@2K<8 70G0B:0<8 3;07. >MB><C G5;>25: =5 <>65B 2845BL 2 MB>< <8@5 =8G53>, :@><5 >B?5G0B:>2 8 >B@065=89 >1K45==>9 687=8. >A;54=85 65 >= <>65B 2845BL ?>B><C, GB> 53> 4CH0 A0<0 70?5G0B;5205B A2>8 4=52=K5 2>A?@8OB8O, :0: >1@07K 2 25I5AB25, 87 :>B>@>3> A>AB>8B MB>B 8=>9 <8@. C6=> COA=8BL A515, GB> =0@O4C A >1K:=>25==>9, A>7=0B5;L=>9 4=52=>9 687=LN, G5;>25: 2545B 5I5 2 MB>< <8@5 2B>@CN, 15AA>7=0B5;L=CN 687=L. > 2845BL MB8 >B?5G0B:8 <>6=> ;8HL B>340, :>340 @0728BK F25BK ;>B>A0.  C :064>3> G5;>25:0 ACI5AB2CNB =5:>B>@K5 A:C4=K5 70G0B:8 F25B>2 ;>B>A0. > 2@5<O 4=52=>3> A>7=0=8O >= =8G53> =5 <>65B 2>A?@8=8<0BL 8<8 ?>B><C, GB> 2?5G0B;5=8O, ?@>872>48<K5 =0 =53> 4CE>2=K< <8@>< >G5=L A;01K. -B> ?@>8AE>48B ?> B0:>9 65 ?@8G8=5, ?>G5<C 4=5< =5 284=> 72574: >=8 =5 4>E>4OB 4> 2>A?@8OB8O =0@O4C A <>3CG8< 459AB285< A>;=5G=>3> A25B0. "0: =5 4>E>4OB 8 A;01K5 4CE>2=K5 2?5G0B;5=8O =0@O4C A <>3CI5AB25==K<8 2?5G0B;5=8O<8 D878G5A:8E GC2AB2. > :>340 2> A=5 2@0B0 2=5H=8E GC2AB2 1K20NB 70:@KBK, 2?5G0B;5=8O MB8 =0G8=0NB A<CB=> 2A?KE820BL.  B>340 G5;>25:, 284OI89 A>=, =0G8=05B 2A?><8=0BL >1 >?KB0E, ?5@568BKE 8< 2 4@C3>< <8@5. >, :0: A:070=> 2KH5, >?KBK MB8 ?5@2>=0G0;L=> ACBL =5 GB> 8=>5, :0: >B?5G0B:8, >BB8A=CBK5 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5 53> A>1AB25==>9, A2O70==>9 A D878G5A:8<8 GC2AB20<8 A?>A>1=>ABLN ?@54AB02;5=8O. - ">;L:> 2?>;=5 @0728BK5 F25BK ;>B>A0 40NB 5<C 2>7<>6=>ABL >B<5G0BL =5 ?@8=04;560I85 : D878G5A:><C <8@C ?@>O2;5=8O.  1;03>40@O @0728B><C MD8@=><C B5;C 2>7=8:05B ?>B>< ?>;=>5 7=0=85 >1 MB8E, 87 8=KE <8@>2 84CI8E, 8725I5=8OE. - <5AB5 A B5< =0G8=05BAO >1I5=85 G5;>25:0 A =>2K< <8@><.  B5?5@L 5<C =04> A ?><>ILN =0AB02;5=89, ?>;CG5==KE 2 >::C;LB=>9 H:>;5, 4>AB83=CBL ?@5645 2A53> 42CE 25I59. !=0G0;0 >= 4>;65= ?>;CG8BL 2>7<>6=>ABL 2> 2@5<O 1>4@AB2>20=8O A>25@H5==> OA=> 2A?><=8BL =01;N45=8O, A45;0==K5 2> 2@5<O A=0.  :>340 >= MB>3> 4>AB83=5B, >= ?@82>48BAO : B><C, GB>1K A>25@H0BL B0:85 65 =01;N45=8O 8 2> 2@5<O >1KG=>3> 1>4@AB25==>3> A>AB>O=8O. 3> 2=8<0=85, >1@0I5==>5 =0 4CE>2=K5 2?5G0B;5=8O, C?@06=O5BAO B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K MB8 2?5G0B;5=8O 1>;LH5 =5 8AG570;8 2 ?@8ACBAB288 D878G5A:8E 8 GB>1K >= <>3 8<5BL 8E ?>AB>O==>, =0@O4C 8 2<5AB5 A ?>A;54=8<8. >340 CG5=8: 4>AB83 MB>9 A?>A>1=>AB8, ?5@54 53> 4CE>2=K< 27>@>< 2KABC?0NB =5:>B>@K5 G5@BK 87 >?8A0==>9 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025 :0@B8=K. B=K=5 >= <>65B 2>A?@8=8<0BL B>, GB> ACI5AB2C5B 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5, :0: ?@8G8=0 D878G5A:>3>.  ?@5645 2A53> 2=CB@8 MB>3> <8@0 >= <>65B ?>7=0BL A2>5 2KAH55 "/". - ;8609H59 7040G59 53> 1C45B B5?5@L =5:>B>@K< >1@07>< 2@0AB8 2 MB> 2KAH55 "/", B.5. 459AB28B5;L=> 2845BL 2 =5< A2>5 8AB8==>5 ACI5AB2> 8 25AB8 A51O A>>B25BAB25==>. A5 1>;LH5 ?>;CG05B >= ?@54AB02;5=85 8 682>5 GC2AB2> > B><, GB> 53> D878G5A:>5 B5;> 8 B>, GB> >= ?@5645 =07K20; A2>8< "O", ACBL B>;L:> >@C48O 2KAH53> "/". > >B=>H5=8N : =87H5<C "O" C =53> 2>7=8:05B B0:>5 65 >ICI5=85, :>B>@>5 C >3@0=8G5==>3> GC2AB25==K< <8@>< G5;>25:0 1K205B : >@C48N 8;8 : ?>2>7:5, :>B>@K<8 >= ?>;L7C5BAO.  :0: ?>A;54=89 =5 ?@8G8A;O5B : A2>5<C "O" B>9 ?>2>7:8, 2 :>B>@>9 >= 545B, E>BO 1K >= 4065 3>2>@8; "O 54C" 2 B>< 65 A<KA;5, :0: 8: "O 84C", - B0: 8 @0728BK9 G5;>25:, 3>2>@O "O 2E>6C 2 425@L", 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 8<55B ?@54AB02;5=85: "O 2=>HC 2 425@L A2>5 B5;>". > B>;L:> MB> 4>;6=> AB0BL 4;O =53> =0AB>;L:> A0<>>G5284=K< ?>=OB85<, GB>1K >= =8 =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 =5 B5@O; B25@4>5 ?>G2K D878G5A:>3> <8@0 8 GB>1K =8:>340 2A;54AB285 MB>3> =5 =0ABC?0;> GC2AB2> >BGC645=8O >B GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. 'B>1K =5 AB0BL <5GB0B5;5< 8;8 D0=B0AB><, 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 4>;65= A ?><>ILN 2KAH53> A>7=0=8O 45;0BL 687=L A2>N 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 =5 154=55, 0 1>30G5, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: >1>30I05B 55 B>B, :B> 2<5AB> =>3 ?>;L7C5BAO 4;O A2>53> ?5@542865=8O ?>574>< 65;57=>9 4>@>38. >340 CG5=8: 4>AB83 B0:>9 687=8 2 A2>5< 2KAH5< "/" - 8;8 4065 2> 2@5<O ?@8>1@5B5=8O 2KAH53> A>7=0=8O, - 5<C AB0=>28BAO OA=K<, :0: ?@>1C48BL 2 >@30=5, A>740==>< >:>;> A5@4F0, >@30= 4CE>2=>3> 2>A?@8OB8O 8 :0: 8< @C:>2>48BL ?>A@54AB2>< >?8A0==KE 2 ?@>H;>9 3;025 B>:>2. -B>B >@30= 2>A?@8OB8O A>AB>8B 87 1>;55 2KA>:>9 25I5AB25==>AB8, :>B>@0O 8AE>48B 87 C?><O=CB>3> >@30=0 8 2 A8ONI59 :@0A>B5 AB@C8BAO ?> 4286CI8<AO F25B:0< ;>B>A0, 0 B0:65 8 ?> 4@C38< :0=0;0< @0728B>3> MD8@=>3> B5;0. BBC40 >= A8O5B =0@C6C, 2 >:@C60NI89 4CE>2=K9 <8@ 8 45;05B 53> 4CE>2=> 2848<K<, :0: A>;=5G=K9 A25B 45;05B D878G5A:8 2848<K< ?@54<5BK =0 :>B>@K5 >= ?0405B. 0:8< >1@07>< 2 >@30=5 A5@4F0 @>6405BAO MB>B 2KAH89 >@30= 2>A?@8OB8O - MB> AB0=>28BAO ?>=OB=K< B>;L:> ?>AB5?5==>, 2 A0<>< E>45 @0728B8O. BG5B;82> 2>A?@8=8<05<K<, 2 2845 ?@54<5B>2 8 ACI5AB2, 4CE>2=K9 <8@ AB0=>28BAO A>1AB25==> B>;L:> 4;O B>3>, :B> <>65B ?>4>1=K< 65 >1@07>< ?>AK;0BL MB>B >@30= 2>A?@8OB8O A:2>7L A2>5 MD8@=>5 B5;> 2> 2=5H=89 <8@, GB>1K >A25I0BL 8< ?@54<5BK. - BAN40 284=>, GB> ?>;=>5 A>7=0=85 > 25I0E 4CE>2=>3> <8@0 <>65B 2>7=8:=CBL B>;L:> ?@8 CA;>288, GB> G5;>25: A0< =02>48B =0 =8E A25B A2>53> 4CE0. 4=0:> 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 B> "/", :>B>@>5 ?>@>6405B MB>B >@30= 2>A?@8OB8O, 6825B A>2A5< =5 2 D878G5A:>< B5;5 G5;>25:0, =>, :0: 1K;> ?>:070=>, 2=5 53>. @30= A5@4F0 MB> - ;8HL <5AB>, 345 G5;>25: 872=5 2>768305B MB>B >@30= 4CE>2=>3> A25B0. A;8 1K >= 2>7653 53> =5 745AL, 0 345-=81C4L 2 4@C3>< <5AB5, B> 2K720==K5 8< 4CE>2=K5 2>A?@8OB8O =5 8<5;8 1K =8:0:>9 A2O78 A D878G5A:8< <8@><. > G5;>25: 4>;65= 2A5 2KAH55, 4CE>2=>5, >B=>A8BL 8<5==> : D878G5A:><C <8@C 8 4020BL 4CE>2=><C G5@57 A51O 2>7459AB2>20BL =0 ?>A;54=89. @30= A5@4F0 8 5ABL 8<5==> B>B >@30=, ?>A@54AB2>< :>B>@>3> 2KAH55 "/" 45;05B "O" GC2AB25==>5 A2>8< >@C485< 8 >B:C40 >=> C?@02;O5B MB8< ?>A;54=8<. 4=0:> >ICI5=85, :>B>@>5 8<55B @0728BK9 G5;>25: ?5@54 25I0<8 4CE>2=>3> <8@0, >B;8G=> >B >ICI5=8O, A2>9AB25==>3> GC2AB25==><C G5;>25:C ?5@54 D878G5A:8< <8@><. >A;54=89 GC2AB2C5B A51O 2 >?@545;5==>< <5AB5 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0, 0 2>A?@8=8<05<K5 8< ?@54<5BK - =0E>4OI8<8AO "2=5" 53>. CE>2=> 65 @0728BK9 G5;>25: GC2AB2C5B A51O =0?@>B82, :0: 1K A>548=5==K< A ?@54<5B>< A2>53> 4CE>2=>3> 2>A?@8OB8O, :0: 1K "2=CB@8" 53>.  >= =0 A0<>< 45;5 AB@0=AB2C5B 2 4CE>2=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25 A <5AB0 =0 <5AB>. >MB><C =0 O7K:5 B09=>2545=8O 53> =07K20NB B0:65 "AB@0==8:><". =0G0;5 >= =8345 =5 1K205B 4><0. - A;8 1K >= >AB0;AO ?@8 MB>< AB@0=AB2>20=88, >= =5 <>3 1K 459AB28B5;L=> >?@545;8BL =8 >4=>3> ?@54<5B0 2 4CE>2=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25. 0: 2 D878G5A:>< ?@>AB@0=AB25 >?@545;ONB ?@54<5B 8;8 <5AB> B5<, GB> 8AE>4OB 87 8725AB=>9 B>G:8, B0:65 4>;6=> MB> ?@>8AE>48BL 8 2 8=>< <8@5.  B0< =5>1E>48<> >BKA:0BL :0:>5-;81> <5AB>, :>B>@>5 =04> A=0G0;0 ?>4@>1=> 8AA;54>20BL 8 4CE>2=> 27OBL 2 A2>5 >1;040=85.  MB>< <5AB5 =04> >A=>20BL A2>N 4CE>2=CN @>48=C, 0 70B5< 2A5 >AB0;L=>5 ?>AB028BL 2 B> 8;8 8=>5 >B=>H5=85 : MB>9 @>48=5. 54L 8 682O 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5, G5;>25: 2848B 2A5 B0:, :0: MB> 2;5:CB 70 A>1>9 ?@54AB02;5=8O 53> D878G5A:>9 @>48=K. 5@;8=5F =52>;L=> >?8AK205B >=4>= 8=0G5, G5< ?0@860=8=. 4=0:>, A 4CE>2=>9 @>48=>9 MB> >1AB>8B 2A5-B0:8 8=0G5, G5< A D878G5A:>9.  ?>A;54=59 G5;>25: @>6405BAO 157 CG0AB8O A> A2>5 AB>@>=K; 2 =59 >= 8=AB8=:B82=> 2>A?@8=8<05B 2> 2@5<O A2>59 N=>AB8 @O4 ?@54AB02;5=89, :>B>@K5 A B5E ?>@ =52>;L=> 1@>A0NB 4;O =53> A2>9 A25B =0 2A5. CE>2=CN 65 @>48=C >= A ?>;=K< A>7=0=85< >1@07C5B A515 A0<. >MB><C 8AE>4O 87 =55, >= 8 AC48B A ?>;=>9 OA=>ABLN 8 A2>1>4>9. - -B> >1@07>20=85 4CE>2=>9 @>48=K =0 O7K:5 B09=>2545=8O =07K205BAO "?>AB@>5=85< E868=K". CE>2=>5 A>75@F0=85 =5 MB>9 ABC?5=8 ?@>AB8@05BAO ?@5645 2A53> =0 4CE>2=K5 ?@>B82>>1@07K D878G5A:>3> <8@0, ?>A:>;L:C MB8 ?@>B82>>1@07K =0E>4OBAO 2 B0: =07K205<>< <8@5 0AB@0;L=><.  MB>< <8@5 =0E>48BAO 2A5 B>, GB> ?> ACI5AB2C A2>5<C ?>4>1=> G5;>25G5A:8< 2;5G5=8O<, GC2AB20<, 2>645;5=8O< 8 AB@0ABO<. 1> :> 2A5< >:@C60NI8< G5;>25:0 GC2AB25==K< 25I0< ?@8=04;560B B0:65 8 A8;K, @>4AB25==K5 C?><O=CBK< G5;>25G5A:8< A8;0<. @8AB0;;, =0?@8<5@, A;0305BAO 2 D>@<C ?>4 2;8O=85< A8;, :>B>@K5 4;O 2KAH53> A>75@F0=8O ?@54AB02;ONBAO ?>4>1=K<8 2;5G5=8N, 459AB2CNI5<C 2 G5;>25:5. >4>1=K5 65 A8;K ?@>3>=ONB A>: ?> A>AC40< @0AB5=89, A>459AB2CNB @0A?CA:0=8N F25B>2 8 @0A:@KB8N A5<5==KE :>@>1>G5:. A5 MB8 A8;K ?>;CG0NB D>@<C 8 F25B 4;O @0728B>3> >@30=0 4CE>2=>3> 2>A?@8OB8O A>25@H5==> B0:65, :0: ?@54<5BK D878G5A:>3> <8@0 8<5NB D>@<C 8 F25B 4;O D878G5A:>3> 3;070. 0 >?8A0==>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O CG5=8: 2848B =5 B>;L:> :@8AB0;; 8 @0AB5=85, => B0:65 8 MB8 4CE>2=K5 A8;K.  >= 2848B 682>B=K5 8 G5;>25G5A:85 2;5G5=8O =5 B>;L:> 1;03>40@O ?@>O2;5=8O< D878G5A:>9 687=8 8E >1;040B5;59, => 8 =5?>A@54AB25==>, :0: ?@54<5BK ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5 >= 2848B AB>;K 8 ABC;LO. 5AL <8@ 8=AB8=:B>2, 2;5G5=89 8 AB@0AB59 682>B=>3> 8;8 G5;>25:0 ?@52@0I05BAO 2 0AB@0;L=>5 >1;0:>, :>B>@K< >:CB0=> ACI5AB2> 8;8 2 0C@C. 0;55, =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O OA=>284OI89 2>A?@8=8<05B B0:65 8 25I8, ?>GB8 8;8 A>25@H5==> CA:>;L70NI85 >B GC2AB25==>3> ?>7=0=8O. = <>65B, =0?@8<5@, 70<5B8BL 0AB@0;L=>5 @07;8G85 <564C ?@>AB@0=AB2><, =0?>;=5==K< ?@58<CI5AB25==> =87<5==> =0AB@>5==K<8 ;N4L<8 8 ?@>AB@0=AB2><, 2 :>B>@>< ?@8ACBAB2CNB ;N48 2KA>:>3> 4CH52=>3> AB@>O.  1>;L=8F5 =5 B>;L:> D878G5A:0O, => 8 4CE>2=0O 0B<>AD5@0 8=0O, G5< 2 B0=F520;L=>< 70;5. ">@3>2><C 3>@>4C A2>9AB25=5= 4@C3>9 0AB@0;L=K9 2>74CE, G5< C=825@A8B5BA:><C. !?5@20 A?>A>1=>ABL 2>A?@8OB8O B0:8E 25I59 C =0G8=0NI53> OA=>284F0 1C45B @0728B0 >G5=L A;01>. =0 1C45B >B=>A8BLAO : 2KH5=0720==K< ?@54<5B0< B0: 65, :0: A=>284G5A:>5 A>7=0=85 GC2AB25==>3> G5;>25:0 - : 53> 1>4@AB25==><C A>7=0=8N. > ?>AB5?5==> >= ?@>1C48BAO 2?>;=5 B0:65 8 =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8. KAH55 4>AB865=85 OA=>284F0 =0 >?8A0==>9 ABC?5=8 A>75@F0=8O MB> - B0, =0 :>B>@>9 5<C O2;ONBAO 0:B82=K5 0AB@0;L=K5 ?@>B82>>1@07K 682>B=KE 8 G5;>25G5A:8E 2;5G5=89 8 AB@0AB59. 59AB285, 8A?>;=5==>5 ;N128, A>?@>2>6405BAO 8=K< 0AB@0;L=K< O2;5=85<, G5< 459AB285, ?@>8AB5:0NI55 87 =5=028AB8. 'C2AB25==>5 2>645;5=85 O2;O5B :@><5 A51O A0<>3> 5I5 8 >B2@0B8B5;L=K9 0AB@0;L=K9 ?@>B82>>1@07, >ICI5=85 65, =0?@02;5==>5 =0 GB>-;81> 2KA>:>5, - =0?@>B82, ?@5:@0A=K9. -B8 ?@>B82>>1@07K 2> 2@5<O D878G5A:>9 687=8 G5;>25:0 2848<K ;8HL A;01>. 1> 8E A8;0 >A;015205BAO 687=LN 2 D878G5A:>< <8@5. 5;0=85, =0?@02;5==>5 =0 :0:>9-=81C4L ?@54<5B, ?>@>6405B, =0?@8<5@, 2 0AB@0;L=>< <8@5, :@><5 A2>53> A>1AB25==>3> >B@065=8O, 5I5 8 C?><O=CBK9 ?@>B82>>1@07. > 5A;8 65;0=85 ?>;CG05B C4>2;5B2>@5=85 G5@57 4>AB865=85 MB>3> D878G5A:>3> ?@54<5B0 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, 8<55BAO 2 284C 2>7<>6=>ABL B0:>3> C4>2;5B2>@5=8O, B>340 ?@>B82>>1@07 O2;O5BAO 2 2845 >G5=L A;01>3> >B1;5A:0. !2>59 ?>;=>9 A8;K >= 4>AB8305B B>;L:> ?>A;5 A<5@B8 G5;>25:0, :>340 4CH0 ?> A2>59 ?@8@>45 2A5 5I5 ?@8=C645=0 1C45B ?8B0BL MB> 65;0=85, => C65 =5 1C45B 8<5BL 2>7<>6=>AB8 53> C4>2;5B2>@8BL 70 >BACBAB285< A0<>3> ?@54<5B0 65;0=8O, 0 B0:65 8 A>>B25BAB2CNI53> D878G5A:>3> >@30=0. 'C2AB25==> =0AB@>5==K9 G5;>25: 1C45B, =0?@8<5@, 8 ?>A;5 A<5@B8 2A5 5I5 60640BL 2:CA>2>3> =0A;0645=8O. > C =53> =5 1C45B 2>7<>6=>AB8 C4>2;5B2>@8BL MB> 65;0=85, B0: :0: C =53> =5 1C45B 1>;LH5 =510. A;54AB285 MB>3> 65;0=85 ?>@>48B >A>15==> O@:89 ?@>B82>>1@07, :>B>@K9 1C45B B>340 B5@70BL 4CHC. -B8 8A?KB0=8O, ?5@568205<K5 ?>A;5 A<5@B8, 1;03>40@O ?@>B82>>1@070< 2KAH59 ?@8@>4K 4CH8, =07K20NBAO ?5@56820=8O<8 2 0<0-;>:5, B.5. 2 <5AB5 2>645;5=89. =8 ?@5:@0I0NBAO B>;L:> B>340, :>340 4CH0 >G8AB8BAO >B 2A5E, =0?@02;5==KE =0 D878G5A:89 <8@, 2>645;5=89. ">340 ;8HL 4CH0 2>AE>48B 2 2KAHCN >1;0ABL (520E0=). - > E>BO C 682CI53> D878G5A:>9 687=LN MB8 ?@>B82>>1@07K A;01K, >=8 2A5 65 ACI5AB2CNB 8 A>?@>2>640NB 53>, :0: 7040B>: 53> 0<0-;>:8, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: :><5BC A>?@>2>6405B 55 E2>AB.  OA=>284OI89 <>65B 8E 2845BL, 5A;8 >= 4>AB83 A>>B25BAB2CNI59 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O.  B0:8E 8 2 @>4AB25==KE 8< ?5@56820=8OE ?@51K205B 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =0 >?8A0==>9 ABC?5=8.  1>;55 2KA>:8< 4CE>2=K< ?5@56820=8O< >= 5I5 =5 <>65B ?>4=OBLAO =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O. BAN40 5<C ?@54AB>8B 5I5 40;L=59H55 2>AE>645=85. >AB865=85 =5?@5@K2=>AB8 A>7=0=8O. 87=L G5;>25:0 ?@>B5:05B 2 A<5=5 B@5E A>AB>O=89. -B> ACBL: 1>4@AB2>20=85, A>= A> A=>2845=8O<8 8 3;C1>:89 A>= 157 A=>2845=89. >6=> ?>=OBL, :0:8< >1@07>< 4>AB830NB 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89, 5A;8 A>AB028BL A515 ?@54AB02;5=85 >1 87<5=5=8OE, ?@>8AE>4OI8E >B=>A8B5;L=> MB8E B@5E A>AB>O=89 C 8A:0B5;O 2KAH8E ?>7=0=89. >:0 G5;>25: =5 ?@>H5; G5@57 H:>;C, 254CICN : MB8< ?>7=0=8O<, 53> A>7=0=85 ?>AB>O==> ?@5@K205BAO ?@><56CB:0<8 A=0.  MB8 ?@><56CB:8 4CH0 =8G53> =5 7=05B, :0: > 2=5H=5< <8@5, B0: 8 > A515 A0<>9. ">;L:> ?> 2@5<5=0< 87 >1I53> <>@O 15AA>7=0B5;L=>AB8 2A?;K20NB A=>2845=8O, 8<5NI85 A2O7L A ?@>F5AA0<8 2=5H=53> <8@0, 8;8 A>AB>O=8O<8 A>1AB25==>3> B5;0. 1KG=> 2 A=>2845=8OE 284OB B>;L:> >A>1>5 ?@>O2;5=85 687=8 A=0, 8 ?>MB><C 2>>1I5 3>2>@OB B>;L:> > 42CE A>AB>O=8OE: A=0 8 1>4@AB2>20=8O. > 4;O B09=>2545=8O A=>2845=85 8<55B A0<>AB>OB5;L=>5 7=0G5=85 =0@O4C A 42C<O 4@C38<8 A>AB>O=8O<8.  ?@>H;>9 3;025 1K;> >?8A0=>, :0:>5 87<5=5=85 ?@>8AE>48B 2 687=8 A=>2845=89 C G5;>25:0, =0G8=0NI53> 2>AE>48BL : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N. 3> A=>2845=8O B5@ONB A2>9 =57=0G0I89, 15AA2O7=K9 8 15A?>@O4>G=K9 E0@0:B5@ 8 2A5 1>;55 ?5@5E>4OB 2 ?@>=8:=CBK9 ?@028;L=>ABLN 8 A2O7LN <8@. @8 40;L=59H5< @0728B88 MB>B =>2K9 <8@, @>482H89AO 87 <8@0 A=>2845=89, =5 B>;L:> =5 CABC?05B ?> A2>59 2=CB@5==59 ?@0245 2=5H=59 GC2AB25==>9 459AB28B5;L=>AB8, => 2 =5< >B:@K20NBAO 5I5 D0:BK, ?@54AB02;ONI85 A>1>9, 2 ?>;=>< A<KA;5 A;>20, 2KAHCN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL.  GC2AB25==>< <8@5 ?>2AN4C A:@KBK 70304:8 8 B09=K.  =5< 459AB28B5;L=> >1=0@C68205BAO ?@>O2;5=8O =5:>B>@KE 2KAH8E D0:B>2: >4=0:>, G5;>25:, >3@0=8G5==K9 >4=8< GC2AB25==K< 2>A?@8OB85<, =5 <>65B ?@>=8:=CBL : ?@8G8=0<. CE>2=><C CG5=8:C, 2 >?8A0==><, 2>7=8:H5< 87 A=>2845=89, => >B=N4L C =53> =5 ?>AB>O==>< A>AB>O=88 G0AB8G=> >B:@K20NBAO MB8 ?@8G8=K. - @0240, >= =5 <>65B @0AA<0B@820BL MB8 >B:@>25=8O, :0: 459AB28B5;L=K5 ?>7=0=8O, ?>:0 B5 65 A0<K5 25I8 =5 O2OBAO 5<C 8 2 >1K:=>25==>9 1>4@AB25==>9 687=8. > >= 4>AB8305B 8 MB>3>. 0728B85 53> =0?@02;O5BAO =0 B>, GB>1K A>AB>O=85, A>740==>5 8< A=0G0;0 87 A=>284G5A:>3>, ?5@5=>A8B 70B5< 8 2 1>4@AB2CNI55 A>7=0=85. ">340 GC2AB25==K9 <8@ >1>30I05BAO 4;O =53> G5<-B> A>25@H5==> =>2K<. 0: 4;O G5;>25:0, @>482H53>AO A;5?K< 8 ?>A;5 >?5@0F88 AB02H53> 7@OG8<, >:@C60NI89 <8@ >1>30I05BAO 2A5<8 2>A?@8OB8O<8, 4>ABC?=K<8 3;07C, B0: 8 G5;>25:, 4>AB83H89 B0:8< >1@07>< OA=>2845=8O, A>75@F05B 25AL >:@C60NI89 53> <8@ =045;5==K< =>2K<8 A2>9AB20<8, 25I0<8, ACI5AB20<8 8 B.4. "5?5@L 5<C =5 =C6=> 4>6840BLAO A=>2845=8O, GB>1K >68BL 2 4@C3>< <8@5; >= <>65B 2A5340, :>340 MB> 1C45B C<5AB=> ?5@5E>48BL 2 >?8A0==>5 A>AB>O=85, ?>4=8<0OAL : 2KAH5<C 2>A?@8OB8N. -B> =>2>5 A>AB>O=85 8<55B C =53> B>340 , ?> A@02=5=8N A ?@56=8<, B0:>5 65 7=0G5=85, :0:>5 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8 8<55B 2>A?@8OB85 25I59 ?@8 45OB5;L=>AB8 >@30=>2 GC2AB2, ?> A@02=5=8N A 2>A?@8OB85< ?@8 87 157459AB288. >6=> 2 8AB8==>< A<KA;5 A:070BL: 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: >B:@K205B >@30=K GC2AB2 A2>59 4CH8 8 A>75@F05B 25I8, :>B>@K5 4;O B5;5A=KE GC2AB2 ?@8=C645=K >AB020BLAO A:@KBK<8. > MB> A>AB>O=85 A;C68B CG5=8:C ;8HL ?5@5E>4>< : 1>;55 2KA>:8< ABC?5=O< ?>7=0=8O. A;8 >= 1C45B ?@>4>;60BL ?@54?8A0==K5 5<C 53> >::C;LB=>9 H:>;>9 C?@06=5=8O, B> G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O >= =0945B, GB> =5 B>;L:> A 53> OA=>284G5A:>9 687=LN ?@>8AE>48B >?8A0==0O @5H8B5;L=0O ?5@5<5=0, => GB> ?@52@0I5=85 @0A?@>AB@0=O5BAO B0:65 8 =0 ;8H5==K9 4>B>;5 A=>2845=89 3;C1>:89 A>=. = 70<5G05B, GB> ?>;=0O 15AA>7=0B5;L=>ABL, 2 :>B>@>9 >= =0E>48;AO ?@5645 2> 2@5<O B0:>3> A=0, ?@5@K205BAO 548=8G=K<8 A>7=0B5;L=K<8 ?5@56820=8O<8. 7 >1I53> <@0:0 A=0 2A?;K20NB 2>A?@8OB8O B0:>3> @040, :0:8E >= @0=LH5 =5 7=0;. >=5G=>, =5 ;53:> >?8A0BL MB8 2>A?@8OB8O, 81> =0H O7K: A>740= 254L B>;L:> 4;O GC2AB25==>3> <8@0, 8 ?>MB><C <>6=> B>;L:> ?@81;878B5;L=> ?>4KA:0BL A;>20 4;O >1>7=0G5=8O B>3>, GB> A>2A5< =5 ?@8=04;568B : MB><C GC2AB25==><C <8@C. "5< =5 <5=55, 4;O >?8A0=8O 2KAH8E <8@>2 2=0G0;5 ?@8E>48BAO ?>;L7>20BLAO A;>20<8. -B>3> 4>AB830NB B>;L:> B0:8< ?CB5<, GB> <=>3>5 2K@060NB ?@8 ?><>I8 A@02=5=89, 0 B0: :0: 2 <8@5 2A5 =0E>48BAO 2 @>4AB25==>9 A2O78 4@C3 A 4@C3><, B> MB> >:07K205BAO 2>7<>6=K<. 5I8 8 ACI5AB20 2KAH8E <8@>2 =0AB>;L:> 2A5-B0:8 A@>4=8 25I0< GC2AB25==>3> <8@0, GB> ?@8 4>1@>9 2>;5 2A5340 <>6=> A>AB028BL A515 8725AB=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 >1 MB8E 2KAH8E <8@0E 4065 8 ?@8 ?><>I8 A;>2, >B=>AOI8EAO 2 GC2AB25==><C <8@C. 04> B>;L:> 2A5340 8<5BL 2 284C, GB> ?@8 ?>4>1=KE >?8A0=8OE A25@EGC2AB25==KE <8@>2 <=>3>5 4>;6=> 8<5BL 7=0G5=85 A@02=5=8O 8 A8<2>;0. - >MB><C A0<> 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85 ?@>872>48BAO ;8HL >BG0AB8 ?@8 ?><>I8 A;>2 >1K:=>25==>3> O7K:0; 4;O >AB0;L=>3> 65 CG5=8: 87CG05B ?@8 A2>5< 2>AE>645=88 5I5 4@C3>9, =5?>A@54AB25==> ?>=OBK9 5<C A8<2>;8G5A:89 A?>A>1 2K@065=8O. 3> =5>1E>48<> CA2>8BL A515 2> 2@5<O A0<>3> 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. > MB> =5 <5H05B B><C, GB>1K ?@8 ?><>I8 >1K:=>25==KE >?8A0=89, :0:85 40NBAO 745AL, <>6=> 1K;> ?>;CG8BL =5:>B>@>5 ?>=OB85 > ?@8@>45 2KAH8E <8@>2. 5;0O 40BL ?@54AB02;5=85 > 2KH5C?><O=CBKE ?5@56820=8OE, 2?5@2K5 2A?;K20NI8E 87 <>@O 15AA>7=0B5;L=>AB8 2> 2@5<O 3;C1>:>3> A=0, ;CGH5 2A53> <>6=> A@02=8BL 8E :0: 1K A2>53> @>40 2>A?@8OB8O<8 A;CE0. >6=> 3>2>@8BL > 2>A?@8OB88 72C:>2 8 A;>2. >4>1=> B><C, :0: ?5@56820=8O A=>2845=89, 5A;8 A@02=820BL 87 A 2>A?@8OB8O<8 GC2AB2, <>6=> >?@545;8BL :0: A2>53> @>40 A>75@F0=8O, B0: D0:BK 3;C1>:>3> A=0 4>?CA:0NB A@02=5=85 A 2?5G0B;5=8O<8 A;CE0. ( :0G5AB25 ?>1>G=>3> 70<5G0=8O =04> A:070BL, GB> 8 4;O 4CE>2=KE <8@>2 A>75@F0=85 AB>8B 2KH5. @0A:8 8 2 MB>< <8@5 O2;ONBAO G5<-B> 1>;55 2KA>:8<, G5< 72C:8 8 A;>20. > CG5=8: 2>A?@8=8<05B 87 MB>3> <8@0 ?@8 A2>5< >1CG5=88, 2=0G0;5 =5 2KAH85 :@0A:8, 0 =87H85 72C:8. > A2>5<C >1I5<C @0728B8N G5;>25: 1K205B =5A:>;L:> 1>;55 ?@8A?>A>1;5= : <8@C, >B:@K20NI5<CAO 5<C 2 A=>2845=8OE, 8 B>;L:> ?>MB><C >= A@07C 65 2>A?@8=8<05B 2 =5< :@0A:8. ;O 1>;55 2KA>:>3> <8@0, :>B>@K9 @0A:@K205BAO 2 3;C1>:>< A=5, >= 5I5 <5=55 1K205B 3>B>2; ?>G5<C <8@ 8 >B:@K205BAO 5<C ?@5645 2A53> 2 72C:0E 8 A;>20E; ?>74=55 >= <>65B 8 745AL ?>4=OBLAO 4> D>@< 8 :@0A>:). >340 CG5=8: 70<5B8B, GB> 2 3;C1>:>< A=5 C =53> ?>O2;ONBAO ?>4>1=K5 ?5@56820=8O, B>340 7040G0 1C45B ?@5645 2A53> 2 B><, GB>1K A45;0BL 8E 1>;55 >BG5B;82K<8 8 OA=K<8. !?5@20 MB> 405BAO A 1>;LH8< B@C4><, B0: :0: 2>A?><8=0=8O > =8E 2 1>4@AB25==>< A>AB>O=88 >AB05BAO A=0G0;0 G@572KG09=> A;01K<. @0240, ?@8 ?@>1C645=88 G5;>25: 7=05B, GB> >= GB>-B> ?5@568;, => GB> 8<5==> - MB> >AB05BAO A>25@H5==> A<CB=K<. !0<>5 206=>5 2> 2@5<O MB>3> =0G0;L=>3> A>AB>O=8O - >AB020BLAO A?>:>9=K< 8 =52>7<CB8<K<, 8 =8 =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 =5 2?040BL 2 :0:>5-;81> 15A?>:>9AB2> 8 =5B5@?5=85. -B> 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 ?@8=5A;> 1K B>;L:> 2@54. 5A?>:>9AB2> 8 =5B5@?5=85 =5 <>3CB CA:>@8BL 40;L=59H53> @0728B8O, => =587156=> 70<54;OB 53>. 04>, B0: A:070BL, A?>:>9=> >B40BLAO B><C, GB> B515 405BAO 8;8 40@C5BAO, >B 2AO:>9 =0A8;LAB25==>AB8 =04> >B:070BLAO. A;8 2 40==K9 <><5=B =5 C405BAO 2A?><=8BL > ?5@56820=8OE 2> 2@5<O A=0, B> =04> B5@?5;82> 640BL, ?>:0 MB> >:065BAO 2>7<>6=K<. 1> MB>B <><5=B :>340-=81C4L =0AB0=5B.  5A;8 CG5=8: 1K; @0=LH5 B5@?5;82 8 A?>:>5=, B> A?>A>1=>ABL 2>A?><8=0=8O >AB0=5BAO C =53> ?@>G=K< 4>AB865=85<, <564C B5< :0: ?@8 =0A8;LAB25==>< ?>2545=88 >=0 E>BO 2 A2>5 2@5<O 8 =0ABC?8B, => 70B5< <>65B 1KBL A=>20 A>25@H5==> CB@0G5=0 8 ?@8B>< =04>;3>. A;8 A?>A>1=>ABL 2>A?><8=0=8O C65 ?>O28;0AL, 8 ?5@56820=8O A=0 2KABC?0NB ?5@54 1>4@AB2CNI8< A>7=0=85< A>25@H5==> OA=> 8 >BG5B;82>, B>340 =04> >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 A;54CNI55. !@548 MB8E ?5@56820=89 <>6=> @07;8G8BL A>25@H5==> B>G=> 420 @>40. 48= @>4 ?5@56820=89 ?>:065BAO A>25@H5==> GC68< ?> A@02=5=8N A> 2A5<, GB> :>340-;81> ?@8E>48;>AL C7=020BL @0=LH5. >6=> A=0G0;0 @04>20BLAO MB8< ?5@56820=8O<; <>6=> ?>G5@?0BL 87 =8E ?>CG5=85; => 2 >AB0;L=>< ;CGH5 >AB028BL 8E ?>:0, :0: 5ABL. =8 - ?5@2K5 ?@5425AB=8:8 2KAH53> 4CE>2=>3> <8@0, 2 :>B>@>< CG5=8: A<>65B @07>1@0BLAO ;8HL ?>74=55. > 4@C3>9 @>4 ?5@56820=89 ?>:065B 2=8<0B5;L=><C =01;N40B5;N 8725AB=>5 A@>4AB2> A >1K:=>25==K< <8@><, 2 :>B>@>< >= 6825B.  G5< >= @07<KH;O5B 2 687=8 8 GB> E>B5; 1K ?>=OBL 2 >:@C60NI5< <8@5, => G53> >= =5 <>65B ?>=OBL >1K:=>25==K< @0AAC4:><, :> 2A5<C MB><C MB8 ?5@56820=8O 2> 2@5<O A=0 404CB 5<C :;NG.  ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8 G5;>25: @07<KH;O5B > B><, GB> 53> >:@C605B. = A>AB02;O5B A515 ?@54AB02;5=8O, GB>1K ?>=OBL 2708<=CN A2O7L 25I59. = ?KB05BAO ?>AB83=CBL 2 ?>=OB8OE B>, GB> 2>A?@8=8<0NB 53> GC2AB20.  B0:8< ?@54AB02;5=8O< 8 ?>=OB8O< >B=>AOBAO ?5@56820=8O A=0. ">, GB> 1K;> @0=LH5 B5<=K<, ?@87@0G=K< ?>=OB85<, AB0=>28BAO B5?5@L G5<-B> ?>;=>72CG=K< 8 682K<, GB> <>6=> A@02=8BL B>;L:> A> 72C:0<8 8 A;>20<8 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. ;O G5;>25:0 MB> 2A5 1>;55 ?@8>1@5B05B B0:>9 E0@0:B5@, :0: 5A;8 1K 5<C 87 1>;55 2KA>:>3> <8@0 =0H5?BK20;8AL 2 A;>20E 8 72C:0E @5H5=8O 70304>:, =04 :>B>@K<8 5<C ?@8E>48BAO @07<KH;OBL.  B>340 >= ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL A2O70BL ?@8E>4OI55 : =5<C 87 4@C3>3> <8@0 A >1K:=>25==>9 687=LN. ">, GB> ?@5645 ?>AB830;>AL B>;L:> <KA;5==>, AB0=>28BAO 4;O =53> B5?5@L ?5@56820=85< AB>;L 65 682K< 8 A>45@60B5;L=K<, :0:8< B>;L:> <>65B 1KBL :0:>5-;81> ?5@56820=85 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. 5;> 2 B><, GB> 25I8 8 ACI5AB20 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 ACBL =5 B>;L:> B>, G5< >=8 O2;ONBAO GC2AB25==><C 2>A?@8OB8N. =8 - 2K@065=85 8 87;8O=85 4CE>2=>3> <8@0. -B>B, 4>B>;5 A:@KBK9, <8@ 4CE0 72CG8B B5?5@L 4;O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 87 2A53> 53> >:@C60NI53>. 53:> ?>=OBL, GB> MB0 2KAH0O A?>A>1=>ABL 2>A?@8OB8O B>;L:> B>340 <>65B AB0BL 1;03>45B5;L=>9 4;O G5;>25:0, 5A;8 2 >B:@K2H8EAO C =53> 4CH52=KE GC2AB20E 2A5 =0E>48BAO 2 ?>@O4:5, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: 8 A2>8 >1K:=>25==K5 >@30=K GC2AB2 G5;>25: <>65B C?>B@51;OBL 4;O 8AB8==>3> =01;N45=8O <8@0, :>=5G=>, B>;L:> B>340, 5A;8 >=8 70:>=><5@=> ?>AB@>5=K. > 2KAH85 >@30=K GC2AB2 G5;>25: AB@>8B A515 A0< ?>A@54AB2>< C?@06=5=89, :>B>@K5 5<C C:07K20NBAO ?@8 >::C;LB=>< >1CG5=88.  MB8< C?@06=5=8O< ?@8=04;568B :>=F5=B@0F8O, B.5. =0?@02;5=85 2=8<0=8O =0 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==K5, A2O70==K5 A B09=0<8 <8@0 ?@54AB02;5=8O 8 ?>=OB8O. 0;55, : =8< ?@8=04;568B <548B8@>20=85, B.5. 687=L 2 ?>4>1=KE 845OE, ?>;=>5 ?>3@C65=85 2 =8E ?> C:070==><C A?>A>1C. >A@54AB2>< A>A@54>B>G5=8O 8 <548B8@>20=8O G5;>25: @01>B05B =04 A2>59 4CH>9. -B8< >= @0728205B 2 =59 >@30=K 4CH52=>3> 2>A?@8OB8O.  B> 2@5<O, :0: >= >B405BAO 7040G0< :>=F5=B@0F88 8 <548B0F88, 2=CB@8 53> B5;0 @0AB5B 53> 4CH0, :0: @0AB5B 70@>4KH <;045=F0 2 B5;5 <0B5@8.  :>340 70B5< 2> 2@5<O A=0 =0ABC?0NB >?8A0==K5 >B45;L=K5 ?5@56820=8O, B>340 ?@81;8605BAO <><5=B @>645=8O 4;O >A2>1>482H59AO 4CH8, AB02H59 1;03>40@O MB><C 2 B>G=>< A<KA;5 A;>20 4@C38< ACI5AB2><, :>B>@>5 G5;>25: 4>2>48B 2 A515 4> 70G0B8O 8 7@5;>AB8. - @54?8A0=8O 4;O A>A@54>B>G5=8O 8 <548B8@>20=8O 4>;6=K 1KBL >G5=L BI0B5;L=K 8 8E =04> 2K?>;=OBL G@572KG09=> B>G=>, ?>B><C GB> >=8 O2;ONBAO 70:>=0<8 70G0B8O 8 A>7@520=8O MB>3> 2KAH53> 4CH52=>3> ACI5AB20 G5;>25:0.  ?>A;54=55 4>;6=> 1KBL ?@8 A2>5< @>645=88 30@<>=8G5A:8< 8 ?@028;L=> ?>AB@>5==K< >@30=87<><. A;8 2 ?@54?8A0=8OE >:07K205BAO :0:0O-=81C4L >H81:0, B> 2 4CE>2=>9 >1;0AB8 2>7=8:05B =5 ?@028;L=> >@30=87>20==>5 682>5 ACI5AB2>, 0 =5A?>A>1=K9 : 687=8 =54>=>A>:. 'B> @>645=85 MB>3> 2KA>:>3> 4CH52=>3> ACI5AB20 ?@>8AE>48B A=0G0;0 2 3;C1>:>< A=5, MB> ?>:065BAO ?>=OB=K<, 5A;8 ?@8=OBL 2> 2=8<0=85, GB> =56=K9, 5I5 <0;> A?>A>1=K9 : A>?@>B82;5=8N >@30=87< ?@8 ?5@2>< A2>5< ?>O2;5=88 2> 2@5<O GC2AB25==>9 ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8 =5 <>3 1K, :>=5G=>, =8:0: 40BL 7=0BL > A515 ?>A@548 <>3CG8E 8 @57:8E ?@>F5AA>2 MB>9 687=8. 3> 45OB5;L=>ABL ?@>H;0 1K =570<5G5==>9 =0@O4C A 45OB5;L=>ABLN B5;0. > A=5, :>340 B5;> ?>:>8BAO - ?>A:>;L:C 53> 45OB5;L=>ABL 7028A8B >B GC2AB25==KE 2>A?@8OB89, - <>65B ?@>O28BAO 8 MB0, AB>;L =56=0O 8 =570<5B=0O 2=0G0;5 45OB5;L=>ABL 2KAH59 4CH8. - > >?OBL =04> 70<5B8BL, GB> CG5=8: =5 4>;65= A<>B@5BL =0 ?5@56820=8O A=0, :0: =0 2?>;=5 7=0G8<K5 ?>7=0=8O, 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 >= =5 1C45B 2 A>AB>O=88 ?5@5=>A8BL ?@>1C645==CN 2KAHCN 4CHC 8 2 A2>5 4=52=>5 A>7=0=85. A;8 >= 2 A>AB>O=88 MB> A45;0BL, B>340 >= <>65B 2>A?@8=8<0BL 4CE>2=K9 <8@, A ?@8ACI8< 5<C E0@0:B5@><, B0:65 8 ?>A@548 4=52=KE ?5@56820=89 8 =0@O4C A =8<8, B.5. >= <>65B 4CH52=> ?>AB830BL 2 72C:0E 8 A;>20E B09=K >:@C60NI53> 53> <8@0. > =0 MB>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O G5;>25: 4>;65= COA=8BL A515, GB> 2=0G0;5 >= 8<55B 45;> B>;L:> A >B45;L=K<8, 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 =5A2O7=K<8 4CH52=K<8 ?5@56820=8O<8. >MB><C =04> >AB5@530BLAO ?>AB@>8BL A515 87 =8E :0:CN-;81> 70:>=G5==CN, 8;8 E>BO 1K B>;L:> A2O7=CN A8AB5<C ?>7=0=89. 1> B>340 2 4CH52=K9 <8@ <>3;8 1K 2<5H0BLAO @07;8G=K5 D0=B0AB8G5A:85 ?@54AB02;5=8O 8 8458, 8 G5;>25: >G5=L ;53:> <>3 1K ?>AB@>8BL A515 <8@, =5 8<5NI89 =8G53> >1I53> A 459AB28B5;L=K< 4CE>2=K< <8@><. #G5=8: 4>;65= ?>AB>O==> C?@06=OBLAO 2 AB@>609H5< :>=B@>;5 =04 A>1>9. !0<K< ?@028;L=K< 1K;> 1K 4>18BLAO 2A5 1>;LH59 OA=>AB8 >B=>A8B5;L=> >B45;L=KE, =0AB>OI8E ?5@56820=89, C65 7=0:><KE CG5=8:C, 8 640BL, ?>:0 A>25@H5==> =5?@8=C645==> =5 ?>O2OBAO =>2K5 8 :0: 1K A0<0 A>1>N =5 CAB0=>28BAO A2O7L 8E A ?@56=8<8. -  B>340 C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0, ?@8 ?@8<5=5=88 A>>B25BAB25==KE C?@06=5=89 8 1;03>40@O A8;5 4CE>2=>3> <8@0, 2 :>B>@K9 >= B5?5@L C65 2ABC?8;, =0G8=05BAO 70E20BK20NI55 2>:@C3 A51O 2A5 1>;LH85 >1;0AB8 @0AH8@5=85 A>7=0=8O 2 3;C1>:>< A=5. A5 1>;LH5 ?5@56820=89 =0G8=05B 2KABC?0BL 87 15AA>7=0B5;L=>AB8 8 2A5 <5=LH5 ?@><56CB:8 687=8 2> A=5 >AB0NBAO 15AA>7=0B5;L=K<8. ">340 2A5 1>;LH5 A0<0 A>1>9 CAB0=02;8205BAO A2O7L <564C >B45;L=K<8 >?KB0<8, A45;0==K<8 2> A=5, ?@8G5< =0AB>OI0O A2O7L 8E =5 =0@CH05BAO 2A52>7<>6=K<8 A>>1@065=8O<8 8 70:;NG5=8O<8, ?@>8AB5:0NI8<8 ;8HL 87 ?@82K:H53> : GC2AB25==><C <8@C @0AAC4:0. > G5< <5=LH5 <KA;5==KE ?@82KG5: GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 1C45B =5?@02><5@=> 2<5H820BLAO 2 MB8 2KAH85 ?5@56820=8O, B5< ;CGH5. @8 B0:>< ?>2545=88 G5;>25: 2A5 1>;LH5 8 1>;LH5 ?@81;8605BAO 2 B>9 ABC?5=8 =0 ?CB8 : 2KAH5<C ?>7=0=8N, =0 :>B>@>9 A>AB>O=8O, ?@>B5:02H85 ;8HL A>2A5< 15AA>7=0B5;L=> 2> A=5, ?@52@0I0NBAO 2 A>25@H5==> A>7=0B5;L=K5. ">340, 2> 2@5<O >B4KE0 B5;0, >= ?@>4>;605B 68BL B>G=> B0: 65 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8, :0: MB> 1K205B ?@8 1>4@AB2>20=88. 7;8H=5 ?@8102;OBL, GB> 2> 2@5<O A0<>3> A=0 CG5=8: A=0G0;0 8<55B 45;> A 4@C3>9 459AB28B5;L=>ABLN, >B;8G=>9 >B >:@C60NI53> GC2AB25==>3> <8@0, 2 :>B>@>< =0E>48BAO B5;>. 1> G5;>25: CG8BAO 8 4>;65= CG8BAO - 401K ?@>4>;60BL B25@4> AB>OBL =0 ?>G25 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 8 =5 A45;0BLAO D0=B0AB>< - A2O7K20BL 2KAH85 ?5@56820=8O A=0 A >:@C60NI8< GC2AB25==K< <8@><. > ?5@2>=0G0;L=> ?5@568205<K9 2> A=5 <8@ O2;O5BAO A>25@H5==> =>2K< >B:@>25=85<. -  B09=>2545=88 MBC 206=CN ABC?5=L, A>AB>OICN 2 A>7=0B5;L=>AB8 2> 2@5<O A=0, =07K20NB ?>AB>O=AB2>< (=5?@5@K2=>ABLN) A>7=0=8O. (?8A0==>5 745AL A>AB>O=85 O2;O5BAO =0 8725AB=>9 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O A2>53> @>40 "8450;><", ;560I8< 2 :>=F5 4>;3>3> ?CB8. !=0G0;0 CG5=8: 1K205B 7=0:>< B>;L:> A 42C<O A>AB>O=8O<8 - A A>7=0=85< ?@8 B0:>< 4CH52=>< AB@>5, ?@8 :>B>@>< C =53> ?@5645 1K;8 2>7<>6=K B>;L:> 15A?>@O4>G=K5 A=>2845=8O, 8 A A>7=0=85< ?@8 4@C3>< AB@>5, ?@8 :>B>@>< 1K; 2>7<>65= B>;L:> 15AA>7=0B5;L=K9 A>= 157 A=>2845=89. 0B5< >= C7=05B 8 B@5BL5 A>AB>O=85, E>BO, A0<> A>1>9 @07C<55BAO, 5<C =8:>340 =5 C40ABAO A>25@H5==> ?5@5AB0BL ?;0B8BL 40BL >1K:=>25==><C A=C). # G5;>25:0, 4>AB83H53> MB>9 ABC?5=8, >?KB 8 ?5@56820=85 =5 ?@5:@0I0NBAO 8 2 B5 ?@><56CB:8 2@5<5=8, :>340 53> D878G5A:>5 B5;> ?>:>8BAO 8 GC2AB25==K5 >@30=K =5 4>AB02;ONB 4CH5 =8:0:8E 2?5G0B;5=89. 0AI5?;5=85 ;8G=>AB8 2> 2@5<O 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20. > 2@5<O A=0 G5;>25G5A:0O 4CH0 =5 ?>;CG05B A>>1I5=89 A> AB>@>=K D878G5A:8E >@30=>2 GC2AB2. >A?@8OB8O >1K:=>25==>3> 2=5H=53> <8@0 =5 ?@8B5:0NB : =59 2 MB>< A>AB>O=88. =0 =0E>48BAO 2 8725AB=>< >B=>H5=88 459AB28B5;L=> 2=5 B>9 G0AB8 G5;>25G5A:>3> ACI5AB20, :>B>@0O =07K205BAO D878G5A:8< B5;>< 8 :>B>@0O 2> 2@5<O 1>4@AB2>20=8O >1CA;02;8205B 2>A?@8OB8O GC2AB2 8 <KH;5=85. =0 A>E@0=O5B B>340 A2O7L ;8HL A 1>;55 B>=:8<8 B5;0<8 (A MD8@=K< 8 A 0AB@0;L=K<), CA:>;L70NI8<8 >B =01;N45=8O D878G5A:8E GC2AB2. > 45OB5;L=>ABL MB8E 1>;55 B>=:8E B5; =5 ?@5:@0I05BAO 2> 2@5<O A=0. >4>1=> B><C, :0: D878G5A:>5 B5;> A>AB>8B 2 A2O78 A 25I0<8 8 ACI5AB20<8 D878G5A:>3> <8@0 8 :0: >=> 8A?KBK205B 2>7459AB28O A 8E AB>@>=K 8 A0<> 2>7459AB2C5B =0 =8E, B0:65 6825B 8 4CH0 2 2KAH5< <8@5.  MB0 687=L ?@>4>;605BAO 2> 2@5<O A=0. 59AB28B5;L=>, 2> 2@5<O A=0 4CH0 ?@51K205B 2 ?>;=>9 ?>4286=>AB8. > B>;L:> G5;>25: =8G53> =5 <>65B 7=0BL >1 MB>9 A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, ?>:0 C =53> =5 1C45B 2KAH8E >@30=>2 2>A?@8OB8O, 1;03>40@O :>B>@K< >= <>65B B0: 65 E>@>H> =01;N40BL 2> 2@5<O A=0 2A5, ?@>8AE>4OI55 2>:@C3 =53> 8 A>25@H05<>5 8< A0<8<, :0: >= =01;N405B ?>A@54AB2>< A2>8E >1K:=>25==KE GC2AB2 2 4=52=>9 687=8, 2 >:@C60NI5< 53> D878G5A:>< <8@5. ::C;LB=>5 >1CG5=85 A>AB>8B (:0: 1K;> ?>:070=> 2 ?@54K4CI8E 3;020E) 2 2K@01>B:5 MB8E 4CE>2=KE >@30=>2 GC2AB2. 7 B0:8E ?@8<5@>2, :0: =865A;54CNI89, <>6=> COA=8BL A515 87 >1;0AB8 A=>2845=89 8 A=0, :0:8< >1@07>< A 55 1>;55 B>=:8<8 B5;0<8 @0728205B A2>N 45OB5;L=>ABL 2 ?@><56CB:8 ?>:>O D878G5A:>3> B5;0. @82>48<K9 745AL ?@8<5@ =5 5ABL :0:0O-=81C4L 2K4C<0==0O "=O=NH:8=0 A:07:0", 0 459AB28B5;L=K9 A;CG09 87 687=8, ?@>25@5==K9 ?@8 ?><>I8 2A5E ?@85<>2 8 A> 2A5<8 ?@54>AB>@>6=>ABO<8, 2<5=O5<K<8 2 >1O70==>ABL OA=>284G5A:><C 8AA;54>20=8N.  ?@82>48BAO >= =5 4;O B0: =07K205<>3> 4>:070B5;LAB20, 0 4;O =03;O4=>3> ?>OA=5=8O (-B> 3>2>@8BAO 745AL ?> B>9 ?@8G8=5, GB> AC525@85 <0B5@80;8AB8G5A:>3> <8@>2>77@5=8O ?@8 A>>1I5=88 > ?>4>1=KE D0:B0E 2A5340 A?5H8B 2>7@078BL, GB> MB8 A;CG08 =8G53> =5 4>:07K20NB. 1> A B>G:8 7@5=8O MB>3> AC525@8O >=8 2A5 >A=>20=K =0 701;C645=88 8 =5B>G=KE =01;N45=8OE.  >B25B =0 MB> =04> ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> OA=>284G5A:>5 8AA;54>20=85 2>2A5 =5 =C6405BAO 2 B0:8E :>A25==KE "4>:070B5;LAB20E". 3> 7=0=85 ?>;CG05BAO =5?>A@54AB25==> G5@57 2KAH55 A>75@F0=85. > >=> ?>;L7C5BAO A>>B25BAB2CNI8<8 D0:B0<8 4;O ?>OA=5=8O B>3>, GB> >=> E>G5B A:070BL. ;O CAB0=>2;5=8O A2>8E 8AB8= C =53> 5ABL A>2A5< 4@C385 A@54AB20, G5< :0:8<8 ?>;L7C5BAO <0B5@80;8AB8G5A:0O H:>;L=0O <C4@>ABL, :>340 E>G5B =5?@5@5:05<> 87;>68BL A2>8 D0:BK). 4=><C <>;>4><C G5;>25:C ?@54AB>O; M:70<5=, :>B>@K9 4>;65= 1K; 8<5BL @5H0NI55 7=0G5=85 4;O 2A59 53> 1C4CI59 687=8. = 4>;3>5 2@5<O =0?@O65==> @01>B0; 8 ?>MB><C =0:0=C=5 AB@>3>3> 8A?KB0=8O 1K; G@572KG09=> CB><;5=. 0 A;54CNI89 45=L >= 4>;65= 1K; @>2=> 2 2>A5<L G0A>2 CB@0 ?@54AB0BL ?5@54 A2>59 M:70<5=0F8>==>9 :><8AA859. = E>B5; A?>:>9=> ?@>A?0BL =>GL ?5@54 @5H5=85<, => 1>O;AO, GB> 2A;54AB285 CAB0;>AB8 =5 A<>65B A0< ?@>A=CBLAO 2>2@5<O. >MB><C >= ?>701>B8;AO, GB>1K 682H55 2 A>A54=59 :><=0B5 ;8F>, @071C48;> 53> 2 H5ABL G0A>2 ABC:>< 2 425@L. "0:8< >1@07><, CA?>:>5==K9, >= <>3 70A=CBL. 4=0:> CB@>< >= ?@>A=C;AO =5 >B B>3>, GB> 53> @071C48; A>A54, 0 2A;54AB285 A=>2845=8O. = CA;KE0; H5ABL 3@><:8E 2KAB@5;>2 87 @C6LO 8 ?@8 H5AB>< ?@>A=C;AO. 3> G0AK - :>B>@K5 1K;8 157 1>O - ?>:07K20;8 H5ABL G0A>2. = >45;AO, 0 G5@57 ?>;G0A0 A>A54 ?>ABCG0; : =5<C 2 425@L. 0 A0<>< 45;5 B>;L:> B5?5@L 1K;> H5ABL G0A>2. 1> 53> G0AK 70 =>GL A;CG09=> CH;8 2?5@54 =0 ?>;G0A0. 071C482H55 53> A=>2845=85 @C:>2>48;>AL, B0:8< >1@07><, =525@=> 84CI8<8 G0A0<8. - 'B> 65 ?@>87>H;> 745AL? CH0 <>;>4>3> G5;>25:0 >AB020;0AL 45OB5;L=>9 2> 2@5<O A=0. ;03>40@O B><C, GB> A 25G5@0 >= =0?@028; A2>N 4CH52=CN 45OB5;L=>ABL =0 G0AK, A2O7L <564C 4CH>9 8 G0A0<8 >AB020;0AL 2AN =>GL.  CB@>< 4CH0 A0<0, <>6=> A:070BL, AB>O;0 =0 "H5AB8", :0: 8 G0AK.  MB0 45OB5;L=>ABL 4CH8 A>>1I8;0AL G5;>25:C 1;03>40@O >?8A0==><C A8<2>;8G5A:><C A=>2845=8N, :>B>@K< >= 1K; ?@>1C645=.  "A;CG09=><" ?@>1C645=88, 1;03>40@O 4=52=><C A25BC 8;8 G5<C-;81> ?>4>1=><C, =5 <>65B 1KBL @5G8, 81> 4CH0 A>>1@07>2K20;0AL 254L =5 A 459AB28B5;L=K< 2@5<5=5<, 0 A =525@=> 84CI8<8 G0A0<8. B0:, 4CH0 1>4@AB2>20;0, :0: 25@=K9 AB@06, 2 B> 2@5<O, :0: D878G5A:89 G5;>25: A?0;. - "0:8< >1@07><, 2> A=5 >BACBAB2C5B =5 45OB5;L=>ABL 4CH8, 0 A>7=0=85 MB>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. >340 65 1;03>40@O 4CE>2=><C CG5=8G5AB2C, 687=L A=0 C G5;>25:0 87<5=O5BAO 2 B>< A<KA;5, :0: MB> 1K;> >?8A0=> 2 ?@>H;>9 3;025, B> >= ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL A>7=0B5;L=> A;548BL 70 2A5<, ?@>8AE>4OI5< 2>:@C3 =53>; >= <>65B A2>1>4=> >@85=B8@>20BLAO 2 >:@C60NI5< 53> <8@5, :0: MB> 1K205B A 53> ?5@56820=8O<8 2> 2@5<O 1>4@AB2>20=8O 2 ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8, 1;03>40@O >1K:=>25==K< >@30=0< GC2AB2. A;8 1K <>;>4>9 G5;>25: 2 2KH5C?><O=CB>< ?@8<5@5 1K; OA=>284OI8<, >= <>3 1K A0< 2> 2@5<O A=0 =01;N40BL G0AK 8 A0< @071C48BL A51O. @8 MB>< =04> >4=0:> 70<5B8BL, GB> 2>A?@8OB85 >1KG=>3> >:@C60NI53> <8@0 GC2AB2 ?@54?>;0305B C65 1>;55 2KA>:CN AB5?5=L OA=>2845=8O. (0 MB> C65 1K;> C:070=> 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025).  =0G0;5 @0728B8O 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 2>A?@8=8<05B B>;L:> 25I8, ?@8=04;560I85 : 4@C3><C <8@C, =5 1C4CG8 5I5 2 A>AB>O=88 C;>28BL 8E A2O78 A ?@54<5B0<8 >:@C60NI59 53> ?>2A54=52=>9 GC2AB25==>9 !@54K. -B8 O2;5=8O, 2KOA=82H85AO =0< =0 ?@82545==KE E0@0:B5@=KE ?@8<5@0E 87 687=8 A=>2845=89 8 A=0, ?>AB>O==> 8<5NB <5AB> C G5;>25:0. CH0 6825B =5?@5@K2=> 2 2KAH8E <8@0E 8 ?@51K205B 45OB5;L=>9 2 =8E. =0 G5@?05B 8E MB8E 2KAH8E <8@>2 ?>1C645=8O, ?>A@54AB2>< :>B>@KE >=0 ?>AB>O==> 2>7459AB2C5B =0 D878G5A:>5 B5;>. > B>;L:> 4;O G5;>25:0 MB0 53> 2KAH0O 687=L >AB05BAO 15AA>7=0B5;L=>9. CE>2=K9 65 CG5=8: 4>2>48B 55 4> A>7=0=8O. '5@57 MB> 53> 687=L 2>>1I5 87<5=O5BAO. >:0 4CH0 =5 AB0;0 284OI59 2 2KAH5< A<KA;5, >=0 2545BAO AB>OI8<8 2KH5 55 <8@>2K<8 ACI5AB20<8.  :0: 687=L A;5?>3>, ?@>7@52H53> 1;03>40@O >?5@0F88, AB0=>28BAO 8=>9, G5< >=0 1K;0 ?@5645, :>340 >= ?@8=C645= 1K; ?>;030BLAO =0 2>48B5;LAB2>, B0: 87<5=O5BAO 8 687=L G5;>25:0 1;03>40@O >::C;LB=><C >1CG5=8N. = 2K@0AB05B 87 MB>3> 2>48B5;LAB20 8 4>;65= >B=K=5 A0< 27OBL =0 A51O 2>48B5;LAB2> A>1>N. 0: B>;L:> MB> =0ABC?05B, >=, ?>=OB=>, AB0=>28BAO ?>425@65= 701;C645=8O<, > :>B>@KE 8 =5 ?>4>7@5205B >1K:=>25==>5 A>7=0=85. = 459AB2C5B B5?5@L 87 B>3> <8@0; >B:C40 ?@5645 15AA>7=0B5;L=> 4;O =53> A0<>3> 2;8O;8 =0 =53> 2KAH85 A8;K. -B8 2KAH85 A8;K ?>4G8=5=K 2A5>1I59 <8@>2>9 30@<>=88. "5?5@L CG5=8: 2KABC?05B 87 MB>9 <8@>2>9 30@<>=88. B=K=5 >= 4>;65= A0< A>25@H0BL 25I8, :>B>@K5 @0=LH5 A>25@H0;8AL 70 =53>, 157 53> A>459AB28O.  284C MB>3> 2 :=830E, :0A0NI8EAO MB8E 2>?@>A>2, <=>3> 3>2>@8BAO >1 >?0A=>ABOE, A2O70==KE A 2>AE>645=85< 2 2KAH85 <8@K. ?8A0=8O MB8E >?0A=>AB59, :>B>@K5 2 =8E =5@54:> <>6=> 2AB@5B8BL, 459AB28B5;L=> A?>A>1=K 2=CH8BL @>1:8< =0BC@0< B@5?5B ?@8 <KA;8 >1 MB>9 2KAH59 687=8, => =04> A:070BL, GB> MB8 >?0A=>AB8 C3@>60NB B>;L:> B>340, :>340 G5;>25: ?@5=51@5305B =5>1E>48<K<8 <5@0<8 ?@54>AB>@>6=>AB8. A;8 65 >= 459AB28B5;L=> A>1;N405B 2A5 A>25BK, A>>1I05<K5 ?@8 8AB8==>< 4CE>2=>< >1CG5=88, B>340 2>AE>645=85 E>BO 8 ?@>E>48B G5@57 ?5@56820=8O, ?> A8;5 8 25;8G8N ?@52>AE>4OI85 2A5, GB> <>65B =0@8A>20BL A515 A0<0O A<5;0O D0=B078O G5;>25:0, >3@0=8G5==>3> >1;0ABLN 2=5H=8E GC2AB2, => > 2@545 4;O 74>@>2LO 8;8 4;O 687=8 =5 <>65B 1KBL 8 @5G8. '5;>25: 7=0:><8BAO A C60A=K<8, A> 2A5E AB>@>= C3@>60NI8<8 687=8 A8;0<8. = A0< ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL ?>;L7>20BLAO =5:>B>@K<8 A8;0<8 8 ACI5AB20<8, =54>ABC?=K<8 4;O GC2AB25==>3> 2>A?@8OB8O.  25;8:> 1K205B 8A:CH5=85 >2;045BL MB8<8 A8;0<8, GB>1K 70AB028BL 8E A;C68BL A2>8< A>1AB25==K< 70?@5B=K< 8=B5@5A0<, 8;8 ?@8<5=8BL MB8 A8;K >H81>G=> 2A;54AB285 =54>AB0B>G=>3> 7=0=8O 2KAH8E <8@>2. 5:>B>@K5 87 MB8E >A>15==> 7=0G8B5;L=KE ?5@56820=89 (=0?@8<5@, 2AB@5G0 A> "!B@065< ?>@>30") 1C4CB >?8A0=K 2 A;54CNI8E 3;020E. - > A;54C5B 2A5-B0:8 ?><=8BL, GB> MB8 687=52@06451=K5 A8;K ACI5AB2CNB 8 B>340, :>340 G5;>25: > =8E =8G53> =5 7=05B. @0240, 8E >B=>H5=85 : G5;>25:C >?@545;O5BAO B>340 2KAH8<8 A8;0<8, 8 MB> >B=>H5=85 87<5=O5BAO, :>340 G5;>25: A>7=0B5;L=> 2ABC?05B 2 MB>B A:@KBK9 >B =53> 4>B>;5 <8@. > 70B> ?>2KH05BAO 8 A>1AB25==>5 53> 1KB85, 0 53> 687=5==K9 :@C3 >1>30I05BAO =>2>9, =5>1>7@8<>9 >1;0ABLN, 459AB28B5;L=0O >?0A=>ABL =0ABC?05B B>;L:> B>340, :>340 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8:, ?> =5B5@?5=8N 8;8 =5A:@><=>AB8, A;8H:>< @0=> ?@8A208205B A515 =5:>B>@CN A0<>AB>OB5;L=>ABL ?> >B=>H5=8N : >?KB0< 2KAH53> <8@0, 8;8 =5 E>G5B ?>4>640BL, ?>:0 >= 459AB28B5;L=> ?>;CG8B 4>AB0B>G=>5 ?@>7@5=85 2 A25@EGC2AB25==K5 70:>=K.  MB>9 >1;0AB8 A<8@5=85 8 A:@><=>ABL 8<5NB 5I5 1>;LH5 7=0G5=8O, G5< 2 >1K:=>25==>9 687=8. A;8 65 MB8 :0G5AB20, 2 8E ;CGH5< A<KA;5, ?@8ACI8 CG5=8:C, B> >= <>65B 1KBL C25@5=, GB> 53> 2>AE>645=85 2 2KAHCN 687=L A>25@H8BAO 157 >?0A=>AB8 4;O 2A53>, GB> >1KG=> =07K20NB 74>@>2L5< 8 687=LN. - @5645 2A53> =5 4>;6=> 2>7=8:0BL =8:0:>9 48A30@<>=88 <564C 2KAH8<8 ?5@56820=8O<8 8 <564C ?@>F5AA0<8 8 B@51>20=8O<8 ?>2A54=52=>9 687=8. 040GC G5;>25:0 =04> 8A:0BL =5?@5<5==> =0 MB>9 75<;5.  :B> E>G5B C:;>=8BLAO >B A2OI5==KE 7040G =0 75<;5 8 A?0AB8AL 153AB2>< 2 8=>9 <8@, B>B <>65B 1KBL C25@5=, GB> >= =5 4>AB83=5B A2>59 F5;8. - > B>, GB> 2>A?@8=8<05BAO 2=5H=8<8 GC2AB20<8, 5ABL ;8HL G0ABL <8@0.  ACI5AB20, 2K@060NI85 A51O 2 D0:B0E GC2AB25==>3> <8@0, =0E>4OBAO 2 <8@5 4CE>2=><. 5>1E>48<> ?@8>1I8BLAO : 4CEC, GB>1K 1KBL 2 A>AB>O=88 ?5@5=>A8BL 53> >B:@>25=8O 2 <8@ GC2AB2.  MB>< A>AB>8B 53> 7040G0.  AB@5<8BLAO : 2>AE>645=8N 2 2KAH85 <8@K >= 4>;65= B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> GC2AB25==0O 75<;O 7028A8B >B <8@0 4CE>2=>3>, 8 GB> 459AB2>20BL =0 75<;5 >= A<>65B ?>8AB8=5 B>;L:> B>340, 5A;8 1C45B CG0AB=8:>< 2 MB8E <8@0E, 2 :>B>@KE A>:@KBK B2>@G5A:85 A8;K. A;8 ?@8ABC?8BL : 4CE>2=><C CG5=8G5AB2C, ?@>=8:=C2H8AL MB8< =0AB@>5=85<, 8 =8 =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 =5 >B:;>=OBLAO >B ?@54=0G5@B0==>3> 8< =0?@02;5=8O, B>340 <>6=> =5 1>OBLAO @5H8B5;L=> =8:0:8E >?0A=>AB59. '5;>25: =5 4>;65= 1K; 1K 4>?CA:0BL, GB>1K <KA;L > ?@54AB>OI8E >?0A=>ABOE C45@6820;0 53> >B 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20; => 2>7<>6=>ABL 8E 4;O :064>3> 4>;6=0 1K;0 1K A;C68BL AC@>2K< ?@87K2>< =5?@5<5==> CA2>8BL B5 :0G5AB20, :>B>@K<8 4>;65= >1;040BL 8AB8==K9 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8:. >A;5 MB8E >3>2>@>:, CAB@0=ONI8E 2A5 AB@0E8, <>3CI85 >B?C3=CBL >B CG5=8G5AB20, <>6=> ?5@59B8 : 87>1@065=8N =5:>B>@KE 87 B0: =07K205<KE ">?0A=>AB59". >;LH85 87<5=5=8O ?@>8AE>4OB C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 2 C?><O=CBKE 1>;55 B>=:8E B5;0E. -B8 87<5=5=8O A2O70=K A 8725AB=K<8 ?@>F5AA0<8 @0728B8O 3;02=KE 4CH52=KE A8;, - A 2>;59, GC2AB2>< 8 <KH;5=85<. 5@54 =0G0;>< 4CE>2=>3> >1CG5=8O MB8 B@8 A8;K =0E>4OBAO C G5;>25:0 2 A>25@H5==> >?@545;5==>9, C?@02;O5<>9 2KAH8<8 70:>=0<8 <8@0, A2O78 <564C A>1>9. '5;>25: 2>;8B, GC2AB2C5B 8;8 <KA;8B =5 ?> ?@>872>;C. >340 2 A>7=0=88 2A?;K205B, =0?@8<5@, >?@545;5==>5 ?@54AB02;5=85, B> ?> 5AB5AB25==K< 70:>=0< : =5<C ?@8A>548=O5BAO 8 8725AB=>5 GC2AB2>, 8;8 70 =8< A;54C5B 70:>=><5@=> A2O70==>5 A =8< @5H5=85 2>;8. '5;>25: 2E>48B 2 :><=0BC, =0E>48B 55 4CH=>9 8 >B:@K205B >:=>. = A;KH8B A2>5 8<O 8 845B =0 7>2. 3> A?@0H820NB, 8 >= >B25G05B. = 2848B 4C@=> ?0E=CI89 ?@54<5B 8 8A?KBK205B GC2AB2> =5C4>2>;LAB28O. >B ?@>ABK5 A2O78 <564C <KH;5=85<, GC2AB2>< 8 2>;59. > 5A;8 >:8=CBL 27>@>< G5;>25G5A:CN 687=L, B> <>6=> =09B8, GB> 2A5 2 =59 ?>AB@>5=> =0 B0:8E A2O7OE. >;55 B>3>, A0<CN 687=L G5;>25:0 AG8B0NB "=>@<0;L=>9" B>;L:> B>340, :>340 70<5G0NB 2 =59 ?>4>1=CN A2O7L <564C GC2AB2><, <KH;5=85< 8 2>;59, :>@5=OICNAO 2 70:>=0E G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>4K.  5A;8 1K G5;>25: ?@8 2845 4C@=> ?0E=CI53> ?@54<5B0 8A?KBK20; GC2AB2> C4>2>;LAB28O, 8;8 5A;8 1K >= =5 >B25G0; =0 2>?@>AK, B> 2 MB>< A>AB>O=88 CA<>B@5;8 1K ?@>B82>@5G85 A 70:>=0<8 ?@8@>4K. #A?5E8, >68405<K5 >B ?@028;L=>3> 2>A?8B0=8O 8;8 =04;560I53> >1CG5=8O, >A=>20=K =0 ?@54?>;>65=88, GB> C 2>A?8B0==8:0 <>6=> CAB0=>28BL >B25G0NICN G5;>25G5A:>9 ?@8@>45 A2O7L <564C <KH;5=85<, GC2AB2>< 8 2>;59. A;8 5<C A>>1I0NB 8725AB=K5 ?@54AB02;5=8O, B> 45;0NB MB> 2 ?@54?>;>65=88, GB> ?>74=55 >=8 2>94CB 2 70:>=><5@=CN A2O7L A 53> GC2AB20<8 8 @5H5=8O<8 2>;8. - A5 MB> ?@>8AE>48B >B B>3>, GB> 2 1>;55 B>=:8E 4CH52=KE B5;0E G5;>25:0 F5=B@K B@5E A8;: <KH;5=8O, GC2AB20 8 2>;8 70:>=><5@=> A2O70=K <564C A>1>9.  MB0 A2O7L, ACI5AB2CNI0O 2 1>;55 B>=:>< 4CH52=>< >@30=87<5, >B@0605BAO B0:65 8 2 3@C1>< D878G5A:>< B5;5.  =5< >@30=K 2>;8 B>G=> B0:65 =0E>4OBAO 2 8725AB=>9 70:>=><5@=>9 A2O78 A >@30=0<8 <KH;5=8O 8 GC2AB20. >MB><C >?@545;5==0O <KA;L 2K7K205B :064K9 @07 A>>B25BAB2CNI55 GC2AB2> 8;8 ?@>O2;5=85 2>;8. - > ?@8 1>;55 2KA>:>< @0728B88 G5;>25:0 =8B8, A2O7K20NI85 <564C A>1>9 B@8 3;02=KE A8;K, @07@K20NBAO. !?5@20 MB>B @07@K2 ?@>8AE>48B B>;L:> 2 >?8A0==>< 1>;55 B>=:>< 4CH52=>< >@30=87<5; >4=0:>, ?@8 40;L=59H5< 2>AE>645=88, MB> @0745;5=85 ?@>AB8@05BAO 8 =0 D878G5A:>5 B5;>. ("0:, ?@8 2KAH5< 4CE>2=>< @0728B88 G5;>25:0 3>;>2=>9 <>73 459AB28B5;L=> @0A?0405BAO =0 B@8 >B45;L=KE 4@C3 >B 4@C30 G0AB8. >=5G=>, MB> @0745;5=85 B0:>2>, GB> >=> =54>ABC?=> 4;O >1K:=>25==>3> GC2AB25==>3> 7@5=8O 8 =5 <>65B 1KBL >B<5G5=> 4065 B>=G09H8<8 GC2AB25==K<8 8=AB@C<5=B0<8. > >=> B5< =5 <5=55 =0ABC?05B, 8 OA=>284OI89 2 A>AB>O=88 =01;N40BL 53>. >;>2=>9 <>73 OA=>284OI53> =0 2KAH59 ABC?5=8 @0745;05BAO =0 B@8 A0<>AB>OB5;L=> 459AB2CNI8E ACI=>AB8 =0 <>73 <KH;5=8O, GC2AB20 8 2>;8). @30=K <KH;5=8O, GC2AB2>20=8O 8 2>;5=8O AB0=>2OBAO B>340 A>25@H5==> =57028A8<K<8 4@C3 >B 4@C30.  8E A>G5B0=85 CAB0=02;8205BAO >B=K=5 C65 =5 ?@8ACI8<8 8< A0<8< 70:>=0<8, 0 ?@>1C482H8<AO 2KAH8< A>7=0=85< A0<>3> G5;>25:0. - "0:>2> 87<5=5=85, 70<5G05<>5 2 A515 4CE>2=K< CG5=8:><. => A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> =5 2>7=8:05B 1>;LH5 =8:0:>9 A2O78 <564C ?@54AB02;5=85< 8 GC2AB2>< 8;8 <564C GC2AB2>< 8 @5H5=85< 2>;8 8 B.4., 5A;8 CG5=8: A0< =5 A>7405B MB>9 A2O78. 8:0:>5 ?>1C645=85 =5 70AB028B 53> ?5@59B8 >B <KA;8 : 459AB28N, 5A;8 >= A0< A2>1>4=> =5 2K7>25B 2 A515 MB>3> ?>1C645=8O. B=K=5 >= A?>A>15= >AB020BLAO A>25@H5==> 15AGC2AB25==K< ?5@54 D0:B><, :>B>@K9 4> 53> CG5=8G5AB20 2=CH0; 5<C ?;0<5==CN ;N1>2L 8;8 7;59HCN =5=028ABL; >= <>65B >AB020BLAO 15745OB5;L=K< ?@8 <KA;8, :>B>@0O ?@5645 :0: 1K A0<0 A>1>9 2>>4CH52;O;0 53> : 459AB28N.  >= <>65B A>25@H0BL ?>ABC?:8 87 2>;52KE @5H5=89, 4;O :>B>@KE C ;N459, =5 ?@>H54H8E G5@57 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85, =5 >:070;>AL 1K =8 <0;59H53> ?>2>40. 5;8:>5 702>520=85 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> >= 4>AB8305B A>25@H5==>3> 3>A?>4AB20 =04 2708<>459AB285< MB8E B@5E 4CH52=KE A8;; => 70B> MB> 2708<>459AB285 ;>68BAO 2?>;=5 =0 53> A>1AB25==CN >B25BAB25==>ABL. ">;L:> 1;03>40@O B0:><C ?@52@0I5=8N A>1AB25==>3> ACI5AB20 G5;>25: ?>;CG05B 2>7<>6=>ABL 2ABC?8BL 2 A>7=0B5;L=>5 >1I5=85 A 8725AB=K<8 A25@EGC2AB25==K<8 A8;0<8 8 ACI5AB20<8. 1> 53> A>1AB25==K5 4CH52=K5 A8;K =0E>4OBAO 2 >?@545;5==>< A@>4AB25 A 8725AB=K<8 >A=>2=K<8 A8;0<8 <8@0. "0:, =0?@8<5@, A8;0, 70;>65==0O 2 2>;5, A?>A>1=0 2>7459AB2>20BL =0 >?@545;5==K5 25I8 8 ACI5AB20 2KAH53> <8@0, 0 B0:65 2>A?@8=8<0BL 8E. > >=0 <>65B 45;0BL MB>, B>;L:> >A2>1>482H8AL >B A2>59 A2O78 2=CB@8 4CH8 A GC2AB2>< 8 <KH;5=85<. 0: A:>@> MB0 A2O7L ?@5:@0B8;0AL, =0ABC?05B 459AB285 2>;8 =0@C6C. "> 65 A0<>5 >B=>A8BAO 8 : A8;0< <KH;5=8O 8 GC2AB20. A;8 :B>-=81C4L ?>AK;05B <=5 GC2AB2> =5=028AB8, B> OA=>2845F 2848B MB>, :0: B>=:>5 A25B>2>5 >1;0:> >?@545;5==>9 >:@0A:8.  OA=>2845F <>65B >B:;>=8BL MB> GC2AB2> =5=028AB8 B0:65, :0: GC2AB25==K9 G5;>25: >B:;>=O5B =0?@02;5==K9 =0 =53> D878G5A:89 C40@. > OA=>284OI89 <>65B 2>A?@8=8<0BL 55 B>;L:> 1;03>40@O B><C, GB> >= 2 A>AB>O=88 ?>AK;0BL =0@C6C A8;C, 70;>65==CN 2 53> GC2AB25, ?>4>1=> B><C, :0: GC2AB25==K9 G5;>25: =0?@02;O5B =0@C6C 2>A?@88<G82>ABL A2>53> 3;070.  :0: A =5=028ABLN, B0: 65 ?@>8AE>48B MB> 8 A 4@C38<8, 3>@074> 1>;55 7=0G8B5;L=K<8 D0:B0<8 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. '5;>25: <>65B 2ABC?0BL A =8<8 2 A>7=0B5;L=>5 >1I5=85 ?CB5< >A2>1>645=8O >A=>2=KE A8; A2>59 4CH8. > 1;03>40@O >?8A0==><C @0745;5=8N A8; <KH;5=8O, GC2AB2>20=8O 8 2>;5=8O, ?@8 =5A>1;N45=88 ?@54?8A0=89 4CE>2=>9 =0C:8, 2>7<>6=> B@>O:>5 >B:;>=5=85 2 E>45 @0728B8O G5;>25:0. B:;>=5=85 MB> <>65B =0ABC?8BL 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 A2O7K20NI85 ?CB8 1C4CB @07@CH5=K ?@5645 G5< 2KAH55 A>7=0=85 A 53> ?>7=0=85< 4>AB8305B A?>A>1=>AB8 ?@028;L=> C?@02;OBL 1@0740<8, CAB0=02;820NI8<8 A2>1>4=>5, 30@<>=8G=>5 2708<>459AB285 @07J548=5==KE A8;. - 1> >1K:=>25==> 2A5 B@8 >A=>2=KE A8;K G5;>25:0 2 40==K9 ?5@8>4 53> 687=8 =5 >48=0:>2> CE>4OB 2?5@54 2 A2>5< @0728B88. # >4=>3> G5;>25:0 <KH;5=85 >?5@5605B GC2AB2> 8 2>;N, C 4@C3>3> - :0:0O-=81C4L 4@C30O A8;0 8<55B 25@E =04 >AB0;L=K<8. > ?>:0 <564C A8;0<8 A>E@0=O5BAO CAB0=>2;5==K5 2KAH8<8 <8@>2K<8 70:>=0<8 A2O7L, 4> B5E ?>@ ?@5>1;040=85 >4=>9 87 =8E =5 <>65B 2K720BL =8:0:>9, 2 1>;55 2KA>:>< A<KA;5, ?><5E8 8;8 =5?@028;L=>AB8. # 2>;52>3> G5;>25:0, =0?@8<5@, 1;03>40@O MB8< 70:>=0< <KH;5=85 8 GC2AB2> 459AB2CNB 2A5 65 C@02=>25H820NI8< >1@07>< 8 ?@5?OBAB2CNB ?@5>1;040NI59 2>;5 2?040BL 2 G@57<5@=K5 :@09=>AB8. > :>340 B0:>9 2>;52>9 G5;>25: 2ABC?05B =0 ?CBL CG5=8G5AB20, B>340 A>25@H5==> ?@5:@0I05BAO 70:>=><5@=>5 2;8O=85 GC2AB20 8 <KH;5=8O =0 2>;N, 15A?@5?OBAB25==> ?>1C640NICN 53> : 157<5@=K< ?@>O2;5=8O< A2>8E A8;. A;8 B>340 G5;>25: >:065BAO =54>AB0B>G=> @0728B, 2 A<KA;5 A>25@H5==>3> >1;040=8O 2KAH8< A>7=0=85< B0:, GB>1K 1KBL 2 A>AB>O=88 A0<><C CAB0=02;820BL 30@<>=8N, B> 2>;O =0?@028BAO A2>8< A>1AB25==K< 157C45@6=K< ?CB5<. =0 1C45B ?>AB>O==> ?5@5A8;820BL G5;>25:0. 'C2AB2> 8 <KH;5=85 2?04CB 2 ?>;=>5 15AA8;85; 3>A?>4AB2CNI0O G5;>25:>< 2>;O 1C45B ?>3>=OBL 8<, :0: @01><. >7=8:05B 45A?>B8G5A:0O =0BC@0, ?5@5E>4OI0O >B >4=>3> =5>1C740==>3> ?>ABC?:0 : 4@C3><C. - B>@>5 C:;>=5=85 2>7=8:05B B>340, :>340 B0:8< 65 157<5@=K< >1@07>< >A2>1>6405BAO >B 70:>=><5@=KE C7 A?>A>1=>ABL GC2AB20. 8G=>ABL A:;>==0O : ?>G8B0=8N <>65B 2 B0:>< A;CG05 ?>4?0ABL 2 1573@0=8G=CN 7028A8<>ABL >B 4@C38E, 2?;>BL 4> ?>B5@8 2AO:>9 A>1AB25==>9 2>;8 8 <KA;8.  B>340, 2<5AB> 2KAH53> ?>7=0=8O 55 C45;>< O28BAO A0<>5 60;:>5 >?CAB>H5=85 8 15AA8;85. - ;8 <>65B A;CG8BLAO ?@8 B0:>< ?@5>1;040=88 GC2AB20, =0BC@0, A:;>==0O : 1;03>3>25=8N 8 @5;838>7=><C ?>4J5<C, 2?045B 2 A>25@H5==> ?>3;>I0NICN 55 @5;838>7=CN <5GB0B5;L=>ABL. "@5BL5 154AB25==>5 ?>A;54AB285 1K205B 2 B>< A;CG05, :>340 ?5@5A8;8205B <KH;5=85. ">340 @0728205BAO 2@06451=0O 687=8, 70<:=CB0O 2 A515 A>75@F0B5;L=>ABL.  3;070E B0:8E ;N459 <8@ 8<55B 7=0G5=85 ;8HL 2 B>9 <5@5, 2 :0:>9 >= 4>AB02;O5B 8< <0B5@80; 4;O C4>2;5B2>@5=8O 8E 1573@0=8G=> 2>7@>AH59 6064K <C4@>AB8. 8:0:0O <KA;L =5 ?>1C6405B 8E : 459AB28N 8;8 : GC2AB2C. =8 2KABC?0NB 2> 2A5<, :0: 157CG0AB=K5, E>;>4=K5 =0BC@K. =8 871530NB 2AO:>3> A>?@8:>A=>25=8O A 25I0<8 ?>2A54=52=>9 459AB28B5;L=>AB8, :0: G53>-B> 2K7K20NI53> 2 =8E >B2@0I5=85 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, ?>B5@O2H53> 4;O =8E 2AO:>5 7=0G5=85. "0:>2K B@8 ;>6=KE =0?@02;5=8O =0 :>B>@K5 <>65B 2ABC?8BL 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8:: 45A?>B87<, @0A?;K2G0B0O GC2AB28B5;L=>ABL 8 E>;>4=>5, 15AA5@45G=>5 AB@5<;5=85 : <C4@>AB8. ;O 2=5H=53> =01;N45=8O - 0 B0:65 8 4;O <0B5@80;8AB8G5A:>9 H:>;L=>9 <548F8=K - >1@07 B0:>3> CG5=8:0, 2ABC?82H53> =0 =5?@028;L=K9 ?CBL, =5<=>38< >B;8G05BAO, >A>15==> ?> AB5?5=8, >B AC<0AH54H53> 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, BO65;>3> "=5@2=>1>;L=>3>". - BAN40 OA=>, :0:>5 1>;LH>5 7=0G5=85 4>;6=> ?@54020BL 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85 B><C, GB>1K B@8 >A=>2=KE 4CH52=KE A8;K ?@>H;8 C G5;>25:0 A?5@20 G5@57 30@<>=8G5A:>5 @0728B85, ?>A;5 :>B>@>3> >=8 C65 <>3CB 1KBL >A2>1>645=K >B ?@8ACI59 8< A2O78 8 ?>4G8=5=K ?@>1C645==><C 2KAH5<C A>7=0=8N. - 1> 5A;8 1K 1K;0 4>?CI5=0 :0:0O-=81C4L >H81:0 8 >4=0 87 >A=>2=KE A8; ?>;CG8;0 157C45@6=>5 @0728B85, B>340 @>645=85 2KAH59 4CH8 ?@>O28BAO =5?@028;L=>. 5>1C740==0O A8;0 70?>;=8B B>340 2AN ;8G=>ABL G5;>25:0; 8 =04>;3> ?@845BAO >AB028BL 2AO:CN <KA;L > B><, GB>1K A=>20 2A5 ?@8H;> 2 @02=>25A85. 0:0O-=81C4L G5@B0 E0@0:B5@0, ?@54AB02;ONI0OAO A>25@H5==> =528==>9, ?>:0 G5;>25: =5 ?@>E>48B 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 - 1C45B ;8 >= A =0BC@>9 A ?@5>1;040=85< 2>;8, GC2AB20 8;8 <KH;5=8O, - CA8;8205BAO C 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 2 B0:>< @07<5@5, GB> ?5@54 MB>9 G5@B>9 <>65B A>25@H5==> 8AG57=CBL =5>1E>48<K9 4;O 687=8 <><5=B >1I5G5;>25G5A:>3>. - 4=0:>, 459AB28B5;L=> A5@L57=>9 >?0A=>ABLN MB> AB0=>28BAO ;8HL B>340, :>340 CG5=8: 4>AB8305B A?>A>1=>AB8 A>E@0=OBL 2> 2@5<O 1>4@AB2>20=8O B>, GB> 1K;> ?5@568B> 53> A>7=0=85< 2> 2@5<O A=0. >:0 45;> >3@0=8G8205BAO >4=8< ?@>A25B;5=85< =5:>B>@KE ?@><56CB:>2 A=0, 4> B5E ?>@ GC2AB25==0O 687=L, C?@02;O5<0O <8@>2K<8 70:>=0<8, ?@>4>;605B 459AB2>20BL 2> 2@5<O 1>4@AB2>20=8O 2>AAB0=02;820NI8< >1@07>< =0 =0@CH5==>5 @02=>25A85 4CH8. >MB><C B0: =5>1E>48<>, GB>1K 1>4@AB25==0O 687=L 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 2> 2A5E >B=>H5=8OE 1K;0 ?@028;L=>9 8 >74>@>28B5;L=>9. '5< 1>;LH5 >= >B25G05B 2A5< B@51>20=8O<, :>B>@K5 2=5H=89 <8@ ?@54JO2;O5B : 74>@>2><C, A8;L=><C AB@>5=8N B5;0, 4CH8 8 4CE0, B5< ;CGH5 4;O =53>.  =0?@>B82, 5A;8 1K ?>2A54=52=0O 1>4@AB25==0O 687=L 459AB2>20;0 =0 =53> G@57<5@=> 2>;=CNI8< 8;8 87=C@ONI8< >1@07>< 8 5A;8 1K : ?@>8AE>4OI8< 2=CB@8 53> 25;8:8< ?5@5<5=0< ?@8A>548=8;8AL 5I5 :0:85-=81C4L @07@CH8B5;L=K5 8;8 B>@<>7OI85 2;8O=8O 2=5H=59 687=8, B> MB> 1K;> 1K 4;O =53> ?03C1=K<. = 4>;65= 8A:0BL 2A53>, GB> >B25G05B 53> A8;0< 8 A?>A>1=>ABO< 8 22>48B 53> 2 A?>:>9=CN 687=L, 2 30@<>=88 A >:@C60NI59 53> A@54>9.  >= 4>;65= 871530BL 2A53>, GB> ?@8=>A8B CI5@1 MB>9 30@<>=88 8 2=>A8B 2 53> 687=L 15A?>:>9AB2> 8 B>@>?;82>ABL. @8 MB>< 45;> 845B =5 AB>;L:> > B><, GB>1K 2=5H=5 >B45;0BLAO >B MB>3> 15A?>:>9AB20 8 B>@>?;82>AB8, :0: > B><, GB>1K >E@0=8BL A2>5 =0AB@>5=85, A2>8 =0<5@5=8O 8 <KA;8, 0 B0:65 8 B5;5A=>5 74>@>2L5 >B ?>AB>O==KE :>;510=89 2A;54AB285 MB8E =51;03>?@8OB=KE CA;>289. - A5 MB> 405BAO G5;>25:C 2> 2@5<O 53> 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8G5AB20 =5 B0: ;53:>, :0: ?@5645. 1> 2KAH85 ?5@56820=8O =0G8=0NB B5?5@L 2B>@30BLAO 2 53> 687=L 8 459AB2CNB =5?@5@K2=> =0 2A5 53> 1KB85. A;8 2 MB8E 2KAH8E ?5@56820=8OE GB>-=81C4L =5 2 ?>@O4:5, B> 53> =587156=> 1C4CB ?>4AB5@530BL 2AO:85 =5?@028;L=>AB8, 3>B>2K5 ?@8 :064>9 A;CG09=>AB8 AB>;:=CBL 53> A ?@028;L=>3> ?CB8. >MB><C 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: =5 4>;65= C?CA:0BL 87 284C =8:0:>3> A;CG0O, <>3CI53> >15A?5G8BL 5<C ?>AB>O==>5 3>A?>4AB2> =04 2A5< 53> ACI5AB2><; >= =8:>340 =5 4>;65= B5@OBL ?@8ACBAB28O 4CE0 8;8 A?>A>1=>AB8 A?>:>9=> >1>7@520BL 2A5 2AB@5G0NI85AO 5<C 687=5==K5 ?>;>65=8O. ?@>G5<, =0AB>OI55 4CE>2=>5 >1CG5=85, 2 ACI=>AB8, A0<> A>1>9 A>7405B 2 =5< 2A5 MB8 A2>9AB20.  2> 2@5<O MB>3> >1CG5=8O G5;>25: 7=0:><8BAO A >?0A=>ABO<8 B>;L:> B>340, :>340 8< >4=>2@5<5==> C65 1K205B 4>AB83=CB0 ?>;=0O A8;0, GB>1K 2 =C6=>5 <3=>25=85 CAB@0=8BL 8E A> A2>53> ?CB8. !B@06 ?>@>30. 06=K<8 A>1KB8O<8 ?@8 2>AE>645=88 2 2KAH85 <8@K O2;ONBAO 2AB@5G8 A> "!B@065< ?>@>30". !CI5AB2CNB =5 >48=, 0 2 ACI=>AB8, 420 "!B@060 ?>@>30" - "0;K9" 8 "5;8:89". ! ?5@2K< G5;>25: 2AB@5G05BAO B>340, :>340 A2O7CNI85 =8B8 <564C 2>;59, <KH;5=85< 8 GC2AB2>< 2=CB@8 1>;55 B>=:8E B5; (0AB@0;L=>3> 8 MD8@=>3>) =0G8=0NB >A;01520BL, :0: MB> 1K;> ?>:070=> 2 ?@54K4CI59 3;025. 5@54 "5;8:8<" 65 "!B@065< ?>@>30" G5;>25: ?@54AB05B, :>340 @0AB>@65=85 A2O759 @0A?@>AB@0=O5BAO 8 =0 G0AB8 D878G5A:>3> B5;0 ( ?@5645 2A53> - =0 3>;>2=>9 <>73). "0;K9 !B@06 ?>@>30" 5ABL A0<>AB>OB5;L=>5 ACI5AB2>. 3> =5B 4;O G5;>25:0, ?>:0 ?>A;54=89 =5 4>AB83 A>>B25BAB2CNI59 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O. 45AL <>3CB 1KBL >B<5G5=K ;8HL =5:>B>@K5 87 53> =081>;55 ACI5AB25==KE >A>15==>AB59. @5645 2A53> ?>?KB05<AO ?@54AB028BL 2 ?>25AB2>20B5;L=>9 D>@<5 2AB@5GC 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0 A> "!B@065< ?>@>30". ">;L:> 1;03>40@O MB>9 2AB@5G5 CG5=8: C7=05B, GB> <KH;5=85, GC2AB2> 8 2>;O >A2>1>48;8AL C =53> >B A2>59, 8< ?@8@>645==>9 A2O78. 5@54 CG5=8:>< AB>8B =5A><=5==> C60A=>5, ?@87@0G=>5 ACI5AB2>. <C =5>1E>48<> 2A5 ?@8ACBAB285 4CE0 8 2A5 4>25@85 : ?@028;L=>AB8 A2>53> ?CB8 ?>7=0=8O, :>B>@>5 >=, 2?@>G5<, <>3 ?>AB5?5==> ?@8>1@5AB8 70@0=55, 2> 2@5<O A2>53> CG5=8G5AB20. "!B@06" 2>725I05B > A2>5< 7=0G5=88 ?@81;878B5;L=> 2 A;54CNI8E A;>20E: "> A8E ?>@ =04 B>1>9 3>A?>4AB2>20;8 A8;K, >AB0202H85AO =52848<K<8 4;O B51O. ;03>40@O 8< 2> 2@5<O ?@56=8E 687=59 :064>5 87 B2>8E 4>1@KE 45; ?>;CG0;> A2>N =03@04C, 8 :064K9 87 B2>8E 4C@=KE ?>ABC?:>2 2;5: 70 A>1>9 A2>8 EC4K5 ?>A;54AB28O. ;03>40@O 8E 2;8O=8N 87 B2>8E 687=5==KE >?KB>2 8 87 B2>8E <KA;59 A>7840;AO B2>9 E0@0:B5@. =8 >1CA;02;820;8 B2>N AC4L1C. =8 >?@545;O;8 <5@C @04>AB8 8 AB@040=8O, =07=0G5==CN B515 2 :064>< B2>5< 2>?;>I5=88, A>>1@07=> B2>5<C ?>2545=8N 2 ?@56=8E 2>?;>I5=8OE. =8 3>A?>4AB2>20;8 =04 B>1>9 2 :0G5AB25 2A5>1J5<;NI53> 70:>=0 :0@<K. B=K=5 MB8 A8;K >BG0AB8 >A2>1>4OB B51O >B A2>53> 2>48B5;LAB20.  B515 4>;6=> 1C45B A0<><C ?@>872>48BL G0ABL B>9 @01>BK, :>B>@CN >=8 2K?>;=O;8 =04 B>1>9. - "51O ?>AB830; ?@5645 B>B 8;8 8=>9 BO65;K9 C40@ AC4L1K. "K =5 7=0;: ?>G5<C? -B> 1K;> ?>A;54AB285< ?03C1=>3> ?>ABC?:0 2 >4=>9 87 B2>8E ?@54K4CI8E 687=59. "K 2AB@5G0; AG0ABL5 8 @04>ABL 8 ?@8=8<0; 8E. =8 B0:65 1K;8 ?>A;54AB285< ?@56=8E ?>ABC?:>2.  B2>5< E0@0:B5@5 C B51O 5ABL ?@5:@0A=K5 G5@BK, => 5ABL 8 =5:@0A82K5 ?OB=0.  B> 8 4@C3>5 A>740=> B>1>9 A0<8<, 1;03>40@O B2>8< ?5@56820=8O< 8 <KA;O<. > A8E ?>@ BK =5 7=0; 8E; B515 1K;8 >B:@KBK B>;L:> ?>A;54AB28O. > :0@<8G5A:85 A8;K, >=8 2845;8 2A5 B2>8 ?@56=85 687=5==K5 45O=8O, B2>8 A>:@>25==K5 <KA;8 8 GC2AB20.  ?> =8< >=8 >?@545;O;8, :0:8< B515 1KBL 8 :0: 68BL B5?5@L. > B5?5@L 4;O B51O A0<>3> 4>;6=K 1KBL >B:@KBK 2A5 4>1@K5 8 2A5 EC4K5 AB>@>=K ?@>H54H8E 687=59. > A8E ?>@ >=8 1K;8 2>B:0=K 2 B2>5 A>1AB25==>5 ACI5AB2>, >=8 1K;8 2 B515, 8 BK =5 <>3 8E 2845BL, :0: BK =5 <>65HL 2845BL D878G5A:8 A2>53> A>1AB25==>3> <>730. "5?5@L >=8 2KA2>1>640NBAO 87 B51O, >=8 2KABC?0NB =0@C6C 87 B2>59 ;8G=>AB8. =8 ?@8=8<0NB A0<>AB>OB5;L=K9 >1@07, :>B>@K9 BK <>65HL 2845BL, :0: BK 2848HL :0<=8 8 @0AB5=8O 2=5H=53> <8@0.  2>B O A0< - B> ACI5AB2>, :>B>@>5 A>B:0;> A515 B5;> 87 B2>8E 1;03>@>4=KE 8 B2>8E EC4KE 45;. >9 ?@87@0G=K9 >1@07 A>B:0= 8E AG5B=>9 :=838 B2>59 A>1AB25==>9 687=8. 52848<> =>A8; BK <5=O 4> A8E ?>@ 2 A515 A0<><.  B>, GB> MB> 1K;> B0:, 1K;> 1;03>< 4;O B51O. 1> ?>MB><C <C4@>ABL B2>59 A:@KB>9 >B B51O AC4L1K ?@>4>;60;0 4>A5;5 @01>B0BL 2 B515 =04 ?>30H5=85< B5<=KE ?OB5= 2 <>5< >1@075. K=5 65, :>340 O 2KABC?8; 87 B51O, >B B51O >B>H;0 8 MB0 A>:@>25==0O <C4@>ABL. ?@54L >=0 C65 =5 1C45B 1>;LH5 701>B8BLAO > B515. =0 ?5@540AB 2AN @01>BC 2 B2>8 A>1AB25==K5 @C:8. =5 =04;568B AB0BL A>25@H5==K< 2 A0<>< A515, ?@5:@0A=K< ACI5AB2><, 8;8 65 - ?>381=CBL.  5A;8 1K A>25@H8;>AL ?>A;54=55, O C2;5: 1K 70 A>1>9 8 B51O 2=87, 2 B5<=K9, ?>381H89 <8@. - 01K 2>A?@5?OBAB2>20BL MB><C, B2>O A>1AB25==0O <C4@>ABL 4>;6=0 1KBL B5?5@L =0AB>;L:> 25;8:0, GB>1K 27OBL =0 A51O 7040GC B>9, >BABC?82H59 >B B51O, A>:@>25==>9 <C4@>AB8. - >A;5 B>3>, :0: BK ?5@5ABC?8HL <>9 ?>@>3, O =8 =0 >4=> <3=>25=85 =5 >B>94C >B B51O, >AB020OAL 2848<K< 4;O B51O >1@07><.  5A;8 2?@54L BK A45;05HL 8;8 ?><KA;8HL =5?@02>5, BK B>BG0A 65 C7=05HL 8 A2>N 28=C ?> >B2@0B8B5;L=><C, 45<>=8G5A:><C 8A:065=8N =0 MB>< <>5< >1@075.  B>;L:> :>340 BK 8A?@028HL 2AN A2>N ?@>H54HCN =5?@024C 8 >G8AB8HL A51O B0:, GB> 40;L=59H55 7;> 4;O B51O A>25@H5==> =52>7<>6=K<, B>340 <>5 ACI5AB2> ?@52@0B8BAO 2 A8ONICN :@0A>BC.  B>340 O A=>20 A<>3C A>548=8BLAO A B>1>9 2 548=>5 ACI5AB2> 4;O 1;030 B2>59 40;L=59H59 45OB5;L=>AB8. > <>9 ?>@>3 ?>AB@>5= 87 2A5E >ICI5=89 AB@0E0, :0:85 5I5 5ABL 2 B515, 87 2A59 B2>59 1>O7=8 ?5@54 @5H8<>ABLN 27OBL =0 A51O ?>;=CN >B25BAB25==>ABL 70 2A5 A2>8 45;0 8 ?><KH;5=8O. >:0 C B51O 5I5 >AB05BAO :0:>9-;81> AB@0E ?5@54 A0<>AB>OB5;L=K< C?@02;5=85< A2>59 AC4L1>9, 4> B5E ?>@ MB>B ?>@>3 5I5 =5 4>AB@>5= 2> 2A5E A2>8E G0ABOE.  ?>:0 2 =5< =54>AB05B 5I5 E>BO 1K >4=>3> 548=AB25==>3> :0<=O, 4> B5E ?>@ BK 1C45HL ?@8=C645= @>:>2K< >1@07>< >AB0=02;820BLAO ?5@54 =8< 8;8 A?>BK:0BLAO > =53>. 5 ?KB09AO ?5@5ABC?8BL G5@57 MB>B ?>@>3, ?>:0 BK =5 GC2AB2C5HL A>25@H5==> A2>1>4=K< >B AB@0E0 8 3>B>2K< : 2KA>G09H59 >B25BAB25==>AB8. > A8E ?>@ O 2KABC?0; 87 B2>59 A>1AB25==>9 ;8G=>AB8, B>;L:> :>340 A<5@BL >B7K20;0 B51O 87 B2>59 75<=>9 687=8. > 8 B>340 <>9 >1@07 >AB020;AO 70:@KBK< 4;O B51O. ">;L:> A8;K AC4L1K 3>A?>4AB2>202H85 =04 B>1>9, 2845;8 <5=O 8 <>3;8 ?> <>5<C 284C, 2 ?@><56CB:8 <564C A<5@BLN 8 =>2K< @>645=85< @072820BL 2 B515 A8;K 8 A?>A>1=>AB8, 401K 2 =>2>9 75<=>9 687=8 BK <>3 @01>B0BL =04 :@0A>B>9 <>53> >1@070 =0 1;03> B2>53> 40;L=59H53> @0728B8O.  A0< O 1K; B5<, GL5 =5A>25@H5=AB2> =587<5==> ?@8=C640;> A8;K AC4L1K 2A5 A=>20 8 A=>20 ?@82>48BL B51O : =>2K< 2>?;>I5=8O< =0 75<;5. >340 BK C<8@0;, O O2;O;AO ?5@54 B>1>9; 8 87-70 <5=O @C:>2>48B5;8 :0@<K =07=0G0;8 B515 =>2>5 @>645=85.  B>;L:> 15AA>7=0B5;L=> ?@5>1@0782 <5=O B0:8< >1@07><, 1;03>40@O ?>AB>O==> 2>7>1=>2;ONI8<AO 687=O<, 4> ?>;=>3> A>25@H5=AB20, BK >A2>1>48;AO 1K >B 2;04K: A<5@B8, 8 A>25@H5==> A>548=8;AO 1K A> <=>9, 8 2 548=5=88 A> <=>9 ?5@5H5; 1K 2 15AA<5@B85. >B O AB>N =K=5 ?5@54 B>1>9, 2848<K9, :0: O 2A5340 AB>O; 2>7;5 B51O, =52848<K9, 2 G0A B2>59 A<5@B8. 5@5ABC?82 G5@57 <>9 ?>@>3, BK 2ABC?8HL 2 F0@AB20, 2 :>B>@K5 ?@5645 BK 2ABC?0; ?>A;5 D878G5A:>9 A<5@B8. "K 2ABC?8HL 2 =8E A ?>;=K< 7=0=85< 8 >B=K=5, ?@>4>;60O 2=5H=5 2848<> AB@0=AB2>20BL ?> 75<;5, BK 1C45HL 2 B> 65 2@5<O AB@0=AB2>20BL 8 2 F0@AB25 A<5@B8, 8;8 - GB> B> 65 A0<>5 - 2 F0@AB25 25G=>9 687=8. >8AB8=C O B0:65 8 0=35; A<5@B8; => 2 B> 65 2@5<O O ?>40B5;L =8:>340 =5 8AAO:0NI59 2KAH59 687=8. ;03>40@O <=5 BK C<@5HL ?@8 687=8, 401K ?5@568BL 2>7@>645=85 : =5C=8GB>68<><C 1KB8N. &0@AB2>, 2 :>B>@>5 BK >B=K=5 2ABC?05HL, ?>7=0:><8B B51O A ACI5AB20<8 A25@EGC2AB25==>3> ?>@O4:0. ;065=AB2> 1C45B B2>8< C45;>< 2 MB>< F0@AB25. > ?5@2K< B2>8< 7=0:><AB2>< 2 MB>< <8@5 AC645=> 1KBL <=5 A0<><C, <=5, :>B>@K9 5ABL B2>5 A>1AB25==>5 A>740=85. 0=LH5 O 68; B2>59 687=LN; => B5?5@L O ?@>1C645= B>1>9 : A>1AB25==><C 1KB8N 8 AB>N ?5@54 B>1>N, :0: 2848<>5 <5@8;> B2>8E 1C4CI8E ?>ABC?:>2, 1KBL <>65B - 8 :0: B2>9 ?>AB>O==K9 C?@5:. "K <>3 A>740BL <5=O; => 2<5AB5 A B5< BK 27O; =0 A51O >1O70==>ABL 8 ?5@5A>740BL <5=O". #:070==>5 745AL 2 ?>25AB2>20B5;L=>9 D>@<5 A;54C5B ?@54AB02;OBL A515 =5 :0: GB>-B> A8<2>;8G5A:>5, 0 :0: 2 2KAH59 AB5?5=8 459AB28B5;L=>5 ?5@56820=85 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0. (7 2KH5A:070==>3> OA=>, GB> >?8A0==K9 "!B@06 ?>@>30", MB> - 0AB@0;L=K9 >1@07, :>B>@K9 >B:@K205BAO ?@>1C640NI5<CAO 2KAH5<C 7@5=8N 4CE>2=>3> CG5=8:0.  MB>9 A25@EGC2AB25==>9 2AB@5G5 8 2545B B09=>2545=85. @85<K =87H59 <0388 ?@82>4OB : B><C, GB>1K A45;0BL "!B@060 ?>@>30" 2848<K< 8 4;O GC2AB25==>3> 7@5=8O. -B> 4>AB8305BAO >1@07>20=85< >1;0:0 87 :0:>3>-=81C4L B>=:>3> 25I5AB20, =0?@8<5@, 87 :C@5=8O, A>AB02;5==>3> 87 =5A:>;L:8E 25I5AB2 2 >?@545;5==>< A<5H5=88; A2>59 @0728B>9 A8;>9 <03 1K205B B>340 2 A>AB>O=88 2>7459AB2>20BL =0 >1;0:> :C@5=8O, ?@84020O 5<C >?@545;5==CN D>@<C 8 >682;OO 25I5AB2> 53> 5I5 =5?>30H5==>9 :0@<>9 G5;>25:0. - B> 4>AB0B>G=> ?>43>B>2;5= 4;O 1>;55 2KA>:>3> 2845=8O, B>B C65 =5 =C6405BAO 2 ?>4>1=>< GC2AB25==>< A>75@F0=88; =04> 70<5B8BL, GB> 5A;8 1K ?5@54 3;070<8 G5;>25:0 157 4>AB0B>G=>9 ?>43>B>2:8, 2KABC?8;0 53> 5I5 =5 ?>30H5==0O :0@<0, 2 2845 GC2AB25==>-682>3> ACI5AB20, B> >= ?>425@3AO 1K >?0A=>AB8 2?0ABL 2 EC4K5 701;C645=8O.  :=835 C;L2570 "0=>=8" 40=> @><0=B8G5A:>5 87>1@065=85 B0:>3> "!B@060 ?>@>30".) !B@06 4>;65= ?@54>AB5@5GL 53>, GB>1K >= =5 H5; 40;LH5, 5A;8 =5 GC2AB2C5B 2 A515 A8;K C4>2;5B2>@OBL B@51>20=8O<, 70:;NG5==K< 2 MB>< >1@0I5=88. 0: =8 C60A5= >1@07 AB@060, >= - ;8HL @57C;LB0B ?@>H;>9 687=8 A0<>3> CG5=8:0, ;8HL 53> A>1AB25==K9 E0@0:B5@, ?@>1C645==K9 : A0<>AB>OB5;L=>9 687=8 2=5 53>.  MB> ?@>1C645=85 ?@>8AE>48B 1;03>40@O @0A?045=8N A2O78 <564C 2>;59, <KH;5=85< 8 GC2AB2><. #65 >4=> B>, GB> G5;>25: 2?5@2K5 GC2AB2C5B A51O B2>@F>< 4CE>2=>3> ACI5AB20, ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 ?5@56820=85, 8<5NI55 3;C1>G09H89 A<KA;. - "5?5@L ?>43>B>2:0 CG5=8:0 1KBL =0?@02;5=0 =0 B>, GB>1K 157 2AO:>3> AB@0E0 2K45@60BL C60A=>5 7@5;8I5 8 2 <><5=B 2AB@5G8 ?>GC2AB2>20BL A2>N A8;C 459AB28B5;L=> =0AB>;L:> 2>7@>AH59, GB>1K <>GL A>25@H5==> A>7=0B5;L=> 27OBL =0 A51O ?@5>1@07>20=85 "!B@060". >A;54AB285< AG0AB;82> ?5@5=5A5==>9 2AB@5G8 A> "!B@065< ?>@>30" O2;O5BAO B>, GB> 1;8609HCN 70B5< D878G5A:CN A<5@BL 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: ?5@5=>A8B A>2A5< 8=0G5, :0: A>25@H5==> 8=>5 A>1KB85, G5< 2A5 53> ?@56=85 A<5@B8. = A>7=0B5;L=> ?5@568205B C<8@0=85 8 A1@0AK205B D878G5A:>5 B5;>, :0: A:84K20NB 87=>H5==>5 8;8, <>65B 1KBL 2=570?=> @07>@202H55AO 8 AB02H8< ?>B><C =53>4=K< ?;0BL5. ">340 MB0 53> D878G5A:0O A<5@BL O2;O5BAO, B0: A:070BL, G5<-B> 7=0G8B5;L=K< B>;L:> 4;O 4@C38E, :>B>@K5 682CB 2<5AB5 A =8< 8 2 A2>8E 2>A?@8OB8OE 5I5 2A5F5;> >3@0=8G5=K GC2AB25==K< <8@><. ;O =8E CG5=8: "C<8@05B". > 4;O =53> A0<>3> =5 ?@>8AE>48B 2>:@C3 =53> =8:0:>9 7=0G8B5;L=>9 ?5@5<5=K. 5AL A25@EJ5AB5AB25==K9 <8@, 2 :>B>@K9 >= 2ABC?8;, AB>O; ?5@54 =8< B0:8< 8 ?>A;5 A<5@B8 8 B>B 65 A0<K9 <8@ 1C45B AB>OBL ?5@54 =8< 8 ?>A;5 A<5@B8. - > "!B@06 ?>@>30" A2O70= 5I5 8 A 4@C38<. '5;>25: ?@8=04;568B : A5<L5, =0@>4C, @0A5; 53> 45OB5;L=>ABL 2 MB>< <8@5 7028A8B >B 53> ?@8=04;56=>AB8 : B0:8< A>2>:C?=K< 3@C??0<.  A2O78 A MB8< AB>8B B0:65 53> ;8G=K9 E0@0:B5@.  A>7=0B5;L=0O 45OB5;L=>ABL >B45;L=KE ;N459 ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 5I5 40;5:> =5 2A5, A G5< ?@8E>48BAO AG8B0BLAO, 8<5O 45;> A A5<L59, ?;5<5=5<, =0@>4><, @0A>9. !CI5AB2C5B A5<59=0O, =0@>4=0O 8 B.4. AC4L10, :0: ACI5AB2C5B A5<59=K9, @0A>2K9 8 B.4. E0@0:B5@. ;O G5;>25:0, >3@0=8G5==>3> 2>A?@8OB8O<8 GC2AB2, MB8 25I8 >AB0NBAO >1I8<8 ?>=OB8O<8 8 <0B5@80;8AB8G5A:89 <KA;8B5;L, A2O70==K9 A2>8<8 ?@54@0AAC4:0<8, A2KA>:0 1@>A05B =0 B09=>2540 ?@57@8B5;L=K9 273;O4, C7=02, GB> 4;O =53> E0@0:B5@ :0:>9-=81C4L A5<L8 8;8 =0@>40, AC4L10 ?;5<5=8 8;8 @0AK >B25G0NB 459AB28B5;L=K< ACI5AB20< 2 B0:>9 65 <5@5, :0: E0@0:B5@ 8 AC4L10 >B45;L=>3> G5;>25:0 >B25G05B 459AB28B5;L=>9 ;8G=>AB8. 1> B09=>254 7=0:><8BAO A 2KAH8<8 <8@0<8, 2 A>AB02 :>B>@KE >B45;L=K5 ;8G=>AB8 2E>4OB A>25@H5==> B0: 65, :0: @C:8, =>38 8 3>;>20 A>AB02;ONB G;5=K >B45;L=>3> G5;>25:0.  2 687=8 A5<L8, =0@>40 8;8 @0AK, :@><5 >B45;L=KE ;N459 459AB2CNB B0:65 8 2?>;=5 459AB28B5;L=K5 4CH8 A5<59 8 =0@>4>2, 4CE8 @0A; 1>;55 B>3>, >B45;L=K5 ;N48, 2 8725AB=>< A<KA;5, ACBL B>;L:> 8A?>;=8B5;L=K5 >@30=K MB8E A5<59=KE 4CH, 4CE>2, @0A 8 B.4.. ! ?>;=>9 8AB8=>9 <>6=> A:070BL, GB> 4CH0 =0@>40 ?>;L7C5BAO, =0?@8<5@, :0:8<-=81C4L >B45;L=K<, ?@8=04;560I8< 55 =0@>4C G5;>25:>< 4;O 2K?>;=5=8O >?@545;5==KE 7040G. CH0 =0@>40 =5 A?CA:05BAO 4> GC2AB25==>9 459AB28B5;L=>AB8. =0 ?@51K205B 2 2KAH8E <8@0E.  GB>1K 459AB2>20BL 2 D878G5A:8-GC2AB25==>< <8@5, >=0 ?>;L7C5BAO D878G5A:8<8 >@30=0<8 >B45;L=>3> G5;>25:0.  2KAH5< A<KA;5 MB> ?@>8AE>48B A>25@H5==> B0:65, :0: 0@E8B5:B>@, 4;O 2K?>;=5=8O 45B0;59 740=8O ?>;L7C5BAO @01>G8<8. -  A0<>< 8AB8==>< A<KA;5 A;>20, :064K9 G5;>25: ?>;CG05B A2>N @01>BC >B 4CH8 A5<L8, =0@>40 8;8 @0AK. > GC2AB25==K9 G5;>25: >B=N4L =5 ?>A2OI05BAO 2 2KAH89 ?;0= A2>59 @01>BK. = @01>B05B 15AA>7=0B5;L=> =04 F5;O<8 4CH8 =0@>40, @0AK 8 B.4.. ! <><5=B0 2AB@5G8 A> "!B@065< ?>@>30" CG5=8: 4>;65= =5 B>;L:> C7=0BL A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 ;8G=K5 7040G8, >= >1O70= A>7=0B5;L=> @01>B0BL =04 7040G0<8 A2>53> =0@>40 8 A2>59 @0AK. AO:>5 @0AH8@5=85 53> :@C3>7>@0 2>7;0305B =0 =53> =5?@5<5==> 8 1>;55 >1H8@=K5 >1O70==>AB8. - @8 MB>< 459AB28B5;L=K9 ?@>F5AA 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> : A2>5<C 1>;55 B>=:><C 4CH52=><C B5;C CG5=8: ?@8A>548=O5B 5I5 =>2>5 B5;>. = >1;5:05BAO 5I5 2 >4=> >45O=85. > A8E ?>@ >= ?@>E>48B G5@57 <8@ 2 >1>;>G:0E, >1;5:02H8E 53> ;8G=>ABL, 0 > B><, GB> >= 4>;65= 1K; 45;0BL 4;O A2>53> A>>1I5AB20, 4;O A2>53> =0@>40, 4;O A2>59 @0AK 8 B.4., >1 MB>< 701>B8;8AL 4CE8, :>B>@K5 ?>;L7>20;8AL 53> ;8G=>ABLN. - 0;L=59H55 @07>1;0G5=85, A>25@H05<>5 5<C "!B@065< ?>@>30" A>AB>8B B5?5@L 2 B><, GB> >B=K=5 MB8 4CE8 >B=8<0NB C =53> A2>N ?><>IL. = ?@8=C645= A>25@H5==> 2KABC?8BL 87 2AO:>3> A>>1I5AB20.  >= A>2A5< 70ABK; 1K 2 A0<>< A515, 2 A2>59 >B45;L=>AB8, >= ?>H5; 1K =02AB@5GC 3815;8, 5A;8 1K >B=K=5 >= A0< =5 ?@8>1@5; 1K 4;O A51O B5E A8;, :>B>@K5 ?@8ACI8 4CE0< =0@>4>2 8 @0A. %>BO <=>385 A:06CB: ", O A>25@H5==> >A2>1>48;AO >B 2A5E @>4>2KE 8 @0A>2KE A2O759; O E>GC 1KBL B>;L:> "G5;>25:><" 8 =8G5< 8=K<, :0: "B>;L:> G5;>25:><"". > 8< =04> >B25B8BL: "B> 65 ?@825; B51O : MB>9 A2>1>45? 0725 =5 B2>O A5<LO ?>AB028;0 B51O 2 <8@5 2 B> ?>;>65=85, :>B>@>5 BK 2 =5< B5?5@L 70=8<05HL? 0725 =5 B2>5 ?;5<O, B2>9 =0@>4, B2>O @0A0 A45;0;8 B51O B5<, GB> BK 5ABL? =8 2>A?8B0;8 B51O; 8 5A;8 BK ?>4=O;AO =04 2A5<8 ?@54@0AAC4:0<8 8 AB0; >4=8< 8E A25B>=>AF52 8 1;03>45B5;59 4;O A2>53> ?;5<5=8 8;8 4065 4;O A2>59 @0AK, B> MB8< BK >1O70= 8E 2>A?8B0=8N.  4065 :>340 BK 3>2>@8HL > A515, GB> BK "B>;L:> G5;>25:", B> 8 MB8< - B5<, GB> BK AB0; B0:>2K<, - BK >1O70= 4CE0< "B2>8E A>>1I5AB2". - > B>;L:> 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 459AB28B5;L=> C7=05B, GB> 7=0G8B 1KBL A>2A5< >AB02;5==K< 4CE0<8 =0@>40, ?;5<5=8 8;8 @0AK. ">;L:> >= C7=05B =0 A515 A0<><, :0: <0;> 7=0G5=8O 8<55B B0:>5 2>A?8B0=85 4;O B>9 687=8, :>B>@0O 5<C ?@54AB>8B. 1> 2A5, GB> 1K;> 5<C ?@8NB><, A>25@H5==> C=8GB>605BAO, 1;03>40@O @07@K2C <564C 2>;59, <KH;5=85< 8 GC2AB2><. = >3;O4K205BAO B5?5@L =0704, =0 @57C;LB0B A2>53> ?@56=53> 2>A?8B0=8O, :0: <K 273;O=C;8 1K =0 4><, @0AAK?02H89AO =0 >B45;L=K5 :8@?8G8, :>B>@K9 B5?5@L ?@54AB>8B A=>20 2KAB@>8BL ?> =>2><C ?;0=C.  MB> >?OBL =5GB> 1>;LH55, G5< ?@>AB>9 A8<2>;, :>340 3>2>@OB: >A;5 B>3>, :0: "!B@06 ?>@>30" 2KA:070; A2>8 ?5@2K5 B@51>20=8O, =0 B>< <5AB5, 345 >= AB>8B, ?>4=8<05BAO 28E@L, :>B>@K9 30A8B 2A5 4CE>2=K5 A25B>G8, >A25I02H85 4>B>;5 ?CBL 687=8.  ?>;=0O BL<0 @0AAB8;05BAO ?5@54 CG5=8:><. =0 =0@CH05BAO B>;L:> A8O=85<, 87;CG05<K< A0<8< "!B@065< ?>@>30".  87 BL<K 72CG0B 53> 40;L=59H85 C25I520=8O: "5 ?5@5ABC?09 <>53> ?>@>30, ?>:0 B515 =5 AB0;> OA=K<, GB> >B=K=5 BK A0< 1C45HL >A25I0BL BL<C ?5@54 A>1>9; 8 =5 45;09 =8 >4=>3> H030 40;LH5, ?>:0 BK =5 ?@8>1@5; C25@5==>AB8, GB> C B51O 4>AB0B>G=> 3>@NG53> 25I5AB20 2 B2>59 A>1AB25==>9 ;0<?045.  1C4CI5< BK 1C45HL ;8H5= ;0<?04 B2>8E 2>6459, :>B>@K5 A25B8;8 B515 4>B>;5". >A;5 MB8E A;>2 CG5=8: 4>;65= >15@=CBLAO 8 =0?@028BL A2>9 27>@ =0704. "5?5@L "!B@06 ?>@>30" A45@38205B 7025AC, A:@K202HCN 4> B5E ?>@ 3;C1>:85 B09=K 687=8. CE8 ?;5<5=8, =0@>40 8 @0AK ?@54AB0NB B>340 2 8E ?>;=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8; 8 CG5=8: 2848B A >48=0:>2>9 OA=>ABLN :0: B>, GB> >= 4> A8E ?>@ 1K; @C:>2>48<, B0:, A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K 8 B>, GB> >B=K=5 >= 1C45B ;8H5= MB>3> @C:>2>4AB20. -B> - 2B>@>5 ?@54>AB5@565=85, ?5@568205<>5 G5;>25:>< =0 ?>@>35, 1;03>40@O 53> !B@06C. 57 ?>43>B>2:8, :>=5G=>, =8:B> =5 <>3 1K 2K45@60BL >?8A0==>3> 745AL 7@5;8I0; => 2KAH55 >1CG5=85, :>B>@>5 2>>1I5 A>7405B 4;O G5;>25:0 2>7<>6=>ABL ?@81;878BLAO : ?>@>3C, 45;05B 53> 2 B> 65 2@5<O A?>A>1=K< 2 =C6=>5 <3=>25=85 =09B8 8 =5>1E>48<CN A8;C. >;55 B>3>, MB> >1CG5=85 <>65B 1KBL AB>;L 30@<>=8G=K<, GB> 2ABC?;5=85 2 =>2CN 687=L B5@O5B 4;O CG5=8:0 25AL A2>9 A<CI0NI89 8;8 1C@=K9 E0@0:B5@. ">340 ?5@56820=85 =0 ?>@>35 A>?@>2>6405BAO 4;O =53> ?@54GC2AB285< B>3> 1;065=AB20, :>B>@>5 A>AB028B >A=>2=>9 B>= 53> 2=>2L ?@>1C645==>9 687=8. ICI5=85 =>2>9 A2>1>4K ?5@525A8B 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 GC2AB20; 8 A MB8< >ICI5=85< 53> =>2K5 >1O70==>AB8 8 =>20O >B25BAB25==>ABL ?>:06CBAO 5<C G5<-B> B0:8<, GB> G5;>25:C =04;568B ?@8=OBL =0 A51O =0 >4=>9 87 ABC?5=59 687=8. 87=L 8 A<5@BL. 5;8:89 AB@06 ?>@>30. KH5 1K;> A:070=>, :0: 206=0 4;O G5;>25:0 MB0 2AB@5G0 A B0: =07K205<K< 0;K< !B@065< "?>@>30" B5<, GB> >= C7=05B 2 ?>A;54=5< A25@EGC2AB25==>5 ACI5AB2>, ?>@>645==>5 4> =5:>B>@>9 AB5?5=8 8< A0<8<. "5;> MB>3> ACI5AB20 A>AB02;5=> 87 >AB0202H8EAO =52848<K<8 4;O =53> ?>A;54AB289 53> A>1AB25==KE 45O=89, GC2AB2 8 <KA;59. > MB8 =52848<K5 A8;K ?@8G8=0<8 53> AC4L1K 8 53> E0@0:B5@0. B=K=5 G5;>25:C AB0=>28BAO OA=K<, :0:8< >1@07>< >= A0< 2 ?@>H;>< 70;>68; >A=>20=8O 4;O A2>53> =0AB>OI53>. ;03>40@O MB><C A>1AB25==>5 ACI5AB2> 53> O2;O5BAO 4> =5:>B>@>9 AB5?5=8 @07>1;0G5==K< ?5@54 =8<.  =5< 5ABL, =0?@8<5@, >?@545;5==K5 =0:;>==>AB8 8 ?@82KG:8; B5?5@L >= <>65B COA=8BL A515, ?>G5<C >= 8E 8<55B. 3> ?>AB83;8 :0:85-=81C4L C40@K AC4L1K; B5?5@L >= 7=05B, >B:C40 >=8 27O;8AL. = C7=05B, ?>G5<C >= ;N18B >4=> 8 =5=02848B 4@C3>5, ?>G5<C B> 8;8 8=>5 4>AB02;O5B 5<C AG0ABL5 8;8 =5AG0ABL5. 848<0O 687=L AB0=>28BAO 5<C ?>=OB=>9 G5@57 ?>7=0=85 =52848<KE ?@8G8=. "0:8< 65 >1@07>< @0A:@K20NBAO ?5@54 53> 27>@>< 8 ACI5AB25==K5, 687=5==K5 D0:BK: 1>;57=L 8 74>@>2L5, A<5@BL 8 @>645=85. = 70<5G05B, GB> 5I5 4> A2>53> @>645=8O >= A0< A>740; B5 ?@8G8=K, :>B>@K5 =587156=> 4>;6=K 1K;8 A=>20 225AB8 53> 2 687=L. = 7=05B 2 A515 >B=K=5 ACI5AB2>, :>B>@>5 1K;> A>740=> 2 MB>< 2848<>< <8@5, => A>740=> =5A>25@H5==K< 8 :>B>@>5 2 MB>< 65 2848<>< <8@5 <>65B 1KBL 4>2545=> 4> A2>53> A>25@H5=AB20. 1> =8 2 :0:>< 4@C3>< <8@5 =5 ?@54>AB02;O5BAO 2>7<>6=>AB8 @01>B0BL =04 7025@H5=85< MB>3> ACI5AB20.  40;55 >= 2848B, GB> 4065 A<5@BL =5 <>65B =02A5340 @07;CG8BL 53> A MB8< <8@><. 1> >= ?@8=C645= A:070BL A515: "5:>340 O ?@8H5; 2 2?5@2K5 2 MB>B <8@, 81> O 1K; B>340 ACI5AB2><, =C6402H8<AO 2 687=8 2 MB>< <8@5, GB>1K ?@8>1@5AB8 A515 B0:85 A2>9AB20, :>B>@KE >=> =5 <>3;> 1K ?@8>1@5AB8 =8 2 :0:>< 4@C3>< <8@5.  O 4> B5E ?>@ 4>;65= 1KBL A2O70= A MB8< <8@><, ?>:0 =5 @07>2LN 2 A515 2A53>, GB> <>65B 1KBL ?@8>1@5B5=> 2 =5<.  O A<>3C =5:>340 AB0BL 3>4=K< @01>B=8:>< 2 8=>< <8@5 B>;L:> B5<, GB> O CA2>N A515 2 GC2AB25==>-2848<>< <8@5 2A5 =5>1E>48<K5 4;O MB>3> A?>A>1=>AB8". -  206=59H8< ?5@56820=8O< ?>A2OI5==>3> >B=>A8BAO B>, GB> >= =0CG05BAO ?>=8<0BL 8 F5=8BL GC2AB25==>-2848<CN ?@8@>4C 2 55 8AB8==>< 7=0G5=88 ;CGH5, G5< >= <>3 MB> 45;0BL 4> A2>53> CG5=8G5AB20. -B> ?>7=0=85 8 405BAO 5<C G5@57 53> ?@>7@5=85 2 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@. # :>3> 5I5 =5B MB>3> ?@>7@5=8O 8 :B> ?>;>= ?>MB><C, <>65B 1KBL, B>;L:> ?@54GC2AB285< 15A:>=5G=> 1>;LH>9 F5==>AB8 A25@EGC2AB25==KE >1;0AB59, A B5< ;53:> <>65B A;CG8BLAO, GB> >= 1C45B A;8H:>< =87:> F5=8BL GC2AB25==K9 <8@. > :><C 7=0:><> MB> ?@>7@5=85 B>B 7=05B, GB> 157 ?5@56820=89 2 2848<>9 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 >= >:070;AO 1K A>2A5< 15AA8;L=K< 2 =52848<>9. 'B>1K 68BL 2 ?>A;54=59, 5<C =5>1E>48<> 8<5BL A?>A>1=>AB8 8 >@C48O 4;O MB>9 687=8. > ?@8>1@5AB8 8E >= <>65B B>;L:> 2 2848<>9. = 4>;65= C<5BL 2845BL 4CE>2=>, 5A;8 E>G5B, GB>1K =52848<K9 <8@ >B:@K;AO 4;O 53> A>7=0=8O. > MB0 A?>A>1=>ABL 2845=8O 2 "2KAH5< <8@5" 2K@010BK205BAO ?>AB5?5==>, 1;03>40@O ?5@56820=8O< 2 "=87H5<". "0: 65 =52>7<>6=> @>48BLAO 2 4CE>2=>< <8@5 A 4CE>2=K<8 3;070<8, =5 @07282 8E ?@5420@8B5;L=> 2 GC2AB25==><, :0: =52>7<>6=> <;045=FC @>48BLAO A D878G5A:8<8 3;070<8, 5A;8 >=8 =5 >1@07>20;8AL 2 G@525 <0B5@8. ! MB>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O ?>=OB=>, 8 B>, ?>G5<C "?>@>3" A25@EGC2AB25==>3> <8@0 >E@0=O5BAO "!B@065<". '5;>25:C =8 2 :>5< A;CG05 =5 <>65B 1KBL 4>72>;5=> =0AB>OI55 ?@>7@5=85 2 MB8 >1;0AB8, ?>:0 >= =5 ?@8>1@5; 4;O MB>3> =5>1E>48<KE A?>A>1=>AB59. >MB><C 2 <><5=B A<5@B8 2AO:89 @07, :0: G5;>25: 2ABC?05B 2 8=>9 <8@ 5I5 =5 3>B>2K< : @01>B5 2 =5<, =0 ?5@56820=8O MB>3> <8@0 =01@0AK205BAO ?>:@>2. = C2848B 8E B>;L:> B>340, :>340 2?>;=5 A>7@55B 4;O MB>3>. >340 4CE>2=K9 CG5=8: 2ABC?05B 2 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@, 687=L ?>;CG8B 4;O =53> A>2A5< =>2K9 A<KA;; >= C2848B 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5 ?>G2C 4;O ?@>@0AB0=8O 2KAH53>.  2 8725AB=>< A<KA;5 MB>B "2KAH89" <8@ ?@54AB028BAO 5<C =54>AB0B>G=K< 157 "=87H53>". ;O =53> >B:@>NBAO 425 ?5@A?5:B82K. 4=0 - 2 ?@>H;>5, 4@C30O - 2 1C4CI55. = A<>B@8B 2 ?@>H;>5, :>340 5I5 =5 1K;> MB>3> GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. 1> >= 402=> >A2>1>48;AO >B ?@54@0AAC4:0, 1C4B> A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ @0728;AO 87 GC2AB25==>3>. = 7=05B, GB> A25@EGC2AB25==>5 1K;> ?@5645 8 GB> 87 =53> @0728;>AL 2A5 GC2AB25==>5. = 2848B, GB> >= A0<, ?@5645 G5< 2?5@2K5 ?@8H5; 2 MB>B GC2AB25==K9 <8@, ?@8=04;560; A=0G0;0 : A25@EGC2AB25==><C. > MB>B ?@56=89 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ =C640;AO 2 ?@>E>645=88 G5@57 GC2AB25==K9. 3> 40;L=59H55 @0728B85 1K;> 1K =52>7<>6=> 157 MB>3> ?@>E>645=8O. !25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ <>65B 40;LH5 ?@>4>;60BL A2>5 @0728B85, B>;L:> :>340 2=CB@8 GC2AB25==>3> F0@AB20 @0728;8AL ACI5AB20 A A>>B25BAB2CNI8<8 A?>A>1=>ABO<8.  ACI5AB20 MB8 - ;N48. "0:8< >1@07><, ;N48, :0: >=8 682CB A59G0A, 2KH;8 87 =5A>25@H5==>9 ABC?5=8 4CE>2=>3> 1KB8O 8 C65 2 ?@545;0E ?>A;54=59 ?@82>4OBAO : B><C A>25@H5=AB2C, :>B>@>5 A45;05B 8E 70B5< ?@83>4=K<8 4;O 40;L=59H59 @01>BK =04 2KAH8< <8@><. -  745AL >B:@K205BAO ?5@A?5:B820 2 1C4CI55. =0 C:07K205B =0 2KAHCN ABC?5=L A25@EGC2AB25==>3> <8@0.  =5< 7@5NB ?;>4K, 27@0I5==K5 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5. >A;54=89, :0: B0:>2>9, 1C45B ?>15645=; => @57C;LB0BK 53> 2>94CB 2 A>AB02 2KAH53>. -B> 40AB =0< 2<5AB5 A B5< 8 :;NG : ?>=8<0=8N 1>;57=8 8 A<5@B8 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5. !<5@BL 5ABL =5 GB> 8=>5, :0: 2K@065=85 B>3>, GB> ?@56=89 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ ?@8H5; : B0:>9 B>G:5, >B :>B>@>9 >= =5 <>65B A0< A>1>9 @072820BLAO 40;LH5. ;O =53> A45;0;0AL 1K =587156=>9 >1I0O A<5@BL, 5A;8 1K >= =5 ?>;CG8; =>2>3> ?@8B>:0 687=8. "0: MB0 =>20O 687=L AB0;0 1>@L1>9 ?@>B82 >1I59 A<5@B8. 7 >AB0B:>2 C<8@0NI53>, 70ABK20NI53> 2 A0<>< A515 <8@0 @0AF25;8 70G0B:8 =>2>3>. >B ?>G5<C <K 8<55< 2 <8@5 C<8@0=85 8 687=L.  <54;5==> >4=> ?5@5E>48B 2 4@C3>5. B<8@0NI85 G0AB8 AB0@>3> <8@0 5I5 ?@>4>;60NB F5?;OBLAO 70 70G0B:8 =>2>9 687=8, :>B>@K5 87 =8E 65 8 2KH;8. = =5A5B =0 A515 :0: A2>N >1>;>G:C, B>, GB> A>E@0=8;>AL >B ?@56=53>, 4@52=53> <8@0; 8 2=CB@8 MB>9 >1>;>G:8 >1@07C5BAO 70G0B>: ACI5AB20, :>B>@><C AC645=> 68BL 2 1C4CI5<. "0:8< >1@07><, >= 42>9AB25==>5 ACI5AB2>, >4=>2@5<5==> - A<5@B=>5 8 15AA<5@B=>5. !<5@B=>5 =0E>48BAO 2 A2>5< :>=5G=><, 0 15AA<5@B=>5 - 2 A2>5< =0G0;L=>< A>AB>O=88. > ;8HL 2=CB@8 MB>3> 42>9AB25==>3> <8@0, =0E>4OI53> A2>5 2K@065=85 2 D878G5A:8 GC2AB25==><, CA208205B >= A515 A?>A>1=>AB8, =5>1E>48<K5, GB>1K ?@825AB8 <8@ : 15AA<5@B8N.  4065 53> 7040G0 2 B><, GB>1K 87 A0<>3> A<5@B=>3> 872;5GL ?;>4K 4;O 15AA<5@B=>3>. 78@0O, B0:8< >1@07>< =0 A2>5 ACI5AB2>, :0:8< >= A0< ?>AB@>8; 53> 2 ?@>H;><, >= ?@8=C645= A:070BL A515: O =>HC 2 A515 M;5<5=BK >B<8@0NI53> <8@0. =8 @01>B0NB 2> <=5 8 ;8HL ?>AB5?5==> O <>3C A;><8BL 8E 2;0ABL ?@8 ?><>I8 2=>2L >6820NI8E 15AA<5@B=KE A8;. "0: >B A<5@B8 : 687=8 845B ?CBL G5;>25:0. A;8 1K 2 A2>59 A<5@B=K9 G0A >= <>3 2 ?>;=>< A>7=0=88 3>2>@8BL A A>1>N, >= 4>;65= 1K; 1K A:070BL A515: "#<8@0NI55 1K;> <>8< CG8B5;5<. ">, GB> O C<8@0N, 5ABL ?>A;54AB285 2A53> ?@>H;>3> A :>B>@K< O B5A=> A2O70=. > ?>;5 A<5@B=>3> 27@0AB8;> 2> <=5 70G0B:8 : 15AA<5@B=><C. E O C=>HC A A>1>N 2 8=>9 <8@. A;8 1K 2A5 A2>48;>AL B>;L:> : ?@>H;><C, B> O 2>>1I5 =8:>340 =5 <>3 1K @>48BLAO. 87=L ?@>H;>3> 70:>=G5=0 A @>645=85<. >2K< 70G0B:>< 687=L 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5 >B2>520=0 C 2A5>1I59 A<5@B8. @5<O <564C @>645=85< 8 A<5@BLN 5ABL ;8HL 2K@065=85 B>3>, :0: <=>3> =>20O 687=L A<>3;0 >B2>520BL C >B<8@0NI53> ?@>H;>3>.  1>;57=L 5ABL B>;L:> ?@>4>;60NI55AO 459AB285 >B<8@0NI8E G0AB59 MB>3> ?@>H;>3>". 7 2A53> MB>3> ?>;CG05BAO >B25B =0 2>?@>A: ?>G5<C G5;>25: ;8HL ?>AB5?5==>, 87 701;C645=8O 8 =5A>25@H5=AB20, ?@>@010BK205BAO : 8AB8=5 8 4>1@C. 3> ?>ABC?:8, GC2AB20 8 <KA;8 =0E>4OBAO A=0G0;0 ?>4 2;0ABLN ?@5E>4OI53> 8 >B<8@0NI53>. 7 ?@5E>4OI53> >1@07>20=K 53> GC2AB25==>-D878G5A:85 >@30=K. >MB><C A0<8 MB8 >@30=K 8 2A5 GB> ?5@2>=0G0;L=> ?>1C6405B 8E : 45OB5;L=>AB8, >1@5G5=> =0 ?@5E>645=85. 5 8=AB8=:BK, 2;5G5=8O, AB@0AB8 8 B.4., 8 ?@8=04;560I85 : =8< >@30=K ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 =5?@5E>4OI55, => =5?@5E>4OI8< AB0=>28BAO ;8HL B>, GB> O2;O5BAO @57C;LB0B>< 45OB5;L=>AB8 MB8E >@30=>2. ">;L:> 2K@01>B02 A=0G0;0 87 ?@5E>4OI53> 2A5, GB> 87 =53> A;54C5B 2K@01>B0BL, G5;>25: A<>65B A1@>A8BL A A51O BC >A=>2C, 87 :>B>@>9 >= 2K@>A, 8 :>B>@0O =0E>48B A2>5 2K@065=85 2 D878G5A:8-GC2AB25==>< <8@5. "0:8< >1@07>< "!B@06 ?>@>30" ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 ?>4>185 G5;>25:0 2 53> 42>9AB25==>9 ?@8@>45, A<5H0==>9 87 ?@5E>4OI53> 8 =5?@5E>4OI53>.  =0 =5< <>6=> OA=> 2845BL, G53> 5I5 =54>AB05B 4;O 4>AB865=8O B>3> A25B;>3> >1@070, :>B>@K9 A<>65B 2=>2L >18B0BL 2 G8AB><, 4CE>2=>< <8@5. !B5?5=L >?CB0==>AB8 G5;>25:0 D878G5A:8-GC2AB25==>9 ?@8@>4>9 AB0=>28BAO 4;O =53> =03;O4=>9 1;03>40@O "!B@06C ?>@>30". -B0 >?CB0==>ABL 2K@0605BAO ?@5645 2A53> 2 =0;8G=>AB8 8=AB8=:B>2, 2;5G5=89, 2>645;5=89, M3>8AB8G5A:8E 65;0=89, 2> 2A5E 2840E A2>5:>@KAB8O 8 B.4. 0B5< >=0 2K@0605BAO 2 ?@8=04;56=>AB8 : @0A5, =0@>4C 8 B.4. 1> =0@>4K 8 @0AK ACBL B>;L:> @07;8G=K5 ABC?5=8 @0728B8O =0 ?CB8 : G8AB><C G5;>25G5AB2C. 0A0 8;8 =0@>4 AB>8B B5< 2KH5, G5< A>25@H5==55 8E ?@54AB028B5;8 2K@060NB A>1>9 G8ABK9, 8450;L=K9 B8? G5;>25G5AB20, G5< 1>;LH5 >=8 ?@>@01>B0;8AL >B D878G5A:8-?@5E>4OI53> : A25@EGC2AB25==>-=5?@5E>4OI5<C. >MB><C @0728B85 G5;>25:0 ?CB5< ?5@52>?;>I5=89 2> 2A5 1>;55 2KA>:>AB>OI85 =0@>4=K5 8 @0A>2K5 D>@<K 5ABL ?@>F5AA >A2>1>645=8O.  :>=F5 G5;>25: 4>;65= O28BLAO 2 A2>5< 30@<>=8G5A:>< A>25@H5=AB25. - >4>1=K< 65 >1@07>< A>25@H5=AB2>20=85< O2;O5BAO B0:65 8 ?@>E>645=85 G5@57 2A5 1>;55 G8ABK5 D>@<K =@02AB25==KE 8 @5;838>7=KE 2>77@5=89. 1>, =0?@8<5@, 2AO:0O =@02AB25==0O ABC?5=L 2A5 5I5 A>45@68B 2 A515 AB@5<;5=85 : ?@5E>4OI5<C =0@O4C A 8450;8AB8G5A:8<8 70@>4KH0<8 1C4CI53>. > 2 >?8A0==>< "!B@065 ?>@>30" =04> 2845BL ;8HL @57C;LB0B ?@>B5:H8E ?5@5<5=. 7 70@>4KH59 1C4CI53> 2 =5< A>45@68BAO B>;L:> B>, GB> 1K;> 2>B:0=> 2 =53> 2 MB8 ?@>B5:H85 2@5<5=0. > G5;>25:C =04;568B ?@8=5AB8 A A>1>9 2 1C4CI89 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ 2A5, GB> >= <>65B 872;5GL 87 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0. A;8 1K >= 70E>B5; ?@8=5AB8 A A>1>9 B>;L:> B>, GB> 1K;> 2>B:0=> 2 53> 42>9=8: 87 ?@>H;KE 2@5<5=, B> >= 8A?>;=8; 1K A2>N 75<=CN 7040GC ;8HL >BG0AB8. >MB><C : "0;><C !B@06C ?>@>30", ?> 8AB5G5=88 =5:>B>@>3> 2@5<5=8, ?@8A>548=O5BAO 5I5 "5;8:89". @54AB028< >?OBL 2 ?>25AB2>20B5;L=>9 D>@<5 B>, GB> ?@>8AE>48B ?@8 2AB@5G5 A MB8< 2B>@K< "!B@065< ?>@>30". >A;5 B>3>, :0: G5;>25: C7=0;, >B G53> 5<C A;54C5B >A2>1>48BLAO, =0 53> ?CB8 O2;O5BAO 2>72KH5==K9 A25B;K9 >1@07. "@C4=> >?8A0BL 53> :@0A>BC A;>20<8 =0H53> O7K:0. - -B0 2AB@5G0 ?@>8AE>48B B>340, :>340 >@30=K <KH;5=8O, GC2AB20 8 2>;8 =0AB>;L:> @07J548=8;8AL 4@C3 >B 4@C30 B0:65 8 >B=>A8B5;L=> D878G5A:>3> B5;0, GB> CAB0=>2;5=85 8E 2708<>>B=>H5=89 ?@>8AE>48B C65 =5 G5@57 =8E A0<8E, 0 ?>A@54AB2>< 2KAH53> A>7=0=8O, :>B>@>5 B5?5@L A>25@H5==> >BA>548=8;>AL >B D878G5A:8E CA;>289. ">340 >@30=K <KH;5=8O, GC2AB20 8 2>;8 45;0NBAO >@C48O<8, ?>42;0AB=K<8 G5;>25G5A:>9 4CH5, :>B>@0O 3>A?>4AB2C5B =04 =8<8 87 A25@EGC2AB25==KE >1;0AB59. 02AB@5GC MB>9, >A2>1>645==>9 >B 2A5E GC2AB25==KE C7, 4CH5 2KABC?05B 2B>@>9 "!B@06 ?>@>30" 8 3>2>@8B ?@81;878B5;L=> A;54CNI55: ""K >A2>1>48;0AL 87 <8@0 GC2AB2. "K 702>520;0 A2>5 ?@02> =0 >BG87=C 2 A25@EGC2AB25==>< <8@5. B=K=5 BK <>65HL 459AB2>20BL >BAN40. "K =5 =C6405HLAO 1>;LH5 4;O A0<>9 A51O 2 A2>59 D878G5A:>9 B5;5A=>AB8 2 55 A>2@5<5==>< >1@075. A;8 1K BK 70E>B5; ?@8>1@5AB8 B>;L:> A?>A>1=>ABL 68BL 2 MB>< A25@EGC2AB25==>< <8@5, B> BK C65 =5 =C640;AO 1K 1>;LH5 2 2>72@0I5=88 2 GC2AB25==K9. > 273;O=8 =0 <5=O. >A<>B@8, :0: =587<5@8<> 2KA>:> AB>N O =04 2A5<, GB> BK 4> A8E ?>@ A45;0; 87 A51O. "K 4>AB83 B5?5@5H=59 ABC?5=8 A2>53> A>25@H5=AB20 1;03>40@O A?>A>1=>ABO<, :>B>@K5 BK <>3 @0728BL 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5, ?>:0 BK 5I5 1K; >3@0=8G5= 8<. > B5?5@L 4;O B51O 4>;6=> =0AB0BL 2@5<O, :>340 B2>8 >A2>1>645==K5 A8;K =0G=CB A0<8 @01>B0BL =04 MB8< GC2AB25==K< <8@><. >=K=5 BK >A2>1>640; B>;L:> A0<>3> A51O; B5?5@L, >A2>1>645==K9, BK <>65HL >A2>1>48BL A A>1>9 8 2A5E B2>8E A?CB=8:>2 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5. >=K=5 BK AB@5<8;AO 2?5@54, :0: >B45;L=0O ;8G=>ABL; 2ABC?8 B5?5@L 2 F5;>5, 401K ?@8=5AB8 A A>1>9 2 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ =5 B>;L:> A51O, => 8 2A5 >AB0;L=>5, GB> ACI5AB2C5B 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5. 5:>340 BK A<>65HL A>548=8BLAO A <>8< >1@07><, => O =5 <>3C 1KBL 1;065==K<, ?>:0 5I5 5ABL =5AG0AB=K5! 0: 548=8G=K9 >A2>1>645=K9, BK <>3 1K C65 A59G0A 2>9B8 2 F0@AB2> A25@EGC2AB25==>3>. > B>340 BK 1K; 1K ?@8=C645= 278@0BL 2=87 =0 5I5 =5>A2>1>645==KE ACI5AB2 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0.  BK >B45;8; 1K A2>N AC4L1C >B 8E AC4L1K. > 2K 2A5 A2O70=K 4@C3 A 4@C3><. K 2A5 4>;6=K 1K;8 A?CAB8BLAO 2 GC2AB25==K9 <8@, GB>1K 2K=5AB8 87 =53> A8;K 4;O 2KAH53>. B45;82H8AL >B =8E, BK 7;>C?>B@518; 1K A8;0<8, :>B>@K5 BK <>3 1K @0728BL, >4=0:> B>;L:> 2 A>>1I5AB25 A =8<8. A;8 1K >=8 =5 A?CAB8;8AL 2=87, B> 8 BK =5 <>3 1K A45;0BL MB>3>; 157 =8E C B51O =54>AB0;> 1K A8; 4;O B2>53> A25@EGC2AB25==>3> 1KB8O. -B8 A8;C, 702>520==K5 B>1>9 2<5AB5 A =8<8, BK 4>;65= B5?5@L @0745;8BL A =8<8. >MB><C O ?@53@0640N B515 4>ABC? 2 2KAH85 >1;0AB8, ?>:0 BK =5 >1@0B8HL 2A5E ?@8>1@5B5==KE B>1>N A8; =0 >A2>1>645=85 ?@8G0AB=>3> B515 <8@0. ! B5<, G53> BK C65 4>AB83, BK <>65HL >AB020BLAO 2 =86=8E >1;0ABOE A25@EGC2AB25==>3> <8@0; => ?@54 2@0B0<8 2 2KAH55 AB>N O, :0: "E5@C28< A >3=5==K< <5G>< ?@54 2@0B0<8 @0O", 8 ?@53@0640N B515 4>ABC?, ?>:0 C B51O 5ABL 5I5 A8;K, >AB02H85AO 157 ?@8<5=5=8O 2 GC2AB25==>< <8@5.  5A;8 BK A0< =5 70E>G5HL ?@8<5=8BL 8E, ?@894CB 4@C385, :>B>@K5 8E 8A?>;L7CNB; 8 B>340 =5:89 2KA>:89 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@ 2>A?@8<5B 2 A51O 2A5 ?;>4K GC2AB25==>3>; C B51O 65 87-?>4 =>3 C945B ?>G20, A :>B>@>9 BK A@>AAO. 0728B85 >G8I5==>3> <8@0 >AB028B B51O ?>7048. "K 1C45HL 8A:;NG5= 87 =53>. "0:8< >1@07><, ?CBL B2>9 1C45B "G5@=K<"; B5 65, >B :>3> BK >B45;8;AO, 84CB "15;K< ?CB5<". "0: 2>725I05B > A515 "5;8:89 !B@06 ?>@>30" 2A:>@5 ?>A;5 2AB@5G8 A ?5@2K< !B@065<. > ?>A2OI5==K9 7=05B A>25@H5==> B>G=>, GB> ?@54AB>8B 5<C, 5A;8 >= ?>A;54C5B A>1;07=0< ?@56452@5<5==>3> ?@51K20=8O 2 A25@EGC2AB25==>< <8@5. 5>?8AC5<K9 1;5A: 8AE>48B >B 2B>@>3> !B@060 ?>@>30; A>548=5=85 A =8< AB>8B ?5@54 A>75@F0NI59 4CH>9, :0: 40;5:0O F5;L. > C =59 5ABL B0:65 8 C25@5==>ABL, GB> MB> A>548=5=85 >:065BAO 2>7<>6=K< B>;L:> B>340, :>340 ?>A2OI5==K9 >1@0B8B =0 45;> >A2>1>645=8O 8 A?0A5=8O <8@0 2A5 A8;K, ?@8B5:H85 : =5<C 87 MB>3> <8@0. A;8 >= @5H8BAO ?>A;54>20BL B@51>20=8O< 2KAH53> A25B;>3> 2845=8O, B> >= A<>65B A>459AB2>20BL >A2>1>645=8N G5;>25G5A:>3> @>40. = ?@8=5A5B A2>8 40@K =0 65@B25==K9 0;B0@L G5;>25G5AB20. A;8 65 >= ?@54?>GB5B A2>5 A>1AB25==>5 ?@56452@5<5==>5 2>AE>645=85 2 A25@EGC2AB25==K9 <8@, B>340 ?>B>: G5;>25G5AB20 ?@>945B <8<> =53> 8 =04 =8<. >A;5 A2>53> >A2>1>645=8O >= =5 A<>65B 1>;LH5 4;O A0<>3> A51O ?>G5@?0BL 87 GC2AB25==>3> <8@0 =8:0:8E =>2KE A8;. A;8 65 >= 2A5-B0:8 1C45B ?@>4>;60BL ?>A2OI0BL 5<C A2>N @01>BC, B> B>;L:> ?@8 CA;>288 >B:070 872;5:0BL :0:CN-;81> ?>;L7C 4;O A51O 87 A0<>9 >1;0AB8 MB>9 A2>59 40;L=59H59 45OB5;L=>AB8. > =5;L7O A:070BL, GB> 1C4CG8 ?>AB02;5= B0:8< >1@07>< ?5@54 2K1>@><, G5;>25:, A0<> A>1>9 @07C<55BAO 8715@5B "15;K9 ?CBL". -B> 7028A8B 2A5F5;> >B B>3>, 1C45B ;8 >= 2 <><5=B MB>3> 2K1>@0 C65 =0AB>;L:> >G8I5=, GB> =8:0:85 M3>8AB8G5A:85 <>B82K =5 A45;0NB 4;O =53> 70<0=G82K< A>1;07=K 1;065=AB20. 1> MB8 A>1;07=K - 25;8G09H85 8E 2A5E, :0:85 B>;L:> <>6=> ?><KA;8BL. 564C B5< :0: =0 4@C3>< ?CB8, A>1AB25==> 3>2>@O, =5B 2>2A5 =8:0:8E A>1;07=>2. 45AL =8GB> =5 2B>@8B M3>87<C. >;CG05<>5 G5;>25:>< 2 2KAH8E >1;0ABOE A25@EGC2AB25==>3>, MB> =5 =5GB> ?@8B5:0NI55 : =5<C, 0 =0>1>@>B - >B =53> 65 8AE>4OI55: ;N1>2L : >:@C60NI5<C 53> <8@C. 0 G5@=>< ?CB8 G5;>25: =8 2 G5< =5 B5@?8B =54>AB0B:0, G53> B@51C5B M3>87<. 0?@>B82, ?;>4K MB>3> ?CB8 O2;ONBAO :0: 1K =08A>25@H5==59H8< C4>2;5B2>@5=85< M3>87<0.  5A;8 :B>-=81C4L 8I5B 1;065=AB20 B>;L:> 4;O A51O, B> >= =025@=> ?>945B G5@=K< ?CB5<, ?>B><C GB> MB>B ?CBL 1C45B 4;O =53> ?>4E>4OI8<. - >MB><C =8:B> =5 4>;65= 640BL >B >::C;LB8AB>2 15;>3> ?CB8 :0:8E-;81> C:070=89, A?>A>1AB2CNI8E @0728B8N 53> A>1AB25==>3> M3>8AB8G5A:>3> "/". ;065=AB2> >B45;L=>3> G5;>25:0 =8A:>;L:> =5 8=B5@5AC5B 8E. 064K9 <>65B 4>1820BLAO 53> A0<. #A:>@OBL 53> =0ABC?;5=85 =5 2E>48B 2 7040GC 15;KE >::C;LB8AB>2. E 70=8<05B 8A:;NG8B5;L=> ;8HL 45;> @0728B8O 8 >A2>1>645=8O 2A5E ACI5AB2: :0: ;N459, B0: 8 2A5E A?CB=8:>2 G5;>25:0 2 <8@5. >MB><C >=8 40NB C:070=8O, :0: @072820BL A2>8 A8;K 4;O >1I59 @01>BK =04 MB8< 45;><. >MB><C 65 2KH5 2A5E ?@>G8E A?>A>1=>AB59 >=8 AB02OB A0<>>B25@65==CN >B40GC A51O 8 3>B>2=>ABL =0 65@B2C. =8 =8:>340 =5 >B:07K20NB ?@O<>, ?>B><C GB> 8 A0<K9 M3>8AB8G=K9 G5;>25: <>65B >G8AB8BLAO. > :B> 8I5B G53>-;81> B>;L:> 4;O A51O, B>B - ?>:0 MB> 1C45B B0: - =8G53> =5 =0945B C >::C;LB8AB>2. A;8 4065 >=8 8 =5 >B:06CB 5<C 2 ?><>I8, >= A0< ;8H8B A51O ?;>4>2 MB>9 ?><>I8. >MB><C, :B> 459AB28B5;L=> A;54C5B C:070=8O< 1;038E CG8B5;59 B09=>2545=8O, B>B =0 ?5@5E>45 G5@57 ?>@>3 ?>9<5B B@51>20=8O 5;8:>3> !B@060; :B> 65 =5 A;54C5B MB8< C:070=8O<, B>B =5 4>;65= =045OBLAO :>340-;81> A 8E ?><>ILN 4>AB83=CBL ?>@>30. E C:070=8O 254CB : 4>1@C 8;8 65 A>2A5< =8 : G5<C =5 254CB. 1> 2>48B5;LAB2> : M3>8AB8G5A:><C 1;065=AB2C, 8;8 ?@>AB> : 687=8 2 A25@EGC2AB25==>< <8@5, ;568B 70 ?@545;0<8 8E 7040G8. >A;54=OO 70@0=55 =>A8B B0:>9 E0@0:B5@, GB> >=0 C45@68205B CG5=8:0 240;8 >B =0475<=>3> <8@0 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 >= =5 2ABC?8B 2 =53> A 3>B>2=>ABLN : >B40G5 A51O 8 : CG0AB8N 2 >1I59 @01>B5. &. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Last-modified: Mon, 23-Mar-98 15:37:46 GMT F5=8B5 MB>B B5:AB &&&&&&&&&&&&&ddgdO6dddtvLLLLgdO6          jjjgdO6jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjgdO68  8!!8""8##8$$$%%$&&''(())**++,,--.gdO6...d//d00d11d22d33d44d55d66d77d88d99d::d;;d<gdO6d<<d==d>>d??d@@dAAdBBdCCdDDdEEdFFdGGdHHdIIdJJgdO6JdKKdLLdMMdNNdOOdPPdQQdRRdSSdTTdUUdVVdWWdXXdYgdO6dYYdZZd[[d\\d]]d^^d__d``daadbbdccddddeedffdgggdO6gdhhdii0jj0kk0ll0mm0nn0oo0pp0qq0rr0ss0tt0uu0vgdO60vv0ww0xx0yy0zz0{{0||0}}0~~000000fgdO6ffffffffTԌTԍTԎTԏTԐTԑTԒgdO6ԒTԓTԔTԕTԖTԗTԘTԙTԚTԛTԜTxxxxgdO6xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxgdO6xxxxxxxxxxxxxx8gdO6888888888ffffffgdO6fffffffffRRRRRRgdO6RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRgdO6RRRRRRRRRRRRLLLgdO6LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLgdO68888  8  8  8  8  8888888gdO68888888LLLLLLL  L!!L"gdO6L""L##L$$L%%L&&L''L((L))(**(++(,,(--(..(//(00gdO60(11(22(33(44(55(66(77(88(99(::(;;(<<(==(>>?gdO6??@@AABBCCDDE2EE2FF2GG2HH2II2JJ2KK2LL2MgdO62MM2NNOOPPQQRRSSTTUUVVWWWJXXJYYJZZJ[gdO6J[[J\\J]]J^^J__J``JaaJbbJccJdd ee ff ggg4hh4igdO64ii4jj4kk4ll4mm4nn4oo4pp4qq4rr4ss4tt4uu4vvwwgdO6wxxyyzz{{||}}~~nnnnngdO6DFƆFƇFƈFƉFƊFƋFƌF888888gdO688888888888ʞJʟJʠJʡgdO6ʡJʢJʣJʤJʥJʦJʧgdO6gdO6444gdO64JJJJJJJJJJJJJJgdO6JJJJJJJvvvvvvvgdO6v......tttttjjgdO6jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjgdO6jjjjj  j  j  j  j  ,,,,,,gdO6,,,,,,,,,ZZZtt  D!gdO6D!!D""D##D$$@%%@&&@'''((())**++,,--..gdO6.//00112233445566778899::;;<<=gdO6==>>??@@A AA BB CC DD EE FF GG HH II JJ KgdO6 KK LL MM NN OO PP QQ RR SS TT UUU8VV8WW8XX8YgdO68YY8ZZ8[[8\\8]]8^^8__8``8aa8bHbbHccHddHeeHffHggdO6Hgtggthhiijjkkllmmnnooppq(qq(rr(ss(ttgdO6t(uu(vv(ww(xx(yy(zz({{(||(}}(~~(gdO6ppppppphgdO6hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhgdO6hhh||rtĤƤFƥFƦFƧFƨFƩFƪFƫFƬgdO6ƬFƭFƮFƯFưFƱFƲFƳFƴFƵFƶFƷFƸFƹFƺFgdO6FƻFƼF............gdO6....ZZZZZZZZZ66gdO6666666666gdO6ppppgdO6ppppppppppp.. .  .  gdO6 .  .  .  .  .  .  . . . . . .  .  .  . gdO6.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  gdO6  ! 4! 6! ! ! ," " ,# # ,$ $ ,% % ,& & ,' ' ,( ( ,) ) ,* * ,+ + ,, , gdO6, *- - *. . */ / *0 0 *1 1 *2 2 *3 3 *4 4 *5 5 *6 6 6 p7 7 p8 8 p9 9 p: : gdO6: p; ; p< < p= = p> > p? ? p@ @ pA A pB B pC C pD D pE E RF F RG G RH H RI gdO6RI I RJ J RK K RL L FM M FN N FO O FP P FQ Q FR R FS S FT T FU U FV V FW W gdO6W W nX X nY Y nZ Z n[ [ n\ \ n] ] n^ ^ n_ _ n` ` na a nb b nc c nd d ne e gdO6e nf f ng g nh h ni i nj j nk k nl l nm m nn n no o np p nq q nr r ns s nt gdO6nt t hu u hv v hw w hx x hy y hz z h{ { h| | h} } h~ ~ h  h h h gdO6 h h h h h h h h h h h h gdO6 , , , , , , , gdO6, , , , , D ģ D Ĥ D ĥ D Ħ D ħ D Ĩ D ĩ D Ī D ī D Ĭ D gdO6D ĭ D Į D į D İ D ı D IJ D ij D Ĵ D ĵ D Ķ D ķ D ĸ D Ĺ D ĺ  gdO6                gdO6               gdO6        \ \ , ,   gdO6           2 2 2 2 gdO62 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 | | | gdO6|  |  |  4  4  4  4  4  4 4 4       gdO6  d  d  d  d  d  6  6  6  6  6  6  6  6  6  gdO6 6   J  J J! ! J" " J# # J$ $ J% ^% % ^& & ^' ' ^( ( ^) ) ^* * ^+ gdO6^+ + ^, , ^- - ^. . ^/ / ^0 0 ^1 1 ^2 2 ^3 3 ^4 4 ^5 5 ^6 6 ^7 7 ^8 8 ^9 9 gdO69 ^: : ^; ; ^< < ^= = ^> > ^? ? ^@ @ ^A A ^B B ^C C ^D D ^E E ^F F ^G G ^H gdO6^H H ^I I ^J J ^K K ^L L ^M M ^N N ^O O ^P P ^Q Q ^R R ^S S ^T T ^U U ^V V gdO6V ^W W ^X X X vY Y vZ Z v[ [ v\ \ v] ] v^ ^ 8_ :_ _ _ ` ` a a b b c c gdO6c d d e e f f g g h h i i j j k k l l m m n n o o p p q q r gdO6r r s s t t u u v v w w x x y y y Lz z L{ { L| | L} } (~ ~ (  ( gdO6( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( x x x x x gdO6x x x x x x x x x x x x x x  gdO6                gdO6    ( ( ( ( ( ( h h h h h h gdO6 h ι N κ N λ N μ N ν N ξ N ο N N N N N N N N gdO6N N N N N N N N N * * * * * * gdO6 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * gdO6* * * * * * * * *   0  gdO6,1h. A!"R#n$n% B@B 1KG=K9CJ_HaJmHsHtHBA@B A=>2=>9 H@8DB 0170F0Xi@X 1KG=0O B01;8F04 l4a .k@. 5B A?8A:0L h "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& "& !"& ""& #"& $"& %"& &"& '"& ("& )"& *"& +"& ,"& -"& ."& /"& 0"& 1"& 2"& 3"& 4"& 5"& 6"& 7"& 8"& 9"& :"& ;"& <"& ="& >"& ?"& @"& A"& B"& C"& D"& E"& F"& G"& H"& I"& J"& K"& L"& M"& N"& O"& P"& Q"& R"& S"& T"& U"& V"& W"& X"& Y"& Z"& ["& \"& ]"& ^"& _"& `"& a"& b"& c"& d"& e"& f"& g"& h"&!|.:FkS6`lyۅ$ϫLvi/!!*6BOk\h`u:َ~d X*a %1>K|Wbd"q}cf5## Z WM$1=JKWc|pq}įr E)TH !.:GTanzʓ~L@@@@@@@@@ @ @ @ @ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ @!@"1#@$@%@&@'@(@)@*@+@,@-@.@/@0@1@2@34@5@6@7@8@9@:@;@<@=@>@?@@@A@B@C4D@E@F@G@H@I@J-KL@M@N@O@P@Q@R@S@T@U@VW@X@Y@Z@[@\@]@^@_@`@a@b@c@d@e@fLg78st,BZm2Y5u5u5u5u5u5u5 u 5 u 5 u 5 u 5 u 5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5uRWW- m -!m!!!-"m"""-#m###-$m$$$-%m%%%-&m&&&-'<'|'''<(|(((<)|)))<*|***<+|+++<,|,,,<-|---<.|...y>>>9?y???9@y@@@9AyAAA9ByBBB9CyCCC9D\DDDE\EEEFLFFF GHGGGHHHHHIHIIIJHJJJKHKKKLHLLLMHMMMMNXNNNOXOOOPXPPPQXQQQR+RkRRR+SkSSS+TkTTT+UkUUU+VkVVV+WkWWW+XkXXXX6YvYYY6ZvZZZ6[v[[[6\v\\\6]v]]]6^v^^^6_v___6`v```6avaaab^bbbc^cccd^ddde^eeef^ffff)giggg)hihhh)iii|iiiU>>>?U???@U@n@@@.AnAAA.BnBBB.CnCCC,DlDDD,ElEEE,FlFFF,GlGGGHGHHHIGIIIIJTJJJKTKKKLTLLLMTMMMNTNNNOTOOOPTPPPQTQQQRRRRRSRSSSTRTTTURUUUVRVkVVV+WkWWW+XkXXX+YkYYY+ZkZZZ+[k[[[+\k\\\+]k]]]^B^^^_B___`B```aBaaabBbbbc&cfccc&dfddd&efeeefDfffgDggghDhhhhi[iiij[jjjk[kkkk.lnlll.mnmmm.nnnnn.oJooo pJppp qJqqq rJrrr sJs`sss t`ttt u`uuu v`vvv w`www x`xxx y`yyy z`zzz {`{{{ |`||| }`}}} ~`~~~ ` `z:z:z+k+k+k+k+kz:z:z:z:z:YٌYٍYَYُYِYّYْYٓYٔ2r2r2r2r2r2r2>~>~>~>~>~>qrĠDġ.n.QѣQѤQѥQѦ$d$d@;{;{;{;{;{;{;{;{;Jʲ Jʳ ;{;{;{;{;{;{5u5u5u5u3s3s<|<|<|OOOOOOXXXXXXXVVVVVVVVVV*j*j*j*j]]]]]h(h(h(h(h(h(h(h@@@@8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x I I I I I I0p0p0p*j*j*j*j*jq1q!a!a!a!a!a! a   ! a   ! a   ! a   ! a x   8x8x8x8x8xVV>~>~>~>~>y9y9ijuv6v6v6v6v6 v   6!v!!!"A"""#A###$A$$$%A%%%&A&&&'A'}'''=(}(((=)})))=*}***=+}+++=,},,,=-}---9.y...9/y///90y00091y11192y22293y33394y44495y55596y66697y77798y88899y9999:y:::&;f;;;&<f<<<&=f===&>f>>>&?f???&@f@@@&AfAAA&BfBBB&CfCCC&DfDDD&EfEEE&FfFFF&G7G8GQGRGGGHRHHHIRIIIJRJJJKRKKKLRLLLMRMMMMN]NNNO]OOOP]PPPP%QeQQQ%ReR|RRRy>>> ?J??? @J@@@ AJAAA BJBBB CJC~CCC>D~DDD>E~EEE>F~FFF>G~GGGHVHHHIVIIIJVJJJKVKKKLVLLLMVMMMNVNNNOAOOOO PKPPP QKQQQ RKRRR SKSSS TKTTT UKUUU VKVVV WKWWWW?XXXX?YYYY?ZZZZ?[[[[?\\\\(]h]]](^h^^^__T___`T```aTaaabTbbb cMccc dMddd eMeee fMfff gMggg hMhhh iMiii jMjjj kMkVkkklVlllmVmmmnVnnnoVoooo,~,,,,,-G---.G.../G///0G0001G1112F2223F3334F4445F5556F6667F7i777)8i888)9i999):i:::);i;;;)<i<<<)=i===)>i>>>?Z???@Z@@@AZAAABZBBBCTCCCDTDDDETEEEFTFFFGTGGGG(HhHHH(IhIII(JhJJJ(KhKKK(LhLLL(MhMMM(NhNNN(OhOOO(PhPPP(QhQQQ(RhRRR(ShSSS(ThTTT(UhUUU(VhVVV%WeWWW%XeXXX%YeYYY%ZeZZZ%[e[[[%\e\\\%]e]]]%^e^^^%_e___%`e```%aeaaa%bebbb%c6cvccc6dvddd6eveee6fvfff6gvggg6hGhhhiGiiijGjjjkGkkklGlllmGmmmmnSnnnoSooopSpppqSqqqrSrrrsSssstStttuSuuuvSvvvwSwwwxSxxxySyxyyy8zxzzz8{x{{{8|x|||8}x}}}8~x~~~8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x;{;{_ߋGnjA=}=}=}=}=}=}ʓ Jʔ Jʕ Jʖ Jʗ Jʘ Jʙ Jʚ Jo/o/o K˞ K˟ Kˠ K??#c#c#L̦ Ļ L̨ L̩ L̪ LV֫V֬V֭V ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `l,l,l,l:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:zWWEEEEEE-m-m-m-m-m-m-m-m-m>~>~>~;{;{;{;{;{;{EEE%e%e%eXXXXXXXXXXXFFFFF F    F    F    F    F   FFFFF|}N$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$78st,BZm2Y5u5u5u5u5u5u5 u 5 u 5 u 5 u 5 u 5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5u5uRWW- m -!m!!!-"m"""-#m###-$m$$$-%m%%%-&m&&&-'<'|'''<(|(((<)|)))<*|***<+|+++<,|,,,<-|---<.|...y>>>9?y???9@y@@@9AyAAA9ByBBB9CyCCC9D\DDDE\EEEFLFFF GHGGGHHHHHIHIIIJHJJJKHKKKLHLLLMHMMMMNXNNNOXOOOPXPPPQXQQQR+RkRRR+SkSSS+TkTTT+UkUUU+VkVVV+WkWWW+XkXXXX6YvYYY6ZvZZZ6[v[[[6\v\\\6]v]]]6^v^^^6_v___6`v```6avaaab^bbbc^cccd^ddde^eeef^ffff)giggg)hihhh)iii|iiiU>>>?U???@U@n@@@.AnAAA.BnBBB.CnCCC,DlDDD,ElEEE,FlFFF,GlGGGHGHHHIGIIIIJTJJJKTKKKLTLLLMTMMMNTNNNOTOOOPTPPPQTQQQRRRRRSRSSSTRTTTURUUUVRVkVVV+WkWWW+XkXXX+YkYYY+ZkZZZ+[k[[[+\k\\\+]k]]]^B^^^_B___`B```aBaaabBbbbc&cfccc&dfddd&efeeefDfffgDggghDhhhhi[iiij[jjjk[kkkk.lnlll.mnmmm.nnnnn.oJooo pJppp qJqqq rJrrr sJs`sss t`ttt u`uuu v`vvv w`www x`xxx y`yyy z`zzz {`{{{ |`||| }`}}} ~`~~~ ` `z:z:z+k+k+k+k+kz:z:z:z:z:YٌYٍYَYُYِYّYْYٓYٔ2r2r2r2r2r2r2>~>~>~>~>~>qrĠDġ.n.QѣQѤQѥQѦ$d$d@;{;{;{;{;{;{;{;{;Jʲ Jʳ ;{;{;{;{;{;{5u5u5u5u3s3s<|<|<|OOOOOOXXXXXXXVVVVVVVVVV*j*j*j*j]]]]]h(h(h(h(h(h(h(h@@@@8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x I I I I I I0p0p0p*j*j*j*j*jq1q!a!a!a!a!a! a   ! a   ! a   ! a   ! a x   8x8x8x8x8xVV>~>~>~>~>y9y9ijuv6v6v6v6v6 v   6!v!!!"A"""#A###$A$$$%A%%%&A&&&'A'}'''=(}(((=)})))=*}***=+}+++=,},,,=-}---9.y...9/y///90y00091y11192y22293y33394y44495y55596y66697y77798y88899y9999:y:::&;f;;;&<f<<<&=f===&>f>>>&?f???&@f@@@&AfAAA&BfBBB&CfCCC&DfDDD&EfEEE&FfFFF&G7G8GQGRGGGHRHHHIRIIIJRJJJKRKKKLRLLLMRMMMMN]NNNO]OOOP]PPPP%QeQQQ%ReR|RRRy>>> ?J??? @J@@@ AJAAA BJBBB CJC~CCC>D~DDD>E~EEE>F~FFF>G~GGGHVHHHIVIIIJVJJJKVKKKLVLLLMVMMMNVNNNOAOOOO PKPPP QKQQQ RKRRR SKSSS TKTTT UKUUU VKVVV WKWWWW?XXXX?YYYY?ZZZZ?[[[[?\\\\(]h]]](^h^^^__T___`T```aTaaabTbbb cMccc dMddd eMeee fMfff gMggg hMhhh iMiii jMjjj kMkVkkklVlllmVmmmnVnnnoVoooo,~,,,,,-G---.G.../G///0G0001G1112F2223F3334F4445F5556F6667F7i777)8i888)9i999):i:::);i;;;)<i<<<)=i===)>i>>>?Z???@Z@@@AZAAABZBBBCTCCCDTDDDETEEEFTFFFGTGGGG(HhHHH(IhIII(JhJJJ(KhKKK(LhLLL(MhMMM(NhNNN(OhOOO(PhPPP(QhQQQ(RhRRR(ShSSS(ThTTT(UhUUU(VhVVV%WeWWW%XeXXX%YeYYY%ZeZZZ%[e[[[%\e\\\%]e]]]%^e^^^%_e___%`e```%aeaaa%bebbb%c6cvccc6dvddd6eveee6fvfff6gvggg6hGhhhiGiiijGjjjkGkkklGlllmGmmmmnSnnnoSooopSpppqSqqqrSrrrsSssstStttuSuuuvSvvvwSwwwxSxxxySyxyyy8zxzzz8{x{{{8|x|||8}x}}}8~x~~~8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x8x;{;{_ߋGnjA=}=}=}=}=}=}ʓ Jʔ Jʕ Jʖ Jʗ Jʘ Jʙ Jʚ Jo/o/o K˞ K˟ Kˠ K??#c#c#L̦ Ļ L̨ L̩ L̪ LV֫V֬V֭V ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `l,l,l,l:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:z:zWWEEEEEE-m-m-m-m-m-m-m-m-m>~>~>~;{;{;{;{;{;{EEE%e%e%eXXXXXXXXXXXFFFFF F    F    F    F    F   FFFFF|}N@ЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍЍӿ,}NI0I0I0I0 I0I0GI0  j*j9GZTxbHn|0Vlx\ :%H3AP^dlz"R*^>#1>BM[jx*X(ֽ@Vt .<IHWvevs,T` Bp*|8lESarp~L$:x&& &dj.d<JdYg0vfԒxRL8L"0?2MJ[4iwʡjD!.= K8YHgthƬFp .  , : RI W e nt , D   2 |   ^+ 9 ^H V c r ( x  N * xyz{|}~ 67;=KN67;sKN66;=KN8sX_KNO6@AAxG=AAd"#$%&'L@@L@N@P@R@T@V@UnknownGz Times New Roman5Symbol3& z Arial"1h&&`Qh6 `Qh6 !n4HP?O62EugenEugenOh+'0X    ,8@HPEugen Normal.dotEugen2Microsoft Office Word@F#@>vf@vfh`Qdsf՜.+,0 hp  STEP6      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~